Charles Theodore Pachelbel (c.1690 - c.1750)

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Birthplace: Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Death: Died
Occupation: German composer, organist and harpsichordist
Managed by: Yigal Burstein / יגאל בורשטיין
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About Charles Theodore Pachelbel

Charles Theodore Pachelbel (baptised Carl Theodorus, also Karl Theodor) (baptized November 24, 1690 buried September 15, 1750) was a German composer, organist and harpsichordist of the late Baroque era. He was the son of the more famous Johann Pachelbel, composer of the popular Canon in D. He was one of the first European composers to take up residence in the American colonies, and was the most famous musical figure in early Charleston, South Carolina.

Life

Early years - 1690 to 1732

He was born in Stuttgart and baptized in the Evangelische Kirchengemeinde (Protestant parish) there on the 24 of November 1690, son of Johann Pachelbel and his second wife Judith Drommer. The family moved to Gotha in 1692, then to Nuremberg in 1695. Nothing is known about Charles Theodore's life for 25 years after 1706, when his father died, except the fact that he probably lived in England for some time (his name appears in a 1732 list of subscribers to a volume of harpsichord music published in London).

The colonies - 1733 to 1750

The circumstances of his immigration to the colonies are unknown. Pachelbel was living in Boston, Massachusetts by spring 1733, when he was asked to assist in the installation of the new organ of Trinity Church in Newport, Rhode Island. The instrument was donated to Trinity by George Berkeley, the famous philosopher. Pachelbel was subsequently hired as organist of the church and held the post until approximately mid-1735. In 1736 Pachelbel gave two public concerts in New York: on 21 January and on 9 March. Both took place in Robert Todd's house, an important tavern. Pachelbel played the harpsichord, accompanied by local musicians and singers.

Pachelbel soon left for Charleston, South Carolina, where he spent the rest of his life. On 16 February 1737 he married Hanna Poitevin in St. Philip's Church in Charleston. The couple had at least one child, Charles, born on 10 September 1739. This could have been Pachelbel's second marriage, because traces of an older daughter have been found. He actively participated in the musical life of the city: on 22 November 1737 he organized a concert of vocal and instrumental music, apparently the first public concert in the Charleston area, in February 1740 he succeeded John Salter as organist of St Philip's Church, and in 1749, one year before he died, he opened a singing school. Pachelbel's death in 1750 was apparently caused by some sort of illness, referred to as a "lameness in the hands" in the documents. His wife outlived him by 19 years and died on 6 September 1769. There is no further record of Pachelbel's children.

Works

Only a handful of works by Charles Pachelbel survive; the most famous is an aria God of sleep, for whom I languish. His Magnificat for double choir is performed with some frequency. The young Peter Pelham studied with him since Newport and followed him to Charleston; some of Pachelbel's compositions survive in Pelham's partbooks. St. Philip's in Charleston later burned down and was rebuilt at a different location. Included in the list of Pachelbel's possessions compiled after his death are a harpsichord, a clavichord and collections of sheet music, but none of these seem to have survived.

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Charles Theodore Pachelbel's Timeline

1690
November, 1690
Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
1739
September 10, 1739
Age 48
1750
September 12, 1750
Age 59
September 15, 1750
Age 59
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