Charles de Blois, Duc de Bretagne

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Charles de Blois, Duc de Bretagne

Nicknames: "Charles De Blois (Comte De /Blois Duc De Bretag/", "le Bienheureux"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Blois, Loir-et-Cher, França
Death: Died in Auray, Brittany, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Guy I de Châtilion, comte de Blois and Marguerite de Valois
Husband of Mistress of Charles of Blois and Jeanne de Penthièvre, la boiteuse, duchesse de Bretagne
Father of Jehan de Blois; Marguerite de Blois; Jean I de Blois-Châtillon, comte de Penthièvre; Marie de Blois-Châtillon; Gui de Châtillon and 1 other
Brother of Louis I de Châtillon, comte de Blois and Marie de Châtillon

Occupation: duc de Bretagne, Duke of Brittany
Managed by: Douglas John Nimmo
Last Updated:

About Charles de Blois, Duc de Bretagne

Charles, Duke of Brittany

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles,_Duke_of_Brittany

Charles of Blois (Blois, 1319 – September 29, 1364), claimed the title duke of Brittany, from 1341 to his death.

Charles is the son of Guy I of Blois-Châtillon, count of Blois, by Margaret of Valois, a sister of king Philip VI of France. He was a devout man, who took piety to the extreme of mortifying his own flesh. It is said that he placed pebbles in his shoes, wore ropes tight with knots near his flesh and confessed every night in fear of sleeping in a state of sin. He was nevertheless an accomplished military leader, who inspired loyalty by his religious fervour.

On June 4, 1337 in Paris, he married Joanna the Lame, heiress and niece of duke John III. Together, Charles and Joanna fought the House of Montfort in the Breton War of Succession (1341-1364), with the support of the crown of France. Despite his piety, Charles did not hesitate in ordering the massacre of 2000 civilians after the siege of Quimper. After initial successes, Charles was taken prisoner by the English in 1347. He was released nine years afterwards against a ransom of about half a million ecús, and resumed the war against the Montforts.

Charles died in the Battle of Auray which determined the end of the war and the victory of the Montforts. He was canonized as saint for his devotion to religion, but the process was made null by Pope Gregory XI by request of Duke John V of Brittany. Subsequently, in 1904, he was beatified.

By his marriage to Joanna, he had five children:

John I of Blois-Châtillon (1340–1404)

Guy

Henry (d. 1400)

Marie (1345-1404), Lady of Guise, married in 1360 Louis I of Naples

Marguerite, married in 1351 Charles de la Cerda (d. 1354)

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Charles de Blois, Duc de Bretagne's Timeline

1319
1319
Blois, Loir-et-Cher, França
1337
June 4, 1337
Age 18
Paris, France
1339
1339
Age 20
Chatillon, France
1340
1340
Age 21
France
1341
1341
Age 22
1341
- September 29, 1364
Age 22
Brittany, France

Claimed the title Duke of Brittany, from 1341 to his death.

1343
1343
Age 24
France
1345
1345
Age 26
Chatillon, France
1346
1346
Age 27
Chatillon, France
1347
1347
Age 28
La Roche-Derrien, Brittany, France

Charles was taken prisoner by the English in 1347. Thomas Dagworth was the official captor of Charles of Blois. He was released nine years afterwards against a ransom of about half a million ecús, and resumed the war against the Montforts.