Col. Charles Lynch

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Col. Charles Lynch's Geni Profile

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Charles Lynch, Jr.

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Chesnut Hill Plantation, Goochland, Virginia
Death: Died in Bedford, Virginia, United States
Place of Burial: Lynch Graveyard, Alta Vista, Campbell, Virginia, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Maj. Charles Lynch and Sarah Ward
Husband of Anne Lynch
Father of Anselm Lynch; Charles Lynch; Staunton John Lynch; Sally Lynch and Christopher Lynch
Brother of Penelope Fournay Adams; Sarah Clark Terrell; John Lynch; Christopher Lynch and Edward Lynch

Occupation: Planter; Jurist
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Col. Charles Lynch

  • DAR Ancestor #: A072635 (see document, attached). On March 5, 1781 (Colonel) Lynch led a battalion of rifleman at the Battle of Guilford Court House.
  • Tombstone Inscription:  A zealous and active patriot of the Revolution.

Charles Lynch (1736 – October 29, 1796) was a Virginia planter and American Revolutionary who headed an irregular court in Virginia to punish Loyalist supporters of the British during the American Revolutionary War. The terms "lynching" and "lynch law" apparently derive from his name.

In 1767 Charles became a justice of the peace of Bedford County, Virginia, but was disowned by the Quakers for taking an oath of office, something Quakers were not permitted to do. His wife Anne Terrell remained a lifelong Quaker, and their five children were raised as Quakers. Lynch served in the Virginia House of Burgesses and the Convention from 1769 until 1778, when he became a militia colonel. After the Revolution, he served in the Virginia Senate from 1784 to 1789.

In several incidents in 1780, Lynch and several other militia officers and justices of the peace rounded up suspects who were thought to be a part of a Loyalist uprising in southwestern Virginia. The suspects were given a summary trial at an informal court; sentences handed down included whipping, property seizure, coerced pledges of allegiance, and conscription into the military. Lynch's extralegal actions were retroactively legitimized by the Virginia General Assembly in 1782.

Family

Col. Charles Lynch, Jr. was born 1736 in in "Chestnut Hills", Goochland County (now Albemarle County), Virginia  and died around Oct. 29, 1796 in "Green Level," Bedford County, Virginia- current day "Avocoa," Campbell County.  He is buried in the Lynch Graveyard, near Altavista, Campbell County, Virginia, USA. 

  • Parents: Charles Lynch (about 1704-1753) &  Sarah Clark (1716 - 1791)

  Married:

  1.  12 January 1755 in Caroline County, Virginia  to Anna Chiles Terrell (____ - 1804).  She was the daughter of  Henry Terrell (1704-1760) & Anne Chiles (1709-1740).  

  Children 

  1.  Charles Lynch III b: 28 NOV 1756.  Married Sarah Adams.
  2. Anselm Lynch b: 8 JUN 1764 in Campbell County, Virginia.  Married Susannah Miller.
  3. John Lynch b: 11 SEP 1769 in Bedford County, Virginia. Married Anna Terrell.
  4. Sarah Lynch b: 28 NOV 1773 in Virginia. Married  Charles Lynch Terrell.
  5. Christopher Lynch b: 17 APR 1775.  No known marriage.

Sources

Links

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Lynch_(judge)

Charles Lynch (1736-1796) was a Virginia planter, politician, and American revolutionary who headed an irregular court in Virginia to punish Loyalist supporters of the British during the American Revolutionary War. The terms "lynching" and "lynch law" are said by some to derive from his name, but there is no evidence for this.

Early years

Charles Lynch was born in 1736 at an estate known as Chestnut Hill on the banks of the James River in Virginia, a place at which his brother would later establish the town of Lynchburg.

Lynch's father left his native Ireland and emigrated to the English Colony of Virginia in about 1725 as an indentured servant, called a "redemptioner" in the nomenclature of the day. Upon arrival in the new world, Lynch was sold to a wealthy planter living in Caroline County. Lynch remained with the planter for his fixed term of servitude, winning in the process not only his freedom but the hand of his daughter, Sarah Clark, in marriage.

With the financial assistance of the elder Clark, the Lynches themselves became planters of tobacco on a large scale, farming well over 7,000 acres of Virginia land. Sometime between Charles' birth in 1736 and the middle of the decade, Charles' father died, leaving behind his Chestnut Hill estate to his eldest son, John. His mother joined the Quaker religious sect in 1750, bringing her sons with her into that religion.

Lynch married a fellow Quaker, the former Anne Terrell, on January 12, 1755. With Chestnut Hill occupied by his brother, the young couple set out to establish their new home on Virginia's western frontier on a more distant parcel of land granted to his father by King George II, in newly established Bedford County. Green Level, the Lynch estate where the couple would ultimately raise five children, was located at a place marked today by the town of Altavista.

Lynch was instrumental in organizing a Quaker meeting in Bedford County and raising funds for a building to house it — the first public house of worship in the area. Lynch served for several years as the clerk of the meeting and as trustee of the group's meeting house. He was also a delegate to the Quaker Assembly in Virginia.

Following the end of the French and Indian War in 1763, the danger associated with life at the frontier greatly lessened and a flood of newcomers began to appear in Bedford County. Lynch's position as a landowner and leading citizen was by this time well-established. His farming of tobacco and raising of cattle had made him a wealthy man, the possessor of property and African slaves. Beginning in 1764 other property-owning white, male citizens began to approach Lynch to ask him to become a candidate for the Virginia Assembly. Lynch initially refused these entreaties, on the grounds that swearing the necessary oath of office was prohibited behavior for an adherent of the Quaker religion.

Career

In 1767 Charles became a justice of the peace of Bedford County, Virginia, but was disowned by the Quakers for taking an oath of office, something Quakers were not permitted to do.

Lynch served in the Virginia House of Burgesses and the Convention from 1769 until 1778, when he became a militia colonel. After the Revolution, he served in the Virginia Senate from 1784 to 1789.

In several incidents in 1780, Lynch and several other militia officers and justices of the peace rounded up suspects who were thought to be a part of a Loyalist uprising in southwestern Virginia. The suspects were given a summary trial at an informal court; sentences handed down included whipping, property seizure, coerced pledges of allegiance, and conscription into the military. Lynch's extralegal actions were retroactively legitimized by the Virginia General Assembly in 1782.

"Lynch's Law", referring to organized but unauthorized punishment of criminals, became a common phrase, as was used by Charles Lynch to describe his actions as early as 1782. The Oxford English Dictionary, however, notes that "The origin of the expression has not been determined." Variations of the term, such as "lynch law", "judge lynch" and "lynching", were standard entries in American and British English dictionaries by the 1850s. In 1811, a man named Captain William Lynch claimed that the phrase, by then famous, actually came from a 1780 compact signed by him and his neighbors in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, to uphold their own brand of law independent of legal authority. The obscurity of the Pittsylvania County compact compared to the well-known actions of Charles Lynch casts doubt on it being the source of the phrase.

Death and legacy

Charles Lynch died on October 29, 1796.

From WARD'S BOOK OF EPONYMS (Who gave their names to what?)

lynch The word ‘lynch’ comes from Charles Lynch (1736 -- 1796) who was a planter and American Revolutionary. He presided over an irregular court in Virginia to deal with supporters of the British during the American Revolutionary War. Lynch and his men used to round up suspects who were given a summary trial and then hanged. At the end of the war, Lynch's actions were proclaimed legal by the Virginia General Assembly.

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Col. Charles Lynch's Timeline

1736
1736
Goochland, Virginia
1755
January 12, 1755
Age 19
Virginia
1756
November 28, 1756
Age 20
Virginia
1760
June 8, 1760
Age 24
Virginia
1769
September 17, 1769
Age 33
Bedford,Virginia
1773
November 28, 1773
Age 37
Virginia
1775
April 17, 1775
Age 39
Virginia
1796
October 29, 1796
Age 60
Bedford, Virginia, United States
October 29, 1796
Age 60
Alta Vista, Campbell, Virginia, United States