Jeduthan Baldwin (1732 - 1788) MP

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Col. Jeduthan Baldwin's Geni Profile

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Birthplace: Woburn, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts
Death: Died in North Brookfield, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts
Occupation: soldier,trader, representative,engineer,Selectman,Town Clerk
Managed by: Sheila Elaine Larson
Last Updated:

About Jeduthan Baldwin

A Patriot of the American Revolution for MASSACHUSETTS with the rank of COLONEL. DAR Ancestor #: A005286

JEDUTHAN4, Isaac3, Henry2, Henry1

In 1906, by order of the War Department, the Military Reservation at Sabino Head, at the mouth of the Kennebec River, in Maine, was named FORT BALDWIN.

Jeduthan Baldwin, son of Isaac Baldwin and Mary Flagg, was b. in Sudbury, Mass. 1732, and died June 4,1788, aged 57. He m. LUCY PARKMAN, dau. of Rev. E. Parkman, of Westboro, Mass., who survived him. His will was proved July 1.1788.

Shortly after he was born his father moved to Sudbury but he left there when quite young and settled in Brookfield, Mass. On May 9,1754 he purchased two lots of land, one of 63 acres, and another is 161 acres. On these deeds of land his occupation is given as housewright. In all subsequent deeds he is mentioned as Gentleman or the title Esq. is put after his name.Throughout his life he owned considerable lots of land, covering in the aggragate several hundred acres and seemed to sell little. The appraisers of his estate reported: "the whole of the real estate, including the home farms, with the buildings thereon standing, with a Pew in the Meeting House also one piece of Swamp and Meadow containing about 20 Acres, and another piece of Meadow containing three Acres, together with one-fourth part of the Brick Dwelling House formerly owned by Major Peter Harwood." This property the appraisers valued at 1085 pounds.

He resided and d. in Brookfield, Mass. Allen's "Biographical Dictionary," (calling him by error Jonathan) says he was a Captain in the French War, a prominent Member of the Massachusetts Assembly in 1774, a Colonel in the Revolutionary struggle; a soldier, a patriot, a Christian. He was also a friend to literature, leaving a bequeath to Leicester Academy. He served as a colonel and engineer in the Continental Army and kept a journal of the Boston seige of 1776.

An account of his stay at Fort William Henry, written by Dr.Benj.Gott, who was surgeon's mate on the staff of Col.Josiah Brown says in a petition: "I was at Fort William Henry last winter and know that Capt.Jeduthan Baldwin dealt out from his private stores, Rum,brandy,sugar,coffee,tea,wine.etc.,to the sick in the hospital, the Commissary being destitute." Some time during this war Capt. Baldwin was wounded so severely in the leg that the council of surgeons declared it incurable and advised amputation. He protested against the measure but they insisted and were about to bind him and perform the operation when he raised himself in his bunk, seized his bayonet and threatened any one's life who should attempt to bind him, saying that if he went he would go altogether. Needless to say, the operation was not done and the leg was saved.

Captain Jeduthan Baldwin was in service throughout the French and Indian war and we find references to him in Commissary Wilson's Orderly Book, at the expedition of the British and Provincial Army under Maj.Gen. Jaffrey Amherst against Ticonderoga and Crown Point, 1759.

It is interesting that mention is made that a meeting of the leaders of the town, on Dec. 7,1773, was held to consider and resolve their position relating to the importation of tea from Great Britain. The Committee made the following report with accompanying resolve. "We think it our indispensable duty, in the most public manner to let the world know our utter abhorence of the last and most detestable scheme, in the introduction of Tea from Great Britain to be peddled out among us, by which means we were made to swallow a poison more fatal in its effects to the national and political Rights and Priviledges of the People of this county, than ratabane would be to the natural body.Therefore, Resolved, that we will not by any way or means knowingly encourage or promote the sale or consumption of any Tea whatever, subject to a duty payable in America, but all persons whoever they may be, who shall be concerned in a transaction so dangerous,shall be held by us in the utmost comtempt and be deemed enemies to the well being of this country." Capt. Baldwin was one of this Committee of five.

Jeduthan was a member of the COMMITTEE OF CORRESPONDENCE which met in Concord, Mass.; presided over by the Hon. JOHN HANCOCK. He was also one of the original members and founders of the "Society of the Cincinnati."

Children were: Jeduthan (1757-1763), Isaac (1764-1783), Elizabeth (m.David Pearce as 2nd wife), and Luke.

Inscription: "Be it remembered, that Here lies the Body of Jeduthan Baldwin Esq. Col. & Engineer in the late American war who died June 4th 1788 aged 56. He was a true Patriot an intrepid soldier and exemplary Christian and a friend to all mankind. Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord."

  • The Revolutionary journal of Col. Jeduthan Baldwin, 1775-1778 (1971)
Author: Baldwin, Jeduthan, 1732-1788
Subject: Baldwin, Jeduthan, 1732-1788
Publisher: New York] The New York times
Year: 1906
Possible copyright status: NOT_IN_COPYRIGHT (see page xxxiv re the Society of the Cincinnati)
Author: Baldwin, C. C. (Charles Candee), 1834-1895
Subject: Baldwin family
Publisher: Cleveland, O, [Leader printing company]
Possible copyright status: NOT_IN_COPYRIGHT

Pg. 620,625

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Col. Jeduthan Baldwin's Timeline

1732
January 12, 1732
Woburn, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts
1757
April 28, 1757
Age 25
Westborough, MA, USA
1757
Age 24
Brookfield, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States
1764
1764
Age 31
Brookfield, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States
1765
January, 1765
Age 32
North Brookfield, Worcester, MA, USA
1766
1766
Age 33
Brookfield, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States
1769
April 14, 1769
Age 37
Brookfield, Worcester County, Province of Massachusetts, (Present USA)
1788
June 4, 1788
Age 56
North Brookfield, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts
June 6, 1788
Age 56
North Brookfield, Massachusetts