About Richard Sprigg Canby Lord
Bvt. Lt. Col. Richard S. C. Lord
by 'The General'
Time for another profile of a completely forgotten cavalryman.
Richard S. C. Lord was born in 1832 on his father’s farm near Bellefontaine, Ohio. He was appointed to the United States Military Academy from Ohio in 1852, and graduated 40th out of 47 in the class of 1856. The class of 1856 also included future Civil War cavalry generals Fitzhugh Lee, Lunsford L. Lomax, George D. Bayard and James Forsyth. He and some of his classmates purchased the Patagonia silver mine in Arizona, but sold his interest in 1859 when his company departed Arizona for Ft. Fillmore.
He was commissioned a brevet second lieutenant on July 1, 1856 and joined the infantry. He served garrison duty at the Newport Barracks in Kentucky 1856-1857 and then at the Carlisle Barracks. While serving at Newport, he was promoted to second lieutenant in the 3rd Artillery.
On June 22, 1857, he was transferred to the 1st Dragoons and did frontier duty at Ft. Buchanan, New Mexico. In 1859, he alternated between Ft. Buchanan and Ft. Fillmore, often doing scouting duty and fighting a skirmish with Apache Indians near Camp Calabassee, New Mexico on August 26, 1860. He was assigned to Ft. Breckinridge, Utah not longer after and served there 1860-1861. On April 23, 1861, he was promoted to first lieutenant.
Lord returned to New Mexico in June 1861 and was promoted to captain on October 26, 1861. While commanding a company of the 1st U. S. Cavalry (as the 1st Dragoons were now known), he was engaged in the February 21, 1862 Battle of Valverde and in an action at Apache Canyon March 7-8, 1862. The conduct of his company at Valverde was criticized, and Lord underwent a court of inquiry that eventually exonerated his conduct there. He was then transferred east, and assumed command of the 1st U. S. Cavalry as its senior captain.
He led the 1st U. S. during the May 1863 Stoneman Raid, at Brandy Station on June 9, 1863, and during the Gettysburg Campaign (at Upperville on June 21, at Gettysburg July 3, and in several of the battles during the retreat. He received a brevet to major for gallant and meritorious services during the Gettysburg Campaign, to date to July 7, 1863.
While skirmishing at Funkstown on July 9, 1863, Lord was seriously wounded, and had to leave the army. He was on disability leave from July 10-September 3, 1863. When he returned to duty, he served as assistant at the newly-formed Cavalry Bureau in Washington, DC. On February 25, 1865, he returned to command the 1st U. S., and led it in the war in the east’s final campaigns, including the April 1, 1865 Battle of Five Forks, for which he received a brevet to lieutenant colonel.
After the Confederate surrender at Appomattox, the 1st U. S. became Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s escort, and accompanied Sheridan to New Orleans from June-September 1865. Lord was on recruiting duty from October 1865 to March 1866, and then was assigned to the Drum Barracks in Los Angeles, California from March to June 1866. Unfortunately, Lord had contracted tuberculosis some time during his service in the Civil War, and by June 1866, the disease had reached terminal status and he was gravely ill. He went east to appear before a retirement board, but was too ill.
Lord left the Army on sick leave on June 15, 1866, and died of the tuberculosis at his father’s home in Bellefontaine in October 16, 1866 ten days shy of his 34th birthday. He was buried in the Bellefontaine City Cemetery in his home town. His only child, Richard Stanton Lord, died the following year at age 3. Nothing is known of his wife.
I have never seen an image of Richard S. C. Lord, which is why there’s not one included here. However, Lord is one of those professional soldiers who left his mark, albeit anonymously, on the Civil War by honorably doing his duty well. He’s buried just over an hour from here, and when the winter breaks, I’m planning on visiting his grave to pay my respects.
Here’s to Richard S. C. Lord, completely forgotten Civil War cavalryman.
"A genealogy of Benjamin Cleveland, a great-grandson of Moses Cleveland, of Woburn, Mass" http://www.archive.org/stream/genealogyofbenja00clev/genealogyofbenja00clev_djvu.txt
Dr. Abiel H. Lord, settled in Bellefontaine, Ohio, where he has practiced medicine since 1823, and where he still re- sides. His only son, Col. R. S. C. Lord,^ graduated at West Point in 1856 ; served as Brevet Major 1st U. S. Cavalry ; during the war of the Rebellion participated in many of the hard-fought battles of the Potomac, was wounded at Get- tysburg, Pa., and for gallant and meritorious conduct at the battle of Five Forks, was raised to the rank of Colonel. Was m. to Miss Mary A.Wright, dau. of Dr. Thomas Wright, of Hamilton county, Ohio, in 1863, and d. in Bellefontaine, Ohio, in 1866, leaving a son and daughter, both since dead.
