Ernesto "Che" Guevara de la Serna (1928 - 1967) MP

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Birthplace: Rosario, Santa Fé, Argentina
Death: Died in La Higuera, Chuquisaca, Bolivia
Occupation: Médico, Líder de la Revolución Cubana
Managed by: Juan Pascuet
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Ernesto "Che" Guevara de la Serna

Familiarmente llamado "Ernestito", para sus amigos fue "Fuse". Desde los dos años y durante toda su vida, padeció asma. Como consecuencia, su familia se mudó a Alta Gracia, Provincia de Córdoba, donde (a pesar de disfrutar de un clima más seco) su salud no mejoró. Debido a ello, parte de su educación primaria la realizó en su hogar, bajo la tutoría de su madre. Asistió a la escuela secundaria (1941) en el Colegio Nacional Dean Funes, CCba, donde se destacó en literatura y deportes. En ese entonces su pensamiento fue influido por la presencia de refugiados de la Guerra Civil Española y por la larga serie de crisis políticas por las que Argentina transcurrió y que culminaron en el gobierno de Juan Domingo Perón, al que los Guevara de la Serna se opusieron. En 1944 se trasladó a CBsAs y comenzó sus estudios de medicina en la Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA), donde se diplomó de médico. Dirigente político (líder de la revolución cubana). Combatió a las fuerzas del ejército boliviano en el Abra Batán. En la batalla de la Quebrada del Yuro fue herido y apresado junto a otro compañero, y ejecutado el 9.10.1967 en el pueblo de La Higuera, Bolivia. -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Che_Guevara

Ernesto "Che" Guevara (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈtʃe ɣeˈβaɾa];[5] June 14, 1928 – October 9, 1967), commonly known as El Che or simply Che, was an Argentine Marxist revolutionary, physician, author, intellectual, guerrilla leader, diplomat, military theorist, and major figure of the Cuban Revolution. Since his death, his stylized visage has become a ubiquitous countercultural symbol and global insignia within popular culture.

As a medical student, Guevara traveled throughout Latin America and was transformed by the endemic poverty he witnessed. His experiences and observations during these trips led him to conclude that the region's ingrained economic inequalities were an intrinsic result of capitalism, monopolism, neocolonialism, and imperialism, with the only remedy being world revolution. This belief prompted his involvement in Guatemala's social reforms under President Jacobo Arbenz, whose eventual CIA-assisted overthrow solidified Guevara's radical ideology. Later, while living in Mexico City, he met Raúl and Fidel Castro, joined their 26th of July Movement, and travelled to Cuba aboard the yacht, Granma, with the intention of overthrowing U.S.-backed Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista. Guevara soon rose to prominence among the insurgents, was promoted to second-in-command, and played a pivotal role in the successful two year guerrilla campaign that deposed the Batista regime.

Following the Cuban Revolution, Guevara performed a number of key roles in the new government. These included instituting agrarian reform as minister of industries, serving as both national bank president and instructional director for Cuba’s armed forces, reviewing the appeals and firing squads for those convicted as war criminals during the revolutionary tribunals, and traversing the globe as a diplomat on behalf of Cuban socialism. Such positions allowed him to play a central role in training the militia forces who repelled the Bay of Pigs Invasion and bringing to Cuba the Soviet nuclear-armed ballistic missiles which precipitated the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis. Additionally, he was a prolific writer and diarist, composing a seminal manual on guerrilla warfare, along with a best-selling memoir about his youthful motorcycle journey across South America. Guevara left Cuba in 1965 to foment revolution abroad, first unsuccessfully in Congo-Kinshasa and later in Bolivia, where he was captured by CIA-assisted Bolivian forces and executed.

Guevara remains both a revered and reviled historical figure, polarized in the collective imagination in a multitude of biographies, memoirs, essays, documentaries, songs, and films. Time magazine named him one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century, while an Alberto Korda photograph of him entitled Guerrillero Heroico (shown), was declared "the most famous photograph in the world."

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Che Guevara's Timeline

1928
May 14, 1928
Rosario, Santa Fé, Argentina
1955
August 18, 1955
Age 27
Tepotzotlán, Estado de México, Mexico
1956
February 15, 1956
Age 27
México, D.F., Mexico
1959
June 9, 1959
Age 31
La Habana, Cuba
1967
October 9, 1967
Age 39
La Higuera, Chuquisaca, Bolivia
1997
October 17, 1997
Age 39