Col. Edmund Scarburgh

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Edmund Scarburgh (Scarborough), Il

Birthplace: London, Middlesex, England
Death: Died in Occahonnack Creek, Accomack, Virginia
Cause of death: Smallpox
Place of Burial: Accomack, Virginia, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Capt. Edmund Scarburgh, l and Hannah Smith
Husband of Mary Scarburgh
Father of Tabitha Smart-BROWN-CUSTIS-HILL; Col. Charles Scarburgh; Matilda West; Col. Edmund Scarborough (III); Littleton Scarburgh and 3 others
Brother of Sir Charles Scarborough; Henry Scarborough; Ralph Scarborough; Katherine Revell; Hannah Scarburgh and 1 other

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Col. Edmund Scarburgh

Col. Edmund [3] Scarburgh (II)1

Married Mary (NOT a Littleton) in 1635. He was part or sole owner of vessels - Deliverance, Mayflower, a galliot the King David, the Sea Horse, the Hobby Horse and the Artillery.

He had 3000 acres in Maryland and 46,000-75,000 in Virginia. Leader in production of sale, one of the first industries in the Americas. Both he and his father were educated at Caius College, England.

From Wikipedia... Colonel Edmund Scarborough (also spelled Scarburgh) (September 1617–1671) was an influential early settler of Virginia and member of the Virginia House of Burgesses from 1642 to 1671.


ol. Edmond Scarborough, the second son of Captain Edmond and Hannah Butler came to America with his father. He married Mary Littleton, [sic; see Mary] daughter of Col. Nathaniel Littleton, in England, and patented vast tracts of land in Virginia. (Mary Scarborough did not come over with her husband, but arrived in 1640, brought over by her husband, Edmond Scarborough, of Accomac, according to Greer.) He held the highest offices within the gift of the people, and the Crown, and was the most distinguished member of the family, as well as the most spectacular. There are many traditions concerning him and his high handed actions in Colonial Virginia, some of which were called unscrupulous. He was called "Conjurer" by the Indians, who hated and feared him, and was anathema to the Puritans and Quakers, whom he considered his special enemies.

The Scarboroughs were the largest land owners on the Eastern Shore, and with their powerful connections, exercised almost feudal powers in the Colony. Though there were many clashes with Colonial authorities, and sometimes with the mother country, Col. Edmond Scarborough was able to avoid serious punishment because of the influence of his brother, Sir Charles Scarborough, Court Physician at the Court of St. James. When under fire in Virginia, he conveniently removed temporarily to Maryland, where he had large holdings, or to New England, where his ships were constantly in port. (Owned a ship called Mayflower but not Pilgrim's Mayflower.) As Surveyor-General, Col. Scarborough fixed boundary lines that suited his convenience, and was able to extend the southern boundary of Accomac County in order to include his home, which normally would lie in Northampton County, if the two counties were equally divided. He still owned land in Northampton, after the division of the two counties, and was the King's Collector of Quit Rents, among his other official duties under the Crown.

When Col. Edmond Scarborough surveyed and marked the boundary between Maryland and Virginia, Governor Calvert, of Maryland, was vigorous in his protest. A new survey was finally made, called the Calvert-Scarborough Line, ratified by the Legislatures of the two states, and recognized in 1688 as the boundary line.

Col. Edmond Scarborough was indeed a versatile man. He not only managed his large plantations, with his many slaves and servants, and had heavy official duties with his various Colonial offices, but he was interested in many of the colony's early manufacturing ventures. He had the exclusive right to make salt, had one of the earliest shoe factories, and malt plants, and carried on an extensive shipping business. He was also an able lawyer, and a power in the Courts. Though an ardent Royalist, it has been said that would undoubtedly have joined Bacon in his Rebellion, as his son, Col. Charles Scarborough, did had he lived a few years longer, for he was an avowed enemy of Governor Berkeley, with whom he had many clashes. Col. Charles Scarborough was joined in his allegiance to Bacon by his cousin, William Scarborough, though his brother, Captain Edmond Scarborough, remained loyal to Governor Berkeley. After the death of Bacon, and the collapse of the rebellion, Col. Charles Scarborough escaped with only a fine, while his cousin, William Scarborough, was sentenced to death and his property confiscated, March 16, 1677. The defection of Col. Charles Scarborough was evidently forgiven, for in 1692 he was the Naval Officer and Collector for the Eastern Shore, under Governor Andros, and served until 1698. His father, Col. Edmond Scarborough, had held this office during his lifetime, and the son of Col. Charles, Henry Scarborough, succeeded his father in 1699.

This fiery Col. Edmond Scarborough, with all of his faults was a remarkable man of his day, for in spite of his unbridled violence, and will, his loyalty to Virginia and her institutions could not be questioned. Among his many offices were the following: Member of the House of Burgesses, 1642-1671; Speaker of the House of Burgesses, 1645; Justice of Northampton County; Sheriff in 1666; Surveyor General for Virginia, 1665-1671, and numerous offices in the Church. He died circa 1673 and is probably buried on his estate on Occahannock Creek, where his home, called Hedrick Cottage, was still standing a few years ago. The neck of land between Craddocks Creek, and Occahannock Creek was called Scarborough's Neck.

(Southern Kith and Kin, p. 16-18)

He was baptized October 2, 1617 in St. Martins, London, England.(908) He accompanied his parents to Virginia, while his elder brother Charles remained in England to complete his education. At the death of Captain Edmund Scarborough, he assumed the responsibility of settling his fathers affairs in Virginia. On November 28, 1635 he patented 200 acres of land on Magothy Bay in Accomac County- "fifty acres for his late father, Captain Edmund Scarborough, fifty acres for the personal venture of his mother, Hannah Scarborough, fifty acres for his own personal venture, and fifty acres for the transportation of one servant called Robert Butler." This was the first of many land patents issued to Col. Edmund Scarborough; in subsequent years he acquired lands totaling more than 46,500 acres, and became the largest landholder on the Eastern shore of Virginia. Col. Edmund Scarborough was a vindictive Indian baiter, an intolerant persecuter of the Quaker settlers in the area, and a totally unscrupulous politician and business man. On the other hand, he was totally fearless, a gifted orator, a shrewd lawyer, an accomplished surveyer and engineer, and a highly successful planter and merchant. He served a number of terms in the house of Burgesses (where for a time he was speaker), was sheriff of Northampton County, played a major role in drawing up the famous "Northampton Protest", and for many years was Surveyer-General of Virginia, in which capacity he surveyed the boundry between Virginia and Maryland on the Eastern Shore. He erected on his estates a malt house, a shoe factory, and a salt works, and he was the owner of numerous ships with which he carried on an extensive trade with England, New England, the Netherlands and the West Indies. He was the first to import Negro Slaves of any number into Virginia. The Colonel was constantly involved in quarrels with his neighbors and business associates. At one time (July 1653) his conduct was such that he was charged with treason and piracy and forced to flee the colony. In a little over a year, however, he was back in Virginia, and incredibly enough, within a few months gained back everything he had lost and more. From this time to the restoration (1660) he was on the best terms with Governor Bennett and the Parliamentary authorities - indeed, his eldest son Charles later married Governor Bennett's daughter Elizabeth. With the restoration of the monarchy under Charles II, Scarborough's influence and power increased still more, and he consistantly flouted the laws, refused to pay his debts, and blithely disregarded the decisions of the courts and the mandates of Governor William Berkely. The influence of his brother Sir Charles Scarborough at the English court seems largely to account for the Colonel's immunity.

In 1652 Col. Scarbrough planned to return to England for good. He sold the following ocean going ships to William Burton of Boston, Mass.:

1. The Deliverance

2. The Mayflower

3. King David

4. The Sea Horse

5. The Holly Horse

6. The Ann Clear

7. The Artillery

The reason this is of interest to me is that we have a reference stating that Daniel Isham (Esham) was brought to Northampton Co. from London in 1652 on the bark Mayflower a ship owned by Edmund Scarbrough. This reference was obtained from the MD archive by one of the above addressees but has since vanished.

This find on Ghotes is the first verification I have seen that Edmund Scarbrough was a ship owner and did indeed own a bark named Mayflower. "Early Virginia Immigrants" by George Cable Greer sites Thomas Teakle as the sponsor of Daniel's trip for which he received the usual fifty acres. Daniel was indentured to Derman MacCloud and five years later received a cow called "Sweet Lips" for his servitude. This is proven by the will of MacCloud.

ID: I01729

Name: Edmund Norton SCARBOROUGH

Sex: M

Title: Colonel

Birth: 25 DEC 1584 in North Walsham, Norfolk County, England

Death: BEF. 9 JAN 1634/35 in Magothy Bay, Accomac County, Virginia

Immigration: 1620

Education: Caius College Cambridge

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Col. Edmund Scarburgh's Timeline

October 2, 1617
London, Middlesex, England
October 2, 1617
St Martin In The Field, London, Middlesex, England
May 30, 1639
Age 21
Accomack County, Virginia, United States
Age 21
Age 25
Accomack County, Virginia, Colonial America
Age 26
Accomack , Virginia
Age 29
Accomack County, Virginia
Age 30
Age 42
Accomack County, Virginia, United States
Age 46
Accomac, VA