Constança d'Arle, reina consort de França (987 - 1032) MP

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Nicknames: "Constance of Provence", "Taillefer", "Constança de Provença", "of Arles", "of Toulouse", "of Berengar 'Berenger' Constance d'Arles", "Constance /De Toulouse/", "Constance de Taillefer", "Constance of Arles "Constance of Provence"", "Queen Consort of Western France", "Cons..."
Death: Died in Melun, Île-de-France, France
Occupation: Grevinne, Drottning av Frankrike, Drottning av Frankrike, Queen Consort of France (1001-1031), Queen consort of the Franks, Queen of France, Queen Consort of France, Queen of the Franks, QUEEN OF FRANCE, b. abt 0986, Princess, reine de France
Managed by: Margaret, (C)
Last Updated:

About Constança d'Arle, reina consort de França

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constance_d%E2%80%99Arles

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Constance d'Arles - also known as Constance of Arles or Constance of Provence

Fille de Guillaume Ier (c.950-†993) comte d’Arles, et Adélaïde d'Anjou (†1026)

Daughter of Guillaume Ier d'Arles (William I, count of Provence) and Adelais of Anjou, daughter of Fulk II of Anjou

Children:

Constance and Robert had seven children:

  1. Advisa, Countess of Auxerre (c. 1003 – after 1063), married Count Renaud I of Nevers
  2. Hugh Magnus, co-king (1007 – 17 September 1025)
  3. Henri (4 May 1008 – 4 August 1060)
  4. Adela, Countess of Contenance (1009 – 5 June 1063), married (1) Duke Richard III of Normandy (2) Count Baldwin V of Flanders
  5. Robert I, Duke of Burgundy (1011 – 21 March 1076)
  6. Eudes (1013–1056)
  7. Constance (born 1014, date of death unknown), married Manasses de Dammartin

Enfants:

Constance et Robert ont sept enfants :

   * Advisa, comtesse d'Auxerre, (c.1003 - après 1063), épouse le comte Renaud Ier de Nevers
   * Hugues (1007 - 17 septembre 1025), associé au trône par son père (1017), mais qui meurt prématurément.
   * Henri (4 mai, 1008 - 4 août, 1060)
   * Adèle de France, comtesse de Contenance (1009 - 5 juin, 1063), épouse le duc Richard III de Normandie, puis le comte Baudouin V de Flandre
   * Robert Ier de Bourgogne (1011 - 21 mars, 1076)
   * Eudes (1013 - 1056)
   * Constance (1014- ?), épouse le comte Manassès de Dammartin. Ce mariage fait entrer les terres de Dammartin, aux bords des terres royales, au sein de la Maison de Montdidier, créant la Maison de Dammartin-Montdidier. A cette occasion, Dammartin est érigé en comté.

From Darryl Lundy's page on Constance d'Arles (Forrás / Source):

http://www.thepeerage.com/p10310.htm#i103099

Constance d'Arles

F, #103099, b. circa 973, d. 25 July 1032

Last Edited=19 Jun 2005

Constance d'Arles was born circa 973. She was the daughter of Guillaume III Taillefer, Comte de Provence and Adelaide d'Anjou. (1)

She married Robert II, Roi de France, son of Hugues de Paris, Roi de France and Adelaide de Poitou, in 1003.

She was also reported to have been married circa 1000.

She died on 25 July 1032.

Constance d'Arles was also known as Constance de Taillefer. (2)

Children of Constance d'Arles and Robert II, Roi de France

-1. Hugues III, Roi de France b. 1007, d. c 1025 (4)

-2. Henri I, Roi de France+ b. Apr 1008, d. 4 Aug 1060 (4)

-3. Adela de France, Princesse de France+ b. 1009, d. 8 Jan 1079 (2)

-4. Robert I de Bourgogne, Duc de Bourgogne+ b. c 1011, d. 21 Mar 1076 (5)

Citations

[S16] Jirí Louda and Michael MacLagan, Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe, 2nd edition (London, U.K.: Little, Brown and Company, 1999), table 64. Hereinafter cited as Lines of Succession.

[S45] Marcellus Donald R. von Redlich, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, volume I (1941; reprint, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2002), page 63. Hereinafter cited as Pedigrees of Emperor Charlemagne, I.

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Barn:

Hugh CAPET King of France

Henry I CAPET King of France

Robert I CAPET Duke of Burgundy

Adele (Alix) CAPET Princess of France

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http://www.francogene.com/quebec--genealogy/010/010405.php

The family of Robert II le Pieux de FRANCE and Constance de PROVENCE

[10405] FRANCE (de), Robert II le Pieux (Hugues Capet & Adélaïde .. [10406]), roi de France, born about 970, died 1031-07-20 Melun (Seine-et-Marne : 770288), France, buried Saint-Denis (Seine-Saint-Denis : 930066), France

  • married 1003 or 1005 .. (France)

PROVENCE (de), Constance (Guillaume II & Adèle dite Blanche d'ANJOU [128949]), born 986, died 1032-07, buried Saint-Denis (Seine-Saint-Denis : 930066), France

     1) Adèle, born 1009, died 1079, married 1028 Baudouin V de FLANDRES
     2) Henri Ier, roi de France, born about 1005, died 1060-08-04 Vitry-aux-Loges (Loiret : 450346), France, buried Saint-Denis (Seine-Saint-Denis : 930066), France, married Reims (Marne : 510454), France 1051-05-19 Anne de KIEV ou de RUSSIE

Bibliographie : Histoire de la maison royale de France (Père Anselme); Mémoires (Société généalogique canadienne-française)

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I 1001, 3) Constance av Arles (973-25. juli 1034), datter av grev Guilhem II av Provence, var en ambisiøs og intrigerende kvinne som gjorde livet ulykkelig for ektemannen ved å oppmuntre sønnene til å gjøre opprør mot faren. Hun var mor til hans følgende barn:

Barn og etterkommere

Advisa, grevinne av Auxerre, (ca 1003-en gang etter 1063), gift med grev Renaud I av Nevers. Deres barn arvet landene Nevers og Auxerre.

