Cornelius Maddox (1660 - 1706)

‹ Back to Maddox surname

Is your surname Maddox?

Research the Maddox family

Cornelius Maddox's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Related Projects

Birthplace: Gloucester, England
Death: Died in Charles City, Charles, Maryland, American Colonies
Managed by: Theodore Lagonera
Last Updated:

About Cornelius Maddox

The following is from unidentified sources: Cornelius Maddox b. ca. 1660, d. ca. 1706 Charles Co Md. He married Mary Smallwood, daughter of James & Hester Evans Smallwood, around 16 March 1685/86. Mary Smallwood was born 2 November 1670, d. c1737. After death of first husband, Cornelius Maddox, Mary mar. (2) Robert Taylor and had three more children. (Ref: "The Smallwood Family of Md. & Va." comp. by Mildred A. McDonnell, 1970, pp. 6-8; "The Emison Families Supplement," comp. by James Wade Emison, Vincennes, Ind. 1962)

Cornelius Maddox was transported 1680 (Liber WC-2 f. 199) in "The Early Settlers of Md" by Skordas.

On May 20, 1688, Cornelius Maddock and wife Mary sold 60 a. to James Tatshall in Charles Co Md.

On March 16, 1685, James Smallwood made a gift of one cow and one mare to his daughter, Mary Maddocks (Lib M-1, f. 27)

Cornelius Maddox died intestate Chas. Co Md. His estate was inventoried March 9, 1705/6 ("Md. Inv. & Act. Bk 25:222)

"The Smallwood Family" gives four children for Cornelius Maddox, and the book by James Emison lists the same four, but adds an elder son, James Madadox, and a younger son, Walter Maddox. As the late Mr. Emison, an attorney, spent considerable time researching courthouse records and Maryland Hall of Records, Roberta Wiley assumes he had proof. It was probably the Md. Tax and Hundred List for Walter and James Maddocke with the Rent Roll location and name of their property which provided circumstantial evidence for the two additional sons, as well as Md. Apprentices Bk. K-2.

Children of Cornelius Maddox and Mary Smallwood :

1. James Maddox (1686 - 1736). Wife Mary, four children unnamed in Acts. (Ref: Charles Co Act. Bk. 18 p. 133-134;Act. Bk 15 p. 58-59; Inventory Bk 20 p. 446-449; Walter Maddox was apprenticed to his brother James (Appr. Bk. K-2_

2. John Maddox b. ca. 1687-8

3. Edward Maddox b. 1691, d. 1771 Durham Parish m. Jane Speake

4. Benjamin Maddox (1693 0 1770) m. Frances (Wheeler?), d/o Benjamin who d. 1741

5. Phoebe Maddox m. Joseph Clements (His will dated Sept 1, 1767, Chas. Co Md.)

6. Walter Maddox, a minor 15 Mar 1720, apprenticed to brother James Maddox (Appr. Bk. K:2)

Children of Mary Smallwood and (2) Robert Taylor:

1. William Smallwood Taylor b. ca. 1765, m. Mary Sanders, d. 1765, John Maddox Adm. his estate & Acts.

2. Ann Taylor d. ca. 1745. Her inventory dated 10 Aug 1745 source for names of her "half-blood" brothers and sisters of her mother's first marriage if they were alive in 1745. James Maddox, oldest son, was not ment. because he d. 1736.

3. Elizabeth Taylor ---------------------------------------------------

Courtesy of Gerald R. Affeldt: Cornelius Maddox was born 1660 in England, and died 1706 in Charles County, Maryland. He married Mary Smallwood on Bef. 1686 in Charles County, Maryland, daughter of James Smallwood and Hester Evans.

Includes NotesNotes for Cornelius Maddox:

Reportedly moved from Stafford County, VA to Charles County, MD in 1680.

Nanjemoy Church & Chickamuxon, Charles County, MD

20 May 1688 sold Tatshall, 60 acres to James Smallwood, his father in law.

Died before 25 Feb 1705/6. Inventory 9 Mar 1705/6.

