Charles de France, comte de Valois

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Charles de France, comte de Valois

Also Known As: "count of Valois", "Charles III prince of France"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Vincennes, Île-de-France, France
Death: Died in Le Perray-en-Yvelines, Île-de-France, France
Place of Burial: Saint-Jacques, Paris, Île-de-France, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Philippe III le Hardi, roi de France; Philip III of France; Isabelle d'Aragon, reine consort de France and Isabella of Aragon
Husband of Marguerite d'Anjou, comtesse d'Anjou et du Maine; Catherine de Courtenay and Mahaut de Châtillon, dame de Saint Pol
Father of Marguerite de Brossard; Antoine de Brossard; Anne De Brossard; Isabelle de Valois; Phillippe VI le Fortuné, roi de France and 12 others
Brother of Louis de France; Philippe IV le Bel, roi de France; Robert de France and N.N. de France
Half brother of Louis de France, Comte d’Evreux, de Meulan, de Gien et de Longueville; Blanche de France and Marguerite of France, Queen of England

Occupation: comte de Valois, Prince de France, Count of Valois, Anjou & Maine, Comte de Valois et, Count of Aragon
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Charles de France, comte de Valois

Charles de Valois

Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_de_Valois

Charles de Valois (12 mars 1270 - 16 décembre 1325), fils du roi Philippe le Hardi et d'Isabelle d'Aragon.

Empereur titulaire de Constantinople

Roi titulaire d'Aragon

Comte de Valois de 1286 à 1325

Comte d'Alençon

Comte de Chartres

Comte d'Anjou de 1290 à 1325

Comte du Maine de 1290 à 1313 (Charles III)

Moyennement intelligent, démesurément ambitieux et passablement avide, Charles de Valois collectionne les principautés. Il eut en apanage les comtés de Valois, d'Alençon et du Perche (1285). Il devint en 1290 comte d'Anjou et du Maine, par son mariage avec Marguerite, fille aînée de Charles II d'Anjou, roi nominal de Sicile ; par un deuxième mariage, contracté avec l'héritière de Baudouin II de Courtenay, dernier empereur latin de Constantinople, il avait aussi des prétentions sur ce trône. Mais il est fils, frère, beau-frère et gendre de rois ou de reines (de France, de Navarre, d'Angleterre et de Naples), en attendant d'être de surcroît, après sa mort, père de roi (Philippe VI).

Il rêve donc de mieux et courut toute sa vie après une couronne qu'il n'obtint jamais. En 1280, le pape le reconnaît roi d'Aragon (sous la vassalité du Saint-Siège), comme fils de sa mère, en concurrence avec le roi Pierre III d'Aragon qui après la conquête de l'île de Sicile est un ennemi de la papauté. Charles épouse alors Marguerite de Sicile, fille napolitaine du roi pour renforcer sa position en Sicile, supportée par le pape. Grâce à cette Croisade d'Aragon entreprise par son père Philippe III contre l'avis de son frère, le futur Philippe le Bel, il a cru gagner un royaume et n'a gagné que le ridicule d'avoir été couronné avec un chapeau de cardinal en 1285, ce qui lui vaut le sobriquet de roi du chapeau. Il n'osera jamais user du sceau royal qu'il s'est fait faire à cette occasion et devra renoncer au titre.

Sa principale qualité est d'être un bon chef de guerre. Il commande en Flandre avec efficacité en 1297. Le roi en déduira un peu vite que son frère peut conduire une expédition en Italie, contre Frédéric II de Sicile. L'affaire se terminera par la paix de Caltabellotta (1302).

Charles songe en même temps à la couronne impériale et épouse en 1301 Catherine de Courtenay, impératrice titulaire, petite-fille héritière du dernier empereur latin de Constantinople, Baudouin II de Courtenay. Mais il lui faut la connivence du pape, qu'il obtient par son expédition en Italie, où il court secourir Charles II d'Anjou contre Frédéric II de Sicile, son cousin. Nommé vicaire pontifical, il se perd dans l'imbroglio de la politique italienne, se compromet dans un massacre à Florence et dans de sordides exigences financières, gagne la Sicile où il consolide sa réputation de pillard et rentre en France déconsidéré en 1301-1302. Catherine de Courtenay meurt en 1307.

