Cornelia Maria Robertse

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About Cornelia Maria Robertse

Irene Refugee Camp

Personal Details

Name: Mrs Cornelia Maria Joubert

Born in camp? No

Died in camp? No

Gender: female

Race: white

Marital status: married

Nationality: Transvaal

Registration as head of family: Yes

Unique ID: 127461

Camp History

Name: Irene RC

Age arrival: 23

Date arrival: 28/06/1901

Age departure: 23

Date departure: 15/10/1901

Reason departure: gone

Destination: Pretoria

Tent number: RT 1537

Farm History

Name: Renosterfontein / Rhenosterfontein / Rhinosterfontein

District: Rustenburg

Relationships

Mrs Cornelia Maria Joubert

is the mother of Miss Anna Sophia Joubert

is the mother of Miss Letje Cathrina Cornelia Mag Joubert

Sources

Title: DBC 62 Irene CR

Type: DBC 62

Reference No.: DBC 62

Notes: p. J 05

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Cornelia Maria Robertse's Timeline

1878
April 30, 1878
1895
August 21, 1895
Age 17
Rustenburg, Transvaal, Suid Afrika
1897
March 1, 1897
Age 18
1898
April 22, 1898
Age 19
1900
May 1900
Age 22
1900
- 1902
Age 21

The camps were formed by the British army to house the residents of the two Boer republics of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State. They were established towards the end of 1900, after Britain had invaded the Boer republics. This database was designed to investigate mortality and morbidity in the camps during the war. Although it will include everyone listed in the registers during the war, it usually excludes returning prisoners-of-war and men who came back from commando at the end of the war, as well as the considerable movement of people which took place after 31 May 1902, when families were repatriated to their homes.

Irene has received more attention than any other camp, for a number of reasons. Because it was located so close to Pretoria, it was under the eye of the senior camp authorities. The presence of a group of Boer women from Pretoria who nursed in the camp and who expressed themselves strongly on conditions there, at the time and later, gave it additional notoriety. But there were other factors as well. The Irene camp superintendents and medical officers wrote long, detailed reports reflecting on many aspects of life in the camp. Taken with the accounts of the Pretoria women, we have perspectives on Irene camp from many different standpoints. These accounts have to be interpreted carefully but they give us a valuable sense of the life in Irene.

Even before the British reached Pretoria, the capital was overflowing with refugees and the arrival of the British triggered a fresh influx. As a result, Pretoria was forced to supply relief to a substantial number of people from the start of the war. Some of the Boer families were housed in a camp on the banks of the Apies River, where Henrietta Armstrong, one of the Pretoria women, worked already in 1900. Irene camp may have been formed shortly after Kitchener’s notice of 22 September 1900 that camps should be established in Pretoria and Bloemfontein; it was certainly in existence in December 1900 and the Apies River families were then moved to Irene. At this stage, in December 1900, when there were 891 inmates, the camp was managed by the military under Capt Hime-Haycock.

http://www2.lib.uct.ac.za/mss/bccd/Histories/Irene/

1903
March 13, 1903
Age 24
Rustenburg, North West, South Africa
1905
February 8, 1905
Age 26
1908
April 10, 1908
Age 29
1910
September 24, 1910
Age 32