Oscar Claude Monet (1840 - 1926) MP

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Birthplace: Paris, France
Death: Died in Giverny, Eure, France
Cause of death: lung cancer
Managed by: Liz B.
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About Oscar Claude Monet

Oscar Claude Monet, better known as Claude Monet, was a founder and central figure of the 19th century art movement known as Impressionism, expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein-air landscape painting. The term Impressionism is derived from the title of his painting Impression, Sunrise (Impression, soleil levant).

Early in his career, Monet painted realistic landscapes, but after the 1870s he focused more on the effect of changing light on everyday objects. Often he painted multiple studies of the same subjects, from train stations and haystacks to the London skyline, the Rouen Cathedral and, most famously, water lilies.

During the Franco-Prussian War (1870-71) Monet fled from Paris to England, where he formed friendships with Camille Pisarro, Auguste Renoir and other figures central to Impressionism. He returned to Paris at the end of the war, but ended up settling in Giverny, where he began a long series of paintings of haystacks (or grainstacks) during the 1890s.

Monet's Impressionistic paintings sold well and his financial success allowed him to purchase property in Giverny, where he built a large garden that became the subject of his series Water Lilies (1906-26). Monet's scenes have since become some of the most recognized paintings in the world. One of his lily paintings sold in 1998 for around $39 million, and in 2007 "Waterloo Bridge, Temps Couvert" sold at auction for more than $35 million.

The Musée Marmottan Monet in Paris, France features a collection of over three hundred Impressionist and Post-Impressionist works, including the largest collection of Claude Monet's works in the world.

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Claude Monet's Timeline

November 14, 1840
Paris, France
Age 30
March 17, 1878
Age 37
December 5, 1926
Age 86
Giverny, Eure, France
Giverny, Eure, France