Hugo Magnus, samkonge (1007-17. september 1025). Etter sigende ble Hugo før sin død trolovet eller gift med Halwisa (Hawisa?) eller Elisabeth d'Avoye, datter av en Henri l'Oiseteur. Denne Elisabeth har spesiell interesse for engelsk historie ved at hun senere giftet seg for andre gang med Hamon, greve av Corbeil. Hamon var en yngre bror av William, greve av Corbeil (mulig også kjent som William, greve av Arques), og som sådan var han en etterkommer av Rikard I, hertug av Normandie, og oldefar til Vilhelm II, hertug av Normandie, senere kalt for «Vilhelm Erobrenen». En av Hamon og Elisabeths sønner var øyensynlig Robert Fitzhamon (født mellom 1045-1055 og død 1107) som var en viktig skikkelse i anglo-normannisk historie fra 1087 til 1106. Men, disse ekteskap og forbindelser mellom Hamon og hertugene av Normandie har ennå ikke blitt tilfredsstillende bevist.

Henrik (4. mai 1008-4. august 1060), den neste kongen.

Adela, grevinne av Contenance (1009-5. juni 1063), gift første gang med hertug Rikard III av Normandie, og deretter med grev Baldwin V av Flandern. Med sistnevnte kalles hun for Adela, grevinne av Flandern og er bedre kjent som mor til Matilda av Flandern, hustru til «Vilhelm Erobrenen» (se over).

1. Robert I, hertug av Bourgogne (1011-21. mars 1076). Forfar til Huset Capet i Bourgogne.

2. Eudes (1013-1056), døde etter en mislykket invasjon av Normandie.

3. Constance (1014-ukjent), gift med Manasses de Dammartin.

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Children

1. Avise De CAPET, b. 1004, d. 1079

2. Henri I Capet of FRANCE, b. 1008, Of, Reims, Champagne, France , d. 4 Aug 1060, Vitry, Brie, , France

3. Robert I Capet, of BURGUNDY, b. 1011, Anjou, France , d. 18 Mar 1075/76, Fleury-Sur-Ouche, France


4. Adelaide Havoise Capet, D'AUXERRE, b. 1012, France , d. 8 Jan 1078/79, Monastère De L'Ordre De St. Benoist, Messines, , France

5. Constance Capet, of France, b. 1014, France

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Also known as Constance of Toulouse and Constance of Provence.

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http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Konstanze_von_Provence

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Em 1003, casou-se com Roberto II o Pio depois de este ser obrigado a se separar de Berta da Borgonha. Na verdade o rei de França vivia em concubinato com Berta depois de ter repudiado a sua primeira esposa Rosália de Ivrea em 996. Os papas Gregório V e Silvestre II tinham declarado essa união ilegal e ameaçado os amantes de excomunhão. Como, aos 29 anos de idade, dessa união só tivesse nascido um nado-morto, Roberto acabou por ceder à anulação do matrimônio em 1003 e por se casar com Constança de Arles.

No entanto, Constança foi pouco amada na corte devido à influência provençal que a acompanhou e às suas intrigas e crueldade — ela mesma mandou acusar o seu confessor de heresia — e Roberto tentou repudiá-la várias vezes para voltar a casar com Berta da Borgonha, que nunca deixara de amar e de ver.

Hugo de Beauvais tentou convencer o rei a repudiar Constança em 1007. A resposta desta foi mandar os cavaleiros de Fulque III, conde de Anjou assassinar o nobre. Em 1008 Roberto deslocou-se a Roma, acompanhado de Berta, para obter permissão para se separar da esposa e casar-se com a sua amada. Constança encorajou os seus filhos a revoltarem-se contra o pai.

A pedido de Constança, o seu filho mais velho Hugo Magno foi coroado rei em 1017, subordinado ao pai, conforme o costume dos primeiros capetianos. Hugo exigiu que o seu pai partilhasse o poder com ele e como aquele não cedesse, rebelou-se em 1025. Morreu subitamente nesse mesmo ano, exilado e fugitivo.

O casal real discordava sobre qual dos dois filhos sobreviventes deveria herdar o trono, mas entretanto a rainha apoiou a rebelião de ambos contra o rei, com Roberto a tomar o ducado da Borgonha e Henrique a tomar Dreux. O rei Roberto II acabaria por ceder aos filhos e conseguiu uma paz até ao fim do seu reinado.

Era conhecida a sua preferência em ver o filho Roberto suceder ao seu marido, mas este último escolheu Henrique, que seria coroado em 1027. Fulbert, bispo de Chartres escreveu uma carta declarando ter sido "intimidado" a não comparecer à consagração de Henrique "pela selvajaria da sua mãe, em quem se deve acreditar quando promete fazer mal."

Aquando da morte do rei, reteve as terras que eram suas por dote e chegou a tentar assassinar o seu filho Henrique, mas a tentativa fracassou e este subiu ao trono. Depois de fugir para a Normandia, o novo rei negociou uma ajuda, armas e homens com o irmão, que conseguiu pressioná-lo a ceder o ducado da Borgonha. Voltou para cercar a mãe em Poissy, mas esta escapou para Pontoise e só se rendeu quando Henrique cercou Puiset e ameaçou assassinar todos os seus habitantes.

Afastada da corte, Constança faleceu em Melun aos 49 anos de idade, a 22 ou 25 de Julho de 1032. Foi sepultada junto ao esposo na igreja da abadia real de Saint-Denis.

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From http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps03/ps03_464.htm

For an extended discussion of the puzzle of her parentage, see "England Under the Angevin Kings," Kate Norgate (N.Y.: Haskel House, 1969), Vol. 1, pp. 190ff.

References: [ES],[AR7],[MRL],[Weis1]

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From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on Provence:

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/PROVENCE.htm#ConstanceArlesMRobertIIFrancedied1031

CONSTANCE ([987/89]-Château de Melun 22 or 25 Jul 1032, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).

The Historia Francorum names "Constantiam, filiam Guillelmi comitis Arelatensis, natam de Blanca sorore Gaufridi comitis Andegavensis" as wife of King Robert[283]. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines also names "Constantia filia fuit Blanche comitisse Arelatensis" as wife of "Robertus rex"[284].

