Clemens Peter von Pirquet (PIRQUET) (1874 - 1929)

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Birthplace: Badeteich Hirschstetten
Death: Died in Vienna, Austria
Managed by: Anne Christine Von Pirquet
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Immediate Family

About Clemens Peter von Pirquet (PIRQUET)

Taken from Wikipidia.

Clemens von Pirquet was from a noble family.

He completed his education in Vienna, where he graduated in 1892. With the intention to become a priest, he studied theology two years at the University of Innsbruck and philosophy at Louvain from 1893.

He completed his studies with a master's degree, but changed his career choice and started in 1895, much to the dislike of his parents to study medicine in Vienna, where he graduated in 1900.

In 1902 he worked at the Vienna's St. Anne's Children's Hospital beeing assistant under Theodor Escherich. At the same time he worked under Rudolf Kraus, at the University Institute of Serotherapie. After his habilitation in 1908 he was already so famous that he received a call an went to America, where he served as professor of pediatrics at the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore for two years.

In 1911 he succeeded the late Theodor Escherich, and took over the chair of pediatrics at the Vienna University Children's Hospital, where he worked until his death. In the late 1920s was Clemens von Pirquet such a prominent and respected personality, he was nominated as presidential candidate of the First Republic, which he conceived as an homage rather than serious. It can be assumed that his private life was less than happy went because his wife was not accepted by his family.

On 28 February 1929 took Clemens Freiherr von Pirquet aged 54 years and at the peak of his career together with his wife's his life by cyanide poisoning.


Clemens von Pirquet in 1903 deposited in the Imperial Academy of Sciences, his work "On the theory of infectious diseases." He described 1905 together with his collaborator Béla Schick for the first time, serum sickness. In their classic monograph, "The serum sickness" they also focused intensively on the "time factor" (incubation period), which lies between the first injection of antiserum and the occurrence of serum sickness.

In 1906 Clemens von Pirquet introduced the term "allergy" into the medical language. He realized this could be the first time that antibodies can mediate not only protective immune responses, but also the cause of hypersensitivity reactions. In 1907, von Pirquet developed a method for (early) diagnosis of tuberculosis, the tuberculin skin test, which was also called the Pirquet reaction.

For this performance he was nominated five times for the Nobel Prize, but he never received it.

Clemens von Pirquet in 1911 took over the newly built University Children's Hospital in Vienna, where he the same year founded a special education department, which was the first in the world to perform worldwide clinical research and treatment of organic brain damage and behavioral problems in children.

Because of his interest in infant feeding and his good contacts, he organized from 1919 to 1921 in Austria, the offtake of the American children's charity, and was chairman of the Nations Committee for infant care. --------------------

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Clemens Peter Freiherr von Pirquet's Timeline

May 11, 1874
Badeteich Hirschstetten
Age 29
February 26, 1929
Age 54
Vienna, Austria