Claude de Lorraine, duc de Guise (1496 - 1550) MP

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Birthplace: Château de Condé-sur-Moselle, France
Death: Died in Château de Joinville, France
Occupation: 1st Duke of Guise
Managed by: Henn Sarv
Last Updated:

About Claude de Lorraine, duc de Guise

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claude,_Duke_of_Guise

Claude de Lorraine (20 October 1496, Château de Condé-sur-Moselle, – 12 April 1550, Château de Joinville) was the first Duke of Guise, from 1528 to his death.

He was the second son of René II, Duke of Lorraine and was educated at the French court of Francis I. At seventeen, Claude made an alliance to the royal house of France by a marriage with Antoinette de Bourbon (1493–1583), daughter of François, Count of Vendôme.

Claude distinguished himself at the battle of Marignano (1515), and was long in recovering from the twenty-two wounds he received in the battle. In 1521 he fought at Fuenterrabia, and Louise of Savoy ascribed the capture of the place to his efforts. In 1523 he became governor of Champagne and Burgundy, after defeating at Neufchâteau the imperial troops who had invaded this province. In 1525 he destroyed the Anabaptist peasant army, which was overrunning Lorraine, at Lupstein, near Saverne (Zabern).

On the return of Francis I from captivity in 1528, Claude was made Duke of Guise in the peerage of France, though up to this time only princes of the royal house had held the title of duke and peer of France. The Guises, as cadets of the sovereign house of Lorraine and descendants of the house of Anjou, claimed precedence of the Bourbon princes of Condé and Conti.

Their pretensions and ambitions inspired distrust in Francis I, although he rewarded Guise's services by substantial gifts in land and money. The duke distinguished himself in the Luxembourg campaign in 1542, but for some years before his death he effaced himself before the growing fortunes of his sons.

Claude's issue

Mary of Guise (1515–1560), married to king James V of Scotland

Francis, Duke of Guise (1519–1563)

Louise of Guise (10 January 1520, Bar-le-Duc – 18 October 1542), married Charles I, Duke of Arschot on 20 February 1541

Renée of Guise (2 September 1522 – 3 April 1602), Abbess of St. Pierre, Reims

Charles, Duke of Chevreuse, Archbishop of Reims and Cardinal of Guise (1524–1574)

Claude, Duke of Aumale (1526–1573)

Louis I, Cardinal of Guise (1527–1578)

Philip (3 September 1529, Joinville – 24 September 1529, Joinville)

Peter (b. 3 April 1530, Joinville), d. young

Antoinette of Guise (31 August 1531, Joinville – 6 March 1561, Joinville), Abbess of Faremoutier

Francis, Grand Prior of the Order of Malta (18 April 1534, Joinville – 6 March 1563)

René, Marquis of Elbeuf (1536–1566)

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Claude, Duke of Guise

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Claude de Lorraine (20 October 1496, Château de Condé-sur-Moselle, – 12 April 1550, Château de Joinville) was the first Duke of Guise, from 1528 to his death.

He was the second son of René II, Duke of Lorraine and was educated at the French court of Francis I. At seventeen, Claude made an alliance to the royal house of France by a marriage with Antoinette de Bourbon (1493–1583), daughter of François, Count of Vendôme.

Claude distinguished himself at the battle of Marignano (1515), and was long in recovering from the twenty-two wounds he received in the battle. In 1521 he fought at Fuenterrabia, and Louise of Savoy ascribed the capture of the place to his efforts. In 1523 he became governor of Champagne and Burgundy, after defeating at Neufchâteau the imperial troops who had invaded this province. In 1525 he destroyed the Anabaptist peasant army, which was overrunning Lorraine, at Lupstein, near Saverne (Zabern).

On the return of Francis I from captivity in 1528, Claude was made Duke of Guise in the peerage of France, though up to this time only princes of the royal house had held the title of duke and peer of France. The Guises, as cadets of the sovereign house of Lorraine and descendants of the house of Anjou, claimed precedence of the Bourbon princes of Condé and Conti.

Their pretensions and ambitions inspired distrust in Francis I, although he rewarded Guise's services by substantial gifts in land and money. The duke distinguished himself in the Luxembourg campaign in 1542, but for some years before his death he effaced himself before the growing fortunes of his sons.

Claude's issue

Mary of Guise (1515–1560), married to king James V of Scotland

Francis, Duke of Guise (1519–1563)

Louise of Guise (10 January 1520, Bar-le-Duc – 18 October 1542), married Charles I, Duke of Arschot on 20 February 1541

Renée of Guise (2 September 1522 – 3 April 1602), Abbess of St. Pierre, Reims

Charles, Duke of Chevreuse, Archbishop of Reims and Cardinal of Guise (1524–1574)

Claude, Duke of Aumale (1526–1573)

Louis I, Cardinal of Guise (1527–1578)

Philip (3 September 1529, Joinville – 24 September 1529, Joinville)

Peter (b. 3 April 1530, Joinville), d. young

Antoinette of Guise (31 August 1531, Joinville – 6 March 1561, Joinville), Abbess of Faremoutier

Francis, Grand Prior of the Order of Malta (18 April 1534, Joinville – 6 March 1563)

René, Marquis of Elbeuf (1536–1566)

--------------------

Claude, Duke of Guise

Claude de Lorraine, duc de Guise (20 October 1496, Château de Condé-sur-Moselle, – 12 April 1550, Château de Joinville) was a French aristocrat and general. He became the first Duke of Guise in 1528.

He was the second son of René II, Duke of Lorraine and Philippa of Guelders. He was educated at the French court of Francis I. At seventeen, Claude made an alliance to the royal house of France by a marriage with Antoinette de Bourbon (1493–1583), daughter of François, Count of Vendôme.

