Chlodio I Long-Hair, King of the Franks

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Chlodio «le Chevelu», roi des Francs

Also Known As: "Clodian", "Chlodio", "Chlodion", "Clodio", "Clodion", "Clodius", "Le Chevelu", "the Hairy", "Long Hair", "the Long-Haired", "le Chevelu", "The Hairy", "Clodion /Cologne/", "Clodius (Clodion) "le Cheveleu"", "/Archadius/", "met de lange haren", "the longhaired", "Clogio (Clodion `the Ha..."
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Death: Died in Cambrai, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
Place of Burial: Cambrai, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Unknown father of Chlodio and Unknown mother of Chlodio
Husband of Ildégonde of the Franks; Hatilde and Basina I of the Thüringians
Father of Clodeswinthe de Terouanne; Medelphus de Cologne de Thuringe; Mérovech I, King of the Salian Franks; Chlodoweg, King of the Franks at Cologne; Duke Adelbert de Moselle and 3 others

Occupation: King of the Salian Franks, Koning van de Franken, Roi des Francs (2e, 428-448), Roi de Thérouanne et de Cambrai, King of France, King Of Franks, King the RIPARIAN of COLOGNE, of the FRANKS, roi de Thérouanne, roi de Cambrai, roi des Francs Saliens, (2e
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Chlodio I Long-Hair, King of the Franks

His father is not certain:

  • Chronicle of Fredegar (7th century) says his father was Theudemeres, one of the leaders of the Salian Franks and king of Thérouanne (409–414).
  • Liber Historiae Francorum (8th century) says his father was Pharamond, perhaps a legendary figure.

Chlodio was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty. He was known as a Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum. From there he invaded the Roman Empire in 428 and settled in Northern Gaul, where already other groups of Salians were settled. Although he was attacked by Romans he was able to maintain his position and 3 years later in 431 he extended his kingdom down south to the Somme River. In 448, 20 years after his reign began Chlodio was defeated at an unidentified place called Vicus Helena by Flavius Aëtius, the commander of the Roman Army in Gaul.

Like all Merovingian kings Chlodio had long hair as a ritual custom. His successor may have been Merovech, after whom the dynasty was named 'Merovingian'. One legend has it that his father was Pharamond. The sources on Chlodio's history are Gregory of Tours and Sidonius Apollinaris.

Sources

   * Gregory of Tours, Historiën.
   * Sidonius Apollinaris, Loeb Classical Edition.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chlodio

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chlodion_of_Franks

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clodion_the_Hairy

VERSIONS OF HIS NAME: - Chlodis Fow [wYoung] - Clodio [Jordan1929] - Clodion [Gardner1996] [O'Hart1923] [wDKBingham] [wPhilip5] - Clodius [Jordan1929] [wCharlemagne] - Clodius Crinitus [Jordan1929] - OTHER RELATIONSHIPS: - His father was supposedly Pharamond king of the Franks [374A-430A]. - His mother was supposedly Argotta of the Salic Franks [374A-429A]. - Basina of the Thuringians [390A-450A] was supposedly his spouse/partner. - Alberic lord of the Moselle [424A-491A] was supposedly his child. - TITLES: - "the Hairy" - king of the Franks - chef des Francs - HIS LIFE: - Invaded Gaul, repulsed by Aetius - SOURCES: - O'Hart1923 "The Lineal Descent of King Philip V., of Spain":p#42-3 - Gardner1996 - Jordan1929 - wDKBingham - wDonW - wEnf-Bry - wJMorin - wPhilip5 - wRJones - wYoung - wCharlemagne - PKD RUO-5390Cl47a 2001De02 Copyright (c) 2009 Paul K Davis [paulkdavis@earthlink.net] Fremont CA Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown Children

-1. Merovech Franks,king-of-the
-2. Sigimerus Auvergne,bishop-of , I b: abt 0419A
-3. Adelbert -

This family was known as the Merovingians, from the name of one of its members, to whom national tradition had ascribed a sea-god as ancestor.

Clodion, the first king of this dynasty known to history, began his series of conquests in Northern Gaul about the year 430. He penetrated as far as Artois, but was driven back by Aëtius, who seems to have succeeded in keeping him on friendly terms with Rome. In fact, it seems that his son Merovaeus fought with the Romans against Attila on the Mauriac plains. Childeric, son of Merovaeus, also served the empire under Count Aegidius and subsequently under Count Paul, whom he assisted in repelling the Saxons from Angers. Childeric died at Tournai, his capital, where his tomb was found in 1653 (Cochet, Le tombeau de Childéric, Paris, 1859). But Childeric did not transmit to his son Clovis, who succeeded him in 481, the entire inheritance left by Clodion. The latter seems to have reigned over all the Cis-Rhenish Franks, and the monarchy was divided among his descendants, although the exact time of the division is not known. There were now two Frankish groups: the Ripuarians, who occupied the banks of the Rhine and whose kings resided in Cologne, and the Salians who had established themselves in the Low Countries. The Salians did not form a single kingdom; besides the Kingdom of Tournai there were kingdoms with centres at Cambrai and Tongres. Their sovereigns, both Salian and Ripuarian, belonged to the Merovingian family and seem to have been descended from Clodion.

