Charles VI de Valois, roi de France

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Charles de Valois, roi de France

Also Known As: "Charles VI "The Beloved" King of France", "The Beloved", "The Mad", "Emperior Charles IV", "The Mad King Of France", "Charles /Valois/", "Charles VI the Beloved // King of France", "Le Bien-Aimbe", "called the Beloved (French: le Bienaimé) and the Mad (French:le Fol or"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Paris, Ile-de-France, France
Death: Died in Hotel De Saint Pol, Paris, France
Place of Burial: Saint Denis Basilica, St. Denis, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Charles V le Sage, roi de France; Charles V dit "le Sage" Roi de FRANCE (1364 - 1380); Jeanne de Bourbon, reine de France and Jeanne de BOURBON (Reine de FRANCE (1364 - 1380)
Husband of Elisabeth von Bayern, reine de France
Partner of Odette (Odinette) de Champdivers
Father of Marguerite de Valois, Demoiselle de Belleville; Charles de France; Jeanne de Valois, princesse de France; Isabella of France, Queen consort of England; Jeanne de Valois, duchesse de Bretagne and 9 others
Brother of Jeanne de Valois; Bonne de Valois; Jean de Valois; Jeanne de Valois; Marie de Valois and 3 others
Half brother of Jean I de Montagu, seigneur de Montagu-en-Laye et de Marcoussis

Occupation: Roi de France (1380-1422), King of France, francouzský král
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Charles VI de Valois, roi de France

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_VI_of_France

--------------------

Charles VI (3 December 1368 – 21 October 1422), called the Well-loved (French: le Bien-Aimé) and the Mad (French: le Fol or le Fou), was the King of France from 1380 to 1422, as a member of the House of Valois.

Contents

  1. Early life
  2. Madness
  3. The Bal des Ardents
  4. Struggles for power
  5. The English invasion
  6. Ancestors
  7. Marriage and issue
  8. Cultural references
  9. References
  10. Sources

Early life

He was born in Paris, the son of King Charles V and Joan of Bourbon. At the age of eleven, he was crowned King of France in 1380 in the cathedral at Reims. He married Isabeau of Bavaria in 1385. Until he took complete charge as king in 1388, France was ruled primarily by his uncle, Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy.

Charles VI was known both as Charles the Well-loved and later as Charles the Mad, since, beginning in his mid-twenties, he experienced bouts of psychosis. These fits of madness would recur for the rest of his life. Based on his symptoms, he probably suffered from schizophrenia.

Madness

Charles VICharles's first known fit occurred in 1392 when his friend and advisor, Olivier de Clisson, was the victim of an attempted murder. Although Clisson survived, Charles was determined to punish the would-be assassin Pierre de Craon who had taken refuge in Brittany. Contemporaries said Charles appeared to be in a "fever" to begin the campaign and appeared disconnected in his speech. Charles set off with an army on 1 July 1392. The progress of the army was slow, nearly driving Charles into a frenzy of impatience.

As the king and his escort were travelling through a forest on a hot August morning, a barefoot leper dressed in rags rushed up to the King's horse and grabbed his bridle. "Ride no further, noble King!" he yelled. "Turn back! You are betrayed!" The king's escorts beat the man back but did not arrest him, and he followed the procession for a half-hour, repeating his cries.

The company emerged from the forest at noon. A page who was drowsy from the sun dropped the king's lance, which clanged loudly against a steel helmet carried by another page. Charles shuddered, drew his sword and yelled "Forward against the traitors! They wish to deliver me to the enemy!" The king spurred his horse and began swinging his sword at his companions, fighting until one of his chamberlains and a group of soldiers were able to grab him from his mount and lay him on the ground. He lay still and did not react, falling into a coma. The king killed a knight named the bastard of Polignac and several other men (the exact number of victims differs in the chronicles from the time).

A coin of Charles VI, a "double d'or", minted in La Rochelle in 1420.The king continued to suffer from periods of mental illness throughout his life. During one attack in 1393, Charles could not remember his name and did not know he was king. When his wife came to visit, he asked his servants who she was and ordered them to take care of what she required so that she would leave him alone.[1] During an episode of 1395-1396, he claimed that his name was George and that his coat of arms was a lion with a sword thrust through it.[2] At this time, he recognized all the officers of his household but did not know his wife or his children. Sometimes he ran wildly through the corridors of his Parisian residence, the Hôtel Saint-Pol, and to keep him inside, the entrances were walled up. In 1405, he refused to bathe or change his clothes for five months.[3] His later psychotic episodes were not described in detail probably because of the similarity of his behavior and delusions. Pope Pius II, who was born in the middle of the reign of Charles VI, wrote in his Commentaries that there were times when Charles thought that he was made of glass, and this caused him to protect himself in various ways so that he would not break.[4] This condition has come to be known as glass delusion.

The Bal des Ardents

The Bal des Ardents, miniature of 1450-80. Another picture of the accident can be found here.On 29 January 1392, at the behest of the king, a grand party was organized to celebrate the wedding of one of the queen's ladies-in-waiting at the Hotel de Saint Pol. At the suggestion of a Norman Squire, Huguet de Guisay, the King, Huguet and four other lords [5], dressed up as wild men and danced about chained to one another. They were "in costumes of linen cloth sewn onto their bodies and soaked in resinous wax or pitch to hold a covering of frazzled hemp, so that they appeared shaggy & hairy from head to foot".[6] At the suggestion of one of the "Wild men" Yvain de Foix, the king commanded - in view of the obvious danger of fire - that the torch-bearers were to stand at the side of the room. Nonetheless, the King's brother, Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans, who had arrived late, approached with a lighted torch in order to discover the identity of the masqueraders, and he accidentally set one of them on fire. Alternatively, it was a plot to kill the mentally deficient king. In any case, there was panic as the fire spread. The Duchess of Berry, to save a dancer who had come near her to intrigue and tease her, threw the train of her gown over him, and it was soon revealed to her that the life she had saved was the king's.[7] Several Knights who tried to put out the flames were severely burned on their hands. Four of the wild men perished: Sir Charles de Poiters son of the Count of Valentinois, Huguet de Guisay, Yvain de Foix and the Count of Joigny. Another, Jean son of the Lord de Nantouillet, saved himself by jumping into a dishwater tub [8]. This incident became known as the Bal des Ardents (the "Ball of the Burning Men").

Struggles for power

With the King mad, his uncles Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, and John, Duke of Berry, took control and dismissed Charles's advisers and various officials he had appointed. Another contender for power was the King's brother, Louis I de Valois, Duke of Orleans. This was to be the start of a series of major feuds among the princes of royal blood which would cause much chaos and conflict in France even beyond Charles's reign.

French Monarchy

Capetian Dynasty

(House of Valois)


Philip VI

Children

  John II 

John II

Children

  Charles V 
  Louis I of Anjou 
  John, Duke of Berry 
  Philip the Bold 

Charles V

Children

  Charles VI 
  Louis, Duke of Orléans 

Charles VI

Children

  Isabella of Valois 
  Michelle of Valois 
  Catherine of Valois 
  Charles VII 

Charles VII

Children

  Louis XI 
  Charles, Duke of Berry 

Louis XI

Children

  Charles VIII 

Charles VIII


The first major feud was between Philip the Bold and Louis, duke of Orléans who both tried to fill the power vacuum left by the King's condition. Furthermore Louis was suspected of being the lover of his sister-in-law, the Queen. Philip's death in April 1404 did not bring an end to Louis's problems. John the Fearless, the new Duke of Burgundy took over and the feud escalated. In 1407, the Duke of Orléans was murdered in the streets of Paris. John did not deny responsibility, claiming that Louis was a tyrant who squandered money.

Louis's son, Charles, new Duke of Orléans, turned to his father-in-law, Bernard VII, Count of Armagnac, for support. This resulted in the Armagnac-Burgundian Civil War.

Charles VI's secretary, Pierre Salmon, spent much time in discussions with the king while he was suffering from his intermittent but incapacitating psychosis. In an effort to find a cure for the king's illness, stabilize the turbulent political situation, and secure his own future, Salmon supervised the production of two distinct versions of the beautifully illuminated guidebooks to good kingship known as Pierre Salmon's Dialogues.

[edit] The English invasion

Charles VI's reign was marked by the continuing conflict with the English known as the Hundred Years' War. An early attempt at peace occurred in 1396 when Charles's daughter, the almost seven-year-old Isabella of Valois, married the 29-year-old Richard II of England.

By 1415, however, the feud between the Royal family and the house of Burgundy had led to chaos and anarchy throughout France. Taking advantage, Henry V of England led an invasion which culminated in October when the French army was defeated at the Battle of Agincourt.