Claude distinguished himself at the battle of Marignano (1515), and was long in recovering from the twenty-two wounds he received in the battle. In 1521, he fought at Fuenterrabia, and Louise of Savoy ascribed the capture of the place to his efforts. In 1523, he became governor of Champagne and Burgundy, after defeating at Neufchâteau the imperial troops who had invaded this province. In 1525, he destroyed the Anabaptist peasant army, which was overrunning Lorraine, at Lupstein, near Saverne (Zabern).

On the return of Francis I from captivity in 1528, Claude was made Duke of Guise in the peerage of France, though up to this time only princes of the royal house had held the title of duke and peer of France. The Guises, as cadets of the sovereign House of Lorraine and descendants of the Capetian House of Anjou, claimed precedence of the Bourbon princes of Condé and Conti.

Their pretensions and ambitions inspired distrust in Francis I, although he rewarded Guise's services by substantial gifts in land and money. The duke distinguished himself in the Luxembourg campaign in 1542, but for some years before his death he effaced himself before the growing fortunes of his sons.

Claude's issue

Mary of Guise (1515–1560), married to king James V of Scotland

Francis, Duke of Guise (1519–1563)

Louise of Guise (10 January 1520, Bar-le-Duc – 18 October 1542), married Charles I, Duke of Arschot on 20 February 1541

Renée of Guise (2 September 1522 – 3 April 1602), Abbess of St. Pierre, Reims

Charles, Duke of Chevreuse, Archbishop of Reims and Cardinal of Guise (1524–1574)

Claude, Duke of Aumale (1526–1573)

Louis I, Cardinal of Guise (1527–1578)

Philip (3 September 1529, Joinville – 24 September 1529, Joinville)

Peter (b. 3 April 1530, Joinville), d. young

Antoinette of Guise (31 August 1531, Joinville – 6 March 1561, Joinville), Abbess of Faremoutier

Francis, Grand Prior of the Order of Malta (18 April 1534, Joinville – 6 March 1563)

René, Marquis of Elbeuf (1536–1566)

See also

Duke of Lorraine

Dukes of Lorraine family tree

References

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (Eleventh ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Preceded by

elevated from BaronyMarquis of Elbeuf

1528–1550Succeeded by

RenéPreceded by

R enéCount of Aumale

1508–1547Succeeded by

FrancisCount of Guise

1508–1528Succeeded by

ele vated to DukePreceded by

elevated from CountDuke of Guise

1528–1550Succeeded by

Francis -------------------- Claude de Lorraine, Duc de Guise1 M, #102457, b. 20 October 1496, d. 12 April 1550

Claude de Lorraine, Duc de Guise|b. 20 Oct 1496\nd. 12 Apr 1550|p10246.htm#i102457|René II de Vaudémont, Duc de Lorraine|b. 2 May 1451\nd. 10 Dec 1508|p477.htm#i4762|Philippine von Geldern|d. 25 Feb 1547|p477.htm#i4765|Frederic V. de Vaudémont, Comte de Vaudémont|b. c May 1428\nd. 31 Aug 1470|p477.htm#i4766|Yolande d'Anjou|b. 2 Nov 1428\nd. 23 Feb 1483|p477.htm#i4767|Adolf Herzog von Geldern|b. 12 Feb 1438\nd. 22 Jul 1477|p477.htm#i4763|Catherine de Bourbon|b. b 1447\nd. 21 May 1469|p477.htm#i4764|

Last Edited=6 Jan 2009 Consanguinity Index=0.11%

Claude de Lorraine, Duc de Guise 2 Claude de Lorraine, Duc de Guise was born on 20 October 1496. He is the son of René II de Vaudémont, Duc de Lorraine and Philippine von Geldern. He married Antoinette de Bourbon, daughter of François de Bourbon, Duc de Vendôme and Marie de Luxembourg, Comtesse de St. Pol, in 1513. He died on 12 April 1550 at age 53.

    Claude de Lorraine, Duc de Guise gained the title of Duc de Guise.

Children of Claude de Lorraine, Duc de Guise and Antoinette de Bourbon 1.Marie de Lorraine+ b. 22 Nov 1515, d. 10 Jun 1560 2.François I de Lorraine, Duc de Guise+ b. 1519, d. 1563 3.Louise de Guise b. 1520, d. 1542 4.Renee de Guise b. 1522, d. 1602 5.Charles de Guise b. 1524, d. 1574 6.Claude de Guise, Duc d'Aumale+ b. 1526, d. 1573 7.Louis de Guise b. 1527, d. 1578 8.Philippe de Guise b. 1529, d. 1529 9.Pierre de Guise b. 1530 10.Antonie de Guise b. 1531, d. 1561 11.François de Guise b. 1534, d. 1563 12.René de Guise, Duc de Lorraine-Elboeuf+ b. 1536, d. b 14 Dec 1566 Citations 1.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 82. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage. 2.[S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family."

view all 14

Claude I de Lorraine, duc de Guise's Timeline

1496
October 20, 1496
Château de Condé-sur-Moselle, France
1513
1513
Age 16
Париж, France
1515
November 22, 1515
Age 19
Bar-le-Duc, Lorraine, France
1519
February 17, 1519
Age 22
Guise, France
1520
January 10, 1520
Age 23
Guise, France
1522
September 22, 1522
Age 25
Guise, France
1524
February 17, 1524
Age 27
Guise, France
1526
August 18, 1526
Age 29
Joinville, Haute-Marne, Champagne-Ardenne, France
1527
October 21, 1527
Age 31
Guise, France
1529
September 3, 1529
Age 32
Guise, France