The Chronicon Hugonis names "Constantiam" as wife of "Robertus", specifying that she was "cognatam Hugonis Autisiodorensis episcopi comitis Cabilonensis"[285]. This is presumably based on Rodulfus Glaber who states incorrectly that "Constantiam…filiam…prioris Willemi Aquitanie ducis" was wife of King Robert II, specifying that she was "cognatam" of Hugues Comte de Chalon Bishop of Auxerre[286]. The only relationship so far identified between the two is that Constance's maternal uncle, Geoffroy I Comte d'Anjou, was the second husband of the mother of Comte Hugues.

Rodulfus Glauber dates her marriage to "about the year 1000"[287].

The king attempted to separate from Constance in 1008 in order to take back his second wife, according to Rodulfus Glaber through the influence of "Hugo dictus Beluacensis"[288], but he restored Constance's royal prerogatives end 1009[289].

She opposed her husband's proposal to crown their second son Henri as associate king in 1026, supporting the candidature of her third son Robert[290]. She organised two revolts against King Robert and another against her son King Henri I after his accession[291].

Rodolfus Glaber records the death of Queen Constance in the same city as her husband [Melun] and in the same month [Jul] in the following year, and her place of burial[292]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés records the death "XI Kal Aug" of "regina Constancia"[293]. The necrology of Argenteuil Priory records the death "VIII Kal Aug" of "Constancia regina"[294].

m ([Sep 1001/25 Aug 1003]) as his third wife, ROBERT II King of France, son of HUGUES Capet King of France & his wife Adelais d’Aquitaine (Orléans ([27 Mar] 972-Château de Melun 20 Jul 1031, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).

------------------------------

From the Wikipedia page on Constance of Arles:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constance_of_Arles

Constance of Arles (also known as Constance of Provence) (986 - 25 July 1034) was the third wife and queen of King Robert II of France.

She was the daughter of William I, count of Provence and Adelais of Anjou, daughter of Fulk II of Anjou. She was the half-sister of Count William II of Provence.

Biography

In 1003, she was married to King Robert, after his divorce from his second wife, Bertha of Burgundy. The marriage was stormy; Bertha's family opposed her, and Constance was despised for importing her Provençal kinfolk.

Robert's friend, Hugh of Beauvais, tried to convince the king to repudiate her in 1007. Constance's response was to have Beauvais murdered by the knights of her kinsman, Fulk Nerra. In 1010 Robert even went to Rome, accompanied by his former wife Bertha, to seek permission to divorce Constance and remarry Bertha. Constance encouraged her sons to revolt against their father, and then favored her younger son, Robert, over her elder son, Henri.

During the famous trial of Herefast de Crepon (who was alleged to be involved with a heretical sect of canons, nuns, and clergy in 1022[1]), the crowd outside the church in Orleans became so unruly that, according to Moore: "At the king's command, Queen Constance stood before the doors of the Church, to prevent the common people from killing them inside the Church, and they were expelled from the bosom of the Church. As they were being driven out, the queen struck out the eye of Stephen, who had once been her confessor, with the staff which she carried in her hand."

The symbolism, or reality, of putting an eye out is used often in medieval accounts to show the ultimate sin of breaking of one's oath, whether it be heresy, or treason to ones lordship, or in this case both. Stephen's eye was put out by the hand of a Queen wielding a staff (royal scepters were usually tipped with a cross) thus symbolically providing justice for the treasoned lord on earth and in heaven.

At Constance's urging, her eldest son Hugh Magnus was crowned co-king alongside his father in 1017. Hugh Magnus demanded his parents share power with him, and rebelled against his father in 1025. He died suddenly later that year, an exile and a fugitive.

Robert and Constance quarrelled over which of their surviving sons should inherit the throne; Robert favored their second son Henri, while Constance favored their third son, Robert. Despite his mother's protests, Henry was crowned in 1027.

Fulbert, bishop of Chartres wrote a letter claiming that he was "frightened away" from the consecration of Henry "by the savagery of his mother, who is quite trustworthy when she promises evil."

Constance encouraged her sons to rebel, and Henri and Robert began attacking and pillaging the towns and castles belonging to their father. Robert attacked Burgundy, the duchy he had been promised but had never received, and Henry seized Dreux. At last King Robert agreed to their demands and peace was made which lasted until the king's death.

King Robert died in 1031, and soon Constance was at odds with both her elder son Henri and her younger son Robert. Constance seized her dower lands and refused to surrender them.

Henri fled to Normandy, where he received aid, weapons and soldiers from his brother Robert. He returned to besiege his mother at Poissy but Constance escaped to Pontoise. She only surrendered when Henri began the siege of Le Puiset and swore to slaughter all the inhabitants.

Constance died in 1034, and was buried beside her husband Robert at Saint-Denis Basilica.

Children

Constance and Robert had seven children:

1.Advisa, Countess of Auxerre, (c.1003-after 1063), married Count Renaud I of Nevers

2.Hugh Magnus, co-king (1007-17 September 1025)

3.Henri (4 May 1008 – 4 August 1060)

4.Adela, Countess of Contenance (1009-5 June 1063), married (1) Duke Richard III of Normandy (2) Count Baldwin V of Flanders

5.Robert I, Duke of Burgundy (1011-21 March 1076)

6.Eudes (1013-1056)

7.Constance (1014-unknown), married Manasses de Dammartin

References

"The heresy was sui generis, probably an amalgam of neoplatonic speculation and of inferences made from the search, familiar to biblical scholars of the time, for an inner meaning beneath the literal surface of the text of Scripture 'written on animal skins.' The radical nature of the denials of the adherents of the doctrines of incarnation and resurrection, have led some historians to argue that the heresy was imported, to some degree ready-made, and that it represents a fragmentary influence from the developed heretical tradition of the movement of the Bogomils, then spreading from its cradle-land in Bulgaria into other parts ... But the absence of any external evidence of Bogomil missionizing at this time and a wider realization of the number of factors in Western society which fostered dissisence in the eleventh century ... have caused the theory to lose support. What seems most likely is that the heresy was intellectual in origin and a facet of the reawakening of learning in the late tenth and early eleventh centuries." Malcolm Lambert, Medieval Heresy: Popular Movements from the Gregorian Reform to the Reformation (New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1991) 16 - 17.