DOCUMENTATION: Maddox A Southern Maryland Family W. N. Hurley, Jr. Pg 239

Cornelius Maddox (circa 1660-1707) is recorded as arriving in Maryland from Great Britian in 1680. Since both his birth and death dates are estimations, he was probably about 20 when he arrived. This early Maddox immigrant was married on March 16, 1665 to Mary Smallwood (circa 1670-1737), daughter of Colonel James Smallwood. The marital relationship is noted in the will of John Smallwood, naming Mary as his sister and Cornelius as a brother-in-law. Wm Hurley writes that Mary Smallwood would have been about 16 when she married Cornelius and there is a record that her father reported giving a gift of one cow and one mare to daughter Mary Maddocks in 1685/86.

Cornelius was a merchant and landowner in Charles County, MD. On May 20, 1688, Cornelius Maddock, merchant, and his wife Mary conveyed to James Smallwood 60 acres known as part of Tatshall. This is probably the same Cornelius Maddox who during 1681 was allotted 1,800 pounds of tobacco, and then 1,050 pounds by the assembly in payment for public expenses (Vol Vii, Archives of Maryland.)

Cornelius and his wife Mary had at least four children, born in Charles County, according to records of the Mormon Church:

James (c. 1686-1736), married Mary ____, 4 children.

John (c. 1687), no further information

Benjamin (c. 1693-1770), married Frances ___ (possibly Frances Wheeler)

Edward (c. 1691-1771) who married Jane Speake (c. 1698) in Charles County.

Two more children are named from the Cornelius-Mary union by James Wade Emison, a mid-20th century attorney of Vincennes, Indiana:

Phoebe Maddox ( ) married Joseph Clements

Walter Maddox ( ), described as a minor in 1720.

After Cornelius died in about 1706, his widow Mary married Robert Taylor and they had three known children, William Smallwood Taylor, Ann Taylor, and Elizabeth Taylor.

James Maddox, the first born of immigrant Cornelius, married Mary ____ prior to 1714, according to Parkville Mo genealogist Roberta Wiley. She says he lived in the vicinity of Charles Town, also known as Port Tobacco and at the time of his death, he left a widow and four children. The name of only one child is known with certainty, Notley Maddox (Maddocke) and a second, probably Walter Maddox. This name is significant and illustrates that the Notley Maddox name does not guarantee that descendents must be of Samuel Maddox, close friend of Governor Thomas Notley. It has always been common for people to name children after notable figures.

Edward Maddox, son of Cornelius, lived in Durham parish, in Charles county and Married Jane Speake, daughter of John and Winifred (Wheeler) Speake. The couple had nine children: Unkn named daughter who married James Skinner and had one son, Ann Maddox who married William Brawner, Rhoda Maddox, William Maddox who married Susanna Dixon, Elizabeth Maddox who married John Posey, Jane Maddox who married Samuel Mordock, James Maddox who married Theodosia Speake, Edward Maddox Jr who married Elizabeth ___ in Fauquier Co, VA, and John Maddox who married Jane Gray.

Benjamin Maddox, son of Cornelius, died in Charles County Md. He mentions 14 children: Mary, who married Humphrey Posey, Elizabeth who married Joseph Evans, Ignatius who married Sarah Gray, Phoebe, who married Francis Evans; Benjamin Jr, Thomas who married Frances Posey ( a cousin), Cornelius, George, Richard, Leonard, Lydia, Walter, Anne, Mary Anne who married Rhodum Posey.

Additional detail including dates and wills of this immigrant and his successors can be found in Maddox Family Records by Ms. Wiley, 1974. The actual lineage can be found on this site in the Persons database. We anticipate adding further research to the Cornelius line shortly and we seek help from website readers for photos, drawings and other research to illustrate it.

http://gis.net/~mattox/roberts.text:

Date: Mon, 2 Dec 1996 08:10:44 +1300 X-Sender: juancho@earthlight.co.nz (Unverified) To: Mattox@gis.net From: John Roberts Subject: Maddox data

Mattox@gis.net

Dear Friend:

In 1994 Dr. John F. Vallentine of Brigham Young University in Utah (and I) finished writing The Roberts-Orme Ancestry, Volume I, which I published here in New Zealand. Since publishing that book I've published Volume II, this latter treating the ancestry of my former wife. Now I'm working on extending the lines, making corrections, filling in the gaps, etc., for both volumes. I hoped originally to write and publish a third volume which would extend the pedigrees from the first two volumes back into their European phases; whether that effort materialises as a publication remains to be seen.

I've excerpted below passages from both volumes which cite the Madox (Maddox) surname. Ann Maddox was my gr-gr-gr-gr grandmother, and the family name was resuscitated in the name of my aunt Elizabeth Madox Roberts, a Kentucky novelist who lived in the first part of this century.

Kind regards, John Roberts, 1 Melrose St., Dunedin New Zealand

FROM VOLUME I OF THE ROBERTS-ORME ANCESTRY:

Family 92-93

WILLIAM BRAWNER (1725) and ANN MADDOX (1735)

WILLIAM BRAWNER, son of Edward Brawner (1685) and wife (name unknown), was b. abt 1725 in Charles Co., Md.; d. 1780-4 in Charles Co.; md. before 2 Dec 1751 to ANN MADDOX, b. abt 1735 in Charles Co., d. after 15 Sep 1784, dau. of Edward Maddox (1691) and Jane Speake (1698). Children (Brawner) prob. all b. Charles Co.: CATHERINE, b. abt 1753. BASIL, b. abt 1755; md. MARY. JOSEPH, b. abt 1760; md. EMILY. MEREDITH, b. abt 1763; md. BENEDICTA.

  • ISAAC, b. abt 1765; md. ANN TAYLOR.

In his will dated 31 Dec 1780 and probated 15 Sep 1784 in Charles Co., Md., William Brawner "Sr." conveyed a life right in the tract "where the dwelling house lies" to his wife Ann with remainder interests to son Isaac (Charles Co. Wills, 8:395). Tracts were also devised to his other sons: tract Hazard to son Basil, tract Brawners Chance to son Joseph, and a tract "adjoining Rhody Maddox" to son Meredith. The will was witnessed by Ignatius Luckett, Samuel Luckett, William Kennedy, and John Brawner.

The descent of the 83-acre tract Hazard has materially helped in proving the descent of Isaac from his grandfather Edward (son of Henry) through his father William. The tract Hazard was bought by Edward Brawner in 1736, conveyed to William Brawner in 1762, devised in William's will dated 1782 to son Basil, and was sold by Basil and wife Mary in 1786.

Family 186-187

EDWARD MADDOX (1691) and JANE SPEAKE (1698)

EDWARD MADDOX, son of Cornelius Maddox (1660) and Mary Smallwood (1670), was b. abt 1691 in Charles Co., Md.; d. 1771 in Charles Co.; md. abt 1711 to JANE SPEAKE, b. 1698 in Charles Co., dau. of John Speake (1664) and Winnifred Wheeler (1663). Children (Maddox) b. Charles Co.:

WILLIAM, b. abt 1720; d. 1784; md. SUSANNAH DIXON. JOHN, b. abt 1722; d. 1800; md. abt 1759 to JANE GRAY. ELIZABETH, b. abt 1724; md. abt 1744 to JOHN POSEY; dau. Jane Posey. JANE, b. abt 1726; md. EDWARD MOREDOCK. JAMES, b. abt 1728; md. abt 1750 to THEODOSIA SPEAKE. RHODA, b. abt 1730; d. 1828; md. ELIZABETH. EDWARD, JR., b. abt 1732.

  • ANN, b. abt 1735; md. WILLIAM BRAWNER.

Daughter (probable), md. JAMES SHINNER. PHOEBE (probable dau.).

On 2 Dec 1751 Edward Maddox conveyed 44 a. to William Brawner and wife Anne, dau. of Edward (Charles Co. Deeds, A3:2). In his will dated 4 May1771 and probated 17 Oct 1771 in Charles Co., Edward Maddox, Sr., of Durham Parish, planter, conveyed the tract Dam House Level "where I now live" to son Rhoda (Md. Wills, 38:549); the tract Blue Plains was also cited.

