Constance Snow, "Mayflower" Passenger

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Constance Snow (Hopkins), "Mayflower" Passenger

Nicknames: "Constancia Hopkins", "Constant Snow"
Birthplace: Hursley, Hampshire, England
Death: Died in Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts
Place of Burial: Cove Burying Ground, Eastham, Massachusetts
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Stephen Hopkins, "Mayflower" Passenger; Stephen Hopkins; Mary Hopkins and Mary Hopkins
Wife of Nicholas Snow and Nicholas Snow, Jr.
Mother of Capt. Mark Snow; Mary Paine; Micajah Snow; Ruth Cole; Lieut. Joseph Snow and 15 others
Sister of Elizabeth Hopkins; Giles Hopkins, "Mayflower" Passenger; Infant Hopkins and John Hopkins
Half sister of Damaris Hopkins; Oceanus Hopkins, "Mayflower" Passenger; Caleb Hopkins; Deborah Ring; Ruth Hopkins and 2 others

Occupation: Mayflower -
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Constance Snow (Hopkins), "Mayflower" Passenger

Constance Hopkins was an Original Mayflower passenger. She was baptised on 11 May 1606, Hursley, Hampshire, England. She died mid-October 1677, Eastham. Massachusetts.

Parents: Stephen Hopkins (1581-1644) of the Sea Venture & Mayflower & Mary his first wife.


  1. sometime before the 22 May 1627 Division of Cattle to Nicholas Snow (1646-1662), He was the first Clerk of Eastham.

12 children include:

  1. Mark Snow, married 1st, Anna Cooke*; married, 2d, Jane Prence
  2. Mary Snow, married Thomas Paine.
  3. Sarah Snow, married William Walker
  4. Joseph Snow, married Mary ---
  5. Stephen Snow, married, 1st, Susanna (Deane) Rogers; married, 2d, Mary Bigford.
  6. John Snow, married Mary Smalley.
  7. Elizabeth Snow, married Thomas Rogers (son of Joseph Rogers)
  8. Jabez Snow, married Elizabeth ---.
  9. Ruth Snow, married John Cole.
  10. --- Snow, living and unmarried, in 1651.† may have been the Constance who later married Daniel Doane
  11. --- Snow, living and unmarried, in 1651.†
  12. --- Snow, living and unmarried, in 1651.†

n.b. three children whose names have not been conclusively documented--but one may have been Constance, who later married Daniel Doane.

Biographical Summary

Constance Hopkins was baptized on 11 May 1606 in Hursley, Hampshire, England, to parents Stephen Hopkins and his first wife Mary. It should be noted that the long-standing Constance Dudley myth was disproven in 1998: the Hopkins family of the Mayflower was not from Wortley, Gloucester as had been previously speculated and published.

Constance came with her father Stephen, step-mother Elizabeth, brother Giles, and step-sister Damaris on the Mayflower in 1620, at the age of 14. Constance's future husband, Nicholas Snow, arrived on the ship Anne in 1623. Nicholas and Constance Snow were married shortly before the 1627 Division of Cattle, and lived in Plymouth for a time. Around 1645, the family moved to Eastham.

William Bradford, writing in 1651, stated that Constance Hopkins had 12 children "all of them living". Only 9 can be documented with existing records. Constance, wife of Daniel Doane, is quite probably one of the three "missing" children, but unfortunately there is no conclusive proof.


Constance2 Hopkins (Stephen1), B., 11, May 1606 Hursley, Hampshire, England [1] a Mayflower Passenger with her father and stepmother, married Nicholas Snow.