Sources

Jessee, W. Scott. A missing Capetian princess: Advisa, daughter of King Robert II of France (Medieval Prosopography), 1990

Nolan, Kathleen D. Capetian Women, 2003.

Moore, R.I. The Birth of Popular Heresy, 1975.

Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 53-21, 101-21, 107-20, 108-21, 128-21, 141-21, 141A-21, 185-2.

Lambert, Malcolm. Medieval Heresy: Popular Movements from the Gregorian Reform to the Reformation, 1991, 9 - 17.

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From Darryl Lundy's Peerage page on Bertha of Borgogne (uncertain of the connection with this ancestor):

http://www.thepeerage.com/p10311.htm#i103102

Bertha de Bourgogne1

F, #103102, b. circa 962, d. after 1035

Last Edited=21 Feb 2003

Bertha de Bourgogne was born circa 962. She was the daughter of Conrad, Roi de Jurane Bourgogne and Elfgifu (?).2 She married, firstly, Eudes I, Comte de Champagne circa 983. She married, secondly, Robert II, Roi de France, son of Hugues de Paris, Roi de France and Adelaide de Poitou, in 996. She and Robert II, Roi de France were divorced in 1000.2 She died after 1035.

Children of Bertha de Bourgogne and Eudes I, Comte de Champagne

1. Stephen II, Comte de Champagne+ d. 1048

2. Thibaud III, Comte de Blois+ b. c 1019, d. c 1089

Citations

[S16] Jirí Louda and Michael MacLagan, Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe, 2nd edition (London, U.K.: Little, Brown and Company, 1999), table 56. Hereinafter cited as Lines of Succession.

[S16] Louda and MacLagan, Lines of Succession, table 64.

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From the Wikipedia page of Adelaide of Susa:

(Uncertain the connection with this ancestor)

Adelaide of Susa (also Adelheid, Adelais, or Adeline; c 1014/20 – 19 December 1091[1]) was the Marchioness of Turin from 1034 to her death. She moved the seat of the march from Turin to Susa and settled the itinerant court there. She was the last of the Arduinici.

Born in Turin to Ulric Manfred II and Bertha, daughter of Oberto II around 1014/20, Adelaide's early life is not well-known. Her only brother predeceased her father in 1034, though she had two younger sisters, Immilla and Bertha. Thus, on Ulric's death, the great margraviate was divided between his three daughters, though the greatest part by far went to Adelaide. She received the counties of Ivrea, Auriate, Aosta, and Turin. The margravial title, however, had primarily a military purpose at the time and, thus, was not suitable for a woman.

Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor, therefore arranged a marriage between Adelaide and Herman IV, Duke of Swabia, to serve as margrave of Turin after Ulric's death (1034). The two were married in January 1037, but Herman died of the plague while fighting at Naples in July 1038.[2]

Adelaide remarried in order to secure her vast march to Henry of Montferrat (1041), but he died in 1045 and left her a widow for the second time. Immediately, a third marriage was undertaken, this time to Otto of Savoy (1046). With Otto she had three sons, Peter I, Amadeus II, and Otto. She also had two daughters, Bertha and Adelaide. Bertha, the countess of Maurienne, married the Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, while Adelaide married Rudolf of Rheinfeld, who opposed Henry as King of Germany.

After 1060, Adelaide acted as regent for her sons. In 1068, Henry tried to divorce Bertha and consequently drove Adelaide to an intense hatred of him and his family. However, through the intervention of Bertha, Henry received Adelaide's support when he came to Italy to submit to Pope Gregory VII and Matilda of Tuscany at Canossa. Adelaide and Amadeus accompanied the humiliated emperor to Canossa. In gratitude for her mediation, Henry donated Bugey to Adelaide and her family and took back Bertha as his wife, returning to Germany.

Adelaide later played the mediator between her two royal sons-in-law, Henry and the aforementioned Rudolf during the wars of the 1080s in Germany. She was an opponent of the Gregorian reform, though she honoured the papacy, and defender of the autonomy of abbacies.

In 1091, Adelaide died, to the general mourning of her people, and was buried in the parochial church of Canischio (Canisculum), a small village on the Cuorgnè in the Valle dell'Orco, to which she had retired in her later years.[3] In the Cathedral of San Giusto in Susa, in a niche in the wall, there is a statue of walnut wood, beneath a bronze veneer, representing Adelaide, genuflecting in prayer. Above it can be read the inscription: Questa è Adelaide, cui l'istessa Roma Cole, e primo d'Ausonia onor la noma.

Adelaide had passed her childhood amongst the retainers of her father and had even learned the martial arts when young, bearing her own arms and armour. She was reputed to be beautiful and virtuous. She was pious, putting eternal things ahead of temporal. Strong in temperament, she did not hesitate to punish even the bishops and grandees of her realm. She patronised the minstrels and always received them at her court, urging them to compose songs emphasising religious values. She was a founder of cloisters and monasteries that transmitted the history of the region. The only failure of Adelaide's career was the loss of the County of Albon. Greatly admired in her own time, she was compared to Deborah of Biblical fame and was known affectionately as the "marchioness of the Italians." Peter Damian summed up her life and career in the admiring words:

“ Tu, senza l'aiuto di un re, sostieni il peso del regno, ed a te ricorrono quelli che alle loro decisioni desiderano aggiungere il peso di una sentenza legale. Dio onnipotente benedica te ed i tuoi figlioli d'indole regia.

You, without the help of a king, sustain the weight of a kingdom, and to you return those who wish to add to their decisions the weight of legal pronouncement. Omnipotent God bless you and your regal children. ”

Children

Adelaide and Herman IV, Duke of Swabia had at least three children:

Gebhard I, Count of Sulzbach

Adalbert I, Count of Windberg

Adelaide, married Hermann von Peugen

Adelaide and Otto of Savoy had five children:

Peter I of Savoy

Amedeus II of Savoy

Otto, Bishop of Asti

Bertha of Savoy, married Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor

Adelaide (died 1080), married Rudolf von Rheinfeld

[edit] Notes

1.^ Also given as 27 December.[1]

2.^ Herman is stated to have died after eighteen months of matrimony in July 1038.[2]

3.^ Her burial is also placed in San Giusto, Susa, or San Giovanni, Turin[3].

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Constance of Arles (also known as Constance of Provence) (986 - 25 July 1034) was the third wife and queen of King Robert II of France. She was the daughter of William I, count of Provence and Adelais of Anjou, daughter of Fulk II of Anjou. She was the half-sister of Count William II of Provence.

In 1003, she was married to King Robert, after his divorce from his second wife, Bertha of Burgundy. The marriage was stormy; Bertha's family opposed her, and Constance was despised for importing her Provençal kinfolk. Robert's friend, Hugh of Beauvais, tried to convince the king to repudiate her in 1007. Constance's response was to have Beauvais murdered by the knights of her kinsman, Fulk Nerra. In 1010 Robert even went to Rome, accompanied by his former wife Bertha, to seek permission to divorce Constance and remarry Bertha. Constance encouraged her sons to revolt against their father, and then favored her younger son, Robert, over her elder son, Henri.

During the famous trial of Herefast de Crepon (who was alleged to be involved with a heretical sect of canons, nuns, and clergy in 1022[1]), the crowd outside the church in Orleans became so unruly that, according to Moore:

At the king's command, Queen Constance stood before the doors of the Church, to prevent the common people from killing them inside the Church, and they were expelled from the bosom of the Church. As they were being driven out, the queen struck out the eye of Stephen, who had once been her confessor, with the staff which she carried in her hand.

The symbolism, or reality, of putting an eye out is used often in medieval accounts to show the ultimate sin of breaking of one's oath, whether it be heresy, or treason to ones lordship, or in this case both. Stephen's eye was put out by the hand of a Queen wielding a staff (royal scepters were usually tipped with a cross) thus symbolically providing justice for the treasoned lord on earth and in heaven.

At Constance's urging, her eldest son Hugh Magnus was crowned co-king alongside his father in 1017. Hugh Magnus demanded his parents share power with him, and rebelled against his father in 1025. He died suddenly later that year, an exile and a fugitive. Robert and Constance quarrelled over which of their surviving sons should inherit the throne; Robert favored their second son Henri, while Constance favored their third son, Robert. Despite his mother's protests, Henry was crowned in 1027. Fulbert, bishop of Chartres wrote a letter claiming that he was "frightened away" from the consecration of Henry "by the savagery of his mother, who is quite trustworthy when she promises evil."

Constance encouraged her sons to rebel, and Henri and Robert began attacking and pillaging the towns and castles belonging to their father. Robert attacked Burgundy, the duchy he had been promised but had never received, and Henry seized Dreux. At last King Robert agreed to their demands and peace was made which lasted until the king's death.

King Robert died in 1031, and soon Constance was at odds with both her elder son Henri and her younger son Robert. Constance seized her dower lands and refused to surrender them. Henri fled to Normandy, where he received aid, weapons and soldiers from his brother Robert. He returned to besiege his mother at Poissy but Constance escaped to Pontoise. She only surrendered when Henri began the siege of Le Puiset and swore to slaughter all the inhabitants.

Constance died in 1034, and was buried beside her husband Robert at Saint-Denis Basilica.

[edit] Children

Constance and Robert had seven children:

Advisa, Countess of Auxerre, (c.1003-after 1063), married Count Renaud I of Nevers

Hugh Magnus, co-king (1007-17 September 1025)

Henri (4 May 1008 – 4 August 1060)

Adela, Countess of Contenance (1009-5 June 1063), married (1) Duke Richard III of Normandy (2) Count Baldwin V of Flanders

Robert I, Duke of Burgundy (1011-21 March 1076)

Eudes (1013-1056)

Constance (1014-unknown), married Manasses de Dammartin

--------------------

Ancestral Roots, Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before1700, 7th ed. (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1999), 53-21. Referência tirada da página web de: Gordon Banks

PO Box 400 Amity, OR 97101 http://www.gordonbanks.com/gordon/family/2nd_Site/geb-p/s2.htm#168

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Constance d'Arles

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Constance of Arles:In 1003, she was the third wife of King Robert, after his divorce from his second wife, Bertha of Burgundy.

The marriage was stormy; Bertha's family opposed her, and Constance was despised for importing her Provençal kinfolk. Robert's friend, Hugh of Beauvais, tried to convince the king to repudiate her in 1007. Constance's response was to have Beauvais murdered by the knights of her kinsman, Fulk Nerra.

In 1010 Robert went to Rome, accompanied by his former wife Bertha, to seek permission to divorce Constance and remarry Bertha.

Constance encouraged her sons to revolt against their father, and then favored her younger son, Robert, over her elder son, Henri.

--------------------

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constance_of_Arles

--------------------

Sources:

H et G 166 p. 88: Edouard de Saint-Phalle

H et G 178 p 76: Edouard de Saint Phalle

--------------------

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constance_of_Arles

Constance of Arles (986 – 25 July 1034), also known as Constance of Provence, was the third wife and queen of King Robert II of France. She was the daughter of William I, count of Provence and Adelais of Anjou, daughter of Fulk II of Anjou. She was the half-sister of Count William II of Provence.

Biography

In 1003, she was married to King Robert, after his divorce from his second wife, Bertha of Burgundy. The marriage was stormy; Bertha's family opposed her, and Constance was despised for importing her Provençal kinfolk. Robert's friend, Hugh of Beauvais, tried to convince the king to repudiate her in 1007. Constance's response was to have Beauvais murdered by the knights of her kinsman, Fulk Nerra. In 1010 Robert even went to Rome, accompanied by his former wife Bertha, to seek permission to divorce Constance and remarry Bertha. Constance encouraged her sons to revolt against their father, and then favored her younger son, Robert, over her elder son, Henri.

During the famous trial of Herefast de Crepon (who was alleged to be involved with a heretical sect of canons, nuns, and clergy in 1022[1]), the crowd outside the church in Orleans became so unruly that, according to Moore:

   At the king's command, Queen Constance stood before the doors of the Church, to prevent the common people from killing them inside the Church, and they were expelled from the bosom of the Church. As they were being driven out, the queen struck out the eye of Stephen, who had once been her confessor, with the staff which she carried in her hand.

The symbolism, or reality, of putting an eye out is used often in medieval accounts to show the ultimate sin of breaking of one's oath, whether it be heresy, or treason to ones lordship, or in this case both. Stephen's eye was put out by the hand of a Queen wielding a staff (royal scepters were usually tipped with a cross) thus symbolically providing justice for the treasoned lord on earth and in heaven.

At Constance's urging, her eldest son Hugh Magnus was crowned co-king alongside his father in 1017. Hugh Magnus demanded his parents share power with him, and rebelled against his father in 1025. He died suddenly later that year, an exile and a fugitive. Robert and Constance quarrelled over which of their surviving sons should inherit the throne; Robert favored their second son Henri, while Constance favored their third son, Robert. Despite his mother's protests, Henry was crowned in 1027. Fulbert, bishop of Chartres wrote a letter claiming that he was "frightened away" from the consecration of Henry "by the savagery of his mother, who is quite trustworthy when she promises evil."

Constance encouraged her sons to rebel, and Henri and Robert began attacking and pillaging the towns and castles belonging to their father. Robert attacked Burgundy, the duchy he had been promised but had never received, and Henry seized Dreux. At last King Robert agreed to their demands and peace was made which lasted until the king's death.

King Robert died in 1031, and soon Constance was at odds with both her elder son Henri and her younger son Robert. Constance seized her dower lands and refused to surrender them. Henri fled to Normandy, where he received aid, weapons and soldiers from his brother Robert. He returned to besiege his mother at Poissy but Constance escaped to Pontoise. She only surrendered when Henri began the siege of Le Puiset and swore to slaughter all the inhabitants.

Constance died in 1034, and was buried beside her husband Robert at Saint-Denis Basilica.

[edit] Children

Constance and Robert had seven children:

  1. Advisa, Countess of Auxerre (c. 1003 – after 1063), married Count Renaud I of Nevers
  2. Hugh Magnus, co-king (1007 – 17 September 1025)
  3. Henri (4 May 1008 – 4 August 1060)
  4. Adela, Countess of Contenance (1009 – 5 June 1063), married (1) Duke Richard III of Normandy (2) Count Baldwin V of Flanders
  5. Robert I, Duke of Burgundy (1011 – 21 March 1076)
  6. Eudes (1013–1056)
  7. Constance (born 1014, date of death unknown), married Manasses de Dammartin

Queen consort of the Franks

Tenure 1001–1031

Spouse Robert II of France

Issue

Hugh Magnus of France

Henry I of France

Adela of France, Countess of Flanders

Robert I, Duke of Burgundy

House House of Capet

Father William I, Count of Provence

Mother Adelais of Anjou

Born 986

Died 25 July 1034 (aged 47–48)

--------------------

Constance of Arles (also known as Constance of Provence) (986 - July 25, 1034) was the third wife and queen of King Robert II of France. She was the daughter of William I, count of Provence and Adelais of Anjou, daughter of Fulk II of Anjou. She was the sister of Count William II of Provence.

In 1003, she was married to King Robert, after his divorce from his second wife, Bertha of Burgundy. The marriage was stormy; Bertha's family opposed her, and Constance was despised for importing her Provençal kinfolk. Robert's friend, Hugh of Beauvais, tried to convince the king to repudiate her in 1007. Constance's response was to have Beauvais murdered by the knights of her kinsman, Fulk Nerra. In 1010 Robert even went to Rome, accompanied by his former wife Bertha, to seek permission to divorce Constance and remarry Bertha. Constance encouraged her sons to revolt against their father, and then favored her younger son, Robert, over her elder son, Henri.

--------------------

Contradicting sources :

She was not the daughter of William Taillefer of Toulouse. Constance de Provence dit d'Arles was born circa 986 in Arles, Bouche-du-Rhones, Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur, France. She was the daughter of Guilhem I "le Libérateur", duc de Provence and Adele Blanche, comtesse d' Anjou . She married Robert II "le Pieux", roi des Francs, son of Hugues "Capet", roi des Francs Occidentale and Adélaïde d' Aquitaine , in 1003; His 3rd. Submitted to the Pope for approval.7,5 Queen of France. She died on 25 July 1032 in Meulan, Yvelines, Ile-de-France, France.8,9,2,3,4 Constance de Provence dit d'Arles was buried in the Basilica of St. Denis, Paris, France.

[Anselme de Sainte-Marie (augustin déchaussé), Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de France, des pairs, grands officiers de la couronne et de la maison du roy et des anciens barons du royaume. (Reprod. de l'éd. de Paris : chez Estienne Loyson, 1674: Num. BNF de l'éd. de Paris : Bibliothèque nationale de France, 1987. 1 microfilmReprod. de l'éd. de Paris : Compagnie des libraires associez, 1730, 1730), III:196; I:7,8].

--------------------

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constance_of_Arles -------------------- Aquando da morte do rei, reteve as terras que eram suas por dote e chegou a tentar assassinar o seu filho Henrique, mas a tentativa fracassou e este subiu ao trono. Depois de fugir para a Normandia, o novo rei negociou uma ajuda, armas e homens com o irmão, que conseguiu pressioná-lo a ceder o ducado da Borgonha. Voltou para cercar a mãe em Poissy, mas esta escapou para Pontoise e só se rendeu quando Henrique cercou Puiset e ameaçou assassinar todos os seus habitantes.

Afastada da corte, Constança faleceu em Melun aos 49 anos de idade, a 22 ou 25 de Julho de 1032. Foi sepultada junto ao esposo na igreja da abadia real de Saint-Denis.

-------------------- Constance of Arles (986 – 25 July 1034), also known as Constance of Provence, was the third wife and queen of King Robert II of France. She was the daughter of William I, count of Provence and Adelais of Anjou, daughter of Fulk II of Anjou. She was the half-sister of Count William II of Provence.

Biography

In 1003, she was married to King Robert, after his divorce from his second wife, Bertha of Burgundy. The marriage was stormy; Bertha's family opposed her, and Constance was despised for importing her Provençal kinfolk. Robert's friend, Hugh of Beauvais, tried to convince the king to repudiate her in 1007. Constance's response was to have Beauvais murdered by the knights of her kinsman, Fulk Nerra. In 1010 Robert even went to Rome, accompanied by his former wife Bertha, to seek permission to divorce Constance and remarry Bertha. Constance encouraged her sons to revolt against their father, and then favored her younger son, Robert, over her elder son, Henri.

During the famous trial of Herefast de Crepon (who was alleged to be involved with a heretical sect of canons, nuns, and clergy in 1022[1]), the crowd outside the church in Orleans became so unruly that, according to Moore:

   At the king's command, Queen Constance stood before the doors of the Church, to prevent the common people from killing them inside the Church, and they were expelled from the bosom of the Church. As they were being driven out, the queen struck out the eye of Stephen, who had once been her confessor, with the staff which she carried in her hand.

The symbolism, or reality, of putting an eye out is used often in medieval accounts to show the ultimate sin of breaking of one's oath, whether it be heresy, or treason to ones lordship, or in this case both. Stephen's eye was put out by the hand of a Queen wielding a staff (royal scepters were usually tipped with a cross) thus symbolically providing justice for the treasoned lord on earth and in heaven.

At Constance's urging, her eldest son Hugh Magnus was crowned co-king alongside his father in 1017. Hugh Magnus demanded his parents share power with him, and rebelled against his father in 1025. He died suddenly later that year, an exile and a fugitive. Robert and Constance quarrelled over which of their surviving sons should inherit the throne; Robert favored their second son Henri, while Constance favored their third son, Robert. Despite his mother's protests, Henry was crowned in 1027. Fulbert, bishop of Chartres wrote a letter claiming that he was "frightened away" from the consecration of Henry "by the savagery of his mother, who is quite trustworthy when she promises evil."

Constance encouraged her sons to rebel, and Henri and Robert began attacking and pillaging the towns and castles belonging to their father. Robert attacked Burgundy, the duchy he had been promised but had never received, and Henry seized Dreux. At last King Robert agreed to their demands and peace was made which lasted until the king's death.

King Robert died in 1031, and soon Constance was at odds with both her elder son Henri and her younger son Robert. Constance seized her dower lands and refused to surrender them. Henri fled to Normandy, where he received aid, weapons and soldiers from his brother Robert. He returned to besiege his mother at Poissy but Constance escaped to Pontoise. She only surrendered when Henri began the siege of Le Puiset and swore to slaughter all the inhabitants.

Constance died in 1034, and was buried beside her husband Robert at Saint-Denis Basilica. -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constance_of_Arles

Constance of Arles (986 – 25 July 1034), also known as Constance of Provence, was the third wife and queen of King Robert II of France. She was the daughter of William I, count of Provence and Adelais of Anjou, daughter of Fulk II of Anjou. She was the half-sister of Count William II of Provence.

In 1003, she was married to King Robert, after his divorce from his second wife, Bertha of Burgundy. The marriage was stormy; Bertha's family opposed her, and Constance was despised for importing her Provençal kinfolk. Robert's friend, Hugh of Beauvais, tried to convince the king to repudiate her in 1007. Constance's response was to have Beauvais murdered by the knights of her kinsman, Fulk Nerra. In 1010 Robert even went to Rome, accompanied by his former wife Bertha, to seek permission to divorce Constance and remarry Bertha. Constance encouraged her sons to revolt against their father, and then favored her younger son, Robert, over her elder son, Henri. -------------------- Constance of Arles From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constance_of_Arles

Constance of Arles Queen consort of the Franks Tenure 1001–1031 Spouse Robert II of France Issue Hugh Magnus of France Henry I of France Adela of France, Countess of Flanders Robert I, Duke of Burgundy House House of Capet Father William I, Count of Provence Mother Adelais of Anjou Born 986 Died 25 July 1034 (aged 47–48)

Constance of Arles (986 – 25 July 1034), also known as Constance of Provence, was the third wife and queen of King Robert II of France. She was the daughter of William I, count of Provence and Adelais of Anjou, daughter of Fulk II of Anjou. She was the half-sister of Count William II of Provence. Contents [hide]

   1 Biography
   2 Children
   3 References
   4 Sources
   5 External links

[edit] Biography

In 1003, she was married to King Robert, after his divorce from his second wife, Bertha of Burgundy. The marriage was stormy; Bertha's family opposed her, and Constance was despised for importing her Provençal kinfolk. Robert's friend, Hugh of Beauvais, tried to convince the king to repudiate her in 1007. Constance's response was to have Beauvais murdered by the knights of her kinsman, Fulk Nerra. In 1010 Robert even went to Rome, accompanied by his former wife Bertha, to seek permission to divorce Constance and remarry Bertha. Constance encouraged her sons to revolt against their father, and then favored her younger son, Robert, over her elder son, Henri.

During the famous trial of Herefast de Crepon (who was alleged to be involved with a heretical sect of canons, nuns, and clergy in 1022[1]), the crowd outside the church in Orleans became so unruly that, according to Moore:

   At the king's command, Queen Constance stood before the doors of the Church, to prevent the common people from killing them inside the Church, and they were expelled from the bosom of the Church. As they were being driven out, the queen struck out the eye of Stephen, who had once been her confessor, with the staff which she carried in her hand.

The symbolism, or reality, of putting an eye out is used often in medieval accounts to show the ultimate sin of breaking of one's oath, whether it be heresy, or treason to ones lordship, or in this case both. Stephen's eye was put out by the hand of a Queen wielding a staff (royal scepters were usually tipped with a cross) thus symbolically providing justice for the treasoned lord on earth and in heaven.

At Constance's urging, her eldest son Hugh Magnus was crowned co-king alongside his father in 1017. Hugh Magnus demanded his parents share power with him, and rebelled against his father in 1025. He died suddenly later that year, an exile and a fugitive. Robert and Constance quarrelled over which of their surviving sons should inherit the throne; Robert favored their second son Henri, while Constance favored their third son, Robert. Despite his mother's protests, Henry was crowned in 1027. Fulbert, bishop of Chartres wrote a letter claiming that he was "frightened away" from the consecration of Henry "by the savagery of his mother, who is quite trustworthy when she promises evil."

Constance encouraged her sons to rebel, and Henri and Robert began attacking and pillaging the towns and castles belonging to their father. Robert attacked Burgundy, the duchy he had been promised but had never received, and Henry seized Dreux. At last King Robert agreed to their demands and peace was made which lasted until the king's death.

King Robert died in 1031, and soon Constance was at odds with both her elder son Henri and her younger son Robert. Constance seized her dower lands and refused to surrender them. Henri fled to Normandy, where he received aid, weapons and soldiers from his brother Robert. He returned to besiege his mother at Poissy but Constance escaped to Pontoise. She only surrendered when Henri began the siege of Le Puiset and swore to slaughter all the inhabitants.

Constance died in 1034, and was buried beside her husband Robert at Saint-Denis Basilica. [edit] Children

Constance and Robert had seven children:

   Advisa, Countess of Auxerre (c. 1003 – after 1063), married Count Renaud I of Nevers
   Hugh Magnus, co-king (1007 – 17 September 1025)
   Henri (4 May 1008 – 4 August 1060)
   Adela, Countess of Contenance (1009 – 5 June 1063), married (1) Duke Richard III of Normandy (2) Count Baldwin V of Flanders
   Robert I, Duke of Burgundy (1011 – 21 March 1076)
   Eudes (1013–1056)
   Constance (born 1014, date of death unknown), married Manasses de Dammartin

-------------------- Constance of Arles (986 – 25 July 1034), also known as Constance of Provence, was the third wife and queen of King Robert II of France. She was the daughter of William I, count of Provence and Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou, daughter of Fulk II of Anjou. She was the half-sister of Count William II of Provence. In 1001, she was married to King Robert, after his divorce from his second wife, Bertha of Burgundy. The marriage was stormy; Bertha's family opposed her, and Constance was despised for importing her Provençal kinfolk and customs. Robert's friend, Hugh of Beauvais, tried to convince the king to repudiate her in 1007. The knights of her kinsman, Fulk Nerra, then murdered Beauvais, perhaps at her order. In 1010 Robert went to Rome, accompanied by his former wife Bertha, to seek permission to divorce Constance and remarry Bertha. Constance encouraged her sons to revolt against their father, and then favored her younger son, Robert, over her elder son, Henri. During the famous trial of Herefast de Crepon (who was alleged to be involved with a heretical sect of canons, nuns, and clergy in 1022), the crowd outside the church in Orleans became so unruly that, according to Moore:

At the king's command, Queen Constance stood before the doors of the Church, to prevent the common people from killing them inside the Church, and they were expelled from the bosom of the Church. As they were being driven out, the queen struck out the eye of Stephen, who had once been her confessor, with the staff which she carried in her hand. 

The symbolism, or reality, of putting an eye out is used often in medieval accounts to show the ultimate sin of breaking of one's oath, whether it be heresy, or treason to ones lordship, or in this case both. Stephen's eye was put out by the hand of a Queen wielding a staff (royal scepters were usually tipped with a cross) thus symbolically providing justice for the treasoned lord on earth and in heaven. At Constance's urging, her eldest son Hugh Magnus was crowned co-king alongside his father in 1017. Hugh Magnus demanded his parents share power with him, and rebelled against his father in 1025. He died suddenly later that year, an exile and a fugitive. Robert and Constance quarrelled over which of their surviving sons should inherit the throne; Robert favored their second son Henri, while Constance favored their third son, Robert. Despite his mother's protests, Henry was crowned in 1027. Fulbert, bishop of Chartres wrote a letter claiming that he was "frightened away" from the consecration of Henry "by the savagery of his mother, who is quite trustworthy when she promises evil." Constance encouraged her sons to rebel, and Henri and Robert began attacking and pillaging the towns and castles belonging to their father. Robert attacked Burgundy, the duchy he had been promised but had never received, and Henry seized Dreux. At last King Robert agreed to their demands and peace was made which lasted until the king's death. King Robert died in 1031, and soon Constance was at odds with both her elder son Henri and her younger son Robert. Constance seized her dower lands and refused to surrender them. Henri fled to Normandy, where he received aid, weapons and soldiers from his brother Robert. He returned to besiege his mother at Poissy but Constance escaped to Pontoise. She only surrendered when Henri began the siege of Le Puiset and swore to slaughter all the inhabitants. Constance died in 1034, and was buried beside her husband Robert at Saint-Denis Basilica.


[edit] Ancestry


[show]Ancestors of Constance of Arles


Children: 

Constance and Robert had seven children:

1.Advisa, Countess of Auxerre (c. 1003 – after 1063), married Count Renaud I of Nevers
2.Hugh Magnus, co-king (1007 – 17 September 1025)
3.Henri (4 May 1008 – 4 August 1060)
4.Adela, Countess of Contenance (1009 – 5 June 1063), married (1) Duke Richard III of Normandy (2) Count Baldwin V of Flanders
5.Robert I, Duke of Burgundy (1011 – 21 March 1076)
6.Eudes (1013–1056)
7.Constance (born 1014, date of death unknown), married Manasses de Dammartin

-------------------- In 1001, Robert entered into his final and longest-lasting marriage to Constance of Arles, the daughter of William I of Provence. She was an ambitious and scheming woman, who made life miserable for her husband by encouraging her sons to revolt against their father.

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Constance d'Arles, reine consort de France's Timeline

987
987
998
998
Age 11
Aquitainia
998
Age 11
Aquitaine,, France
1001
September 1001
- July 20, 1031
Age 14
France
1001
Age 14
Aquitaine, France
1005
November 1005
Age 18
1007
1007
Age 20
1009
March 5, 1009
Age 22
Toulouse, Haute-Garonne, Midi-Pyrénées, France
1009
Age 22
Muelan, Paris, Orleannais, West Francia (now Ile-de-France, France)
1010
1010
Age 23