With the English taking over the country, John the Fearless sought to end the feud with the Royal family by negotiating with the Dauphin, the King's heir. They met at the bridge at Montereau on 10th of September 1419 but during the meeting, the Duke of Burgundy was killed by Tanneguy du Châtel, a follower of the Dauphin. John's successor, Philip the Good, threw in his lot with the English.

(Philip the Good would later make peace with the Dauphin, now Charles VII, with the Treaty of Arras when, under the inspiration of Joan of Arc, the tide of the war turned in favour of the French. Joan was burned at the stake when Burgundy handed her over to the English.)

In 1420, King Charles signed the Treaty of Troyes which recognized Henry of England as his successor, disinherited his son, the Dauphin Charles, and betrothed his daughter, Catherine of Valois, to Henry (see English Kings of France).

Many historians have misinterpreted this treaty and the disinheriting of the Dauphin Charles. The Dauphin sealed his fate, in the eyes of the king, by committing treason: he declared himself regent, usurping royal authority, and refused to obey the king's order to return to Paris.[9] It is important to remember that when the Treaty of Troyes was finalized in May 1420, the Dauphin Charles was only 17-years-old. He was then a weak figure who was easily manipulated by his advisors.

Charles VI died in 1422 at Paris and is interred with his wife Isabeau de Bavière in Saint Denis Basilica. Both their grandson, the one-year-old Henry VI of England, and their son, Charles VII, were proclaimed King of France, but it was the latter who became the actual ruler with the support of Joan of Arc.

Charles VI appears to have passed on his mental illness to his grandson Henry, whose inability to govern led England to a civil strife of its own known as the Wars of the Roses.

[edit] Ancestors

[show]v • d • eAncestors of Charles VI of France

                                 

 16. Charles of Valois (=14) 
 
         

 8. Philip VI of France   
 
               

 17. Marguerite of Anjou and Maine 
 
         

 4. John II of France   
 
                     

 18. Robert II, Duke of Burgundy 
 
         

 9. Joan the Lame   
 
               

 19. Agnes of France, Duchess of Burgundy 
 
         

 2. Charles V of France   
 
                           

 20. Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor 
 
         

 11. John I of Bohemia   
 
               

 21. Margaret of Brabant 
 
         

 5. Bonne of Bohemia   
 
                     

 22. Wenceslaus II of Bohemia 
 
         

 11. Elisabeth of Bohemia (1292–1330)   
 
               

 23. Judith of Habsburg 
 
         

 1. Charles VI of France   
 
                                 

 24. Robert, Count of Clermont 
 
         

 12. Louis I, Duke of Bourbon   
 
               

 25. Beatrix of Bourbon 
 
         

 6. Peter I, Duke of Bourbon   
 
                     

 26. John II, Count of Holland 
 
         

 13. Mary of Avesnes   
 
               

 27. Philippa of Luxembourg 
 
         

 3. Joanna of Bourbon   
 
                           

 28. Philip III of France 
 
         

 14. Charles of Valois (=16)   
 
               

 29. Isabella of Aragon 
 
         

 7. Isabella of Valois   
 
                     

 30. Guy III of Châtillon 
 
         

 15. Mahaut of Chatillon   
 
               

 31. Marie of Brittany 
 
         


[edit] Marriage and issue

Charles VI married:

Isabeau of Bavaria (ca. 1371 – 24 September 1435) on 17 July 1385.

Name Birth Death Notes

Charles, Dauphin 25 September 1386 28 December 1386 Died young. First Dauphin.

Joan 14 June 1388 1390 Died young.

Isabella 9 November 1389 13 September 1409 Married (1) Richard II, King of England (1367 - 1400) in 1396. No issue.

Married (2) Charles, Duke of Orleans (1394 - 1465) in 1406. Had issue.

Joan 24 January 1391 27 September 1433 Married John VI, Duke of Brittany (1389 - 1442) in 1396. Had issue.

Charles of France, Dauphin 6 February 1392 13 January , 1401 Died young. Second Dauphin.

Mary 22 August 1393 19 August 1438 Never married - became an abbess. No issue. Died of the Plague

Michelle 11 January 1395 8 July 1422 Married Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy (1396 - 1467) in 1409. Had issue.

Louis, Dauphin 22 January 1397 18 December 1415 Married Margaret of Burgundy. No issue. Third Dauphin.