Commanded the 1st U.S. Calvary under Brigadier General Buford in battle of Gettysburg. ----------------------------------------------------------- Served in TX prior to the Civil War.
in 1862 was involved in some sort of incident that resulted in a Court of Inquiry
"Findings of Court of Inquiry on conduct of Captain R. S. C. Lord ------------------------------------------------------------
Battle of Louisa Courthouse May 3, 1863 (Annals of the Sixth Pennsylvania cavalry
By Samuel Levis Gracey http://books.google.com/books?id=4WgtAAAAYAAJ )
General Gregg returned to Thompson's Cross roads on the 5th having accomplished more than was expected from his expedition.
While this was in progress another force under Captain RSC Lord commanding the 1st United States Cavalry was sent to Tolersville to destroy the Virginia Central Railroad at that point Tolersville is situated about six miles from Louisa Court house. They tore up the track for miles, burned the ties, destroyed switches, bridges, culverts &c rendering the road impassable for weeks. A portion of the command under Captain Eugene Baker then went six miles further to Frederick Hall and cut the railroad at that point. They also destroyed the telegraph instruments wires and a great amount of government property. At sunset, Captain John Feelner of the same regiment with thirty men proceeded on the road towards Fredericksburg some six miles where a bridge over two hundred feet long crosses the North Anna River The bridge was guarded by rebel infantry. The captain charged it driving the enemy from it and succeeded in it without the loss of a man and captured five prisoners.
The length of time the regiment was absent caused much uneasiness at headquarters and General Stoneman, fearing they were in trouble, sent out a squadron of the 6th Regulars under Captain Claflin to communicate with them which he did and returned with the command.
Captain Lord was highly complimented by both Generals Stoneman and Buford on the success of the expedition as it was considered by them one of the hazardous and important of the whole expedition. [another version of the text adds: "Captain Lord, who commanded the expedition, is one of the youngest captains in command of a regiment in the army." http://www.cw-chronicles.com/blog/the-army-of-the-potomac%E2%80%94stonemans-famous-expedition/ ]
------------------------------------ THE BATTLE OF BRANDY STATION June 1863.
As a contingency, however, Pleasonton ordered Captain Richard Lord's 1st US Cavalry to screen the other Union forces as they moved across the Rappahannock. The 1st US had been on picket duty on the north side of the River for most of the day, and it was the only fresh unit available. Although Buford had ordered Lord to join the rest of the Brigade at 0930, it took some time to gather in the regiment's far-flung elements. Interestingly, Lord deployed his entire unit as mounted skirmishers in an arch within one-half mile of the Ford. However, these precautions were unnecessary; the Federal retrograde was conducted without interference from the Confederate cavalry. By about 1830, most of the Cavalry Corps had crossed to the north side of the River. Buford's Wing, therefore had been in contact with the enemy for almost fourteen hours.
Headquarters, 1st United States Cavalry June 1 th, 1863.
Sir: In compliance with instructions I have the honor to make the following report of the part my regiment took in the battle of the 9th. Being on picket my regiment did not receive orders to join the Brigade until 9:30 AM on the 9th. My pickets were at that time scattered over a distance of 16 miles. I collected them as soon as possible and joined the Brigade; moving to the front I took the advance, formed line of battle in front of the enemy and covered the crossing of our troops to the opposite bank of the river. My regiment was under fire from 2:00 PM until after sunset, constantly exposed to the cannonading and musketing of the enemy. I cannot speak in terms of too high praise of the coolness and gallantry of my officers and men. We crossed the river in rear of our entire forces. I lost one man killed and two wounded. Five horses killed under my men, one of which was Lieutenant Fisher.
Killed: Private August T. Eckholdt, Company B Wounded: Corporal James Van Dyke, Company I (knee) ; Private John Costello, Company F (hand)
I am sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant.
R. [Richard] S. C. LORD
Captain, 1st US Cavalry, Commanding Regiment
p. 164 APPOMATTOX
On the 27th of March  Captain Baker was relieved from command of the regiment by Captain R. S. C. Lord.
The First Cavalry was present and took part in all the battles and daily skirmishes of the Cavalry Corps until the close of the war. On March 30th it was in the engagement on White Oak Road; March 31, at Dinwiddie Court House; April 1, at Five Forks. Here the regiment made a brilliant charge on an entrenched position of the enemy, which was carried and 200 prisoners captured. April 2, in the engagement near Southside R. R.; April 6, at the battle of Sailor's Creek; and April 9, at Appomatox, the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia. After the surrender the regiment returned to Petersburg where it remained in camp until April 24, when it marched with the Cavalry Corps towards North Carolina for the proposed junction with Sherman. On the surrender of Johnston's army the Corps returned to Petersburg and, the regiment, escorting General Sheridan, left for Washington May 8, arriving May 16, and taking part in the "Great Review."
In the same month the regiment was ordered to Louisiana, arriving at New Orleans May 31 and remaining in that city or its immediate vicinity until December 29 when it embarked for California via the Isthmus of Panama. It took post at the Presidio of San Francisco January 22, ..."
Daily Alta California, Volume 18, Number 5924, 30 May 1866 — ARRIVAL OF THE "PACIFIC." [ARTICLE] http://is.gd/gE4xlw
"Bj the arrival of the steamer /Wi>-, U«t eTenine, we have files of Los Angeles pap«n to the 35tlv The companies commanded by Maj. R. S. C. Lord and Captain U. Noble, arrived on the steamer Company C, First U. S. Cavalry, Captain bean, is en route to Arizona. Major J. Gorman, Fine California Cavalry, late of Fort Bowie, and Lieut. Enut, Seventh California Infantry, late of Fort Mason, arrived at WUaincton on the :4th 1st. Lieut. J. H. Hall, 1st U. S. Caralry. hu tueceeded Lieut. Yard. Ninth U. S. Infantry, v Adjutant at Drum Barracks, the latter officer Wine in command of Camp Cady. "
Col. R S C Lord's Timeline
September 25, 1832
Bellefontaine, OH, USA
- July 1, 1856
Military Academy at West Point
U S Army
THE GENEVA BOOK
LORD Richard Sprigg Canby AB West Point Mil Acad 56 United States Regular Army Officer Born at Bellefontaine Logan Co Ohio Oct 26 1832 entered the US regular army as Bvt Lieutenant of the 7th Infantry at the Barracks of Newport Ky 56 57 of the 1st Dragoons at Fort Buchanan New Mexico 57 58 Tucson Ariz 58 50 1st Lieutenant of the Heavy Artilery about Fort Fillmore NM 59 60 in fierce battle with Apache Indians near Calabaza NM and also near Breckenridge Utah 60 6i Captain of Heavy Artillery in the South 6i 65 engaging in twenty battles for gallant and meritorious service during the battle of Gettysburg was Bvt Major in 63 for same at the battle of Five Forks Va Bvt Lieutenant Colonel engaged in the recruiting service and Commander of Drum Barracks California 65 66 ill health from severe military experiences Died at Bellefontaine Ohio Oct 15 1866 Married Miss Mary A Wright of Carthage Cincinnati Ohio July 4 1864
1860 US Census:
Name: R S C Lord
Logan, OH, USA
Ohio County Marriages 1790 - 1950
Name: R. S. C. Lord
"Was m. to Miss Mary A.Wright, dau. of Dr. Thomas Wright, of Hamilton county, Ohio, in 1863, and d. in Bellefontaine, Ohio, in 1866, leaving a son and daughter, both since dead. "
Great Army of the Republic
United States Congressional serial set, Issue 3261
p 1124 f
On the morning of April 1 the division nothing daunted by the repulse of the two previous days again moved toward the stubbornly contested battle ground of the Five Forks Colonel Stagg with the First Brigade met the enemy as usual at Chamberlain's Swamp and an infantry line was immediately developed showing that the position was not to be taken without a hard fight. The whole of the Second Brigade was now dismounted and Colonel Fitzhugh was ordered to cross the swamp, gain a position on the opposite side, and cover the crossing of the First Brigade mounted. The movement was gallantly effected under a heavy fire and the First US Cavalry and First and Sixth Michigan Cavalry were crossed on the left of the brigade, while the Fifth Michigan was crossed upon the right to cover that flank. The Reserve Brigade was thrown out upon the right and rear in the direction of the White Oak road. A charge was now ordered to gain the wood in front of the Forks. The Second Brigade flanked by the cavalry gallantly advanced at the charging step and driving the enemy clear through the woods developed a strong line of breast works covering the Forks and filled with masses of infantry In this advance the cavalry charged up to within twenty yards of the works and the dismounted men of the Second Brigade captured and dragged off prisoners from the breast works. Captain Ham of Seventeenth Pennsylvania was mortally wounded at this point. But the work was too strongly held for our line to carry and the brigade was forced to retire to the wood. The line was thus held until 4.30 pm when a brigade of Third Cavalry Division having connected upon our left and the Fifth Corps advancing to attack the enemy's right flank the whole division was dismounted and ordered to advance and again charge the enemy's works. Captain Lord First US Cavalry was ordered to keep his regiment mounted and in readiness to charge should the enemy's line be broken. The whole line advanced under a terrible fire from the enemy's works, but the regiment on the right of Third Division giving way the Third Division was halted and reformed. On the second charge the troops on our left again fell back, but notwithstanding this defection, the division pressed forward, the enemy's works were carried after an obstinate struggle, the right was connected with the left of Fifth Corps the front of the division changed to the left and the enemy pursued for two miles. As the works were carried, Captain Lord was ordered to charge with his regiment and gallantly responded clearing the breast works at a bound and charging far in advance of the division In carrying the position we captured on our own front 1,000 prisoners, 2 battle flags, and 2 guns. Thanks to the friendly cover of the woods which extended to within less than forty yards of the enemy's works, our loss was comparatively light except in officers. In some regiments every squadron commander was killed or wounded.