Source: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06238a.htm

Forrás / Source: http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=pkd&id=I5390Cl47a

Clodius "the long haired" King of the Franks Born : Abt. 395; Westfalen, Germany Died : 451 Buried : Cambray, France Father Pharamond King of the Franks Mother Argotta Queen of the Franks Marriage - Basina Princess of Thuringia Children Abt. 415 - Merovee King of the Franks Ruled 428+451

Forrás / Source: http://www.american-pictures.com/genealogy/persons/per02324.htm

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Clodion el Cabelludo ( ? - 448), fue jefe de los francos salios, segundo Rey de la Dinastía Merovingia.

Tal vez hijo de Faramundo y hermano de Clénus, fue apodado "el Cabelludo", porque tenía mucho pelo o porque llevaba el pelo más largo que el de sus predecesores.

Comenzaba a reinar cuando el general romano Aecio lo atacó al frente de un gran ejército. Lo derrotó y lo desposeyó de todas sus propiedades en la Galia. Clodion para vengarse de los romanos, cayó sobre la Turingia y se dedicó al pillaje, sorprendiendo un castillo denominado Disparg. Aecio marchó de nuevo contra él y después de volver a vencerlo instauran la paz. Esta paz duró poco, ya que viendo Clodion que todas las villas de la fecunda Bélgica estaban sin defensa, conquistó el país hasta la proximidad del Somme. Pero no pudo conservar esta conquista, sorprendiéndolo Aecio cuando estaba celebrando la boda de un gran señor de su ejército. Perdió todo lo que había conquistado a este lado del Rhin. Después de veinte años de reinado muere hacia el año 448, según algunos, debido al dolor por la muerte de su primogénito, muerto durante el asedio de Soissons. Se desconoce el nombre de la reina y el número de sus hijos.

Le sucede en el trono Meroveo, posiblemente su hijo.

Obtenido de "http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clodion"

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Chlodio (395-448) [1] was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty. He was known as a Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum. From there he invaded the Roman Empire in 428 and settled in Northern Gaul, where already other groups of Salians were settled. Although he was attacked by Romans he was able to maintain his position and 3 years later in 431 he extended his kingdom down south to the Somme River. In 448, 20 years after his reign began Chlodio was defeated at an unidentified place called Vicus Helena by Flavius Aëtius, the commander of the Roman Army in Gaul.

[source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clodio]

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Clodio the Hairy ordered the Franks to wear their hair long, a symbol of rebellion against Rome. Up until that time the citizens of Gaul had been wearing their hair short, as a sign of servitude, in accordance with a decree from Caesar.

- - - - - - - -

See:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chlodio

English Wikipedia claims that Chlodio's father was Theudemeres, not Pharamond. "The Pharamond legend appears to be a later concoction created in the 8th century."

  • *************************

born 392 or 395 or 410 died 446 or 447 or 448

Chlodio was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty. He was known as a Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum. From there he invaded the Roman Empire.

--------------------

Chlodio (395-448) [1] was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty. He was known as the Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum. From there he invaded the Roman Empire in 428 and settled in Northern Gaul, where already other groups of Salians were settled. Although he was attacked by the Romans he was able to maintain his position and 3 years later in 431 extended his kingdom down south to the Somme River. In 448, 20 years after his reign began, Chlodio was finally defeated at an unidentified place called Vicus Helena by Flavius Aëtius, the commander of the Roman Army in Gaul.

Like all Merovingian kings Chlodio had long hair as a ritual custom. His successor may have been Merovech, after whom the dynasty was named 'Merovingian'. One legend has it that his father was Pharamond. The sources on Chlodio's history are Gregory of Tours and Sidonius Apollinaris.

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Austrasien var ett frankiskt kungarike under merovingerna, från 500-talet till 700-talet. Det omfattande områden på båda sidor av mellersta Rhen, med huvudorterna Metz och Reims.

He became king of the Salian Franks, 426 After Clodius, all the Merovingian kings had long hair, and their royal power was thought to be connected to the length of their hair. They are often referred to as the "Long-Haired Kings".

----

Clodio married ca. 410 A.D. to Princess Basina, daughter of Widelphrus, King of the Thuringians (a state in Germany near Bavaria). Of this marriage there were three sons recorded: 1. MEROVIUS, b. 411 A.D.; 2. Sigemerus, b. 413 A.D.; and 3. ALBERO, b.417 A.D.. Merovius succeeded his father as King of the Franks. Albero became Duke of Moselle, and the ancestor of the Carolingian kings of France, the Duke of Bavaria and the Kings of Lorraine (see Carolingian line).

 

-------------------- Clodius “Long Hair”, King of the Franks, was born in 395 in Westphalia. He captured the town of Cambrai from the Romans. He married Basina and Adelbert was their son. Clodius died in 447.