Family 372-373

CORNELIUS MADDOX (1660) and MARY SMALLWOOD (1670)

CORNELIUS MADDOX was b. abt 1660 in England; d. 1705-1706 in Charles Co., Md.; md. MARY SMALLWOOD. (See Family 376-377.) Mary, dau. of James Smallwood (1639) and wife Hester Evans (1643), was b. 2 Nov 1670 in Charles Co.; md. (1) CORNELIUS MADDOX; md. (2) JOHN TAYLOR. Children (Maddox) b. Charles Co.: JAMES, b. abt 1686; d. 1734; md. MARY. Children (Maddox): Notley, Elizabeth, and Walter. JOHN, b. 1687; d. 1748-1749; md. ELIZABETH WOODSON. Children (Maddox) b. Goochland Co., Va.: William, John, Benjamin, Jacob, James, David, Sarah, Elizabeth, Susannah, and Ann Elizabeth.

  • EDWARD, b. abt 1691; md. JANE SPEAKE.

BENJAMIN, b. 1693; d. 23 Aug 1770 in Charles Co.; md. FRANCES WHEELER. Children (Maddox): Elizabeth (md. Joseph Evans), Phebe (Evans), Lydia, Anne, Mary Anne, Ignatious, Benjamin, Thomas, Cornelius, George, Richard, Leonard, and Walter. PHEBE, b. abt 1695; md. JOSEPH CLEMENTS. WALTER, b. 1697; md. ELEANOR LUCKETT. Children (Maddox): Ann, Mary, Phebe, Cornelius, George, Sarah, Walter, Leonard, Lydia, Mary Ann, Richard, Thomas,and Walter. Cornelius was transported into the American colonies in 1680.

FROM VOLUME II OF THE ROBERTS-ORME ANCESTRY:

Family 50-51

AGRIPPA ATKINSON (1770) and PATSY GRACE (1776) AGRIPPA ATKINSON was b. 1770 in Hancock Co., Ga.; d. 1833 in Bibb Co., Ala.; md. PATSY GRACE, b. abt 1776, d. after 1832, dau. of Thomas Grace (1745) and wife Sally (1747). Children (Atkinson); older children b. in Ga.:

ARTHUR, b. 1798 in Jackson Co., Ga.; md. 21 Dec 1820 in Bibb Co., Ala. (also given as 7 Dec 1820 in Cahawba Co.), to DOROTHY GARNER/GARDNER, b. 1804 in N. Car. Children (Atkinson): Agrippa G., Newton E., Appleton, Nancy Emeline, Mary Ann, Martha Jane, Thomas J., Eli W., and Lee. Arthur and his family moved to Smith Co., Texas, before 1850 when he was shown as a farmer owning real estate valued at $1060. He was listed as a carpenter in 1860. ALFRED, b. 1803; md. 31 Mar 1825 in Bibb Co. to REBECCA SMITHERMAN, b. 1808 in N. Car. Children (Atkinson): Arnold A., Allen A., Albert, Agrippa A., Elizabeth Jane, Mary, Rebecca A., and Arthur A. The 1850 Census of Cherokee Co., Texas, recorded Alfred as a farmer with real estate at the value of $960. He apparently died before 1860, when his children were found in various households in Cherokee Co. ELIZABETH, b. 1804; md. 28 May 1829 in Bibb Co. to JOHN WOOD (see Family 48-49). ASA, b. 1805; md. 22 Sep 1836 in Bibb Co. to LINNY MADDOX, b. 1817 in Ga. Children (Atkinson): Martha, Dolly, Aline, and William. Asa was a farmer in Bibb Co. in 1850.

  • MOURNING, b. 28 Nov 1807 in Hancock Co., Ga.; md. MATHEW WOOD.

JASPER, md. 8 Nov 1832 in Bibb Co. to PEGGY EMELINE McGOUGH, dau. of John McGough. JULIAN (dau.), alive in 1832. HARRIET, alive in 1832. CAROLINE, b. 1822 in Ala.; md. JOSEPH TURNEY, b. 1822 in Ala. Children (Turney): Daniel H., George H., James A., Calvin E., and Julian F. This family lived in Cherokee Co., Texas, in 1850, when Joseph was listed as a farmer.