Report of Brig Gen Alfred Gibbs U S Army commanding Reserve Brigade
Headquarters Cavalry Reserve Brigade Camp near Nottoway Station April 15 1865
In compliance with instructions from headquarters First Cavalry Division Cavalry Corps, I have the honor to make the following report of the operations of this brigade from the time of leaving Petersburg March 29 to the 9th of April inclusive. The brigade consisting of the First Fifth and Sixth United States and Second Massachusetts Cavalry in all 437 enlisted men with 20 officers left camp in front of Petersburg March 29 at 8 am Marched via Reams Station and camped near Dinwiddie Court House On the 30th moved early brigade being in advance skirmishing all day with enemy in vicinity of Dinwiddie Court House The Fifth and Sixth US Cavalry under Maj R Murray Morris Sixth US Cavalry commanding were sent up the road toward the Five Corners to feel and find the enemy The Second Massachusetts Col C Crowniushield were sent up plank road to the right while Sixth Pennsylvania Cavalry Colonel Leiper were sent up toward White Oak road and midway between the two before mentioned with orders to communicate with columns on their respective flanks All the columns soon felt the enemy driving their vedettes in upon their supports aud these in turn upon their reserves Major Morris gallantly drove iu the large force opposed to him aud held his position within a short distance of Five Forks until overpowered by numbers he fell back losing 3 officers and 20 men The Second Massachusetts aud Sixth Pennsylvania also met the enemy whom they were unable to drive but firmly held their position They were relieved by First Brigade and First US Cavalry and two regiments of the Second Brigade under Colonel Fitzhugh aud again occupied position near Five Forks At sunset the whole force was withdrawn and camped near the junction of roads before mentioned.
On the morning of the 31st moved toward Dinwiddie Court House and about 1 pm took position in the woods at another fork of plank road the lett connecting with Brigadier General Gregg and right being directed to connect with the other brigades of the division this however was never effected Dense masses of enemy's infantry pressed down the road and entirely cut off these two brigades from us although few in numbers the brigade desperately held its ground for over two hours disputing every inch of ground until finally doggedly yielding when the whole line was driven back by Pickett's division of infantry losing 5 officers killed and captured and 15 men Captain Miller's battery Fourth Artillery did good service on hill in front of the town Lieutenant Thompson aide de camp on my staff was severely wounded and Major Morris Sixth US Cavalry also with me had his horse killed by my side Brigade camped that night near Crump's house.
April 1 moved forward through Dinwiddie Court House and participated in attack on enemy's works near Five Forks About 2 pm the whole line moved gallantly forward upou the enemy's breast works the whole brigade being on foot except First VS Cavalry which under Capt RSC Lord gallantly charged the flying masses of the enemy with reckless fury far beyond the advance of rest of brigade. At 5 pm the whole line was ours with large number of prisoners, arms, and other material. In this most desperate conflict I have again to record the loss of 2 officers killed and wounded and 14 men. On the 2d of April the Sixth Pennsylvania Cavalry detailed for temporary duty at the headquarters cavalry brigade moved toward South Side Railroad of which it destroyed half a mile of track and moved west overtaking enemy's infantry near Exeter Mills Skirmished with enemy until dark bivouacked on the skirmish line On the 3d moved iu rear of Third Division to near Deep Creek but did not meet enemy that day April 4 overtook enemy's infantry and relieved the other brigades on picket moved out again at 10 pm and marched all night via Dennis ville and reached Jeffersonville Jetersvillef on the Danville railroad at 2 p in formed on left of division and remained inline of battle until dark when brigade was moved over to right and camped in rear of infantry.