--------------------

Styrde Frankrike 428-447

Kings Of Frankerna

CLODIO / CLODIAN VI (AD 426 till 447 / 8), kung av Saliska franker (Cambrai). Enligt legenden hans far var Pharamond (409-426), den första kungen av saliska frankerna efter avgång romarna från Gallien. Hans son Merovech (efterträder kung av den Saliska franker), grundade den merovingiska dynastin. Kallad "Long Hair" eller "Hårig" på grund av längden på hans hår. Därefter merovingerna kallades "långhåriga Kings" och skära av en konungs hår representerade hans förlust av kunglig makt.

I historia, var Clodio förmodligen riktig. Han bodde i Thüringen territorium, och regerade samtidigt som den semi-legendariska kungar Theudemer och Richemer. Allt som är känt om hans regeringstid är att han tog staden Cambrai från romarna. Han efterträddes av sin semi-legendariska son Merovech. Även Merovech och Clodio betraktas som semi-legendariska, Merovech son, Childeric jag var mycket verklig och kan inte betraktas som fiktiva.

Källa: http://homepages.tesco.net/ ~ plk33/plk33/History/FeaturesEurope/FranceKings. Htm

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He became king of the Salian Franks, 426 After Clodius, all the Merovingian kings had long hair, and their royal power was thought to be connected to the length of their hair. They are often referred to as the "Long-Haired Kings".

----

Clodio married ca. 410 A.D. to Princess Basina, daughter of Widelphrus, King of the Thuringians (a state in Germany near Bavaria). Of this marriage there were three sons recorded: 1. MEROVIUS, b. 411 A.D.; 2. Sigemerus, b. 413 A.D.; and 3. ALBERO, b.417 A.D.. Merovius succeeded his father as King of the Franks. Albero became Duke of Moselle, and the ancestor of the Carolingian kings of France, the Duke of Bavaria and the Kings of Lorraine (see Carolingian line).

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Note: surnamed Crinitus or Long-Hair, because he made the Franks wear longbeards and long hair in opposition to the Romans and for a sign ofliberty; for he invaded Gaul, and after he had been several timesrepulsed by the Roman General, he took Artois, Cambray, Tournay, etc.,as far as teh River Somme, residing at Amiens. Wife, Basina, a widow,dau. of Weldelphius, King of the Thuringians. (YFT, pp. 66-67). Death: 445 OR 447

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His nickname (AKA, 'Long Haired') probably had some historical basis & started the custom followed by the later Kings of his dynasty of growing their hair to an inordinate length as a sign of their royal status. Took the town of Cambrai from the Romans.

Source: The book, 'Kings & Queens of Europe'

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De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Clodion el Cabelludo Rey de los francos salios

Retrato imaginario de Clodion en una medalla de bronce de 1720 Reinado Hacia 420 - 448 Fallecimiento 448 Sucesor Meroveo Dinastía Dinastía Merovingia

Clodion el Cabelludo ( ? - 448), fue jefe de los francos salios, segundo Rey de la Dinastía Merovingia.

Tal vez hijo de Faramundo y hermano de Clénus, fue apodado "el Cabelludo", porque tenía mucho pelo o porque llevaba el pelo más largo que el de sus predecesores.

Comenzaba a reinar cuando el general romano Aecio lo atacó al frente de un gran ejército. Lo derrotó y lo desposeyó de todas sus propiedades en la Galia. Clodion para vengarse de los romanos, cayó sobre la Turingia y se dedicó al pillaje, sorprendiendo un castillo denominado Disparg. Aecio marchó de nuevo contra él y después de volver a vencerlo instauran la paz. Esta paz duró poco, ya que viendo Clodion que todas las villas de la fecunda Bélgica estaban sin defensa, conquistó el país hasta la proximidad del Somme. Pero no pudo conservar esta conquista, sorprendiéndolo Aecio cuando estaba celebrando la boda de un gran señor de su ejército. Perdió todo lo que había conquistado a este lado del Rhin. Después de veinte años de reinado muere hacia el año 448, según algunos, debido al dolor por la muerte de su primogénito, muerto durante el asedio de Soissons. Se desconoce el nombre de la reina y el número de sus hijos.

Le sucede en el trono Meroveo, posiblemente su hijo. -------------------- Efternamn : Förnamn : Klodvigs Strandparterna " King of Köln

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Clodion is considered by some authors (1) the son and heir of Pharamond. According to Gregory of Tours, he lived in the castle of Dispargum, Thuringia. Chlodio's tribe renounced the suzerainty of Rome after 428 and broke across the Scheldt River, spreading southward into Gaul and occupying the region as far as the Somme. The Franks seized Tournai and Cambrai, but their defeat (c. 431) by the Roman military commander, magister utriusque militiae Flavius Ætius, at Helena (Hélesme), prevented further expansion. He made peace with Ætius and died c. 447/448.