Children of Nicholas and Constance Snow

  1. Mark Snow3, married, 1st, Anna Cooke*; married, 2d, Jane Prence.
  2. Mary Snow3, married Thomas Paine.
  3. Sarah Snow3, married William Walker.
  4. Elizabeth Snow3, maried Thomas3 Rogers (Joseph2, Thomas1).
  5. Joseph Snow3, married Mary ---.
  6. Stephen Snow3, married, 1st, Susanna (Deane) Rogers; married, 2d, Mary Bigford.
  7. John Snow3, married Mary Smalley.
  8. Jabez Snow3, married Elizabeth ---.
  9. Ruth Snow3, married John Cole.
  10. --- Snow3, living and unmarried, in 1651.†
  11. --- Snow3, living and unmarried, in 1651.†
  12. --- Snow3, living and unmarried, in 1651.†

2 Constance HOPKINS bapt: 5-11-1606 in Hursley, Hampshire, England d: 10-1677 in Eastham, Massachusetts MAYFLOWER PASSENGER ........m.Nicholas SNOW b: 01-25-1598/99 in Hoxton, Middlesex, England m: 05-22-1627 in Plymouth, Co, Massachusetts d: 11-15-1676 in Plymouth, Massachusetts Father: Nicholas SNOW Mother: Mary UPHAM ..........3 Mark SNOW b: 1630 in Plymouth, Plymouth Co, Massachusetts d: 01-09-1695/95 in Eastham, Branstable Co, Massachusetts ..........m. Anna COOK b. 1635 d:7-24-1756 married 1-18-1653/54 ..............4 Anne SNOW b: 7-7-1656 d: 7-4-1714 ..............m. Eldad ATWOOD b: 7-2-1651 d: 1707 married 2-14-1682/83 .................5Mary ATWOOD b: 11-1684 d: 1721? / 1779? .................5 John ATWOOD b: 8-10-1686 d: 1745 .................5 Anna ATWOOD b: 1-1686/87 d:aft. 9-1764 .................m. William NICKERSON b: Bef. 1675 d: 1742 m. 10-24-1717 ..........* 2nd Wife of Mark SNOW ..........Jane PENCE b: 11-1-1637 d. 1703 m. 1-9-1659/60 ..........3 Mary SNOW b: 11-09-1628 in Plymouth, Plymouth Co, Massachusetts d: 04-28-1704 in Eastham, Branstable Co, Massachusetts ..........m. Thomas PAINE b: 1614 d: 8-16-1706 m. 1649 ..........3 Sarah SNOW b: 1632 in Plymouth, Plymouth Co, Massachusetts d: 03-08-1696/97 in Eastham, Branstable Co, Massachusetts ..........m.William WALKER b: 1620 in Europe m: 01-05-1653/54 in Eastham, Branstable Co, Massachusetts d: 1703 in Plymouth, Plymouth Co, Massachusetts .............4 John WALKER b: 04-24-1655 d: 1659 .............4 William WALKER b: 10-12-1657 d: 1659 ............m.Susnana RING b: 1644-1671 in Eastham, Branstable Co, Massachusetts m: 1674-1696 in d: Aft 1700 ................5 William WALKER b: 08-02-1659 in Eastham, Branstable Co, Masshusetts d: ................01-1742/43 in Eastham, Branstable Co, Massachusetts ................5 John WALKER II b: 1693 in Eastham Mass. d: 01-28-1760 ................m.Mercy BROWN b: Bef 1702 m: Bef 1716 d: Bef 4-10-1754 ...................6 Mercy WALKER b: 03-04-1717/18 in Eastham MA ...................m.Barnabas COOK b: 5/7/1695 in Cambridge MA m: 3-4-1745/46 Descendants of Stephen Hopkins Second Generation


3. Constance Hopkins (Stephen ) was christened on 11 May 1606 in Hursley, Hampshire, England. She died in Oct 1677 in Eastham MA.

Constance married Nicholas Snow on 22 May 1627 in prob. Plymouth, MA. Nicholas was christened on 25 Jan 1599/1600 in Poss. St Leonard's Shoreditch, London, England. He died on 15 Nov 1676 in Eastham, MA.

