Chief Louis Clexlixqen

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Records for Chief Louis Clexlixqen

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Chief Louis Clexlixqen

Birthplace: Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada
Death: Died in Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada
Immediate Family:

Son of Telterken and Asnaamr
Husband of Marie and Eugenie Sh-Houstalesk
Father of Fidell; Elsa; Alice; Annie and Victoria
Brother of Lucie Sremtalski

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Immediate Family

About Chief Louis Clexlixqen


Otherwise known as Petite Louis, or Little Louis, Louis Hi Kleh Kan, Louis Ha-tan-kun, Louis Klick-tick-tun, Louis TlihTlih-en, Louis Gleghleghken (xlexxle'yken) Louis XlExlexkEn, Louis Gleghleghken, Louis XlExxlExkEn and Louis Xilextexken

He served as hereditary chief of the Kamloops Indian Band from about 1852 onwards until his death at Kamloops on 12 April 1915: This is according to Duane Thomson, who also says that he was a farmer and sometime employee of the Hudson's Bay Company [Duane Thomson, “CLEXLIXQEN, LOUIS,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 14, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003]

Petit Louis or Hli Kleh Kan, was a dominant figure in the development of the Kamloops region and the construction of St. Joseph's Church. He was recognized as one of the best chiefs in the Interior. On several occasions he went to Ottawa in an attempt to negotiate for more land for his people and traveled to England to plead the case for the Band to Queen Victoria. His leadership did much to improve the oppressed condition of his people during the critical period of white settlement [Secwepemc Nation Site]

His Parents

Chief Louis Clexlixqen identified himself as the son of Tlitlehren and Asnaamr when he married Marie at Kamloops on 20 February 1889 [British Columbia Marriage Registrations, 1859-1932, index and images, FamilySearch]

The Year of his Birth

It is difficult or impossible to identify a year of birth for Chief Louis Clexlixqen from surviving records. According to the 1881 census return he was born in British Columbia in 1835 or 1836 [Canada Census, 1881] but the age he gave up for his second marriage suggests 1838 or 1839 [British Columbia Marriage Registrations, 1859-1932, index and images, FamilySearch] and the 1891 census suggsts 1842 or 1843 [Canada Census, 1891] The Kamloops Indian Band Timeline says this: "1915. Chief Louis passed to the Spirit Word age 81" and this suggests that he was born in 1833 or 1834 {Kamloops Indian Band Timeline]

A Visit to Europe

In 1904 Chief Louis Clexlixqen and Chief Johnnie Chilleheetsa of the Douglas Lake Indian Band visited Europe with Father Jean-Marie-Raphaël Le Jeune, superior of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Kamloops. Both men took part in an exhibition of stenography, at which they received three gold and five silver medals. They also met Pope Pius X and during a visit to England they were received at Buckingham Palace by King Edward VII [Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online]




Chief Louis Ha-tan-kun aka Klick-tick-kun is noticed at Kamloops in British Columbia in the Indian Reserve Commission Census of 1877 [Indian Reserve Commission Census, 1877]


Chief Louis Tlihtlih-en and his first wife, Eugenie Shush-latorx ,and their daughters (1) Annie and (2) Victoria ,are noticed at Kamloops in 1881. Louis gave up his age as 45 years which suggests that he may have been born in 1835 or 1836 [Canada Census, 1881]


Chief Louis is married to Marie on 20 February 1889. He gave up his age as 50 years which suggests that he may have been born in in 1837 or 1838 [British Columbia Marriage Registrations, 1859-1932, index and images, FamilySearch]


Chief Louis and his second wife Mary (Otherwise Marie) are noticed at Kamloops in the 1891 census. Louis has daughters named: (1) Annie (2) Victoria and (3) Alice, and sons named (4) Fidell and (5) Elsa. Louis gave up his age as 48 years which suggests that he may have been born in 1842 or 1843 [Canada Census, 1891]

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Chief Louis Clexlixqen's Timeline

Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada
Age 23
British Columbia, Canada
Age 28
British Columbia, Canada
Age 31
British Columbia, Canada
Age 32
Squamish, British Columbia, Canada
Age 38
Kamloops, B, Canada
April 12, 1915
Age 81
Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada