Claudius Nero Drusus Germanicus (-38 - -9) MP

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Birthplace: Roma, Lazio, Italia
Death: Died in Germany
Occupation: General, Governor of Gaul, Consul 9 BCE
Managed by: FARKAS Mihály László
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About Claudius Nero Drusus Germanicus

Nerón Claudio Druso o Druso el Mayor (38 a. C. - 9 a. C.), hijo de Livia y de su primer esposo, Tiberio Claudio Nerón.

Debido a que Druso nació cuando su madre ya estaba casada y viviendo con Augusto, corrieron los rumores de que el emperador era el verdadero padre. Para acallar las malas lenguas, Augusto envió al niño a vivir con su padre.

Hermano del que sería emperador, Tiberio, se casó con Antonia Minor, hija menor de Marco Antonio y de la hermana de Augusto, Octavia, y fue padre de Germánico y del emperador Claudio.

Augusto prefería abiertamente a Druso que a Tiberio y presionó al Senado romano para que permitiera que Druso aspirara a cargos públicos cinco años antes de la edad permitida. De esta manera, Druso fue cuestor en el 18 a. C. y pretor en el 11 a. C. Alcanzó el consulado el 9 a. C.

Soldado de gran prestigio y popularidad, luchó en los Alpes y Germania. Encargado de ejecutar el plan de Augusto para la consolidación de la frontera renana de la Galia que permitiría las incursiones posteriores en territorio de Germania[1] Druso ordenó la instalación de un castella o fortín de vigilancia sobre el asentamiento celta de nombre Argentorate, acción que fue oficialmente fechada en el año 12 a. C. por la ciudad de Estrasburgo para la celebración del bimilenario de su fundación en 1988.[2]

Favorito para suceder a Augusto, murió el 14 de septiembre del 9 a. C. en los brazos de su hermano Tiberio. Druso tenía 29 años y estaba en Germania, cuando su caballo resbaló y le desgarró un muslo. Fue enterrado en el Mausoleo de Augusto.

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Druso_el_Mayor ---------------------- English: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nero_Claudius_Drusus

Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus (14 January 38 BC - 14 September 9 BC), born Decimus Claudius Drusus also called Drusus, Drusus I, Nero Drusus, or Drusus the Elder was a Roman politician and military commander. He was a fully patrician Claudian on his father's side but his maternal grandmother was from a plebeian family. He was the stepson of the Emperor Augustus, brother of the Emperor Tiberius, paternal grandfather of the Emperor Caligula, father of the Emperor Claudius, and maternal great-grandfather of the Emperor Nero.

Childhood Drusus was the youngest son of Roman Empress Livia Drusilla from her marriage to Tiberius Claudius Nero. Drusus was born between 18 March 38 BC and 13 April 38 BC. He was born shortly after Livia divorced Tiberius Nero and married Augustus (17 January, 38 BC), giving rise to rumors that Augustus was the real father, although this is widely discredited by modern historians as Augustus had not yet met Livia when Drusus would have been conceived (During his reign, Claudius revived this rumor to give the impression that Augustus was his paternal grandfather in addition to being his maternal great-uncle). Before Augustus married Livia, Tiberius Claudius Nero was declared Drusus' biological father. According to Suetonius, he was born with the praenomen Decimus, but it was later changed to Nero. He was raised in Claudius Nero's house with his brother, the future emperor Tiberius, until his father's death. Drusus and his brother Tiberius developed a famously close relationship in this environment that would last the rest of their lives. Tiberius named his eldest son after his brother (a departure from Roman naming convention), and Drusus did likewise.