Charles se remet à convoiter une nouvelle couronne quand meurt l'empereur Albert de Habsbourg en 1308. Son frère l'y encourage, qui ne souhaite pas prendre lui-même le risque d'un échec et pense probablement qu'un homme de paille sur le trône impérial serait une bonne chose pour la France. La candidature avorte avec l'élection de Henri VII, empereur des Romains. Charles continuera de rêver à la couronne orientale des Courtenay.

Il n'en bénéficie pas moins de l'affection que Philippe le Bel, qui a souffert du remariage de son père, porte à son seul frère germain et il se trouve de ce fait placé à des responsabilités qui dépassent largement son talent. Ainsi c'est lui qui dirige en 1311 l'ambassade royale aux conférences de Tournai avec les Flamands ; il s'y brouille avec Enguerrand de Marigny, qui l'éclipse ouvertement. Le frère du roi ne pardonnera pas l'affront et sera le plus acharné contre Marigny après la mort du roi.

Il s'est farouchement opposé au supplice de Jacques de Molay, grand maître des Templiers, en 1314.

La mort prématurée de Louis X en 1316 laisse à Charles de France l'espoir d'un rôle politique, mais il ne peut empêcher son neveu Philippe de France de prendre la régence en attendant de devenir le roi Philippe V. À la mort de celui-ci en 1322, nul ne songe au comte de Valois.

En 1324, il commande avec succès l'armée de son neveu Charles IV pour enlever la Guyenne et la Flandre au roi d'Angleterre Édouard II d'Angleterre. Il contribue, par la prise de plusieurs villes, à accélérer la paix, qui fut conclue entre le roi de France et la sœur de ce prince, Isabelle, reine d'Angleterre.

Il meurt le 16 décembre 1325 à Nogent-le-Roi, laissant un fils qui montera sur le trône de France sous le nom de Philippe VI et commencera la branche des Valois : une revanche posthume pour l'homme dont on a dit : Fils de roi, frère de roi, oncle de trois rois, père de roi, mais jamais roi lui-même.

Il a été marié trois fois :

1.le 16 août 1290 à Corbeil avec Marguerite d'Anjou (1273 † 1299), comtesse d'Anjou et du Maine, fille du roi de Naples Charles II et de Marie de Hongrie, dont il a :

  1. Isabelle (1292 † 1309), mariée en 1297 à Jean III (1286 † 1341), duc de Bretagne
  2. Philippe (1293 † 1350), comte de Valois, qui deviendra roi de France (Philippe VI) et fondera ainsi la dynastie des Valois
  3. Jeanne (1294 † 1352), mariée en 1305 à Guillaume Ier d'Avesnes (1286 † 1337), comte de Hainaut
  4. Marguerite (1295 † 1342), mariée en 1310 à Guy de Châtillon († 1342), comte de Blois
  5. Charles II (1297 † 1346), comte d'Alençon
  6. Catherine (1299 † 1300)

2.en 1302 à Saint-Cloud avec Catherine de Courtenay (1274 † 1307), impératrice titulaire de Constantinople, qui lui donne :

  1. Jean (1302 † 1308) comte de Chartres
  2. Catherine (1303 † 1346), impératrice titulaire de Constantinople, mariée à Philippe Ier de Tarente (1278 † 1332)
  3. Jeanne de Valois, (1304 † 1363), mariée en 1318 à Robert III d'Artois (1287 † 1342)
  4. Isabelle (1306 † 1349), abbesse de Fontrevault

3.en 1308 à Poitiers avec Mahaut de Saint-Pol (1293 † 1358), fille de Guy IV de Châtillon, comte de Saint-Pol, dont il a :

  1. Louis (1309-1328), comte de Chartres et d'Alençon
  2. Marie (1311-1331), mariée en 1324 à Charles de Calabre (1298 † 1328)
  3. Isabelle (1313-1383), mariée en 1336 avec Pierre Ier de Bourbon (1311 † 1356)
  4. Blanche (1317-1348), mariée en 1328 à Charles IV (1316 † 1378), empereur germanique

--------------------

Charles I de France, Comte de Valois was born on 12 March 1270 at Fontainebleau, Ile de France, France. He was the son of Philippe III, Roi de France and Isabel de Aragón. He married, firstly, Marguerite d'Anjou, daughter of Charles II d'Anjou, King of Naples and Maria von Ungarn, in 1290.2 He married, secondly, Katherina de Courtenay, Markgravine de Namur, daughter of Philippe de Courtenay, Emperor of Constantinople and Beatrix d'Anjou, on 8 February 1301 at Saint-Cloud, Ile de France, France.1 He married, thirdly, Matilda de Châtillon, daughter of Guido III de Châtillon, Comte de St. Pol and Marie de Bretagne de Dreux, in 1308.2 He died on 16 December 1325 at age 55. He was buried at Paris, France.

