Claude Lévi-Strauss

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Claude Gustave Lévi-Strauss

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Bruxelle, Belgium
Death: Died in Paris, Ile-de-France, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Raymond Lévi and Emma Lévi
Husband of <private> Levi-Strauss (roman); <private> Levi-Strauss (Dreyfus); Monique Roman; <private> Roman; <private> Dreyfus and 2 others
Father of <private> Levi-Strauss and <private> Lévi-Strauss
Brother of Helene Cahen; Pierre Levi-Strauss and Andre Levi-Strauss

Occupation: anthropologue, ethnologue et philosophe français
Managed by: Alan (Alain) Guggenheim
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

    • <private> Levi-Strauss (roman)
      spouse
    • <private> Levi-Strauss (Dreyfus)
      spouse
    • <private> Roman
      spouse
    • <private> Levi-Strauss
      child
    • <private> Dreyfus
      spouse
    • <private> Lévi-Strauss (Ullmo)
      spouse
    • <private> Lévi-Strauss
      child
    • mother
    • father
    • sister

About Claude Lévi-Strauss

Anthropologue et ethnologue Français

Claude Lévi-Strauss (28 November 1908 – 30 October 2009) was a French anthropologist and ethnologist, and has been called the father of modern anthropology.

He argued that the "savage" mind had the same structures as the "civilized" mind and that human characteristics are the same everywhere. These observations culminated in his famous book Tristes Tropiques, which positioned him as one of the central figures in the structuralist school of thought, where his ideas reached into fields including the humanities, sociology and philosophy. Structuralism has been defined as "the search for the underlying patterns of thought in all forms of human activity."

He was honored by universities throughout the world and held the chair of Social Anthropology at the Collège de France (1959–1982); he was elected a member of the Académie Française in 1973.

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Claude Lévi-Strauss (Bruxelas, 28 de novembro de 1908 — Paris, 30 de outubro de 2009) foi um antropólogo, professor e filósofo francês. É considerado fundador da antropologia estruturalista, em meados da década de 1950, e um dos grandes intelectuais do século XX.

Professor honorário do Collège de France, ali ocupou a cátedra de antropologia social de 1959 a 1982. Foi também membro da Academia Francesa - o primeiro a atingir os 100 anos de idade.

Desde seus primeiros trabalhos sobre os povos indígenas do Brasil, que estudou em campo, no período de 1935 a 1939, e a publicação de sua tese As estruturas elementares do parentesco, em 1949, publicou uma extensa obra, reconhecida internacionalmente.

Dedicou uma tetralogia, as Mitológicas, ao estudo dos mitos, mas publicou também obras que escapam do enquadramento estrito dos estudos acadêmicos - dentre as quais o famoso Tristes Trópicos, publicado em 1955, que o tornou conhecido e apreciado por um vasto círculo de leitores.

Claude Lévi-Strauss nasceu em Bruxelas, de uma família judia de origem alsaciana, das cercanias de Estrasburgo. Mas, à época do seu nascimento, seu pai, Raymond Lévi-Strauss - um pintor retratista, que acabou arruinado pelo advento da fotografia - tinha um contrato a cumprir na cidade e sua mulher, Emma, estava prestes a dar à luz. Assim, o pequeno Claude ali passou as primeiras semanas de vida.

O avô materno, com quem ele viveu durante a Primeira Guerra Mundial, era o rabino da sinagoga de Versailles. Seu bisavô, Isaac Strauss, era regente de orquestra na corte - à época de Luís Filipe e depois, sob Napoleão III.

Depois de concluir a escola primária em Versalhes, instala-se em Paris para prosseguir seus estudos secundários - primeiro no tradicional Lycée Janson-de-Sailly e depois no Lycée Condorcet, um dos melhores colégios de Paris.

No final dos seus estudos secundários, encontra um jovem socialista filiado a um partido belga e se liga à esquerda, familiarizando-se rapidamente com a literatura política que até então lhe era desconhecida, incluindo Marx. Torna-se militante da S.F.I.O., encarregado de coordenar o grupo de estudos socialistas, tornando-se depois Secretário Geral dos Estudantes Socialistas.

Entre 1935 a 1939, Lévi-Strauss lecionou sociologia na recém-criada Universidade de São Paulo, juntamente com os professores integrantes da missão francesa, entre eles: sua mulher Dinah Lévi-Strauss, Fernand Braudel, Jean Maugüé e Pierre Monbeig.

Junto com Dina, Strauss também excursionou por regiões centrais do Brasil, como Goiás, Mato Grosso e Paraná. Publicou o registro dessas expedições no livro Tristes Trópicos (1955), neste livro ele conta inclusive como sua vocação de antropólogo nasceu nessas viagens.

Mais em Wikipedia

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Claude Lévi-Strauss (28 November 1908 – 30 October 2009) was a French anthropologist and ethnologist whose work was key in the development of the theory of structuralism and structural anthropology.He received numerous honors from universities and institutions throughout the world and has been called, alongside James George Frazer and Franz Boas, the "father of modern anthropology". As well as sociology, his ideas reached into many fields in the humanities, including philosophy.

Claude Lévi-Strauss was born to French parents with Jewish background who were living in Brussels at the time, where his father was working as a painter. During the First World War, he lived with his maternal grandfather, who was the rabbi of the synagogue of Versailles.

At the Sorbonne in Paris, Lévi-Strauss studied law and philosophy. He did not pursue his study of law, but agrégated in philosophy in 1931.

In the 1980s he suggested why he went vegetarian in pieces published in Italian daily newspaper La Repubblica and other publications anthologized in the posthumous book Nous sommes tous des cannibales (2013)

He died on 30 October 2009, a few weeks before his 101st birthday. French President Nicolas Sarkozy described him as "one of the greatest ethnologists of all time". Permanent secretary of the Académie française Hélène Carrère d'Encausse said: "He was a thinker, a philosopher. We will not find another like him".

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