Agrippa is found first as a resident of Greene Co., Ga., where on 6 July 1793 he bought 75 a. in Hancock Co. from Abraham Reddock and wife Hannah of Greene Co. for $350, this land being part of a 1000-acre survey to Abraham Reddock on Fulsom's Cr. (Hancock Co., Ga., Deeds, A:511). On 20 July 1793 Agrippa bought 20 a. on Fulsom's Cr. in Hancock Co. from Abner Atkinson and wife Lucy of Green Co. for $310, part of a 316-acre survey annexed to a grant to Abner Atkinson, with Isaac Evans and Arthur j13Atkinson as witnesses (Deeds, A:510). Agrippa and wife Patsy as residents of Hancock Co. on 10 Jan 1800 sold 89 a. on Fulsom's Cr. to George Collens of Hancock Co. for $300 (Deeds, E:123). Agrippa was appointed constable in Capt Jonathan Davis Company in Hancock Co. on 9 June 1798 (B109). Agrippa was associated in Georgia with other Atkinsons of his or of an older generation: Abner, Nathan, and Thomas. Agrippa, an early settler in Bibb Co., Ala., local politician, and office holder, lived within the bounds of the Mulberry Baptist Church (D69). On 11 Dec 1820 he was commissioned a justice of the County Court of Cahawba (soon changed to Bibb) Co. (D5). In the 1830 Census of Bibb Co. Agrippa was recorded with his wife and four younger children. A James Atkinson aged 60-70 years, possibly a brother, was also listed in the 1830 Census of Bibb Co.

In his will dated 12 June 1832 and probated 15 July 1833 in Bibb Co. (Bibb Co. Administrators Records, D:112), Agrippa gave a life right to his wife Patsey in all personal property and real estate (including the lands he then lived on and those on the east side of Mulberry Cr.). His will names only his two youngest sons and three youngest daughters, Asa, Jasper, Julian, Caroline, and Harriet, but all his children (others not named) are made remaindermen in the estate. Agrippa appointed William Riggins executor, and the will was witnessed by Daniel E. Watrous, Littleton Riggins, and John McGough. His estate appraisal on 4 Nov 1833 listed 160 a., 20 cattle, and miscellaneous property; the estate sale was carried out on 5 Dec 1833 (Administrators Records, D:130, 188). As guardian of Harriet, Julian, and Caroline, minor heirs of Agrippa, William Riggs made final settlement with the court in February 1842 (Bibb Co., Ala., Orphans Court Minutes, C:74). John Roberts, 1 Melrose Street, Dunedin, New Zealand

To: mattox@bu.edu From: John Roberts Subject: Re: Maddox data

The Massachusetts State Library, Beacon Hill, Boston, should have a copy of both volumes of the book that I mentioned earlier.

Here are the main references that the genealogist consulted for the Maddox data. You could well be familiar with all of them.

One Thousand Five Hundred Maddox Marriages and Other Statistics; by Joseph T Maddox; 1979; Privately pub., Irwinton, Ga.; 160 pp.

The Early Settlers of Maryland: An Index of Names; by Gus Skordas; 1968; Genealogical Pub. Co., Baltimore, Md.; 525 pp.

Fathers and Sons of Thomas Maddox; by Paul T. Thompson; 1987; Privately pub., Stockton, Calif.; 318 pp.

Maryland Marriage Records, 23 Vols.; by Annie W. B. Bell (Comp.); 1938-9; Annie Walker Burns, Baltimore, Md.

Speake Family Association Genealogical Materials; by Bessie May Williams; 1987; Privately comp., Silver Springs, Md.

Best regards,

John Roberts

_____________________________ Cornelius Maddox/Maddocke, was born perhaps in England. His probable father ~ Dr. Edward Maddox ~ was in Charles City Co., VA, by 1642, and in Charles Co., MD, at least by 1668. Records about him end after 1683, at which time I think Edward died.