Marriage Drusus married Antonia Minor, the daughter of Mark Antony and Augustus' sister, Octavia Minor, and gained a reputation of being completely faithful to her. Their children were Germanicus and Claudius, a daughter Livilla (Little Livia), and at least two others who did not survive infancy. After Drusus' death, Antonia never remarried, though she outlived him by nearly five decades. Three Emperors were direct descendants of Drusus, Claudius (his son), Caligula (Germanicus's son, Drusus's grandson), and Nero (Gremanicus's grandson, Drusus's great-grandson),

Career Augustus bestowed many honors on his stepsons. In 19 BC, Drusus was granted the ability to hold all public offices five years before the minimum age. When Tiberius left Italy during his term as praetor in 16 BC, Drusus legislated in his place. He became quaestor the following year, fighting against Raetian bandits in the Alps. Drusus repelled them, gaining honors, but was unable to smash their forces, and required reinforcement from Tiberius. The brothers easily defeated the local Alpine tribes.

In 13 BC, Drusus was sent to govern Gaul to quell riots caused by the actions of a previous administrator. While there, a tribe of Germans entered Gaul and proceeded to attack Roman settlements. Drusus mobilized his legions and beat the invaders back across the Rhine. He penetrated deep into German territory, traveling as far as the North Sea and placing a yearly tribute on the Frisians. As a reward, Drusus was made praetor urbanus for 11 BC.

Drusus did not have it in him to stay in Rome. In the spring of his term, he set out for the German border once more. He pushed once more into the territory of the various German tribes, only stopping at the onset of winter. He was attacked while making his way back to Roman territory, but managed to rout the German force. His troops proclaimed him Imperator and he was granted triumphal ornaments, as well as the office of proconsul for the following year. In 10 BC, the Chatti joined with the Sicambri and attacked Drusus' camp, but were easily defeated. Drusus then went to meet Augustus and Tiberius in Lugdunum (at which point Claudius was born), and traveled with them to Rome. He was easily elected Consul for 9 BC, but once more left the city before assuming office. He once again smashed the Chatti, and then began a campaign against the Marcomanni, but was turned back across the Rhine. Drusus died soon after in consequence of a fall from a horse, lingering on for a month after the accident, by which point Tiberius had joined him. Interestingly, soon before his death he wrote a letter to Tiberius complaining about the style in which Augustus ruled. This letter was delivered to Tiberius as he was with Augustus and Livia and when asked if he could read it was told he must read it out loud. He tried to avoid bad parts but Livia saw through his attempt and after reading ordered Drusus back to Rome. Suetonius reports that he had refused to return to Rome just before his death. Drusus' body was brought back to the city, and his ashes were deposited in the "Mausoleum of Augustus". He remained extremely popular with the legionaries, who erected a monument in Moguntiacum (modern Mainz) on his behalf. Remnants of this are still standing. His family was granted the hereditary honorific "Germanicus", which was given to his eldest son before passing to his youngest. Augustus later wrote a biography of him which did not survive.

Question of paternity There has been some speculation about the paternity of Drusus, some suggesting that he was Augustus' biological son. However this idea is widely discredited by modern historians as Augustus never acknowledged Drusus as his son, nor did he make any attempt to adopt him. Augustus' only biological child was Julia the Elder, his daughter by Scribonia. She gave birth to the five grandchildren (Gaius Caesar, Lucius Caesar, Agrippa Postumus, Agrippina the Elder, and Julia the Younger), whom he adopted as his heirs. After the deaths of 2 of his grandsons by Julia, and the banishment of the third, Augustus never moved to adopt Drusus' sons, Germanicus and Claudius. Augustus chose the much older Tiberius, who was definitely not related by blood, as sole heir and invested him with the powers of principate. Augustus seems to have had Tiberius adopt Germanicus as heir because of the latter's marriage to his granddaughter Agrippina (the last of Augustus' living grandchildren not in disgrace), and not because of any secret blood relationship.

Another reason the theory is unlikely is because Augustus and Livia were married for 51 years and never had children after their marriage. It may have been that Augustus and Livia were incapable of having their own children together despite the fact they had both successfully had children with other people (Augustus had Julia with Scribonia and Livia had Tiberius and Drusus with their father.) Finally, Augustus didn't know Livia at the time that Drusus would have been conceived,[dubious – discuss] meaning he couldn't have begotten a child by her.

-------------------- ID: I6861 Name: Nero Claudius Germanicus Drusus Given Name: Nero Claudius Germanicus Surname: Drusus Nickname: Drusus Senior Sex: M _UID: A20B2AFA5118D811BE490080C8C142CC41C2 Change Date: 18 Jul 2004 Birth: 38 BC Death: 9

Father: Tiberius Claudius Nero b: 63 BC Mother: Livia Drusilla b: ABT 58 BC

Marriage 1 Antonio Minor of Rome b: 36 BC Married: Children

Tiberius Claudius Caesar Nero of Rome b: 1 AUG 10 BC in Lugundum (Lyons)

Forrás / Source: http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jdp-fam&id=I6861

Nero Claudius Drusus From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus (14 January 38 BC - 14 September 9 BC), born Decimus Claudius Drusus also called Drusus, Drusus I, Nero Drusus, or Drusus the Elder was a Roman politician and military commander. He was a patrician Claudian on his father's side but his mother came from the Livii Drusi, a plebeian family. Contents [hide] 1 Childhood 2 Marriage 3 Career 4 Question of paternity 5 See also 6 External links [edit]Childhood

Drusus was the youngest son of Roman Empress Livia Drusilla from her marriage to Tiberius Nero. Drusus was born between 18 March 38 BC and 13 April 38 BC. He was born shortly before Livia divorced Tiberius Nero and married Augustus (17 January, 38 BC), giving rise to rumors that Augustus was the real father, although this is widely discredited by modern historians as Augustus had not yet met Livia when Drusus would have been conceived. Before Augustus married Livia, Tiberius Claudius Nero was declared Drusus' biological father. According to Suetonius, he was born with the praenomen Decimus, but it was later changed to Nero. He was raised in Claudius Nero's house with his brother, the future emperor Tiberius, until his father's death. Drusus and his brother Tiberius developed a famously close relationship in this environment that would last the rest of their lives. Tiberius named his eldest son after his brother (a departure from Roman naming convention), and Drusus did likewise. [edit]Marriage

Drusus married Antonia Minor, the daughter of Mark Antony and Augustus' sister, Octavia Minor, and gained a reputation of being completely faithful to her. Their children were Germanicus, Livilla, the future Emperor Claudius, and at least two others who did not survive infancy. After Drusus' death, Antonia never remarried, though she outlived him by nearly five decades.

Forrás / Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nero_Claudius_Drusus -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nero_Claudius_Drusus --------------------

ID: I67877 Name: Drusus Nero Germanicus of ROME Suffix: Roman Consul Title: Roman Consul Sex: M Birth: in 38 B.C. Death: in 9 B.C.,Germany Note: Sources: Pfafman; Kraentzler 1770, 1826; Robinson. Pfafman: Full name--Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus. Roman general. Governor of Gaul, 13 to 10 B.C. Consul in 9 B.C. Brother of Roman Emperor Tiberius. Born 38 B.C., died 9 B.C. K: Drusus Nero Germanicus, Emperor of Rome. Caius Octavius Augustus (Augustus Caesar) (RIN 7960) was his step-father. Robinson: Drusus. Change Date: 12 JUL 2000 at 21:32:52 -------------------- Born : 38 BC - - Died : 9 BC - -

Free 1 : : Killed in fall from horse

-------------------- Born : 38 BC - - Died : 9 BC - -

-------------------------------------- Killed in fall from horse

-------------------- Born : 38 BC - - Died : 9 BC - -

Free 1 : : Killed in fall from horse

-------------------- Född: 38 f.Kr.

Död: 9 f.Kr.

Noteringar

General och Guvernör av Gaul. Dog efter fall från häst

-------------------- General, Guvernör Nero Claudius Germanicus Drusus av Romarriket

Blev högst 29 år.

Far: Quaestor Tiberius Claudius Nero av Romarriket (85 f.Kr. - 33 f.Kr.)

Mor: Kejsarinna Livia Drusella av Romarriket (57 f.Kr. - 29)

Född: 38 f.Kr.

Död: 9 f.Kr.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Familj med Antonia d.y. av Romarriket (36 f.Kr. - 37)

Barn:

Germanicus av Romarriket (15 f.Kr. - 19)

Tiberius Claudius Nero av Romarriket (10 f.Kr. - 54)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Noteringar

General och Guvernör av Gaul. Dog efter fall från häst

 

-------------------- Born : 38 BC - -

Died : 9 BC - -

----------------------

Killed in fall from horse

-------------------- http://www.genealogy4u.com/genealogy/getperson.php?personID=I52720&tree=western2007

Nero Cladious DRUSUS

DEATH: Also shown as Died 0009

SURNAME: Also shown as Nero

GIVEN_NAMES: Also shown as Drusus Claudius

BIRTH: Also shown as Born 0038 BC

DEATH: Also shown as Died 0009 BC

Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus, born Decimus Claudius Drusus and variously called Drusus, Drusus I, Drusus Claudius Nero, or Drusus the Elder (14 January 38 - 9 BC) was the youngest son of Livia, wife of Augustus, and her first husband, Tiberius Claudius Nero, and was thus a patrician Claudian on both sides.

Birth

Drusus was born shortly before Livia divorced Tiberius Claudius Nero and married Augustus (17 January, 38 BC), giving rise to rumors that Augustus was the real father, although this is widely discredited by modern historians as Augustus had not yet met Livia when Drusus would have been conceived. Before Augustus married Livia, Tiberius Claudius Nero was declared Drusus' biological father. According to Suetonius, he was born with the praenomen Decimus, but it was later changed to Nero. He was raised in Claudius Nero's house with his brother, the future emperor Tiberius, until his father's death. Drusus and Tiberius developed a famously close relationship in this environment that would last the rest of their lives. Tiberius named his eldest son after his brother (in violation of Roman naming standards), and Drusus did likewise.

Marriage

Drusus married Antonia Minor, the daughter of Mark Antony and Augustus's sister, Octavia Minor, and gained a reputation of being completely faithful to her. Their children were Germanicus, Livilla, the future Emperor Claudius, and at least two others who did not survive infancy. After Drusus' death, Antonia never remarried, though she outlived him by nearly 5 decades.

Augustus bestowed many honors on his step-sons. In 19 BC, Drusus was granted the ability to hold all public offices 5 years before the minimum age. When Tiberius left Italy during his term as praetor in 16 BC, Drusus legislated in his place. He became quaestor the following year, fighting against Raetian bandits in the alps. Drusus repelled them, gaining honors, but was unable to smash their forces, and required reinforcement from Tiberius. The brothers easily defeated the local Alpine tribes. In 13 BC, Drusus was sent to govern Gaul to quell riots caused by the actions of a previous administrator. While there, a tribe of Germans entered Gaul and proceeded to attack Roman settlements. Drusus mobilized his legions and beat the invaders back across the Rhine. He penetrated deep into German territory, traveling as far as the North Sea and placing a yearly tribute on the Frisians. As a reward, Drusus was made praetor urbanus for 11 BC.

Drusus did not have it in him to stay in Rome. In the spring of his term, he set out for the German border once more. He pushed once more into the territory of the various German tribes, only stopping at the onset of winter. He was attacked while making his way back to Roman territory, but managed to rout the German force. His troops proclaimed him Imperator and he was granted triumphal ornaments, as well as the office of proconsul for the following year. In 10 BC, the Chatti joined with the Sicambri and attacked Drusus' camp, but were easily defeated. Drusus then went to meet Augustus and Tiberius in Lugdunum (at which point Claudius was born), and traveled with them to Rome. He was easily elected Consul for 9 BC, but once more left the city before assuming office. He once again smashed the Chatti, and then began a campaign against the Marcomanni, but was turned back across the Rhine. Drusus died soon after in consequence of a fall from a horse, lingering on for a month after the accident, by which point Tiberius had joined him. Suetonius reports that he had refused to return to Rome just before his death. Drusus' body was brought back to the city, and his ashes were deposited in the "Mausoleum of Augustus." He remained extremely popular with the legionaries, who erected a monument in Moguntiacum (modern Mainz) on his behalf. His family was granted the hereditary honorific "Germanicus", which was given to his eldest son before passing to his youngest. Augustus later wrote a biography of him which did not survive.

Biological Father

[edit] Evidence that Augustus was the biological father of Drusus

Augustus was infamous for being chronically "sickly" (although he lived to be 75), and records of the symptoms he suffered from match those of Wilson's disease, an autosomal recessive genetic disease.

Tiberius was already 4 when Augustus married Livia, while she supposedly was already pregnant with Drusus. Drusus' son was Germanicus, and Germanicus married Agrippina the Elder. Their son was Caligula. Caligula, often called "the Mad Emperor", was affected by more severe symptoms that match with Wilson's disease; apart from the intestinal problems and immune system weakness of Augustus, he was mentally unstable and suffered from psychosis.

Because Wilson's disease is recessive autosomal, each of his parents would have to have been a latent carrier for the disease. It is entirely possible that Agrippina inherited the allele for Wilson's disease from her grandfather Augustus, but the only way Caligula could have Wilson's disease is if his father Germanicus was also a carrier. As it is a rare disease, it is unlikely that Germanicus inherited it from his normal-type mother. Thus Germanicus had to have been given the allele by Drusus, and the only way that Drusus could have the allele for Wilson's disease is if he got it from his biological parent: Augustus. This linkage shows that Augustus was Drusus' biological father.

Nero also probably suffered from Wilson's disease, and he was the son of Caligula's sister Agrippina the Younger and Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus. Claudius, brother of Germanicus, probably also suffered symptoms of Wilson's disease, lending further proof to the genetic mapping. (Compare this pedigree to that of, say, the presence of the hemophilia gene in the monarchs of Europe descended from Queen Victoria).

Evidence that Augustus was not the biological father of Drusus

Augustus never acknowledged Drusus as his son, he didn't even adopt him. He believed he only had one known biological child, Julia the Elder, his daughter by Scribonia. She gave birth to the five grandchildren (3 boys, 2 girls), whom he adopted as his heirs. After the deaths of 2 of his grandsons by Julia, and the banishment of the third, Augustus never moved to adopt Drusus' sons, Germanicus and Claudius. They were nearly the same age as Julia's sons (Germanicus was older than Postumus), and would have been his illegitimate grandsons if he were Drusus' father. Instead Augustus chose the much older Tiberius, who was definitely not related by blood, as sole heir and invested him with the powers of principate. Augustus seems to have had Tiberius adopt Germanicus as heir because of the latter's marriage to his granddaughter Agrippina (the last of Augustus' living grandchildren not in disgrace), and not because of any secret blood relationship.

Augustus and Livia were married for 51 years and both young when they married. Augustus was 25 and Livia was 19 but they never had children after their marriage. It may have been that Augustus and Livia were incapable of having their own children together. They had both successfully had children with other people (Augustus had Julia with Scribonia and Livia had Tiberius and Drusus with their father) but not with each other -------------------- Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus (14 January 38 BC - 14 September 9 BC), born Decimus Claudius Drusus also called Drusus, Drusus I, Nero Drusus, or Drusus the Elder was a Roman politician and military commander. He was a fully patrician Claudian on his father's side but his maternal grandmother was from a plebeian family. He was the stepson of the Emperor Augustus, brother of the Emperor Tiberius, paternal grandfather of the Emperor Caligula, father of the Emperor Claudius, and maternal great-grandfather of the Emperor Nero. Childhood Drusus was the youngest son of Roman Empress Livia Drusilla from her marriage to Tiberius Claudius Nero. Drusus was born between 18 March 38 BC and 13 April 38 BC. He was born shortly after Livia divorced Tiberius Nero and married Augustus (17 January, 38 BC), giving rise to rumors that Augustus was the real father, although this is widely discredited by modern historians as Augustus had not yet met Livia when Drusus would have been conceived (During his reign, Claudius revived this rumor to give the impression that Augustus was his paternal grandfather in addition to being his maternal great-uncle). Before Augustus married Livia, Tiberius Claudius Nero was declared Drusus' biological father. According to Suetonius, he was born with the praenomen Decimus, but it was later changed to Nero. He was raised in Claudius Nero's house with his brother, the future emperor Tiberius, until his father's death. Drusus and his brother Tiberius developed a famously close relationship in this environment that would last the rest of their lives. Tiberius named his eldest son after his brother (a departure from Roman naming convention), and Drusus did likewise. Marriage Drusus married Antonia Minor, the daughter of Mark Antony and Augustus' sister, Octavia Minor, and gained a reputation of being completely faithful to her. Their children were Germanicus and Claudius, a daughter Livilla (Little Livia), and at least two others who did not survive infancy. After Drusus' death, Antonia never remarried, though she outlived him by nearly five decades. Three Emperors were direct descendants of Drusus, Claudius (his son), Caligula (Germanicus's son, Drusus's grandson), and Nero (Gremanicus's grandson, Drusus's great-grandson), Career Augustus bestowed many honors on his stepsons. In 19 BC, Drusus was granted the ability to hold all public offices five years before the minimum age. When Tiberius left Italy during his term as praetor in 16 BC, Drusus legislated in his place. He became quaestor the following year, fighting against Raetian bandits in the Alps. Drusus repelled them, gaining honors, but was unable to smash their forces, and required reinforcement from Tiberius. The brothers easily defeated the local Alpine tribes. In 13 BC, Drusus was sent to govern Gaul to quell riots caused by the actions of a previous administrator. While there, a tribe of Germans entered Gaul and proceeded to attack Roman settlements. Drusus mobilized his legions and beat the invaders back across the Rhine. He penetrated deep into German territory, traveling as far as the North Sea and placing a yearly tribute on the Frisians. As a reward, Drusus was made praetor urbanus for 11 BC. Drusus did not have it in him to stay in Rome. In the spring of his term, he set out for the German border once more. He pushed once more into the territory of the various German tribes, only stopping at the onset of winter. He was attacked while making his way back to Roman territory, but managed to rout the German force. His troops proclaimed him Imperator and he was granted triumphal ornaments, as well as the office of proconsul for the following year. In 10 BC, the Chatti joined with the Sicambri and attacked Drusus' camp, but were easily defeated. Drusus then went to meet Augustus and Tiberius in Lugdunum (at which point Claudius was born), and traveled with them to Rome. He was easily elected Consul for 9 BC, but once more left the city before assuming office. He once again smashed the Chatti, and then began a campaign against the Marcomanni, but was turned back across the Rhine. Drusus died soon after in consequence of a fall from a horse, lingering on for a month after the accident, by which point Tiberius had joined him. Interestingly, soon before his death he wrote a letter to Tiberius complaining about the style in which Augustus ruled. This letter was delivered to Tiberius as he was with Augustus and Livia and when asked if he could read it was told he must read it out loud. He tried to avoid bad parts but Livia saw through his attempt and after reading ordered Drusus back to Rome. Suetonius reports that he had refused to return to Rome just before his death. Drusus' body was brought back to the city, and his ashes were deposited in the "Mausoleum of Augustus". He remained extremely popular with the legionaries, who erected a monument in Moguntiacum (modern Mainz) on his behalf. Remnants of this are still standing. His family was granted the hereditary honorific "Germanicus", which was given to his eldest son before passing to his youngest. Augustus later wrote a biography of him which did not survive.

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Claudius Nero Drusus Germanicus's Timeline

-38
January 14, -38
Roma, Lazio, Italia
-15
May 24, -15
Age 23
Roma, Italy
-10
August 1, -10
Age 28
Lugdunum, Gallien, France
-9
September 14, -9
Age 29
Germany
-8
-8
Age 29
8
8
Age 29
Lesgor, Landes forest, Aquitaine, France
13
13
Age 29
????
????
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