They had the following children:

+ 12 M i Mark Snow + 13 F ii Mary Snow + 14 F iii Sarah Snow + 15 M iv Joseph Snow + 16 M v Stephen Snow + 17 M vi John Snow + 18 F vii Elizabeth Snow + 19 M viii Jabez Snow + 20 F ix Ruth Snow

 21 F x Constance Snow. 
 22  xi child Snow. 
 23  xii child Snow. 

Stephen HOPKINS Mayflower(1374). —He most likely was the Stephen Hopkins who sailed on the Seaventure to Virginia in 1609, but was shipwrecked in Bermuda, where he was almost hanged for mutiny. He spent two years in Jamestown, where he learned much of later use to the Plymouth colonists (Adventurers of Purse and Person —Virginia 1607-1625, ed. by Annie Lash Jester with Martha Woodroof Hiden, 2nd ed. (1964), p. 213-17). See also the excellent account of his family in Dawes-Gates 2:443-51, which includes the reasoning for believing that the Stephen Hopkins of Virginia was identical with the one of Plymouth.

Hopkins arrived at Plymouth on the 1620 Mayflower accompanied by his wife, Elizabeth, and his sons Giles and Oceanus, and daughters Constance and Damaris, Oceanus having been born at sea on the Mayflower, plus two servants, Edward Doty and Edward Leister. Damaris died during the early years, and Hopkins and his wife later had a second daughter Damaris. He was probably also one of the dissenters at Plymouth whose actions led to the necessity for drafting the Mayflower Compact. Bradford (Ford) 1:219, and Mourt's Relation, p. 40, tell how in 1621 the colonists sent Mr. Edward <Picture>Winslow<Picture> and Mr. Stephen Hopkins on a mission to visit Massasoit. Mourt's Relation, pp. 7-8, also shows how Hopkins warned colonists on an early expedition about an Indian trap to catch deer, and how Bradford, not hearing the warning, stepped on the trap and was immediately caught by his leg. When Samoset first came to the settlement on 16 February 1620/21, the Englishmen were suspicious of him, and they "lodged him that night at Steven Hopkins house, and watched him" (Mourt's Relation, p. 33). Hopkins was an Assistant at least as early as 1633, and he continued in 1634, 1635, and 1636. He was on the original freeman list, and he was a volunteer in the Pequot War (PCR 1:61).

Keeping in mind the delicate balance in Plymouth between "covenant" and "noncovenant" colonists, it is reasonable to assume that Hopkins must have been a leader of the non-Separatist settlers, and in his career at Plymouth can be seen some of the ambiguity that attached to the non-Separatists living in a Separatist colony. On 7 June 1636, at a time when Hopkins was an Assistant, the General Court found him guilty of battery against John Tisdale, and he was fined £5, and ordered to pay Tisdale forty shillings, the court observing that he had broken the King's peace, "wch [p.309] he ought after a speciall manner to have kept" (PCR 1:42). On 2 October 1637 he was presented twice, first for suffering men to drink in his house on the Lord's day before meeting ended, and for allowing servants and others to drink more than proper for ordinary refreshing, and second for suffering servants and others to sit drinking in his house contrary to orders of the court, and to play at shovel board and like misdemeanors (PCR 1:68). On 2 January 1637/38 Hopkins was presented for suffering excessive drinking in his house "as old Palmer, James Coale, & William Renolds" (PCR 1:75). On 5 June 1638 he was presented for selling beer for two pence a quart which was not worth a penny a quart, and for selling wine at excessive rates "to the oppressing & impovishing of the colony"; he was fined £5 for some of these offenses, including selling strong waters and nutmegs at excessive rates (PCR 1:87, 97). In the Dorothy Temple case (see text) he was "committed to ward for his contempt to the Court, and shall so remayne comitted untill hee shall either receive his servant Dorothy Temple, or els pvide for her elsewhere at his owne charge during the terme shee hath yet to serve him" (PCR 1:112). On 3 December 1639 he was presented for selling a looking glass for sixteen pence which could be bought in the Bay Colony for nine pence, and he was also fined £3 for selling strong water without license" (PCR 1:137). Jonathan Hatch, who from the records seems to have been a recurring disciplinary problem in the colony, on 5 April 1642 was ordered by the court to dwell with Mr. Stephen Hopkins, "& the said Mr Hopkins to have a speciall care of him" (PCR 2:38).

xxx He dated his will 6 June 1644, inventory 17 July 1644, and mentioned his deceased wife; sons Giles and Caleb; daughter Constance, wife of Nicholas Snow; daughters Deborah, Damaris, Ruth and Elizabeth; and grandson Stephen, son of his son Giles (MD 2:12). Ralph D. Phillips, "Hopkins Family of Wortley, Gloucestershire—Possible Ancestry of Stephen Hopkins," TAG 39:95, suggests that he might have come from the parish of Wotten-under-Edge, Gloucestershire, but the evidence is not sufficient to say positively. Some writers, such as Banks in English Ancestry, pp. 61-64, and Jacobus in Waterman Family, 1:86, have felt that his wife, Elizabeth, may have been Elizabeth Fisher, whom a Stephen Hopkins married at London 19 February 1617/18—Mourt's Relation, p. 15, states that he was of London. If so, she would have been a second wife, for the births of some of his children would predate this marriage. Dawes-Gates 2:443, citing the London marriage record, states that his wife was "undoubtedly" Elizabeth Fisher. Timothy Hopkins, "Stephen Hopkins of the Mayflower and Some of His Descendants," NEHGR 102:46, 98, 197, 257, 103:24, 85, 166, 304, 104:52, 123, 213, 296, 105:32, 100, covers some of his early generations, but it is not documented. George E. Bowman wrote an article in MD 5:47 to consolidate much of the early information known about his family. A popularized biography of Stephen Hopkins was written by Margaret Hodges, Hopkins of the Mayflower—Portrait of a Dissenter (New York, 1972). Claims that a John Hopkins of Hartford, Connecticut, was his son are baseless. By his first wife he had Constance, who married Nicholas Snow, and [p.310] Giles, who married Catherine Wheldon. By Elizabeth Fisher he had the Damaris, who died young; Oceanus, who died young; Caleb, who died at Barbados as an adult without issue; Deborah, who married Andrew Ring; the second Damaris, who married Jacob Cooke, son of Francis; Ruth, who died without issue; and Elizabeth, who died without issue (Dawes-Gates, 2:449).

Children were: Damaris HOPKINS Mayflower.

-------------------- 1620, on the ship "Mayflower" -------------------- Constance Hopkins was a passenger on the Mayflower. -------------------- CONSTANCE HOPKINS & NICHOLAS SNOW Constance Hopkins was a Mayflower passenger. She journeyed with her father and stepmother, Stephen and Elizabeth Hopkins, her brother Giles, her half-sister Damaris and her half-brother Oceanus who was born during the voyage.

Sometime before 1627, Constance Hopkins married Nicholas Snow. Nicholas Snow had arrived in Plymouth on the Anne in 1623.

The inventory of Nicholas’ estate, taken at the time of his death, includes carpenter’s tools. This may have been his trade. His inventory also included books, so he was probably literate. Nicholas held various minor positions in Plymouth, such as highway surveyor.

The Snows moved from Plymouth to Nauset, on Cape Cod in the 1640s. On the Cape, Nicholas served as surveyor, constable and selectman.

Constance and Nicholas had 12 children. Nicholas died in November of 1676, Constance a year later in October of 1677. Before his death, Nicholas Snow wrote a will. Click HERE for that will as well as for the inventory of his estate at the time of his death.

The Pilgrim Society displays one artifact that is attributed to Constance Hopkins. It is a beaver hat, made in England, c.1615-1640. Steeple crowned hats, usually with a decorative band, were popular for both men and women in the early 17th century. Beaver fur, imported into England from the colonies, was processed into felt to make hats. Click HERE to see the Constance Hopkins beaver hat.

