Col. James Moore, Colonial Governor

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James Moore

Birthplace: Ireland, , , England
Death: Died in Charleston, Berkeley, South Carolina, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of Francis or Roger Moore; Nathaniel Moore; Jane Moore and Grace Moore
Husband of Margaret Moore
Father of Col. James Moore, Jr.; Roger Moore; Maurice Moore; Mary Howe; Nathaniel Moore and 3 others
Half brother of Governor James Moore

Occupation:, Governor colonial South Carolina
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Col. James Moore, Colonial Governor

Colonel James Moore (c. 1650–1706) was the British governor of colonial South Carolina between 1700 and 1703 (which was then in the process of dividing into the provinces of North and South Carolina). During this period, he led a number of attacks from the Carolinas into Spanish Florida. He relied on allied Indian tribes, especially the Yamasee for most of his military force. On news of the outbreak of Queen Anne's War in 1702, he led an invasion of Spanish Florida along the coast, destroying the remaining Spanish missionary Indians of Guale and Mocama, and devastating the lands around St. Augustine. While the town of St. Augustine was razed, its central fortress, Castillo de San Marcos, where the Spanish and numerous allied Indians had taken refuge, resisted Moore's siege. The 1702 campaign was viewed as a disaster due to the failure to take the fortress, and Moore resigned his post.

In 1704, Moore lead an expedition of 50 Englishmen and 1,000 Creek, Yamasee, and other allied Indians, into western Florida, leading to the Apalachee Massacre. The Apalachee were the last powerful Spanish-allied Indian nation in the region. Their defeat in 1704 resulted in many Appalachee being enslaved and exported from Charleston to the West Indies. Other Apalachee were forced to relocate to the Savannah River to live in semi-serfdom. Another result of the defeat of the Appalachee was the collapse of the final defence of the Indians of Florida. During the years following 1704, Carolinian and Indian slave raiders decimated the Indian population of Florida all the way to the Florida Keys.

Moore's defeat of the Appalachee and Spanish Florida in general was hailed as a major victory for Carolina, which had been fighting with the Spanish for control of the region for decades. It also served to strengthen ties between various southeastern Indians and Carolina. The Creek Indians and the Cherokee became much more closely allied with Carolina. With these two Indian nations as strong allies, the English rose to a position of dominance over the French and Spanish in the American southeast.

Governor Moore died in 1706, in debt. His son by the same name was elected to the same office in 1720. His heritage is disputed, but what is known is that he lived in Barbados in his youth. It is a common belief among historians that Rory O'Moore, leader of the Irish Rebellion of 1641 was his father. Moore was also the great-grandfather of General Robert Howe.

The family

Known throughout the Carolinas as simply "the family" meaning the leading family of the entire region, the Family bloomed and then faded away as seems the fate of any prominent family over time.

It imported over 4,000 slaves into the Carolinas, mostly for its own extensive plantations and farms in and about Cape Fear area of what later became North Carolina.

James Moore also had a Charleston, SC house and a house in the Goose Creek area nearby to Charleston.

Another Moore family descendent of note is Alfred Moore qv , Justice of US Supreme Court.

James Moore was Royal Governor of South Carolina 1719-1721. In 1573, Spanish Franciscans establish the Santa Maria mission on what is now Amelia Island, Florida, then named Isla de Santa Maria. The mission was abandoned in 1680 after the inhabitants refused a Spanish order to relocate. British raids force the relocation of the Santa Catalina de Guale mission on St. Catherine's Island, Georgia, to the abandoned Santa Maria mission on the Island in 1685. In 1702, this mission was again abandoned when South Carolina's colonial governor, James Moore, led a joint British-Indian invasion of Florida.

Governor of South Carolina 1700-1702

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Col. James Moore, Colonial Governor's Timeline

Ireland, , , England
Age 17
Charleston, Charleston, South Carolina, United States
Age 30
Age 33
Age 36
Craven, NC, USA
Age 37
August 24, 1694
Age 44
Age 49
Age 49
Charleston, Charleston, SC, USA