On the 6th moved out and attacked enemy's train at Sailor's Creek after a stubborn fight slowly advancing the brigade was withdrawn and moved to left and about 10 pm drove in the pickets of rear of Mahone's division of infantry While watching enemy were attacked and sharply shelled losing four men and bivouacked in the woods half a mile in rear On 7th moved through Prince Edward Court House the advance being at Prospect Station on Virginia South Side Railroad No engagement during the day On the 8th marched through Prospect Station and Walker's Church to near Appomattox Station met Third Cavalry Division engaged with enemy and went on its right skirmished till 10 pm and picketed with whole brigade on the right front and across Appomattox Court House road.
On the memorable 9th of April attacked enemy dismounted on the Appomattox Court House road The Fifth US Cavalry were sent in mounted and down a road on the left in their front but were met by a brigade of enemy's infantry and retired with a loss of four men The brigade was then mounted and ordered to charge on the right of General Custer's command which was done in rapid style but on arriving on the extreme right 1 was informed that a nag of truce of surrender had passed within our lines and hostilities were ordered to be suspended The brigade camped for the night at a wood near Martin's house one mile in rear of Appomattox Court House.
I have the honor herewith to inclose a nominal list of the officers killed wounded and captured and a numerical list of enlisted men killed wounded and missing.
To the officers of my staff the commanders of battery and regiments and to the officers and men of the command generally my most hearty thanks are due for the unwavering gallantry fortitude courage and pertinacity with which they sustained the fatigues and hardships of this memorable campaign the exercise of which only could have enabled them to take the distinguished part that they have done It will always be a source of pride to them to feel that they too were in Sheridan's army in the campaign of 1865.
I am, major, your obedient servant,
ALFRED GIBBS Brigadier General Commanding
Maj AE Dana Assistant Adjutant General First Cavalry Division
April 9, 1864
October 15, 1866
Bellefontaine, OH, USA
"Eds. Com. — Major Richard S. Lord, who died in Bellefontaine, Ohio, on the
"Graduating at West Point creditably, he soon entered the cavalry arm of the
" In all of these engagements Major Lord shone as a brave and skillful officer.
" After the surrender of General Lee, the First Cavalry was detailed as the
"Major Lord was high minded and most honorable in all his instincts.
" His last illness was lingering and painful in the extreme; but he bore the
" He died a Christian. Leaving behind him his companions in arms, with
"Surely such a man deserves well of his country, and the tear of gratitude
Birth: Oct., 1832
Union Civil War Officer. Born in Bellefontaine, Ohio, he graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1856 and became a 2nd Lieutenant. He was first assigned to the 7th U.S. Infantry for a brief period before he was transferred to the 3rd U.S. Artillery. In 1857, he was assigned to the 1st U.S. Dragoons, Federal Cavalry, Company D. Lord was sent with the regiment to the Western Frontier to fight against Apache in New Mexico and Arizona. He continued his service with the 1st U.S. Cavalry when the Civil War began. During the Chancellorsville Campaign, he became a Captain and commanded the regiment in a reserve brigade as part of the Army of the Potomac. He then commanded the regiment under Brigadier General John Buford at the Battle of Gettysburg. He eventually attained the rank of Major and was later promoted to Brevet Colonel, Regular Army when the war was over. He died from consumption in 1866 when he was 34 years old.
Col Richard S. C. Lord
Lord, Richard S. C., c.1832 born in Ohio; July 1, 1856 graduated from West Point (40/49) and appointed brevet 2ndlt., 7th U. S. Infantry Rgt. Oct. 31, 1856 2ndlt., 3rd U. S. Artillery Rgt. June 22, 1857 transferred to 1st U. S. Cavalry (dragoons) Rgt. 1857-1861 frontier duty; April 23, 1861 1stlt. Oct. 26, 1861 capt. February 1862 battle of Valverde, N. M. July 7, 1863 brevet maj., U. S. Army for Gettysburg, Pa. July 9, 1863 wounded at Boonsboro, Md. 1863-1865 assistant in Cavalry Bureau; April 2, 1865 brevet ltcol., U. S. Army for Five Forks, Va. Oct. 15, 1866 died in Ohio
- - -
Logan County, Ohio Cemeteries
Lord, Abiel Hovey, Dr., d 15 May 1890, ae 88y 19d (husband of Lettitia Lord; father of Col. Richard S.C. Lord and Caroline Lord)
Lord, Caroline, d 24 Dec 1843, ae 9y 9d (daughter of Dr. Abiel Hovey & Lettitia Lord)
Lord, Lettitia, d 22 Aug 1875, . . . (wife of Dr. Abiel Hovey Lord; mother of
Lord, Richard S. C., Col., d 15 Oct 1866, ae 33y 11m 20d (son of Dr. Abiel Hovey & Lettitia Lord; 1st U.S. Cav.)