The first we hear of Cornelius is in 1680 on a ship from England to Maryland. My guess is that he enlarged and took over one of his father's businesses (exporting) about that time or had already built up his own business, and regularly escorted tobacco to England, and English goods to Maryland. [Citation: "Excerpts from Ship Passenger Lists" by Skinner, found in "Passenger and Immigration Lists Index" Vol. 2, Gale Research Co., Detroit]

He was a merchant, as recorded in either tax lists or the ship passenger list. Perhaps this information is also from government records.

Being an entrepreneur is a trait that has been passed down through many generations and centuries of our Maddoxes since. Cornelius' sons Edward and James were inn keepers. I believe John Maddox, was an entrepreneur in pioneer Kentucky, as he borrowed the enormous amount of $800 in the very early 1800s. His son, William, was an tavern/inn keeper and invester in a Kentucky Turnpike. His son, Sanford, invested in hundreds of acres of land in Illinois, and sold coal off part of it. His son, Grant, was in the lumber business in Missouri. His son owned a grocery store for awhile.

All the British colonies were established to provide some commodity for England. In Maryland and Virginia that commodity was tobacco. So in those early days, people were taxed tobacco. I think that Cornelius might have even owned a merchant ship.


We know that he provided some kind of products or services to the state of Maryland, because he was paid handsomly for it. Twice in 1681, the year after his arrival in America, he was paid by the governor and General Assembly of Maryland. Once during the August-September Session with 1050 pounds of tobacco, and once during the November Session with 1800 pounds of tobacco. [Source: "Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly October 1678 - November 1683, vol. 7, pgs. 212 and 249, as found in "Archives of Maryland Online"]

If Cornelius was only 20 years old and a new immigrant, where did he get the resources to provide so much for the colony of Maryland? Once again, I believe he took over and enlarged on his father's exporting already built up in Maryland. At this time, St. Mary's City was the capitol of Maryland; this site explains the tobacco industry in early St. Mary's City.

On March 16, 1683, Cornelius married Mary Smallwood in Charles Co., MD. I do not know the documentary source for this, but it was probably from church records. Was this a first marriage for him? _____________________ Cornelius Maddox was transported into the American colonies in 1680 He settled in Charles Co MD married Mary Smallwood in 1685 and had at least six children Records show he was a merchant and was allotted 1800 pounds of tobacco in payment by the MD assembly for public expenses

Cornelius Maddock Mar 9 1705 Appraisers Charles Adams John Lambeth thank Pat Doster Michael Marshall and Diana M Bara for the personal research they have done and their willingness to share their findings on the Also the MD Archives on the with numerous tax lists and minutes of the General Assembly of Colonial MD

Cornelius was born in VA His able father Edward Maddocke was in Charles City Co VA by 1642 as an established adult Therefore it would be reasonable that he was having children by this time Edward was the only adult Maddox in Charles Co MD in 1668

1680 Cornelius Maddock arrived in MD [Citation "Excerpts from Ship Passenger Lists" by Skinner found in "Passenger and Immigration Lists Vol 2 Gale Research Co Detroit] Some believe the ship was from VA and some from England I am tracing down that ship I believe he made trips back and forth to England since growing tobacco for Europe was the main purpose of early VA and MD He may have made trips back and forth to Jamaica also It was common then for the English to buy sugar from Jamaica sell it in MD buy raise tobacco in MD and sell it in England Then they'd start over again

Cornelius was a merchant I assume the source is a tax list or the ship passenger list His son Edward was described as an inn keeper in his will of 1731 My ancestor William Maddox born 1804 KY son of John was a tavern inn keeper I think his father John was too Cornelius able son James was an inn keeper My grandfather had a coal business My grandfather went into the lumber business My father owned a grocery store for awhile So the tradition of "small business owner" has remained in the family Just how far back does this tradition go is unknown. ____________________________________ Nichols-Smallwood-Maddox 1638 to 1930: Freeman-Phillips. Alternate name is “Cornelius Maddox Ancestors and Descendants.” © 2006 by Joyce Smelley Odom ISBN-13: 978-0-9788481-0-1, ISBN-10: 0-9788481-0-1

Researched for 55 years, “Cornelius Maddox Ancestors and Descendants” contains 2500 Maddox descendants, 200 OTHER Maddox and over 1000 Surnames that span 1638 to 1930. This 336 page hardbound edition contains details found in no other publication, printed original census pages, in-depth analysis to separate Maddox families, and documented corrections for “Hester Evans”, “Edward Maddox”, and “Frances Wheeler.” The cost is $50 per copy plus $5 shipping to any one address.

E-mail the author directly with questions, comments, or inquires about book purchase. Different topics of general interest will be added from time to time to demonstrate research techniques.

Topics covered:

Hester Nichols NOT Evans has Proof – 11/7/2009 Our Nichols-Smallwood Heritage – 8/3/2008 Importance of Signature Marks and Cattle Marks – 8/3/2008 Maddox Census Neighborhoods – 7/11/2008 Document Cornelius Maddox descendants of MD to SC - 6/20/2008 Introduction to Joyce Odom - 6/20/2008

11/7/2009 Hester Nichols NOT Evans has Proof

           Archives of Maryland Volume 41 pages 515-516 [MDv41p515-516]
           John Nichols versus John Nuthall can be found in Archives of Maryland Online

http://www.msa.md.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/html/volumes.html

           Esther “Hester” is named by the court and called “my daughter” by John Nichols. A jury of 12 in the Lower Court who “find this Indenture illegal, deceitful, and void” sets Hester free.
           The Indenture has the distinct John Nichols mark and Hester Nichols her + mark. Archive editors show the John Nichols’ mark as overlapping Hs. His actual mark looks like a rope with a knot in the middle and knots on each end with the rope protruding from the ends.

-•--•--•-

           Nichols-Smallwood-Maddox 1638 to 1930 pages 3-46, 51-52
           Thomas Cornwallis, a previous Lt. Governor, in a self-righteous harangue petitioned to bring the case to the Court of Chancery on a claim of error. Cornwallis crudely disparaged the Nichols and the only witness who did support the Nichols.
           In the Provincial Council in 2 to 3, the Nichols case is lost and Hester must serve out her term.
           Mr. Secretary [Mr. Henry Sewall] and Mr. Jerome Whyte declared the Indenture insufficient because there was no consideration specified at the expiration of the said Hester’s time and because she was not brought before a magistrate as should have been done. The other 3 declared the Indenture valid. Counselor was Baker Brook [married Anne Calvert]; Chancellor was Phillip Calvert; Governor was Charles Calvert.
           Also, there was no term of service specified in the Indenture although Cornwallis discussed the disagreement about a term of 5 years or 7 years. The two Indenture witnesses were not called to testify the Nichols understood the words although the Nichols only signed by marks.
           William Evans died in 1646 leaving a widow Ann. As early as December 1646 John Nichols married the widow. At that time he was reimbursed out of the William Evans estate.

8/3/2008 Our Nichols-Smallwood Heritage

           The wife of Col. James Smallwood was Esther "Hester" Nichols, daughter of John Nichols and his wife Ann, widow of William Evans. This relationship is documented in the highest courts, the best proof possible.
           John Nichols came into the country in 1638 "on board the Truelove" given in his own deposition and attested by his actual mark. The powerful and thrilling American struggle of the Nichols family takes 32 pages to tell.
          "Hester Nichols" NOT "Hester Evans" was the ancestress of the Smallwood family and thus the Cornelius Maddox family. Misunderstood: John Nichols gave a calf to John Evans, son of William Evans. The Nichols, the Evans, the signature mark of John Nichols, and the mark of the calf have been traced. More discoveries are probable!

8/3/2008 Importance of Signature Marks

           Some devices used by court clerks were used to identify the lower class by misspelling the name or perhaps using small letters rather than caps. One ancestor - although literate with an uncommon surname - was identified as “thomas hussey” until he received money from his father and suddenly became “Thomas Hussey, Gentleman.”
          Original documents are rarely available due to loss and deterioration - the wills and estates retained by the court - the deeds, powers of attorney, and passports taken away. Double unlucky, some ledgers do not survive.
           The official records are in the handwriting of the clerk. But signature marks have the specific purpose to uniquely identify a person. The mark of a “John Smith” might be “J”, “S”, “JS” or an unusual mark. Therefore, signature marks document better than written signatures. These marks transcend different clerks and locations.
           Some court clerks such as in Sussex VA recorded signature marks as “x” and most abstractors do use “x.” Bk8, 13: Abstracted as “x” the actual mark of John Nichols was -•–-•--•- in the court ledger. This looked like a rope with knots on both end and in the middle. The “Maryland Archives” series of books indicated his mark as overlapping HH.