How do we know about Constance Hopkins and Nicholas Snow? From the written records of the 17th century. For a look at the 17th century records that pertain to Constance Hopkins and Nicholas Snow, click HERE. -------------------- Constance arrived in the new world abourd the Mayflower traveling with her father Stephen and stepmother and siblings. -------------------- was on the Mayflower -------------------- She came over on the "Mayflower" with her Father and Step Mother in 1620. -------------------- Mayflower Passenger- "The names of those which came over first, in the year 1620, and were by the blessing of God the first beginners and in a sort the foundation of all the Plantations and Colonies in new England; and their families… "Mr. Stephen Hopkins and Elizabeth his wife, and two children called Giles and Constanta, a daughter, both by a former wife. And two more by this wife called Damaris and Oceanus; the last was born at sea. And two servants called Edward Doty and Edward Lester." William Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647, ed. Samuel Eliot Morison (New York : Knopf, 1991), p. 441-3. -------------------- -------------------- Passenger on the Mayflower -------------------- Came over on the Mayflower with her father -------------------- Passenger on the "Mayflower". -------------------- Constance was 14 when she and her father, Stephen Hopkins, traveled to the "New World" aboard a little ship called the Mayflower. Her family was part of "The Strangers."

She was baptized on May 11, 1606. -------------------- Constance Hopkins came to this country on the Mayflower with her father, Stephen Hopkins. -------------------- Came over on the Mayflower. -------------------- Constance Hopkins (May 11, 1606 – October 1677), also sometimes listed as Constanta. She was probably born in Hursley, Hampshire, England. Constance was the second daughter of Stephen Hopkins, by his first wife, Mary. Some believe she was named in honor of Constance (Marline) Hopkins. Constance, at the age of fourteen, along with her father and his second wife Elizabeth (Fisher), accompanied by brother Giles, half-sister Damaris as well as two servants by the name of Edward Doty and Edward Lester were passengers on the Mayflower on its journey to the New World in 1620. Along the way her half-brother Oceanus was born, the only child born on the Mayflower journey. Her headstone marker, placed in 1966 by descendants, states in part “Wife of Nicholas Snow, Eastham’s first town clerk 1646 – 1662”. Constance married Nicholas, sometime before the 1627 division of cattle, probably May 22, 1627. Nicholas came to Plymouth on board the ship Anne in 1623 and was made a freeman at Plymouth in 1633. The inventory of Nicholas Snow's estate made at his death lists a wide variety of cooper's and carpenter's tools; this may indicate his trade. He was town clerk at Eastham and held several other local government offices. According to Governor William Bradford, who wrote between March 6 and April 3, 1651: “Constanta is also married, and hath 12 children all of them living, and one of them married”.

Constance Hopkins is the central character in Patricia Clapp's young adult novel Constance: A Story of Early Plymouth. -------------------- Arrived on the Mayflower 1620.Original Mayflower passenger, wife of Nicholas Snow, first Clerk of Eastham (1646-1662).Buried in Family Plot- Eastham Cove Burial Ground. -------------------- Came to the Unites States with her father on the Mayflower in 1620.

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Constance Snow, "Mayflower" Passenger's Timeline

May 11, 1606
Hursley, Hampshire, England
May 11, 1606
Hursley, Hampshire, England
September 20, 1620
Age 14
Plymouth, Devon, England

Planters recruited by Thomas Weston, of London merchant adventurers

Hopkins, Stephen (Upper Clatford, Hampshire)
Elizabeth (Fisher) Hopkins, wife
Giles Hopkins, 12, son by first marriage (Hursley, Hampshire)
Guild, John, (Essex)
Constance Hopkins, 14, daughter by first marriage (Hursley, Hampshire)
Damaris Hopkins, 1-2, daughter
Oceanus Hopkins, born en route

David Lindsay, PhD. Mayflower Bastard: A Stranger amongst the Pilgrims (St. Martins Press, New York, 2002) p. 27

November 11, 1620
Age 14
Atlantic Ocean

Signing of the Compact

Age 17
Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States
May 22, 1627
Age 21
Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts

On May 22, 1627 22 at age 28 was his marriage to Constance Hopkins in Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA.

May 9, 1628
Age 21
Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA
Age 22
December 14, 1630
Age 24
Plymouth, Plymouyh, Massachusetts, United States
Age 25
Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA