Conrad "the Peaceful", King of Burgundy

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Conrad 'le Pacifique' de Bourgogne, I Roi de Bourgogne, III de Provence

Nicknames: "Conrad the Peaceful", "Konrad III von Burgund", "Hertug av Burgund", "der Friedfertig von Burgund", "Burgundy", "Provence", "Conrad I", "Conrad III of Provence"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Arles, Bouches-du-Rhone, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
Death: Died in Vienne, Isère, France
Place of Burial: Cathédrale Saint-Maurice, Vienne, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Rudolph II, King of Upper Burgundy & Italy; Rudolph II, King of Burgundy; Bertha of Swabia and Bertha of Swabia
Husband of Adelaide von Oltigen, heiress von Oltigen and Matilda of France
Partner of Aldiud
Father of Burchard, Archbishop of Lyon; Gisela de Borgoña; Conrad of Burgundy; Bertha Of De Burgundy; Gerberge of Burgundy and 5 others
Brother of Empress Adelheid von Burgundy; Edith von Burgundy; Saint Adelaide of Italy; Richardus de Bourgogne; Rudolph de Bourgogne and 1 other

Occupation: Kung in Burgund, King of Burgundy, King of Burgundien, Roi d'Arles, Roi des Deux Bourgognes (937-993)
Managed by: Bianca May Evelyn Brennan
Last Updated:

About Conrad 'le Pacifique' de Bourgogne, I Roi de Bourgogne, III de Provence

- see http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps06/ps06_433.htm, Rey, Conrad Ier le Pacifique, roi des Deux-Bourgognes et d' Arles, König von Hoch- und Niederburgund 937, ES NF/I Tafel 57; NKG VIII-61, König von Burgund 937–993, Konge av Burgund

from http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/BURGUNDY%20KINGS.htm#ConradIBurgundydied993

CONRAD, son of RUDOLF II King of Upper Burgundy & his wife Bertha of Swabia ([922/25]-Vienne 19 Oct 993, bur Vienne, cathédrale Saint-Maurice). He is named "Chuonradus rex filio Rodulfi" in his charter dated 23 Apr 943[160]. He succeeded his father in 937 as CONRAD I "le Pacifique" King of Burgundy. The Aymari Rivalli De Allobrogibus records the death "XIV Kal Nov" of "regis Conradi" and his burial at Vienne[161].

m firstly ADELANE, daughter of --- ([935/40]-[23 Mar 963/[964]). "Adelane regine" is named in the charter of "Chuonradus rex" dated 23 Mar 963[162] but is not mentioned in his charter dated 8 Apr 962[163]. This suggests that she married after the latter date, but this would leave insufficient time for the birth of her supposed two children. Her birth date range is estimated based on the estimated birth date range of her daughter Gisela. Her origin is not known but Jackman suggests [164] that Adela was sister of "Konrad Duke of Alsace".

m secondly ([964]) MATHILDE de France, daughter of LOUIS IV "d'Outremer" King of the Franks & his wife Gerberga of Germany (end-943-26/27 Jan [981/992], bur Vienne, cathédrale Saint-Maurice). The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the marriage of "rex Francorum Lotharius…sororem suam Mathildem" and "Conradus rex Burgundie"[165]. "Mathilde et Alberada" are named as daughters of "Gerberga" in the Continuator of Flodoard, which specifies that Mathilde was mother of "Rodulfus rex et Mathildis soror eius"[166]. Her brother, Lothaire King of the West Franks, arranged this marriage to strengthen his position in south-eastern France. Her dowry consisted of the counties of Lyon and Vienne[167]. The Aymari Rivalli De Allobrogibus records the death "VI Kal Dec" of "Mathildis uxor regis Conradi" and her burial at Vienne[168].

Mistress (1): ([965/70]) ALDIUD, wife of ANSELM, daughter of ---. The identity of King Conrad´s mistress is ascertained as follows. Firstly, as noted below, the Chronicon Hugonis names the king´s illegitimate son, archbishop of Lyon, as "Burchardus, Rodulfi regis frater, Conradi ex concubina filius"[169]. Secondly, Burchard´s mother´s name is confirmed as Aldiud by a charter dated 14 Feb 1005, which records that her son "Burchardum Lugdunensem archiepiscopum" donated property "in loco Oponlongis infra comitatum Ottingen" which he had "ex patre matris suæ Aldiud quod rex Chuonradus ei præbuit" to Anselm Bishop of Aosta[170]. Thirdly, the name of the father of Anselm Bishop of Aosta is confirmed as Anselm in the charter of Rudolf III King of Burgundy for Romainmotier dated [1001/02], which was witnessed by "…Anselmus episcopus Augustensis…Anselmus pater Anselmi episcopi…"[171]. Fourthly, a charter dated 1 Nov 1002, noted by Rivaz in his compiled index of Burgundian charters, confirms that Anselm Bishop of Aosta and Burchard Archbishop of Lyon were brothers: "Burchard archévêque de Lyon et abbé de Saint-Maurice" granted property "dans les comtés de Valais et de Vaud" to "Gauslin", with the consent of "Anselme son frère évêque d'Aoste et prévôt de ladite abbaye"[172]. Fifthly, Anselm and Aldiud were also parents of Burchard Archbishop of Vienne and Udalrich his advocatus, as shown by a charter dated 19 Aug [1019] of "Burchardus sancta Viennensis archiepiscopus et Udolricus frater meus et advocatus meus" which granted property "in pago Genevensi…in villa Marischa…a circio Lemani lacus" made "pro remedio animarum…genitore nostro Anselmo sive pro genetrice nostra Aaldui"[173]. The conclusion therefore is that the only way in which Burchard Archbishop of Lyon could have been the brother of the three brothers Anselm, Burchard and Odalric is if they shared the same mother, who gave birth to them by different fathers. Aldiud´s relationship with the early counts of Savoy is indicated by Rodolfus Glauber who describes Burchard, son of Count Humbert "aux Blanches Mains", as nepos of Aldiud's illegitimate son[174]. This relationship is explained by Count Humbert's wife being the legitimate daughter of Anselm and Aldiud. The Chronicon Hugonis specifies that Burchard was appointed archbishop (dated to 978) when still a child[175]. This presumably dates Aldiud´s relationship to the King Conrad to [965/70], which was probably before she married Anselm.

King Conrad I & his first wife had two children:

1. CONRAD [Cuno] (-after 10 Aug 966). "Chuonradus…rex et uxor sua Mattilt regina et filii eius Cuono" signed a charter dated 10 Aug 966[176]. As Cuno was probably older than an infant at the date of this charter, it is likely that he was born from his father´s first marriage, assuming the date of King Conrad´s second marriage is estimated correctly above. According to Carutti, Conrad was born from his father´s second marriage but he cites no primary source on which this assertion is based[177].

2. GISELA ([955/60]-21 Jul 1007). Herimannus names "Gisela, Counradi regis Burgundiæ filia" as wife of "Heinricus dux Baioariæ" and mother of Emperor Heinrich II[178]. Her birth date range is estimated from her having given birth to her eldest son in [976], which indicates that she must have been King Conrad's daughter by his first marriage, although no direct proof has yet been found to confirm that this is correct. Thietmar records that Gisela was exiled to Merseburg after the trial of her husband in 978[179]. Many contemporary sources confuse Gisela with her niece of the same name, daughter of her half-sister Gerberga and the latter's second husband. For example, the Chronicle of St Bénigne de Dijon names "sororem regis [Rodulfi Burgundie] Gislam" as wife of "Chonradum" and mother of "tertium Henricum"[180]. It is not known why this report is repeated so frequently in other chronicles, for simple chronology demonstrates that it cannot be correct. According to the Preface of Vitæ Heinrici et Cunegundis Imperatores, "Gisila imperatrix, mater sancti Heinrici imperatoris obit VII Kal Martii"[181]. Thietmar records the death of "our king's…mother…Gisela" on 21 Jul and her burial at Regensburg, dated to 1007 from the context[182]. The necrology of Merseburg records the death "21 Jul" of "domna Gisela mater Heinrici imperatoris"[183]. The necrology of Magdeburg records the death "21 Jul" of "Gisla filia Chuonradi regis"[184]. m (before 972) HEINRICH II "der Zänker" Duke of Bavaria, son of HEINRICH I Duke of Bavaria [Germany] & his wife Judith of Bavaria [Liutpoldinger] (951-Gandersheim 28 Aug 995, bur Gandersheim Stiftskirche[185]).

King Conrad I & his second wife had four children:

3. MATHILDE . "Rodulfus rex et Mathildis soror eius" are named as children of "Mathilde…filia…Gerberga" by the Continuator of Flodoard, which specifies that Mathilde was mother of Berta who was mother of "Geroldus Genevensis"[186]. The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names (in order) "Rodulphem regem Burgundie, Bertham, Guepam et Mathildam" as children of "Mathildis soror Lotharii regis Francie", specifying that Mathilde was mother of "Arnulphum comitem Flandrensem, Godefridum ducem, Gozelonem ducem, fratres"[187], which has no credibility. Carutti identifies the husband of Mathilde as Hugo [IX] Graf von Egisheim, but he cites no primary source on which this hypothesis is based[188]. m --- [de Genève], son of ---.

4. BERTHE de Bourgogne ([964/965]-16 Jan after 1010). The Liber Modernorum Regum Francorum names "Berta filia Conradi regis Burgundiæ" as wife of "Odone comite Carnotensium"[189]. The date of her first marriage is suggested by the charter dated 3 May 983 under which "Odo comes" restored "villam…Culturas" to the abbey of Marmoutier, signed by "Berte comitisse uxoris eius, majoris filii eius Teutboldi, minoris filii eius Odonis adhuc in cunabulo quiescentis"[190]. Richer records that King Robert married "Berta Odonis uxor"[191]. Rodulfus Glauber names "Odo natus ex filia Chuonradi regis Austrasiorum, Berta nomine"[192]. "Hugonis ducis, Odonis comitis, Hugonis sanctæ Bituricensis archipræsulis, Letgardis comitissæ, Bertæ comitissæ, Gauzfridi vicecomitis…" subscribed the charter dated 985 under which "Robertus" donated property to "Sancti Petri Carnotensis", on the advice of "Odonem, simul cum sua matre Ledgarde, pariterque dominam meam Bertam, ipsius æque coniugem"[193]. Pope Gregory V called on King Robert to repudiate his wife in 998 on grounds of consanguinity. The request was repeated in 1001 by the court of Rome, Robert at first refused and the kingdom of France was excommunicated[194]. "Bertæ reginæ, Odonis comitis filii eius…" subscribed the charter dated 1004 under which "Gislebertus prepositus" recorded a donation[195]. The king, in reaction to the 1108 assassination of his favourite Hugues de Beauvais who had served Queen Berthe, visited Rome in 1008 in an unsuccessful attempt to divorce his third wife in order to take back Berthe[196]. "Odonis comitis, Ermengardis uxoris eius, Bertæ reginæ…" subscribed the charter dated after 1005 under which "comitem Odonem" donated property "in comitatu Dunensi…Boscus Medius" to "Sancti Petri"[197]. The necrology of Chartres cathedral records the death "XVII Kal Feb" of "Berta mater Odonis comitis"[198]. m firstly ([978/80]) EUDES I Comte de Blois, son of THIBAUT I "le Tricheur" Comte de Blois & his wife Luitgardis de Vermandois (-995). m secondly ([late 996/early 997], divorced Sep 1001) as his second wife, ROBERT II King of France, son of HUGUES Capet King of France & his wife Adelais d’Aquitaine (Orléans ([27 Mar] 972-Château de Melun 20 Jul 1031, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).

5. GERBERGA (-7 Jul 1018). Herimannus names "filiam Counradi regis Burgundiæ, Gerbirgam" as wife of "Herimannus dux"[199]. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Rodulfum II et sororem suam Gepam matrem imperatricis Gisile" as children of "Conradus rex Burgundie" and his wife Mathilde[200]. Wipo names "Herimannus dux Alamanniæ [et] Kerbirga filia Chuonradi regis de Burgundia" as the parents of "regis coniunx Gisela"[201]. "Otto…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property "in villa Stohchusen in pago Locdorp ac comitatu Herimanni comitis" to Kloster Meschede by charter dated 29 Sep 997 by request of "Gerbirge comitisse"[202]. The necrology of Marchtalen records the death "Non Jul" of "Gerbirc ducissa"[203]. No direct record of her first marriage has so far been identified. However, "Otto tercius…Romanorum imperator augustus" granted privileges to Kloster Oedingen founded by "matrona Gerberga…in comitatu Herimanni eius filii" to the monks of the Marienkapelle at Aachen by charter dated 18 May 1000[204], and Thietmar names "Count Hermann son of Gerberga" when recording his dispute with Dietrich Bishop of Münster in 1016[205]. These two references relate to Hermann [II] Graf von Werl. In addition, "Rodulfus et Bernhardus nati in…Werla" are named as brothers of Empress Gisela in the Annalista Saxo, although not specifying that they were her uterine brothers[206]. m firstly HERMANN [I] Graf von Werl, son of [HEINRICH Graf im Lerigau & his wife ---] (-[985/86]). m secondly ([986]) HERMANN [von Schwaben], son of KONRAD Duke of Swabia & his wife Richlint of Germany (-2/3 May 1003). He was installed in 997 as HERMANN II Duke of Swabia.


6. RUDOLF (-5/6 Sep 1032, bur Lausanne Cathedral). The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Rodulfum II et sororem suam Gepam matrem imperatricis Gisile" as children of "Conradus rex Burgundie" and his wife Mathilde[207]. "Rodulfus rex et Mathildis soror eius" are named as children of "Mathilde…filia…Gerberga" in the Continuator of Flodoard[208]. He succeeded his father in 993 as RUDOLF III King of Burgundy. Wishing to create a nobility without dynastic aspirations, he created an ecclesiastical aristocracy, investing the Archbishop of Tarentasia with the county of Tarentasia in 996, the Bishop of Lausanne with the county of Vaud, the Bishop of Sion with the county of Valais in 999, and the Archbishop of Vienne with the county of Vienne in 1023[209]. Rudolf III King of Burgundy donated property to Vienne Saint-Maurice, at the request of "Irmengarda regina, Burkardo Lugdunensi archiepiscopo fratre suo, nec non Burchardo Viennensi archiepiscopo", by charter dated 1 Aug 1011[210]. Herimannus records the death in 1032 of "Roudolfus, ignavus Burgundiæ regulus" and succession of Emperor Konrad II to the kingdom of Burgundy[211]. On his death, he bequeathed the kingdom of Burgundy to Emperor Konrad II, husband of his niece Gisela of Swabia, although this was challenged by another nephew Eudes II Comte de Blois[212]. m firstly (before 12 Jan 994) AGELTRUDA, daughter of --- (-[21 Mar 1008/18 Feb 1011]). ....

King Conrad I had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1):

7. BURCHARD ([965/70]-22 Jun 1030 or 1031). The Chronicon Hugonis names "Burchardus, Rodulfi regis frater, Conradi ex concubina filius", specifying that he was made Archbishop of Lyon when still a child[232]. As noted above, the identity of his mother is established by the charter dated 19 Aug [1019] under which "Burchardus sancta Viennensis archiepiscopus et Udolricus frater meus et advocatus meus" granted property "in pago Genevensi…in villa Marischa…a circio Lemani lacus" made "pro remedio animarum…genitore nostro Anselmo sive pro genetrice nostra Aaldui"[233]. He was elected Archbishop of Lyon in 978. "Filii nostri Burcardi archiepiscopi" consented to a grant of "Chuonradus rex" dated 983[234]. Provost of Saint-Maurice d'Agaune in 983. Rivaz, in his compiled index of Burgundian charters. notes a charter dated 1 Nov 1002 under which "Burchard archévêque de Lyon et abbé de Saint-Maurice" granted property "dans les comtés de Valais et de Vaud" to "Gauslin", with the consent of "Anselme son frère évêque d'Aoste et prévôt de ladite abbaye"[235]. A charter dated 14 Feb 1005 records that "Burchardum Lugdunensem archiepiscopum" donated property "in loco Oponlongis infra comitatum Ottingen" which he had "ex patre matris suæ Aldiud quod rex Chuonradus ei præbuit", through "advocatorem suum Vuidonem", to "Anselmum Augustanum episcopum" in exchange for "terram S. Mauritii in valle Augustana"[236]. Rudolf III King of Burgundy donated property to Vienne Saint-Maurice, at the request of "Irmengarda regina, Burkardo Lugdunensi archiepiscopo fratre suo, nec non Burchardo Viennensi archiepiscopo", by charter dated 1 Aug 1011[237].

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From Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conrad_of_Burgundy)

Conrad the Peaceful (c. 925 – 19 October 993) was the king of Burgundy from 937 until his death. He was the son of King Rudolph II, the first king of a united Burgundy and Bertha of Swabia. Conrad is sometimes numbered Conrad I as king of Burgundy and as Conrad III of Provence, since he inherited Provence in 948.[1]

His reign was peaceful (hence his byname) and he was popular with his subjects. The only war in which he got involved was a simultaneous invasion of Saracens and Magyars in which he played them off against each other. He then routed them in combat.

He married Matilda, daughter of Louis IV of France and Gerberga of Saxony. They had at least five children:

  • Bertha (967 – 16 January 1016), married Odo I, Count of Blois, and then Robert II of France
  • Matilda (born 969), possibly married Robert, Count of Geneva
  • Rudolph (971 – 6 September 1032)
  • Gerberga (born 965), married Herman II, Duke of Swabia

He was [firstly] married to Adelaide of Bellay. They were parents to at least one daughter:

  • Gisela (975 – 21 July 1006), married Henry II, Duke of Bavaria

--------------------

-------------------- Conrad the Peaceful (c. 925 – 19 October 993) was the king of Burgundy from 937 until his death. He was the son of King Rudolph II, the first king of a united Burgundy and Bertha of Swabia. Conrad is sometimes numbered Conrad I as king of Burgundy and as Conrad III of Provence, since he inherited Provence in 948.

His reign was peaceful (hence his byname) and he was popular with his subjects. The only war in which he got involved was a simultaneous invasion of Saracens and Magyars in which he played them off against each other. He then routed them in combat.

He married Matilda, daughter of Louis IV of France and Gerberga of Saxony. They had at least five children:

   * Bertha (967 – 16 January 1016), married Odo I, Count of Blois, and then Robert II of France
   * Matilda (born 969), possibly married Robert, Count of Geneva
   * Rudolph (971 – 6 September 1032)
   * Gerberga (born 965), married Herman II, Duke of Swabia

He was secondly married to Adelaide of Bellay. They were parents to at least one daughter:

   * Gisela (975 – 21 July 1006), married Henry II, Duke of Bavaria

-------------------- Conrad the Peaceful (c. 925 – 19 October 993) was the king of Burgundy from 937 until his death. He was the son of King Rudolph II, the first king of a united Burgundy and Bertha of Swabia. Conrad is sometimes numbered Conrad I as king of Burgundy and as Conrad III of Provence, since he inherited Provence in 948.[1]

His reign was peaceful (hence his byname) and he was popular with his subjects. The only war in which he got involved was a simultaneous invasion of Saracens and Magyars in which he played them off against each other. He then routed them in combat.

He married Matilda, daughter of Louis IV of France and Gerberga of Saxony. They had at least four children:

   Bertha (967 – 16 January 1016), married Odo I, Count of Blois, and then Robert II of France
   Matilda (born 969), possibly married Robert, Count of Geneva
   Rudolph (971 – 6 September 1032)
   Gerberga (born 965), married Herman II, Duke of Swabia

He was secondly married to Adelaide of Bellay. They were parents to at least one daughter:

   Gisela (975 – 21 July 1006), married Henry II, Duke of Bavaria
view all 16

Conrad "the Peaceful", King of Burgundy's Timeline

923
923
Arles, Bouches-du-Rhone, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
952
952
Age 29
France
957
957
Age 34
Bourgogne
960
960
Age 37
964
964
Age 41
Burgundy, France
964
Age 41
964
Age 41
Arles,Bouches Du Rhone,,France
965
965
Age 42
Burgandy, France
967
967
Age 44
980
980
Age 57
Bourgogne, France