Clodion reigned 428-448. The Salic Franks came from Dieburg in Hessen, the name Salic deriving from the river Saale (a tributary of the river Main). His territory was Tournai and corresponds generally to the later area of Hainaut. ("Ancestral Roots...- Supplement," F.L.Weis, 1952, p. 37)

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Some sources list him as the son of Pharamond, King of the Franks and Argotta of Cimbri. However, modern scholars believe that he is a legendary rather than historical character. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pharamond

Clodius bio: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chlodio

source:http://www.svu2000.org/genealogy/Bloodline.pdf

Bloodline of Holy Grail: Messianic Descent of Kings of Bohemia --------------------

This Clovis was King of the Ripurian (or river-dwelling) Franks, who stayed mostly in the Rhineland, and should not be confused with the more distinguished King Clovis I, also our ancestor, who is usually considered the first King of France and who was King of the Salian (or sea-dwelling) Franks, a different (and more distinguished) branch of the Frankish tribe, responsible for the conquest of Roman Gaul.

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Clodion, the first king of this dynasty known to history, began his series of conquests in Northern Gaul about the year 430. He penetrated as far as Artois, but was driven back by Aetius, who seems to have succeeded in keeping him on friendly terms with Rome. In fact, it seems that his son Merovaeus fought with the Romans against Attila on the Mauriac plains.

-------------------- Laurel Logan

Sept 7, 2008

from http://armidalesoftware.com/issue/full/Thaler_105_main.html

1. KING CLOVIS THE RIPARIAN OF COLOGNE of Cologne, Germany was born before 420, and died between 420 and 530. [902, 2307]

Frankish King of Cologne, living 420, kinsman of Clovis I.

Child:

2i.KING CHILDEBERT2 of Cologne, b. before 450, d. after 450.

--Laurel Logan

Laurel Logan

Sept 8, 2008

from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clovis_I

Clovis I (c. 466 – 27 November 511) was the first King of the Franks to unite all the Frankish tribes under one ruler. He succeeded his father Childeric I in 481[1] as King of the Salian Franks, one of the Frankish tribes who were then occupying the area west of the lower Rhine, with their centre around Tournai and Cambrai along the modern frontier between France and Belgium, in an area known as Toxandria. Clovis conquered the neighbouring Frankish tribes and established himself as sole king before his death.

He converted to Roman Catholicism, as opposed to the Arianism common among the Germanic peoples at the time, at the instigation of his wife, the Burgundian Clotilda, a Catholic. He was baptized in the Cathedral of Rheims, as most future French kings would be. This act was of immense importance in the subsequent history of France and Western Europe in general, for Clovis expanded his dominion over almost all of the old Roman province of Gaul (roughly modern France). He is considered the founder both of France (which his state closely resembled geographically at his death) and the Merovingian dynasty which ruled the Franks for the next two centuries.

Name

In primary sources Clovis' name is spelled in a number of variants: The Frankish form Chlodovech was Latinised as Chlodovechus, from which came the Latin name Ludovicus, which evolved into the French name Louis.

The name features prominently in subsequent history: Three other Merovingian Kings have been called Clovis, while nine Carolingian rulers and thirteen other French kings and one Holy Roman Emperor have been called Louis.

Nearly every European language has developed its own spelling of his name. Louis (French), "Chlodwig" and Ludwig (German), Lodewijk (Dutch), Luis (Spanish), Luigi (Italian), and Lewis (English) are just six of the over 100 possible variations.

Scholars differ about the exact meaning of his (first)name. Most believe that Chlodovech is composed out of the Germanic roots Chlod- and -vech. Chlod- = (modern English) loud, with its oldest connotation praised. -vech = fighter (modern English). Compare in modern Dutch luid (hard sound or noise), luiden (verb - the oldest meaning is : to praise aloud) and vechten (verb - to fight). Chlodovech means praised fighter [2].

Frankish consolidation

In 486, with the help of Ragnachar, Clovis defeated Syagrius, the last Roman official in northern Gaul, who ruled the area around Soissons in present-day Picardie.[3] This victory at Soissons extended Frankish rule to most of the area north of the Loire. After this, Clovis secured an alliance with the Ostrogoths through the marriage of his sister Audofleda to their king, Theodoric the Great. He followed this victory with another in 491 over a small group of Thuringians east of the Frankish territories. Later, with the help of the other Frankish sub-kings, he narrowly defeated the Alamanni in the Battle of Tolbiac. He had previously married the Christian Burgundian princess Clotilde (493), and, following his victory at Tolbiac (traditionally set in 496), he converted to her Trinitarian Catholic faith. This set Clovis apart from the other Germanic kings of his time, such as those of the Visigoths and the Vandals, who had converted from heathen beliefs to Arian Christianity.

The conversion of Clovis to Catholic Christianity, the religion of the majority of his subjects, strengthened the bonds between his Roman subjects, led by their Catholic bishops, and their Germanic conquerors. Nevertheless, Bernard Bachrach has argued that this conversion from his Frankish paganism alienated many of the other Frankish sub-kings and weakened his military position over the next few years. William Daly, in order more directly to assess Clovis' allegedly barbaric and pagan origins,[4] was obliged to ignore the bishop Saint Gregory of Tours and base his account on the scant earlier sources, a sixth-century "vita" of Saint Genevieve and letters to or concerning Clovis from bishops and Theodoric.

