Richard Hutton, MP (c.1594 - 1645)

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Death: Died in Sherburn in Elmet, North Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom
Managed by: Woodman Mark Lowes Dickinson, OBE
Last Updated:

About Richard Hutton, MP

  • HUTTON, Richard (c.1594-1645), of Goldsborough, Yorks. and Gray's Inn, London
  • Family and Education
  • b. c.1594, 2nd but 1st surv. s. of Sir Richard Hutton of Goldsborough, Yorks., j.c.p. 1617-39, and Agnes, da. and coh. of Thomas Briggs of Cowmire Hall, Crosthwaite, Westmld.1 educ. G. Inn, entered 1613; St. John’s, Camb. 1615, BA 1617, incorp. Oxf. 1617.2 m. (1) 25 May 1620, Anne, da. and coh. of Sir Richard Paulet* of Freefolk, Hants, wid. of Sir William Young (d.1618) of Basildon, Berks., s.p.;3 (2) 17 Oct. 1626, Margaret, da. of Sir William Wentworth, 1st bt., of Wentworth Woodhouse, Yorks., 1s. 1da.;4 (3) settlement 1 June 1638, Elizabeth (bur. 21 Mar. 1681), da. of Sir John Jackson of L. Inn, London and Hickleton, Yorks., wid. of Richard Williamson of Walkeringham, Notts., s.p.5 kntd. 17 July 1625;6 suc. fa. 1639.7 d. 15 Oct. 1645.8
  • Offices Held
  • Capt., militia ft. Yorks. 1625-?42;9 member, Council in the North 1629-41;10 gamekpr. Kimberworth, Yorks. by 1635;11 steward learned, honour of Knaresborough ?1639-d.;12 commr. subsidy, Yorks. (W. Riding) 1629, 1641-2, Poll Tax 1641, Irish aid 1642, array 1642;13 sheriff, Yorks. 1642-3.14
  • Gov. Knaresborough castle 1642-4;15 col. of ft. (roy.) 1644-d.16
  • Biography
  • Hutton’s father, younger son of a Cumbrian gentry family, trained as a lawyer, bought Goldsborough, three miles from Knaresborough, in 1601, and was elevated to the judicial bench in 1617. Justice Hutton apparently had no parliamentary ambitions, but his participation in the 1611 commission that frustrated plans to enclose the commons of Knaresborough forest earned him a local following, and it was perhaps because of this that his son was returned for Knaresborough throughout the 1620s.17
  • Hutton was never a prominent MP, but he did make some impression in his first Parliament. On 10 Mar. 1621 he was named to the committee to confirm copyhold tenures on Prince Charles’s manor of Kendal, Westmorland, a scheme which resembled a duchy of Lancaster project rejected by the tenants of Knaresborough forest a decade earlier. Hutton and his father had presumably supported secretary of state (Sir) George Calvert* and Sir Thomas Wentworth* at the hotly contested Yorkshire county election, as when the Commons censured two of Wentworth’s supporters on 23 Mar., Hutton was chiefly concerned ‘not to have the Members chosen blemished by the punishment of these offences’. He was later named to the committee for the bill to improve the navigation on the Yorkshire Ouse (3 May), a measure opposed by Wentworth and many other local landowners.18 Hopes for a productive session collapsed in December, when the Commons fell into an acrimonious dispute with the king over its right to free speech. On 17 Dec., in a last-ditch attempt to secure a resumption of normal business, Secretary Calvert delivered a message from the king conceding full enjoyment of parliamentary privileges. Many remained suspicious of the king’s motives, and pressed for James to endorse a formal declaration of the Commons’ privileges. Hutton took a more moderate line, agreeing that the House was entitled to record its privileges, but arguing that there was no need to confront the king over this issue; he also endorsed the request to resume ordinary business, a motion later supported by Wentworth. Such pleas had no effect, and the session ended in acrimony two days later.19
  • In the 1624 Parliament Hutton made only one recorded speech, during the debate of 1 Mar. about the decision to advise the king to break off the treaties with Spain. The supporters of the ‘patriot’ cause sought to obtain a vote which stopped short of requiring James to declare war, but their efforts were disrupted by a number of more hawkish speakers; Hutton’s speech, which dwelt on the dangers arising from a Spanish Match, was doubtless intended to help the patriots.20 It is not known whether Hutton attended the 1625 Parliament, which met during a plague epidemic, but he certainly came south to receive a knighthood at Windsor in July 1625. War with Spain finally commenced in October, and in the 1626 session Hutton was one of those nominated to attend the conference with the Lords at which William Herbert, 3rd earl of Pembroke and Archbishop Abbot pleaded for a generous grant of taxation to support the war effort (7 March). However, he took no part in the impeachment proceedings against the duke of Buckingham until Sir Dudley Digges and (Sir) John Eliot were arrested for suggesting that Charles and the favourite had been complicit in the murder of King James. In the debate which followed, on 12 May, the House resolved upon a Remonstrance for this infringement of its right to free speech. Hutton urged that the wording of this document should be conciliatory, and should acknowledge Charles’s ‘grace and power to dissolve us’, but his motion was ignored. Hutton married Wentworth’s sister in October 1626, but while he was returned for Knaresborough once again in 1628, he left no trace on the records of the session in which his brother-in-law played such a prominent part, nor did he profit from Wentworth’s preferment during the 1630s.21
  • In 1638 Hutton’s father was one of the two judges who unequivocally condemned Ship Money in principle; he quickly wrote to Wentworth justifying his decision. As a result the latter held no grudge against his son, who was paired with Wentworth’s nephew Sir William Savile, 3rd bt.† for the Yorkshire election of October 1640. The pair were roundly defeated by Sir Ferdinando Fairfax* and Henry Belasyse*, and while Savile later came in at a by-election, Hutton did not stand again. In September 1642 Hutton garrisoned Knaresborough castle for the king, in order to forestall its capture by Fairfax’s parliamentarian forces. After the fall of York he retreated to Pontefract. He was killed in action at nearby Sherburn-in-Elmet on 15 Oct. 1645. His Goldsborough estate eventually came to his grandson Robert Byerley, who sat for Knaresborough in nine parliaments between 1695 and 1714.22
  • Ref Volumes: 1604-1629
  • Authors: Karen Bishop / Simon Healy
  • Notes
  • 1. Vis. Yorks. ed. Foster, 536.
  • 2. GI Admiss.; Al. Cant.
  • 3. Reg. St. Botolph Bishopsgate ed. A.W.C. Hallen, i. 61; VCH Hants, iv. 210; VCH Berks. iii. 460.
  • 4. J. Hunter, South Yorks. ii. 143.
  • 5. Ibid.; C142/664/8; Strafforde Letters (1739) ed. W. Knowler, ii. 178.
  • 6. Shaw, Knights of Eng. ii. 189.
  • 7. C142/586/108.
  • 8. Fairfax Corresp. ed. R. Bell, ii. 254-5.
  • 9. Add. 18979, f. 2; Add. 28082, f. 80.
  • 10. R. Reid, Council in the North, 498.
  • 11. Strafforde Letters, i. 485.
  • 12. CSP Dom. 1660-1, p. 239.
  • 13. Fairfax Corresp. ed. G.W. Johnson, i. 210; SR, v. 61, 83, 107, 141, 150; Northants. RO, FH133.
  • 14. HMC 5th Rep. 142.
  • 15. HMC 13th Rep. i. 63.
  • 16. Slingsby Diary ed. D. Parsons, 81; P.R. Newman, Roy. Officers in Eng. and Wales, 207.
  • 17. J. Nicolson and R. Burn, Westmld. and Cumb. ii. 401; Hist. Harrogate and Knaresborough ed. B. Jennings, 130-2.
  • 18. CJ, i. 548b, 571b, 605b; Hist. Harrogate and Knaresborough, 130.
  • 19. CD 1621, vi. 243-4; R. Zaller, Parl. of 1621, pp. 172-83.
  • 20. ‘Spring 1624’, p. 61.
  • 21. Procs. 1626, ii. 216; iii. 245; Hunter, ii. 143.
  • 22. Strafforde Letters, i. 485; ii. 177-8; Slingsby Diary, 50-1, 63, 171; Harrogate and Knaresborough, 139; Fairfax Corresp. ii. 254-5.
  • From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1604-1629/member/hutton-richard-1594-1645

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  • SEEMS TO HAVE LEFT OFF 1st WIFE ANNE PAULET AND CONFUSED HER WITH MARGARET WENTWORTH HIS 2nd WIFE, NO MENTION OF 3RD WIFE.

Sir Richard Hutton, the younger (1594–1645) was a Yorkshire landowner and Member of Parliament for Knaresborough who lost his life in the English Civil War.


Sir Richard Hutton inherited substantial estates at Goldsborough and Flaxby including the Jacobean Goldsborough Hall on the death of his father. He was the second but oldest surviving son of Sir Richard Hutton (1560–1639), the lawyer who had defied Charles I over ship money.


He was firstly married to Anne Wentworth whose brother was Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford, (who was impeached by the Long Parliament and beheaded in 1641). He was married secondly to Elizabeth Wolstenholme.


Sir Richard Hutton, the younger was knighted by Charles I in 1625 and became one of the two MPs for Knaresborough during the 1620s. He was High Sheriff of Yorkshire and Governor of Knaresborough Castle when the English Civil War broke out and joined the Royalist Army as a Colonel.


Sir Richard defended Knaresborough Castle for four years until Sir Thomas Fairfax attacked. He fought at the Battle of Marston Moor and was taken prisoner in 1644 though he escaped along with his friend Sir Henry Slingsby to York. York finally surrendered to Fairfax and the Scots and Hutton and Slingsby marched with their men to rejoin the Royalist army. Meanwhile Goldsborough Hall had been occupied by Oliver Cromwell's army and the Hall still has hooks in the attic where Cromwell's men would have hung their hammocks. There is an account by Sir Henry Slingsby of the march from York to Otley via Knaresborough escorted by the Parliamentarian troops. According to Sir Henry, on the second day they passed Goldsborough where Edward Whalley, Cromwell's cousin and Lieutenant Colonel, was billeted with his men. Whalley invited Sir Richard to leave the army and return with him to his house and family at Goldsborough. However Sir Richard declined saying that he was firmly attached to the Royalist cause.


Sir Richard left their escort at Otley and marched on to Skipton and into Lancashire. He was killed on 15 October 1645 at the battle of Sherburn-in-Elmet while Slingsby survived the civil war but was beheaded in 1658.


It is unclear who took over the estate on the death of Sir Richard. There is evidence of a son, also called Richard, who was involved in a royalist plot along with his father's friend Sir Henry Slingsby and imprisoned in Hull. Also evidence of a daughter called Anne. The estate at Goldsborough passed by marriage to the Wharton family and again by marriage to the Byerley family of Byerley Turk fame.


Books

  • The Legacy: The Huttons of Penrith and Beetham by Barbara C Lee, publ. Titus Wilson & Son, Kendal, ISBN 0-9531444-0-2 is a history of the Hutton family with extensive references to Sir Richard Hutton, the younger
  • Without Touch of Dishonour, The Life and Death of Sir Henry Slingsby 1602-1658 by Geoffrey Ridsdill Smith, publ. The Roundwood Press, 1968, ISBN 0-900093-01-3 is a biography of Sir Henry Slingsby with extracts from his diary. The diary contains numerous references to Sir Richard Hutton, the younger.
  • The History of the Ancient Borough of Pontefract by B Boothroyd, printed by and for the author, 1807 details Sir Richard Hutton, the younger's involvement in the sieges of Pontefract Castle during the English Civil War and his death at the battle of Sherburn-in-Elmet
  • The History of the Castle, Town and Forest of Knaresborough with Harrogate and its Medicinal Waters by Ely Hargrove, printed by Hargrove and Sons, Knaresborough, 1809 gives a brief history of the Huttons of 'Goldesburgh', 'Goldesburgh Hall' and Church
  • From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_Richard_Hutton,_the_younger

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  • The Wentworth genealogy, comprising the origin of the name, the family in England, and a particular account of Elder William Wentworth, the emigrant, and of his descendants (1870)
  • http://www.archive.org/stream/wentworthgenealo01inwent#page/n166/mode/1up
  • (21) Thomas Wentworth, Esq., married Margaret, daughter of Sir William Gascoigne, Kt., and had issue, four daughters, viz: Elizabeth, who married Thomas Danby, Esq.: Barbara, who died unmarried; Margaret, who married, first Michael, son and heir of Lord Darcy, and secondly, Jasper Blythman, Esq.: and Catherine, who married Thomas Gargrave, Esq.; and an only son --
  • (22) Sir William Wentworth, who was created a Baronet, 29 June, 1611, and died in 1614. By his wife Anne, daughter and heir of Sir Robert Atkins, Kt., he had eight sons and three daughters; of whom John, Matthew, Philip, Michael, and Robert, all died unmarried. Mary married Sir Richard Hooton, Kt.; Anne married Sir George Savile, Kt.: and Elizabeth married James Dillon, third Earl of Roscommon, and was mother of the celebrated poet, Wentworth Dillon, fourth Earl of Roscommon. ....

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Col. Sir Richard Hutton, MP's Timeline

1594
1594
1620
February 25, 1620
Age 26
1626
October 17, 1626
Age 32
1638
1638
Age 44
1645
October 15, 1645
Age 51
Sherburn in Elmet, North Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom
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