John, Dauphin 31 August 1398 5 April 1417 Married Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut (1401 - 1436) in 1415. No issue. Fourth Dauphin.

Catherine 27 October 1401 3 January 1438 Married (1) Henry V, King of England (1387 - 1422) in 1420. Had issue.

Married (?) (2) Owen Tudor (1400 - 1461). Had issue.

Charles VII, King of France 22 February 1403 21 July 1461 Married Marie of Anjou (1404 - 1463) in 1422. Had issue. The fifth Dauphin.

Philip 10 November 1407 10 November 1407 Died young.

He also had one illegitimate child by Odette de Champdivers, Marguerite bâtarde de France (d. ca.1458).

[edit] Cultural references

The Romantic French poet Gérard de Nerval wrote a poem dedicated to the king: "Rêverie de Charles VI"[10].

The novel The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge by Rainer Maria Rilke describes the old age of Charles VI at length.

The story "Hop-Frog, or The Eight Chained Ourang-Outangs" by Edgar Allan Poe involves a scene strikingly similar to the Bal des Ardents. (Full text at Wikisource)

The Edith Pattou novel East mentions Charles of France's second son, Charles, to be the white bear.

King Charles VI, and his madness, are mentioned at length in the historical novel Het Woud der Verwachting/Le Foret de Longue Attente/In a Dark Wood Wandering (1949) by Hella S. Haasse.

Christine de Pisan dedicates a poem to King Charles VI "Prière pour le roi Charles" in which she pleas for the health of her king.

[edit] References

1.^ R.C. Famiglietti, Royal Intrigue: Crisis at the Court of Charles VI, 1392-1420, New York, 1986, p. 4, citing the chronicle of the Religieux de Saint-Denis, ed. Bellaguet, II, pp. 86-88.

2.^ R.C. Famiglietti, Royal Intrigue: Crisis at the Court of Charles VI, 1392-1420, New York, 1986, p. 5, citing the chronicle of the Religieux de Saint-Denis, ed. Bellaguet, II, pp. 404-05.

3.^ R.C. Famiglietti, Royal Intrigue: Crisis at the Court of Charles VI, 1392-1420, New York, 1986, p. 6, citing the chronicle of the Religieux de Saint-Denis, ed. Bellaguet, III, p. 348

4.^ Enea Silvio Piccolomini (Papa Pio II), I Commentarii, ed. L. Totaro, Milano, 1984, I, p. 1056.

5.^ Froissart Chronicles, ed. Johnes, II, p.550

6.^ Barbara Tuchman, A Distant Mirror,1978, Alfred A Knopf Ltd. See the chronicle of the Religieux de Saint-Denis, ed. Bellaguet, II, pp. 64-71, where the squire's name is given correctly as de Guisay.

7.^ Chronicles ... by Sir John Froissart, ed. T. Johnes, II (1855), pp. 550-52

8.^ Froissart, "Chronicles", ed. Johnes, II, p.550. Note that Froissart and the Religieux de Saint-Denis differ as to when the four men died. Huguet de Guisay had held the office of cupbearer of the king.

9.^ R.C. Famiglietti, Royal Intrigue: Crisis at the Court of Charles VI, 1392-1420, New York, 1986, Chapter X.

10.^ (French) Gérard de Nerval. Rêverie de Charles VI

[edit] Sources

Famiglietti, R.C., Royal Intrigue: Crisis at the Court of Charles VI, 1392-1420, New York; AMS Press, 1986.

Famiglietti, R.C., Tales of the Marriage Bed from Medieval France (1300-1500), Providence; Picardy Press, 1992.

Tuchman, Barbara, A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century, New York; Ballantine Books, 1978.

Charles VI of France

House of Valois

Cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty

Born: 3 December 1368 Died: 21 October 1422

Regnal titles

Preceded by

Charles V King of France

16 September 1380–21 October 1422 Succeeded by

Charles VII of France and

Henry VI of England (disputed)

(as 'Henry II of France')

French royalty

Preceded by

Vacant

(John, 2nd Dauphin) Dauphin of France

as 'Charles, 3rd Dauphin'

3 December 1368–16 September 1380 Succeeded by

Vacant

(eventually Charles, 4th Dauphin)