    Charles I de France, Comte de Valois gained the title of Comte Charles III d'Anjou in 1290.2 He gained the title of Comte de Valois.3

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Charles of Valois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Charles of Valois (March 12, 1270–December 16, 1325) was the third son of Philip III of France and Isabella of Aragon. His mother was a daughter of James I of Aragon and Yolande of Hungary. He was a member of the House of Capet and founded the House of Valois. In 1284, he was created Count of Valois (as Charles I) by his father and, in 1297, he was created Count of Anjou (as Charles III) by his brother Philip IV.

Charles was the father of Philip VI, and paternal uncle to three kings (Louis X, Phillip V, and Charles IV). In 1284, he was given the crown of Aragon by Pope Martin IV, who declared an Aragonese Crusade. In 1285, he gained the title of Count of Valois, and Count of Anjou and Maine in 1290. During his life, he unsuccessfully sought the rule of four other kingdoms: Aragon, Sicily, the Latin Empire and the Holy Roman Empire.

Marriage and Children

His first marriage, in 1290, was to Marguerite of Anjou and Maine (1274–1299), daughter of King Charles II of Naples. They had the following children:

Isabelle (1292–1309). Married Jean III, Duke of Brittany.

Philip VI, first King of the Valois Dynasty.

Jeanne of Valois (1294–1342). Married William I, Count of Hainaut and had issue.

Marguerite of Valois (1295–1342). Married Guy I of Blois-Châtillon, Count of Blois, and had issue.

Charles II, Count of Alençon (1297 – August 26, 1346 at the Battle of Crécy). Married first Jeanne de Joigny and second Marie de la Cerda and had issue from the second marriage.

Catherine of Valois (b. 1299, died young).

In 1302 he remarried to Catherine I of Courtenay (1274–1308), titular Empress of Constantinople. They had four children:

John, Count of Chartres (1302–1308).

Catherine II of Valois, Princess of Achaea, titular Empress of Constantinople (1303–1346). She married Philip I d'Anjou, Prince of Taranto and had issue.

Jeanne de Valois (1304–1363). Married Count Robert III of Artois and had issue.

Isabel of Valois (1305–1349), Abbess of Fontevrault.

Finally, in 1308, he married Mahaut of Chatillon (1293–1358), daughter of Guy III of Châtillon, Count of Saint Pol. They had also four children:

Marie of Valois (1309–1332). Married Charles, Duke of Calabria and had issue.

Isabella de Valois (1313 – August 26, 1388). She married Peter I, Duke of Bourbon.

Blanche of Valois (1317–1348). She married Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor. Sometimes called "Marguerite".

Louis, Count of Chartres (1318–1328)

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_of_Valois

--------------------

Charles of Valois (March 12, 1270–December 16, 1325) was the fourth son of Philip III of France and Isabella of Aragon. His mother was a daughter of James I of Aragon and Yolande of Hungary. He was a member of the House of Capet and founded the House of Valois. In 1284, he was created Count of Valois (as Charles I) by his father and, in 1297, he was created Count of Anjou (as Charles III) by his brother Philip IV.

Charles was the father of Philip VI, and paternal uncle to three kings (Louis X, Phillip V, and Charles IV). In 1284, he was given the crown of Aragon by Pope Martin IV, who declared an Aragonese Crusade. In 1285, he gained the title of Count of Valois, and Count of Anjou and Maine in 1290.

During his life, he unsuccessfully sought the rule of four other kingdoms: Aragon, Sicily, the Latin Empire and the Holy Roman Empire.

Charles de Valois was married three times.

His first marriage, in 1290, was to Marguerite of Anjou and Maine (1274–1299), daughter of King Charles II of Naples. They had the following children:

Isabelle (1292–1309). Married Jean III, Duke of Brittany.

Philip VI, first King of the Valois Dynasty.

Jeanne of Valois (1294–1342). Married William I, Count of Hainaut and had issue.

Marguerite of Valois (1295–1342). Married Guy I of Blois-Châtillon, Count of Blois, and had issue.

Charles II, Count of Alençon (1297 – August 26, 1346 at the Battle of Crécy). Married first Jeanne de Joigny and second Marie de la Cerda and had issue from the second marriage.

Catherine of Valois (b. 1299, died young).

In 1302 he remarried to Catherine I of Courtenay (1274–1308), titular Empress of Constantinople. They had four children:

John, Count of Chartres (1302–1308).

Catherine II of Valois, Princess of Achaea, titular Empress of Constantinople (1303–1346). She married Philip I d'Anjou, Prince of Taranto and had issue.

Jeanne de Valois (1304–1363). Married Count Robert III of Artois and had issue.

Isabel of Valois (1305–1349), Abbess of Fontevrault.

Finally, in 1308, he married Mahaut of Chatillon (1293–1358), daughter of Guy III of Châtillon, Count of Saint Pol. They had also four children:

Marie of Valois (1309–1332). Married Charles, Duke of Calabria and had issue.

Isabella of Valois (1313 – August 26, 1388). She married Peter I, Duke of Bourbon.

Blanche of Valois (1317–1348). She married Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor. Sometimes called "Marguerite".

Louis, Count of Chartres (1318–1328)

--------------------

Charles of Valois (March 12, 1270 – December 16, 1325) was the fourth son of Philip III of France and Isabella of Aragon. His mother was a daughter of James I of Aragon and Yolande of Hungary. He was a member of the House of Capet and founded the House of Valois. In 1284, he was created Count of Valois (as Charles I) by his father and, in 1297, he was created Count of Anjou (as Charles III) by his brother Philip IV.

Contents [hide]

1 Life

2 Marriage and Children

3 Ancestry

4 External links


[edit] Life

French Monarchy

Direct Capetians

Hugh Capet

  Robert II 

Robert II

  Henry I 
  Robert I, Duke of Burgundy 

Henry I

  Philip I 
  Hugh, Count of Vermandois 

Philip I

  Louis VI 

Louis VI

  Louis VII 
  Robert I of Dreux 

Louis VII

  Mary, Countess of Champagne 
  Alix, Countess of Blois 
  Marguerite, Queen of Hungary 
  Alys, Countess of the Vexin 
  Philip II 
  Agnes, Empress of Constantinople 

Philip II

  Louis VIII 

Louis VIII

  Louis IX 
  Robert I, Count of Artois 
  Alphonse, Count of Poitou and Toulouse 
  Saint Isabel of France 
  Charles I of Anjou and Sicily 

Louis IX

  Philip III 
  Robert, Count of Clermont 
 Agnes, Duchess of Burgundy 

Philip III

  Philip IV 
  Charles III, Count of Valois 
  Louis d'Evreux 
  Margaret, Queen of England 

Philip IV

  Louis X 
  Philip V 
  Isabella, Queen of England 
  Charles IV 

Grandchildren

   Joan II of Navarre 
   John I 
   Joan III, Countess and Duchess of Burgundy 
   Margaret I, Countess of Burgundy 
   Isabella, Dauphine of Viennois 
   Edward III of England 
   Mary of France 
   Blanche, Duchess of Orléans 

Louis X

  Joan II of Navarre 
  John I 

John I

Philip V

Charles IV


Coat of arms of the Latin Empire of Constantinople.Charles was the father of Philip VI, and paternal uncle to three kings (Louis X, Phillip V, and Charles IV). In 1284, he was given the crown of Aragon by Pope Martin IV, who declared an Aragonese Crusade. In 1285, he gained the title of Count of Valois, and Count of Anjou and Maine in 1290.

During his life, he unsuccessfully sought the rule of four other kingdoms: Aragon, Sicily, the Latin Empire and the Holy Roman Empire.

[edit] Marriage and Children

Charles de Valois was married three times.

His first marriage, in 1290, was to Marguerite of Anjou and Maine (1274–1299), daughter of King Charles II of Naples. They had the following children:

Isabelle (1292–1309). Married Jean III, Duke of Brittany.

Philip VI, first King of the Valois Dynasty.

Jeanne of Valois (1294–1342). Married William I, Count of Hainaut and had issue.

Marguerite of Valois (1295–1342). Married Guy I of Blois-Châtillon, Count of Blois, and had issue.

Charles II, Count of Alençon (1297 – August 26, 1346 at the Battle of Crécy). Married first Jeanne de Joigny and second Marie de la Cerda and had issue from the second marriage.

Catherine of Valois (b. 1299, died young).

In 1302 he remarried to Catherine I of Courtenay (1274–1308), titular Empress of Constantinople. They had four children:

John, Count of Chartres (1302–1308).

Catherine II of Valois, Princess of Achaea, titular Empress of Constantinople (1303–1346). She married Philip I d'Anjou, Prince of Taranto and had issue.

Jeanne de Valois (1304–1363). Married Count Robert III of Artois and had issue.

Isabel of Valois (1305–1349), Abbess of Fontevrault.

Finally, in 1308, he married Mahaut of Chatillon (1293–1358), daughter of Guy III of Châtillon, Count of Saint Pol. They had also four children:

Marie of Valois (1309–1332). Married Charles, Duke of Calabria and had issue.

Isabella of Valois (1313 – August 26, 1388). She married Peter I, Duke of Bourbon.

Blanche of Valois (1317–1348). She married Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor. Sometimes called "Marguerite".

Louis, Count of Chartres (1318–1328)

[edit] Ancestry

Ancestors of Charles of Valois[show]

                                 

 16. Philip II of France 
 
         

 8. Louis VIII of France   
 
               

 17. Isabelle of Hainaut 
 
         

 4. Louis IX of France   
 
                     

 18. Alfonso VIII of Castile 
 
         

 9. Blanche of Castile   
 
               

 19. ELeonor of England 
 
         

 2. Philip III of France   
 
                           

 20. Alfonso II of Provence 
 
         

 10. Ramon Berenguer IV of Provence   
 
               

 21. Garsenda of Forcalquier 
 
         

 5. Marguerite of Provence   
 
                     

 22. Thomas I of Savoy 
 
         

 11. Beatrice of Savoy   
 
               

 23. Marguerite of Geneva 
 
         

 1. Charles of Valois   
 
                                 

 24. Alfonso II of Aragon 
 
         

 12. Peter II of Aragon   
 
               

 25. Sancha of Castile 
 
         

 6. James I of Aragon   
 
                     

 26. William VIII of Montpellier 
 
         

 13. Marie of Montpellier   
 
               

 27. Eudokia Komnene 
 
         

 3. Isabella of Aragon   
 
                           

 28. Béla III of Hungary 
 
         

 14. Andrew II of Hungary   
 
               

 29. Agnes of Antioch 
 
         

 7. Violant of Hungary   
 
                     

 30. Peter II of Courtenay 
 
         

 15. Yolanda (Violant) de Courtenay   
 
               

 31. Yolanda of Flanders 
 
         

[edit] External links

Brown University History Page on Charles of Valois

Britannica entry on Charles of Valois

GJGFrench wikipedia page on Charles de Valois (fr)

Historia Nostra page on Charles de Valois (fr)

MedLANDS Charles of Valois and his children

Preceded by

— Count of Valois

1284–1325 Succeeded by

Philip

Preceded by

Charles II Count of Anjou and Maine

1290–1325

Preceded by

— Count of Alençon

1291–1325 Succeeded by

Charles II

Count of Chartres

1293–1325

Preceded by

Catherine I of Courtenay Titular Latin Emperor

1301–1308

with Catherine I of Courtenay 1301–1308 Succeeded by

Catherine II

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_of_Valois"

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BIOGRAPHY: b. March 12, 1270

d. Dec. 16, 1325, Le Perray, near Rambouillet, Fr.

also called CHARLES OF VALOIS, count of Valois from 1285 and of Anjou and Maine from 1290. He was son of a king, brother of a king, uncle of three kings, and a father of a king. Though he himself never gained a crown, he sought at various times those of Aragon, France, Constantinople, and the Holy Roman Empire.

In 1285 Charles received the Valois countship from his father, Philip III of France, and in 1290 the countships of Anjou and Maine by his marriage to Margaret, daughter of Charles II of Naples; to these were added in 1291 and 1293 the countships of Alençon and Chartres, granted by his brother, Philip IV, in compensation for their father's failure to win the crown of Aragon for Charles by a so-called crusade in 1285.