In the familiar literary convention called "interpretatio romana," Gregory of Tours gave the gods that Clovis abandoned the names of roughly equivalent Roman gods, such as Jupiter and Mercury.[5] Taken literally, such usage would suggest a strong affinity of early Frankish rulers for the prestige of Roman culture, which they may have embraced as allies and federates of the Empire during the previous century.[citation needed]

Though he fought a battle at Dijon in the year 500, Clovis did not successfully subdue the Burgundian kingdom. It appears that he somehow gained the support of the Arvernians in the following years, for they assisted him in his defeat of the Visigothic kingdom of Toulouse in the Battle of Vouillé (507) which eliminated Visigothic power in Gaul and confined the Visigoths to Hispania; the battle added most of Aquitaine to Clovis' kingdom.[3] He then established Paris as his capital,[3] and established an abbey dedicated to Saints Peter and Paul on the south bank of the Seine. Later it was renamed Sainte-Geneviève Abbey, in honor of the patron saint of Paris.[6]

According to Gregory of Tours, following the Battle of Vouillé, the Byzantine Emperor Anastasius I, granted Clovis the title of consul. Since Clovis' name does not appear in the consular lists, it is likely he was granted a suffect consulship. Gregory also records Clovis' systematic campaigns following his victory in Vouillé to eliminate the other Frankish "reguli" or sub-kings. These included Sigobert the Lame and his son Chlodoric the Parricide; Chararic, another king of the Salian Franks; Ragnachar of Cambrai, his brother Ricchar, and their brother Rignomer of Le Mans.

Shortly before his death, Clovis called a synod of Gallic bishops to meet in Orléans to reform the church and create a strong link between the Crown and the Catholic episcopate. This was the First Council of Orléans.

Death and succession

Clovis I died in 511 and is interred in Saint Denis Basilica, Paris, where his father had been buried with the older Merovingian kings in Tournai. Upon his death his realm was divided among his four sons: Theuderic, Chlodomer, Childebert, and Clotaire. This partitioning created the new political units of the Kingdoms of Rheims, Orléans, Paris and Soissons and inaugurated a period of disunity which was to last, with brief interruptions, until the end (751) of his Merovingian dynasty.

The legacy of Clovis is well-established on three heads: his unification of the Frankish nation, his conquest of Gaul, and his conversion to the Roman Catholic Faith. By the first act, he assured the influence of his people in wider affairs, something no petty regional king could accomplish. By the second act, he laid the foundations of a later nation-state: France. Finally, by the third act, he made himself the ally of the papacy and its protector as well as that of the people, who were mostly Catholics.

Detracting, perhaps, from these acts of more than just national importance, his division of the state, not along national or even largely geographical lines, but primarily to assure equal income amongst his sons on his death, which may or may not have been his intention, was the cause of much internal discord in Gaul and contributed in the long run to the fall of his dynasty, for it was a pattern constantly repeated.[7] Clovis did bequeath to his heirs the support of both people and church such that, when finally the magnates were ready to do away with the royal house, the sanction of the pope was sought first.

--Laurel Logan

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Clovis 'the Riparian,' Frankish King of Cologne; living in 420.

Kinsman of Clovis I.

Source: 'Royalty for Commoners', Roderick W. Stuart, 1993, p 128. 'Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants', Langston & Buck, 1986, p cv.

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Köln blev en stad i 50 e.Kr. , hade en biskop så tidigt som 313 , och i 785 , blev säte för en ärkebiskop . Ärkebiskopen av Colognewas en av de sju väljarna i det Heliga Romerska Riket . Han regerade alarge område som en sekulär herre på medeltiden , men i 1288 han wasdefeated i Köln medborgare och tvingades flytta till Bonn. Colognewas en medlem av Hansan , men blev en fri cityofficially bara 1475 .

Köln förlorat sin status, och återfått sin ärkestiftet duringthe franska perioden , och i 1815 , på kongressen i Wien madepart av kungariket Preussen. Köln blev en industristad , ochmekanismen katedralen inleddes 1248 , men avskaffades i mitten av 1500-talet , waseventually färdig 1880 .

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I 39 f.Kr. , gick in i stammen Ubii avtal med theRoman styrkor och avvecklas på vänstra stranden av Rhen . Theirheadquarters var Oppidum Ubiorum - lösning av Ubii och atthe samtidigt en viktig romersk militärbas. I 50 AD, Agrippinathe yngre, hustru till kejsar Claudius , som föddes i Köln, bad om hennes hemby som upphöjts till status som colonia - en stad i den romerska rätten . Den kallades Colonia Claudia AraAgrippinensis ( en " koloni av Claudius och altare Agrippina "), orColonia Agrippina , " kolonin Agrippina . " I 80 e.Kr. vatten supplywas byggdes, Eifel- akvedukten , en av de längsta akvedukter av theRoman Empire , som levererade 20.000 kubikmeter vatten till cityevery dag. Tio år senare blev Colonia huvudstad theRoman Niederösterreich i Tyskland Germania Inferior med en totalpopulation av 45.000 personer.

I 260 Postumus gjort Köln huvudstad av det Galliska riket whichincluded de tyska och galliska provinserna , Britannia och provincesof Hispania . Det Galliska riket varade bara tjugo år.

Vid 3: e århundradet , bara 20.000 människor levde i och omkring staden .. I 310 e.Kr. hade kejsar Konstantin en bro över Rhineconstructed , detta var bevakad av Castellum Divitia (numera " Deutz ").

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Clovis den 1 . aka Chlod'wig , Chlo'do - wech Född omkring 466 . Kung ofthe Saliska franker , och en av de tidigaste härskarna av Merovingiandynasty av frankerna från 481 till 511 . King of strandparterna frankerna ( strandparterna - bor vid floden bank = Ripa ) Han gifte sig PrincessClotilda , DTR av Chilperik , och brorsdotter till Gundobad . Hon var aBurgundian kristen och konverterade Clovis på deras äktenskap i 496.Baptized av Remy , biskop i Reims . Clovis störtade Gallo- Romancolony styrs av Syagrius , nära SOISSON i 486 . Alemannerna ( Alamanni ) korsade Rhen och anföll frankerna som leddes av Clovis.Clovis och hans armé besegrade Alamanni på Tolbiacum ( Zulpich ), nearthe Rhen i 496 . (Nära Strasbourg ) - alemannerna hade slagit theAlsace -Lorraine område 443) är övertygade om att hans böner till theChristian Gud hade besvarats och hjälpte honom besegra fienden , Clovis då var döpt , tillsammans med flera tusen hisfollowers och så kristendomen kom till den hedniska rike theFranks . Clovis besegrade västgötar i 507 . Visigoterna aredefeated i slaget vid Campus Vogladensis . Alarik II dödades och Clovis annekterade VÄSTGOT rike Toulouse. Den Visigothsremained kontroll över den iberiska halvön. Clovis jag etablerat hiscapital på Lutetia (som blev Paris). Clovis inrättade " strandparterna Rätt "system , markägarnas rättigheter som bodde på båda sidesof en flod eller bäck , är lika med dem som äger eller levde furtherup mot källan till ån . Försökte förena alla frankerna intoone riket , men misslyckades. Divided hans rike mellan hans fyra söner justbefore han dog 511 . Han var 45 år . Hans söner var Theoderik , Chlodomer , Childebert , och Lothar , som delar upp det frankiska riket , och regera från huvudstäderna i Metz , Orleans , Paris och Soissons.Theodoric i Metz Chlodomer vid Orleans Childebert i Lutetia (Paris) Lothar vid Soissons .

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http://www.genealogieonline.nl/kwartierstaat-zuur/I161.php

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Hij is ook bekend onder diverse varianten als Clodio, Cloio, Chlogio; was. Zijn vader zou Pharamond zijn, die naam komt echter alleen voor in bronnen van geruime tijd na zijn dood, en is daarom mogelijk niet historisch. Er wordt vermoed dat hij oorspronkelijk uit Thuringen kwam - zijn machtsbasis was Dispargum in terminum Thuringorum (Dispargum aan de grens van Thuringen); er is echter ook een theorie dat 'Thuringorum' een schrijffout voor 'Tungrorum' (Tongeren) is.

Rond 448 wordt hij verslagen nabij Artesië; desondanks wordt vermoed dat hij regeerde over het gebied van het huidige België tot aan de Somme. Hij werd opgevolgd door Merovech, vermoedelijk zijn zoon.

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Chlodio (395-448) [1] was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty. He was known as the Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum. From there he invaded the Roman Empire in 428 and settled in Northern Gaul, where already other groups of Salians were settled. Although he was attacked by the Romans he was able to maintain his position and 3 years later in 431 extended his kingdom down south to the Somme River. In 448, 20 years after his reign began, Chlodio was finally defeated at an unidentified place called Vicus Helena by Flavius Aëtius, the commander of the Roman Army in Gaul. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clodio

Like all Merovingian kings Chlodio had long hair as a ritual custom. His successor may have been Merovech, after whom the dynasty was named 'Merovingian'. One legend has it that his father was Pharamond. The sources on Chlodio's history are Gregory of Tours and Sidonius Apollinaris.

Chlodio ist der erste namentlich fassbare König der Salfranken. Er regierte im zweiten Viertel des 5. Jahrhunderts.