Preceded by

Louis, Duke of Anjou Heir to the Throne

as Heir apparent

3 December 1368 — 16 September 1380 Succeeded by

Louis I, Duke of Orléans

French nobility

Preceded by

Charles I of Viennois Dauphin of Viennois, Count of Valentinois and of Diois

as 'Charles II of Viennois'

3 December 1368––26 September 1386;

28 December 1386–6 February 1392 Succeeded by

Charles III of Viennois

Preceded by

Charles III of Viennois Succeeded by

Charles IV of Viennois

[show]v • d • eList of French monarchs


--------------------

Charles VI of France

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Charles VI (3 December 1368 – 21 October 1422), called the Beloved (French: le Bienaimé) and the Mad (French:le Fol or le Fou), was the King of France from 1380 to his death and a member of the House of Valois.

He was born in Paris, the son of King Charles V and Jeanne de Bourbon. At the age of eleven, he was crowned King of France in 1380 in the cathedral at Reims. He married Isabeau of Bavaria in 1385. Until he took complete charge as king in 1388, France was ruled by his uncle, Philip the Bold.

Charles VI was known both as Charles the Well Beloved and later as Charles the Mad, since, beginning in his mid-twenties, he experienced bouts of psychosis. These fits of madness would recur for the rest of his life. Based on his symptoms, doctors believe the king may have suffered from schizophrenia, porphyria or Bipolar disorder.

Madness

His first known fit occurred in 1392 when his friend and advisor, Olivier de Clisson, was the victim of an attempted murder. Although Clisson survived, Charles was determined to punish the would-be assassin Pierre de Craon who had taken refuge in Brittany. Contemporaries said Charles appeared to be in a "fever" to begin the campaign and appeared disconnected in his speech. Charles set off with an army on July 1, 1392. The progress of the army was slow, nearly driving Charles into a frenzy of impatience.

While travelling through a forest on a hot August morning, a barefoot man dressed in rags rushed up to the King's horse and grabbed his bridle. "Ride no further, noble King!" he yelled. "Turn back! You are betrayed!" The king's escorts beat the man back but did not arrest him, and he followed the procession for a half-hour, repeating his cries.

The company emerged from the forest at noon. A page who was drowsy from the sun dropped the king's lance, which clanged loudly against a steel helmet carried by another page. Charles shuddered, drew his sword and yelled "Forward against the traitors! They wish to deliver me to the enemy!" The king spurred his horse and began swinging his sword at his companions, fighting until his chamberlain and a group of soldiers were able to grab him from his mount and lay him on the ground. He lay still and did not react, falling into a coma. The king killed 6 knights, and possibly more (the exact numbers differ in the chronicles from the time).

Charles' uncle Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, assumed the regency on the spot, dismissing Charles' advisers in the process. This was to be the start of a major feud which would divide the Kings of France and the Dukes of Burgundy for the next 85 years.

The king would suffer from periods of mental illness throughout his life. During one attack in 1393, Charles could not remember his name, did not know he was king and fled in terror from his wife. He did not recognize his children, though he knew his brother and councillors and remembered the names of people who had died. In later attacks, he roamed his palaces howling like a wolf, refused to bathe for months on end and suffered from delusions that he was made of glass.

The Bal des Ardents

In January 1393, Queen Isabeau de Bavière organised a party to celebrate the marriage of one of her ladies-in-waiting. The King and five other lords dressed up as wild men and danced about chained to one another. They were "in costumes of linen cloth sewn onto their bodies and soaked in resinous wax or pitch to hold a covering of frazzled hemp, so that they appeared shaggy & hairy from head to foot".[1] In view of the obvious danger of fire, there was a ban on torches in the room. Nonetheless, the King's brother, Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans, approached with a lighted torch, according to some accounts teasing the dancers with it. One of the dancers caught fire and there was panic. The Duchesse de Berry, who recognized Charles, covered him with her dress and saved his life. Four of the other men perished. This incident became known as the Bal des Ardents (the "Ball of the Burning Men").

Most accounts seem to agree that Louis' action was an accident; he was merely trying to find his brother. Be that as it may, Louis soon afterwards pursued an affair with the Queen and was murdered by his political rival John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy in 1407.

Charles' royal secretary Pierre Salmon spent much time in discussions with the king while he was suffering from his intermittent but incapacitating psychosis. In an effort to find a cure for the king's illness, stabilize the turbulent political situation, and secure his own future, Salmon supervised the production of two distinct versions of the beautifully illuminated guidebooks to good kingship known as Pierre Salmon's Dialogues.

[edit]Dealing with England

Charles VI's reign was marked by the continuing war with the English known as the Hundred Years' War. An early attempt at peace occurred in 1396 when Charles' daughter, the not quite seven-year-old Isabella of Valois, married the 29-year-old Richard II of England.

The peace in France did not last. The feud between the Royal family and the house of Burgundy led to chaos and anarchy. Taking advantage, Henry V of England led an invasion which culminated in 1415 when the French army was defeated at the Battle of Agincourt. In 1420, Charles -- now utterly incapacitated by his disease -- signed the Treaty of Troyes which recognized Henry as his successor, declared his son a bastard and betrothed his daughter, Catherine of Valois, to Henry (see English Kings of France). In fact there really were many doubts as to the Dauphin Charles' legitimacy, his mother being notorious for her affairs. He was also of a weak and feeble nature which caused conflict with both her and his own son, the future Louis XI.

Many people, including Joan of Arc, believed that the King only agreed to such disastrous and unprecedented terms under the mental stress of his illness and that, as a result, France could not be held to them.

Charles VI died in 1422 at Paris and is interred with his wife Isabeau de Bavière in Saint Denis Basilica. Both their grandson, the one-year-old Henry VI of England, and their son, Charles VII, were proclaimed King of France, but it was the latter who finally became the actual ruler with the support of Joan of Arc.

Charles VI appeared to have passed on his madness to his grandson Henry, whose inability to govern England helped spark the Wars of the Roses.

Children

Charles, Dauphin of Viennois (1386-1386)

Jeanne (1388-1390)

Isabella (1389-1409); m.1 Richard II of England; m.2 Charles, Duke of Orléans

Jeanne (1391-1433); m. John VI, Duke of Brittany

Charles, Dauphin of Viennois, Duke of Guyenne (1392-1401)

Marie, Prioress of Poissy (1393-1438)

Michelle (1395-1422); m. Philip III, Duke of Burgundy

Louis, Dauphin of Viennois (1397-1415); m. Marguerite of Burgundy the Dauphin in Shakespeare's Henry V

John, Dauphin of Viennois, Duke of Touraine (1398-1417); m. Jacqueline, Countess of Hainault and Holland

Catherine, Queen of England, (1401-1438); m.1 Henry V of England; m.2 Sir Owen Tudor

Charles VII of France, King of France, (1403-1461) m. Marie of Anjou - the Dauphin in Shakespeare's Henry VI

Philip (1407-1407)

--------------------

Charles VI 'the Well-Beloved' or 'the Mad' de Valois, King of France

Charles VI the Well-Beloved, later known as the Mad (French: Charles VI le Bien-Aimé, later known as le Fol) (December 3, 1368 – October 21, 1422) was a King of France (1380 – 1422) and a member of the Valois Dynasty.

The king would suffer from periods of mental illness throughout his life. During one attack in 1393, Charles could not remember his name, did not know he was king and fled in terror from his wife. He did not recognize his children, though he knew his brother and councillors and remembered the names of people who had died. In later attacks, he roamed his palaces howling like a wolf, refused to bathe for months on end and suffered from delusions that he was made of glass.

Charles VI's reign was marked by the continuing war with the English (the Hundred Years' War). An early attempt at peace occurred in 1396 when Charles' daughter, the not quite seven-year-old Isabella of Valois married the 29-year-old Richard II of England.

The peace in France did not last. The feud between the Royal family and the house of Burgundy led to chaos and anarchy. Taking advantage, Henry V of England led an invasion which culminated in 1415 when the French army was defeated at the Battle of Agincourt. In 1420, Charles -- now utterly incapacitated by his disease -- signed the Treaty of Troyes which recognized Henry as his successor, declared his son a bastard and betrothed his daughter, Catherine of Valois, to Henry (see English Kings of France).

In fact there really were many doubts as to the Dauphin Charles' legitimacy, his mother being notorious for her affairs. He was also of a weak and feeble nature which caused conflict with both her and his own son, the future Louis XI.

Many people, including Joan of Arc, believed that the king only agreed to such disastrous and unprecedented terms under the mental stress of his illness and that, as a result, France could not be held to them.

Charles VI died in 1422 at Paris and is interred with his wife, Isabeau de Bavière in Saint Denis Basilica.

He was eventually succeeded by his son Charles VII. Apparently Catherine of Valois passed Charles' mental illness onto her son, Henry VI. His inability to govern helped spark the Wars of the Roses.

wikipedia.com

--------------------

He was born in Paris, the son of King Charles V and Jeanne de Bourbon. At the age of eleven, he was crowned King of France in 1380 in the cathedral at Reims. He married Isabeau of Bavaria in 1385. Until he took complete charge as king in 1388, France was ruled primarily by his uncle, Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy.

Charles VI was known both as Charles the Well-loved and later as Charles the Mad, since, beginning in his mid-twenties, he experienced bouts of psychosis. These fits of madness would recur for the rest of his life. Based on his symptoms, he probably suffered from schizophrenia.

--------------------

In the Comptons Interactive Encyclopedia it states Charles was insane. He suffered from porphyria, as so many of his ancestors had. Aka: 'Charles the Mad'. The book, 'Kings & Queens of Great Britain', states this may be due to porphyria which also afflicated George III. Schizophrenia & Bioplar Disorder may also have been an issue.

Sources:

The book, 'Kings & Queens of Great Britain'

The book, 'Kings & Queens of Europe'

(plus many more) -------------------- Charles VI, Roi de France1 M, #102717, b. 3 December 1368, d. 22 October 1422

Charles VI, Roi de France|b. 3 Dec 1368\nd. 22 Oct 1422|p10272.htm#i102717|Charles V, Roi de France|b. 21 Jan 1337\nd. 16 Sep 1380|p10314.htm#i103139|Jeanne de Bourbon|b. 3 Feb 1338\nd. 4 Feb 1378|p10314.htm#i103140|Jean I., Roi de France|b. 26 Apr 1319\nd. 8 Apr 1364|p10314.htm#i103138|Bonne J. de Luxembourg|b. 20 May 1315\nd. 11 Sep 1349|p10316.htm#i103159|Pierre I. de Bourbon, Duc de Bourbon|b. 1311\nd. 19 Sep 1356|p11345.htm#i113449|Isabel de Valois|b. 1313\nd. 26 Jul 1383|p11368.htm#i113672|

Last Edited=7 Dec 2008 Consanguinity Index=3.69%

    Charles VI, Roi de France was born on 3 December 1368 at Paris, France. He was the son of Charles V, Roi de France and Jeanne de Bourbon.1 He married Isabelle von Bayern, daughter of Stefan III Herzog von Bayern-Ingolstadt and Thaddea Visconti, on 17 July 1385. He died on 22 October 1422 at age 53 at Paris, France. He was buried at Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France.
    Charles VI, Roi de France was a member of the House of Valois.1 Charles VI, Roi de France also went by the nick-name of Charles 'the Beloved'.1 He succeeded to the title of Roi Charles VI de France in 1380.1

Children of Charles VI, Roi de France and Isabelle von Bayern 1.Marie de Valois 2.Michelle de France 3.Isabelle de France+ b. 9 Nov 1387, d. 13 Sep 1409 4.Jeanne de France+ b. 1391, d. 1433 5.Louis de France, Dauphin de France b. 1396, d. 1415 6.Jean de France, Duc de Touraine b. 1398 7.Catherine de France+ b. 27 Oct 1401, d. 3 Jan 1437 8.Charles VII, Roi de France+1 b. 22 Feb 1403, d. 21 Jul 1461 9.Philippe de Valois b. 1407 Citations 1.[S38] John Morby, Dynasties of the World: a chronological and genealogical handbook (Oxford, Oxfordshire, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1989), page 78. Hereinafter cited as Dynasties of the World.

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Charles VI de Valois, roi de France's Timeline

1368
December 3, 1368
Paris, Ile-de-France, France
1385
July 17, 1385
Age 16
Amiens, Picardy, France
1386
September 25, 1386
Age 17
Chateau de Vincennes, Vincennes, France
1388
June 14, 1388
Age 19
Saint-Ouen, Île-de-France, France
1389
November 9, 1389
Age 20
Hotel Du Louvre, Paris, France
1391
January 24, 1391
Age 22
Château de Melun,Paris,France
1392
February 6, 1392
Age 23
Castle, Vincennes, Val-De-Marne, France
1393
August 22, 1393
Age 24
Paris, Ile-de-France, France
1395
January 11, 1395
Age 26
Paris, Ile-de-France, France
1397
January 22, 1397
Age 28
Paris, France