In 1301 Charles, regarding Italy as a stepping-stone toward his eastern ambitions, readily accepted Pope Boniface VIII's invitation to aid the papal cause. After subduing Florence for the pope, Charles led an unsuccessful military campaign into Sicily before he was recalled by his brother, Philip IV, to France. In 1308 he vainly sought the title of Holy Roman emperor to ensure additional French control over Italy and the papal possessions.

As chief councillor during the reign of his nephew Louis X, Charles brought about the fall of the famous financial adviser Enguerrand de Marigny. After Louis's death in June 1316, Charles desired the throne, but he gave way to another nephew, Philip V, who died in 1322. Charles had considerable influence with his nephew Charles IV, the new king, and was sent by him on a successful campaign into Guyenne in 1324. He had previously commanded French armies in Guyenne in 1295 and led them in Flanders in 1297, 1299, 1300, 1303, and 1314. His son, Philip VI (king from 1328 to 1350), was the first of the Valois line.

Copyright © 1994-2001 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

Wikipedia:

Marriage and Children

Charles de Valois was married three times.

His first marriage, in 1290, was to Margaret, Countess of Anjou, (1274–1299), daughter of King Charles II of Naples. They had the following children:

   * Isabelle (1292–1309). Married Jean III, Duke of Brittany.
   * Philip VI, first King of the Valois Dynasty.
   * Joan of Valois (1294–1342). Married William I, Count of Hainaut and had issue.
   * Margaret of Valois (1295–1342). Married Guy I of Blois-Châtillon, Count of Blois, and had issue.
   * Charles II, Count of Alençon (1297 – August 26, 1346 at the Battle of Crécy). Married first Jeanne de Joigny and second Marie de la Cerda and had issue from the second marriage.
   * Catherine of Valois (b. 1299, died young).

In 1302 he remarried to Catherine I of Courtenay (1274–1308), titular Empress of Constantinople. They had four children:

   * John, Count of Chartres (1302–1308).
   * Catherine II of Valois, Princess of Achaea, titular Empress of Constantinople (1303–1346). She married Philip I d'Anjou, Prince of Taranto and had issue.
   * Joan of Valois (1304–1363). Married Count Robert III of Artois and had issue.
   * Isabella of Valois (1305–1349), Abbess of Fontevrault.

Finally, in 1308, he married Mahaut of Châtillon (1293–1358), daughter of Guy III of Châtillon, Count of Saint Pol. They had also four children:

   * Marie of Valois (1309–1332). Married Charles, Duke of Calabria and had issue.
   * Isabella of Valois (1313 – August 26, 1388). She married Peter I, Duke of Bourbon.
   * Blanche of Valois (1317–1348). She married Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor. Sometimes called "Marguerite".
   * Louis, Count of Chartres (1318–1328)

--------------------

BIOGRAPHY: b. March 12, 1270

d. Dec. 16, 1325, Le Perray, near Rambouillet, Fr.

also called CHARLES OF VALOIS, count of Valois from 1285 and of Anjou and Maine from 1290. He was son of a king, brother of a king, uncle of three kings, and a father of a king. Though he himself never gained a crown, he sought at various times those of Aragon, France, Constantinople, and the Holy Roman Empire.

In 1285 Charles received the Valois countship from his father, Philip III of France, and in 1290 the countships of Anjou and Maine by his marriage to Margaret, daughter of Charles II of Naples; to these were added in 1291 and 1293 the countships of Alençon and Chartres, granted by his brother, Philip IV, in compensation for their father's failure to win the crown of Aragon for Charles by a so-called crusade in 1285.

In 1301 Charles, regarding Italy as a stepping-stone toward his eastern ambitions, readily accepted Pope Boniface VIII's invitation to aid the papal cause. After subduing Florence for the pope, Charles led an unsuccessful military campaign into Sicily before he was recalled by his brother, Philip IV, to France. In 1308 he vainly sought the title of Holy Roman emperor to ensure additional French control over Italy and the papal possessions.

As chief councillor during the reign of his nephew Louis X, Charles brought about the fall of the famous financial adviser Enguerrand de Marigny. After Louis's death in June 1316, Charles desired the throne, but he gave way to another nephew, Philip V, who died in 1322. Charles had considerable influence with his nephew Charles IV, the new king, and was sent by him on a successful campaign into Guyenne in 1324. He had previously commanded French armies in Guyenne in 1295 and led them in Flanders in 1297, 1299, 1300, 1303, and 1314. His son, Philip VI (king from 1328 to 1350), was the first of the Valois line.

Copyright © 1994-2001 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

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"Moyennement intelligent, démesurément ambitieux et passablement avide, Charles de Valois collectionne les principautés".

Dixit wapedia!

Et pas seulement les principautés! Par sa seconde épouse Catherine de Courtenay il fut aussi, au moins théoriquement, empereur de Constantinople et, par sa mère roi "titulaire" d'Aragon (il n'arriva cependant pas à sa faire "titulariser"!).

Mais son frère Philippe (le Bel) appréciait ses talents militaires.

On trouve aussi mention d'un décès à Nogent le Roi.

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Charles of Valois (March 12, 1270–December 16, 1325) was the fourth son of Philip III of France and Isabella of Aragon. His mother was a daughter of James I of Aragon and Yolande of Hungary. He was a member of the House of Capet and founded the House of Valois. In 1284, he was created Count of Valois (as Charles I) by his father and, in 1297, he was created Count of Anjou (as Charles III) by his brother Philip IV.

Charles was the father of Philip VI, and paternal uncle to three kings (Louis X, Phillip V, and Charles IV). In 1284, he was given the crown of Aragon by Pope Martin IV, who declared an Aragonese Crusade. In 1285, he gained the title of Count of Valois, and Count of Anjou and Maine in 1290.

During his life, he unsuccessfully sought the rule of four other kingdoms: Aragon, Sicily, the Latin Empire and the Holy Roman Empire.

Charles de Valois was married three times.

His first marriage, in 1290, was to Marguerite of Anjou and Maine (1274–1299), daughter of King Charles II of Naples. They had the following children:

Isabelle (1292–1309). Married Jean III, Duke of Brittany.

Philip VI, first King of the Valois Dynasty.

Jeanne of Valois (1294–1342). Married William I, Count of Hainaut and had issue.

Marguerite of Valois (1295–1342). Married Guy I of Blois-Châtillon, Count of Blois, and had issue.

Charles II, Count of Alençon (1297 – August 26, 1346 at the Battle of Crécy). Married first Jeanne de Joigny and second Marie de la Cerda and had issue from the second marriage.

Catherine of Valois (b. 1299, died young).

In 1302 he remarried to Catherine I of Courtenay (1274–1308), titular Empress of Constantinople. They had four children:

John, Count of Chartres (1302–1308).

Catherine II of Valois, Princess of Achaea, titular Empress of Constantinople (1303–1346). She married Philip I d'Anjou, Prince of Taranto and had issue.

Jeanne de Valois (1304–1363). Married Count Robert III of Artois and had issue.

Isabel of Valois (1305–1349), Abbess of Fontevrault.

Finally, in 1308, he married Mahaut of Chatillon (1293–1358), daughter of Guy III of Châtillon, Count of Saint Pol. They had also four children:

Marie of Valois (1309–1332). Married Charles, Duke of Calabria and had issue.

Isabella of Valois (1313 – August 26, 1388). She married Peter I, Duke of Bourbon.

Blanche of Valois (1317–1348). She married Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor. Sometimes called "Marguerite".

Louis, Count of Chartres (1318–1328)

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Charles of Valois (March 12, 1270 – December 16, 1325) was the fourth son of Philip III of France and Isabella of Aragon. His mother was a daughter of James I of Aragon and Yolande of Hungary. He was a member of the House of Capet and founded the House of Valois. In 1284, he was created Count of Valois (as Charles I) by his father and, in 1297, he was created Count of Anjou (as Charles III) by his brother Philip IV

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Charles III, Charles de Valois Capet Duc de Anjou, Prince of France

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House of Capet. Founded the House of Valois.

Sources:

The book, 'Cupid & the King'

The book, 'Four Gothic Kings'

(plus see ancestors/descendants) --------------------

    Charles I de France, Comte de Valois was born on 12 March 1270 at Fontainebleau, Île-de-France, France. He married, firstly, Marguerite d'Anjou, daughter of Charles II d'Anjou, King of Naples and Maria von Ungarn, in 1290.2 He married, secondly, Katherina de Courtenay, Markgravine de Namur, daughter of Philippe de Courtenay, Emperor of Constantinople and Beatrix d'Anjou, on 8 February 1301 at Saint-Cloud, Île-de-France, France.1 He married, thirdly, Matilda de Châtillon, daughter of Guido III de Châtillon, Comte de St. Pol and Marie de Bretagne de Dreux, in 1308.2 He died on 16 December 1325 at age 55. He was buried at Paris, France.
    He was the son of Philippe III, Roi de France and Isabel de Aragón. He gained the title of Comte Charles III d'Anjou in 1290.2 He gained the title of Comte de Valois.3

Children of Charles I de France, Comte de Valois and Marguerite d'Anjou

   Charles II de Valois, Comte d'Alençon2 d. 1346
   Philippe VI, Roi de France+4 b. 1293, d. 22 Aug 1350
   Jeanne de Valois+5 b. c 1294, d. 1342
   Marguerite de Valois b. 1295, d. 1342

Child of Charles I de France, Comte de Valois and Katherina de Courtenay, Markgravine de Namur

   Jeanne de Valois b. bt 1301 - 1308

Children of Charles I de France, Comte de Valois

   Catherine de Valois+6 b. 1303, d. 1346
   Marie de Valois+7 b. c 1310, d. 1328

Children of Charles I de France, Comte de Valois and Matilda de Châtillon

   Isabel de Valois+3 b. 1313, d. 26 Jul 1383
   Blanche de Valois+2 b. 1317, d. 1348

Citations

   [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1122. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
   [S16] Jirí Louda and Michael MacLagan, Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe, 2nd edition (London, U.K.: Little, Brown and Company, 1999), table 65. Hereinafter cited as Lines of Succession.
   [S16] Louda and MacLagan, Lines of Succession, table 68.
   [S38] John Morby, Dynasties of the World: a chronological and genealogical handbook (Oxford, Oxfordshire, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1989), page 78. Hereinafter cited as Dynasties of the World.
   [S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 92. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.
   [S16] Louda and MacLagan, Lines of Succession, table 124.
   [S16] Louda and MacLagan, Lines of Succession, table 125.

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_of_Valois -------------------- Son of a king, brother of a king, uncle of three kings, father of a king, but never king himself

Remember: this is just assumptions based on clues and overlaps.

We saw Charles will remain "pending" five years, until his brother the King wash the insult and may result in the case of Aragon. Charles, bruised, consoled himself with Helene de Brossard, his childhood sweetheart whom he had probably three children: Margaret, Anthony and Jeanne.

This union illegal, some have argued that there was a secret marriage but I do not believe it was always known and tolerated by Philip the Fair in the light of the difficult situation of his brother. However, the king prudrerie associated with the omnipotence of the Church and its "moral" (see the Tour de Nesle more later) suggest that there were severe conditions.

Philip the Fair banned Helen seemed likely that the Court about this liaisont should be taboo. It is also likely that the King demanded that Helen and her children are installed discreetly in a neutral and why not, for example in this small Hotel that Charles had acquired in 1285 in St Ouen ...

His first daughter Margaret, born about 1286, was perhaps named by Charles in memory of his grandmother Margaret Provenceépouse of St. Louis. Marguerite de Brossard in 1300 married William Beaumont Glenay of a large family and she had descendants.

Antoine was born about 1289 can be named by Helena in tribute to his father, was placed Escuyer to the Countess of Ponthieu and married Judith de Ponthieu he had a son that he will appoint Charles in honor of Charles de Valois ... and Brossard had the descendants of today.

Jeanne finally, the last born in 1290, close to the marriage of Charles, I did not find its mark, may be she did not survive or she chose the convent

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Charles de France, comte de Valois's Timeline

1270
March 12, 1270
Vincennes, Île-de-France, France
1286
1286
Age 15
1289
1289
Age 18
1290
August 16, 1290
Age 20
Corbeil, France
1290
Age 19
1292
1292
Age 21
Fontainebleau, Seine-et-Marne, Ile-de-France, France
1293
1293
Age 22
Fontainebleau, Seine-et-Marne, Ile-de-France, France
1294
1294
Age 23
Longpont, Aisne, Picardie, France
1295
1295
Age 24
Fountainbleau, Seine-et Marne, France
1297
1297
Age 26
Fontainebleau, Seine-et-Marne, Ile-de-France, France