Seinen Hauptsitz hatte Chlodio in Dispargum (möglicherweise Duysburg östlich von Brüssel[1] oder Duisburg[2]). Nach einer Angabe des Geschichtsschreibers Gregor von Tours war er verwandt mit dem König Merowech, dem Großvater Chlodwigs I.; nach der Fredegar-Chronik war Chlodio der Vater Merowechs, was aber zweifelhaft ist. Zwischen 440 und 450 erlitt er gegen den weströmischen Heermeister Flavius Aëtius im Gebiet von Arras eine Niederlage durch einen Überraschungsangriff der Römer; der römische Erfolg wird von dem Dichter Sidonius Apollinaris berichtet. Dieser Rückschlag änderte jedoch an der fränkischen Landnahme nichts. Die Franken wurden von den Römern als Foederaten anerkannt. Sie besetzten mit Cambrai und Arras das Land bis zur Somme. Gregor von Tours lobt Chlodio als einen König, der tüchtig und unter seinem Volk sehr vornehm gewesen sei.[3]

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chlodio

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Chlodo

•ALIA: "Long /Haired"/ •Title: King of the Franks •Birth: ABT 395 in Westphalia, Germany •Death: 450 1 2 •Burial: UNKNOWN Cambray

Father: Pharamond b: ABT 370 in Westphalia, Germany Mother: Argotta b: ABT 376 in Kingdom of the East Franks

Marriage 1 Basina Of Thuringia b: BEF 398 in Thuringia, Germany •Married: in France Children 1. Adalbertus 2. Merovaeus b: ABT 415 in Gaul (France) 3. Sigimerus I Of Auvergne b: ABT 429 in Westphalia, Germany

Clodion reigned 428-448. The Salic Franks came from Dieburg in Hessen, the name Salic deriving from the river Saale (a tributary of the river Main). His territory was Tournai and corresponds generally to the later area of Hainaut. ("Ancestral Roots...- Supplement," F.L.Weis, 1952, p. 37)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clodio

Chlodio (395-448) was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty . He was known as the Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum . From there he invaded the Roman Empire in 428 and settled in Northern Gaul , where already other groups of Salians were settled. Although he was attacked by the Romans he was able to maintain his position and 3 years later in 431 extended his kingdom down south to the Somme River . In 448 , 20 years after his reign began, Chlodio was finally defeated at an unidentified place called Vicus Helena by Flavius Aëtius , the commander of the Roman Army in Gaul. Like all Merovingian kings Chlodio had long hair as a ritual custom. His successor may have been Merovech , after whom the dynasty was named 'Merovingian'. One legend has it that his father was Pharamond . The sources on Chlodio's history are Gregory of Tours and Sidonius Apollinaris .

http://www.glenn-cook.com/Family%20Data/8%20Feb%202007/10837.htm

http://www.ffish.com/family_tree/Descendants_Valerius_Licinianus/D1.htm

http://www.renderplus.com/hartgen/htm/of-the-west-franks.htm

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http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cl%C3%B3dio

Clódio (◊ c. 392 † 447 ou 449) (Chlodio, Chlodion, Clodion, Clodius, Chlogio, Clodian), Cabelos Longos ou O Cabeludo, foi um rei semi-lendário dos francos salianos da dinastia merovíngia (426 - 447). Seu sucessor foi Meroveu, de quem a dinastia herdou o nome. A parte lendária diz que seu pai foi o duque Faramundo e sua mãe Argotta, da Turíngia. Seu avô deve ter sido Marcomer, um duque dos francos.

Há basicamente apenas duas fontes de informação sobre Clódio: os escritos de Gregório de Tours e Sidônio Apolinário.

Clódio viveu em Dispargum, nome que se acredita ser de um castelo, ou uma vila. Por volta de 431, ele invadiu o território de Artois, mas foi derrotado próximo a Hesdin por Aécio, comandante do exército romano na Gália. No entanto, Clódio reagrupou seu exército e em pouco tempo foi capaz de tomar a cidade de Cameracum. Finalmente, ele ocupou toda a região até o rio Somme e fez de Tournai a capital dos francos salianos.

A agressividade de Clódio em conquistar mais territórios levou a séculos de expansão por seus sucessores que no final das contas criaram o que hoje conhecemos como França. Clódio morreu em algum momento entre 447 e 449 e o poder foi passado a Meroveu. Não se sabe se Meroveu era seu filho ou outro chefe tribal que ascendeu à posição de liderança.

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Chef des Francs Saliens (428-448)

Roi de Thérouanne et de Cambrai

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http://larryvoyer.com/genealogy/getperson.php?personID=I46774&tree=v7_28 -------------------- Titres: Chef des Francs Saliens (430), Roi de Tournai (Tournaisis) (431) http://gw.geneanet.org/nobily?lang=fr;pz=elisabeth+therese+marie+helene;nz=de+belgique;ocz=0;p=clodion+le+chevelu;n=merovingien -------------------- Titres: Chef des Francs Saliens (430), Roi de Tournai (Tournaisis) (431)

http://gw.geneanet.org/nobily?lang=fr;pz=elisabeth+therese+marie+helene;nz=de+belgique;ocz=0;p=clodion+le+chevelu;n=merovingien -------------------- http://gw.geneanet.org/nobily?lang=fr;pz=elisabeth+therese+marie+helene;nz=de+belgique;ocz=0;p=merovee;n=merovingien;oc=1 -------------------- born 392 or 395 or 410 died 446 or 447 or 448

Chlodio was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty. He was known as a Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum. From there he invaded the Roman Empire in 428 and settled in Northern Gaul, where already other groups of Salians were settled. Although he was attacked by Romans he was able to maintain his position and 3 years later in 431 he extended his kingdom down south to the Somme River. In 448, 20 years after his reign began Chlodio was defeated at an unidentified place called Vicus Helena by Flavius Aëtius, the commander of the Roman Army in Gaul.

Like all Merovingian kings Chlodio had long hair as a ritual custom. His successor may have been Merovech, after whom the dynasty was named 'Merovingian'. One legend has it that his father was Pharamond. The sources on Chlodio's history are Gregory of Tours and Sidonius Apollinaris. -------------------- http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jloops&id=I751

ID: I751 Name: Clodius "Long Hair" King Of Franks Given Name: Clodius "Long Hair" Suffix: King Of Franks Sex: M Birth: ABT 0395 in Westphalia,Germany Death: 0447 _UID: E3CC7A7D52A5F84AAA6D46487D020D82924F Change Date: 27 Dec 2007 at 03:00:00

Father: Pharamond King Of Franks b: ABT 0370 in Westphalia,Germany Mother: Argotta b: ABT 0376 in France

Marriage 1 Basina Of Thuringia b: 0398 in Thuringia,Germany

Children

   Has Children Merovech King Of Franks b: ABT 0415 in France
   Has Children Sigimaerus Bishop Of Auvergne b: 0419 in Westphalia,Germany

-------------------- Clodion dit le Chevelu (vers 395 - 448) était chef des Francs saliens et premier roi de la dynastie des Mérovingiens au début du Ve siècle.

En 428, Clodion apprend que les villes de la Belgique Seconde, sont sans défense. En effet, le général romain Aetius a prélevé beaucoup de soldats de ces territoires pour combattre ses ennemis les Wisigoths. Surprises, les troupes romaines qui gardaient les passages, sont défaites, Clodion bat facilement les garnisons restantes et s'empare de Tournai, emporte Cambrai du premier assaut et réduit tout le pays des environs jusqu'à la Somme. En fait, plus que des pillages faciles, il cherche à conférer à son autorité de roi guerrier une assise territoriale, qu'il veut voir s'étendre, sur le riche territoire entre le Rhin, la Somme, la Meuse et la mer du Nord.

En 431, Clodion qui célébrait les noces d'un grand seigneur de son armée près du bourg d'Helena — sans doute près d'Arras — est attaqué par le général Aetius et son lieutenant Majorien. Le général voulait reprendre les territoires annexés par les Francs. Clodion, qui n'était pas préparé à l'affrontement, est contraint de fuir et perd tout ce qu'il avait conquis sur l'Empire romain en deçà du Rhin. Cependant, conscient qu'il n'avait pas les moyens militaires pour occuper à nouveau le territoire, Aetius préfère négocier la paix et conclut avec Clodion un traité (fœdus) qui fait des Francs, des « fédérés » combattant pour Rome, et les autorisait à s'installer dans l'Empire, en l'occurrence près du fisc impérial de Tournai. Il s'agit là des origines du futur royaume franc de Clovis Ier.

Après vingt ans de règne, Clodion meurt vers l'an 448. On ne sait ni le nom de sa reine, ni le nombre de ses enfants. Il serait le père de Mérovée.

Il existe une légende sur Clodion ou plus exactement sur Mérovée. Grégoire de Tours n'a pas voulu la reprendre car elle était trop païenne. Mais Frédégaire, chroniqueur de VIIe siècle, moins regardant, nous la donne.

La voici résumée par Godefroid Kurth : « Un jour que la reine, femme de Clodion, se baignait dans la mer, un dieu s'unit à elle, et de cette union naquit Mérovée, le héros éponyme de la dynastie franque. » Le dieu en question est une "Bistea Neptuni", un Quinotaure, un dieu fluvial cornu. Cette fable semble très ancienne, elle nous dit ce que Grégoire de Tours ne nous dit pas : Mérovée avait pour mère la femme de Clodion.

Selon l'auteur du Liber Historiae Francorum le père de Clodion le Chevelu serait Pharamond, qui lui même serait le fils de Marcomir. Cette généalogie, écrite plus de 330 ans après les faits, est reconnue par les historiens contemporains comme fabuleuse.

Des généalogistes des XXe siècle et XXIe siècle lui ont inventés de toute pièce une famille (Blésinde, Inbergide, Argotta, Clénus, Hildegonde, Clodeswinthe, Chodebaud, Alberic, Adalbert...). Ces personnages sont des Faux Mérovingiens et n'ont aucune valeur historique.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clodion_le_Chevelu

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Chlodio I Long-Hair, King of the Franks's Timeline

395
395
Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
410
410
Age 15
Cologne, Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
410
Age 15
Tiurnai
415
415
Age 20
Turnacum (Present Tournai), Belgica II (within present Belgium), Galliae, Roman Empire
415
Age 20
417
417
Age 22
Tournai, Hainaut, Walloon Region, Belgium
419
419
Age 24
Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
427
427
Age 32
France
428
428
- 448
Age 33
Sales
430
430
Age 35
Cologne, Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany