William Thomson (1726 - 1796)

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Nicknames: ""Old Danger"", "Old /Danger/"
Birthplace: Pennsylvania, United States
Death: Died in Virginia, United States
Occupation: indigo planter
Managed by: Michel F Cavallon, IV
Last Updated:

About William Thomson

A Patriot of the American Revolution for SOUTH CAROLINA with the rank of BRIGADIER GENERAL. DAR Ancestor #: A114670

About the year 1755 William Thomson married Miss Eugenia Russell, born in that neighborhood, the half-sister of Col. William Heatley. Her father was a native of Massachusetts and born of English parents. He was elected a member of the convention which commenced revolutionary army measures, adopted a constitution and organized the means for resisting Great Britain. When it was resolved to raise three regiments for this purpose in South Carolina, William Thomson was elected colonel of the Rangers.

Colonel Thomson's command was posted at the eastern extremity of Sullivans Island (Harbor of Charleston, S.C.), in redoubt called the advanced guard constructed of palmetto logs. General Clinton's army of 2,000 regulars marched from their encampment on Long Island (Isle of Palms) to the edge of the inlet where it was fordable except at high water. They were flanked by an armed schooner and sloop and by a flotilla of armed boats from the fleet with orders to reach the landing on Sullivan's Island. when within reach of his guns, Col. Thomson opened on them so well directed a fire that the men could not be kept at their posts; every ball raked the decks.

Colonel Thomson's house was surrounded by a body of Tories and British troops and he was made a prisoner with his son, William Russell Thomson, then about 17 years old. The father was sent down to Charleston and was confined for many months in the "Provost," the same damp vaults that are under the present Customs House, but his son was at home with the family on parole. This elegant establishment was called Belleville. It became a garrison. On the surrender of Fort Motte a number of Tories were found among the British regulars. Most of these were of German families who originally settled Amelia Township and built Orangeburg. The Americans were about to retaliate on them as Tories the severities inflicted upon themselves as Whigs. At that critical moment, Col. Thomson rode over to the American camp and recognized most of these, his Dutch neighbors. He represented that they were homeless and were non-combatants, thereby securing their release. The Dutchmen who had given themselves up for lost now hurried off without thanking Col. Thomson or pausing to say "Goodbye to you." They scrambled over the breastworks instead of going through the gate and many rolled over into the ditch in their haste to be the first out.

from: http://thetandd.com/300years/colonel-william-thomson-revolutionary-marksman/article_b36b2bf5-cf10-5f62-8501-c2c1f8666d8f.html

Link for slave, Abram, owned by Col. William Thomson: http://www.geni.com/people/Abe-slave-of-Col-William-Thomson/6000000018357418449

Colonel William Thomson's Belleville Plantation was occupied by the British in 1780. They built a supply base here and a fortified post overlooking the Santee River. Belleville and nearby fortified supply points changed hands several times in the course of fierce partisan warfare in which the South Carolina patriot leaders Thomas Sumter and Francis Marion were prominent. The Battle of Eutaw Springs (see p. 226) brought this seesaw conflict to a climax. Among the historic remains at and near the plantation are earthwork fortifications overlooking the Santee; the Thomson Cemetery, said to contain the remains of troops who died in the area; a camp and hospital site; McCord's Ferry, a strategic crossing of the Camden Road over the river; and Gillon's Retreat, plantation of Alexander Gillon, a commodore of the South Carolina Navy during the War for Independence.

from: http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/colonials-patriots/sitee16.htm

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Col. William Thomson's Timeline

1726
January 16, 1726
Pennsylvania, United States
1755
August 14, 1755
Age 29
1761
April 22, 1761
Age 35
Belleville, Orangeburg, SC
1769
July 29, 1769
Age 43
1796
November 22, 1796
Age 70
Virginia, United States
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