Importance of Cattle Marks

           The mark of a calf given by John Nichols in MD to John Evans, son of William Evans, was the very same mark of cattle given to the young John Nichols in VA. The registration of this exact cattle mark was not found. Bk16: 1665 Major William Andrews and his children in VA used multiple versions of this cattle mark but not this exact one.

7/11/2008 Maddox Census Neighborhoods

           An alphabetic census is not friendly. 1790 Charles MD by surname letter and 1820 Laurens SC by given name letter do not reveal neighbors. All censuses pose these questions: Where did the census taker start the day? Make a day’s loop or board overnight? Take a boat? Stop at a boundary? The Maddox family lived in the four-county area.
           A census offers but does not deny facts. Distant 1800 Maddox neighbors are reflected in 1810 with the same or a different Maddox. A fortunate census sequence would be recorded in a single day loop. Luckily, Benjamin Maddox portions of 1790 and 1810 become alive!

Sequence of Maddox of 1790 MD to 1790 SC

Bk199 Original: 1790/1792 Abbeville SC Census in Saluda River sequence -03 Herod Freeman = future father-in-law of Catherine N. Maddox of Henley.

  • * Benjamin Maddix = Benjamin II.
    • Walter Maddix alone = son of Benjamin II.
    • Ignatius Posey alone = Henley’s stepchild.

+04 Thomas Donaldson = future father-in-law of Benjamin III.

1795 Herod Freeman, William Davis, and Reuben Nash inventoried the estate of Mark Ball. 1806 Herod Freeman was granted 626 acres on Robertson’s Creek and moved. But, William Davis [+04] and Reuben Nash [+09] lived near the 1810 tight Maddox group.

Bk104 Original: 1810 Abbeville SC Census on Saluda River branches Preceding the Maddox group were interacting neighbors: -12 Henry Gains was now over 55. 1800 was over 45 near Benjamin III. -09 Adam C Jones (-1816) Jr. surveyed 1803 for Henley & 1804 (LAUR now) for William. -06 William Ware 1800 lived next to Henley on distant page. 1818 surveyed near John’s land. -04 Edmond Ware list: 1803 Henley Maddox & Benjamin Posey; 1812 Benjamin Maddox. -01 Susannah Gains was age 26-44.

Sequence of strong circumstantial proofs

  • *Benjamin Posey = son of Mary (Maddox)//brother-in-law of Janet//nephew of Benjamin II.
    • Jane Maddox = widow of Henley.

---John Morrison was at estates of 1810 John and 1815 Janet. ---Jerry Maxwell

  • *Elizabeth Matox = widow of John.
    • Benjamin Matox Sr. = Benjamin II.

---Joseph Rutlidge 1818 grant listed John Maddox land & Davis, Donaldson, Norwood, Ware.

  • *Thomas Norwood (1758-) Revo; Wyatt Norwood married into Freeman-Maddox family.
    • William Donaldson = brother-in-law of Benjamin III.
    • Thomas Donaldson (-1811) = father-in-law of Benjamin III.
    • William Matox = son of Benjamin II.
        Following the Maddox group were interacting neighbors:

+02 Henry Johnson 1816 inventoried Janet’s estate. +03 Clement Latemore 1816 inventoried Janet’s estate. +04 William Davis 1820 was rental security on John’s estate; See 1795 Ball, 1818 Rutledge. +09 Reuben Nash at 1810 estate of John was likely Herod Freeman kin. +12 William Piles was at 1815 estate of Janet; 1829 with Augusta Maddox at Wm. Gentry.

6/20/2008 Document** Cornelius Maddox Descendants of MD to SC Bk51 Cornelius MADDOX (165x-1706MD) married by 1685 Mary Smallwood, daughter of Col. James Smallwood and Esther “Hester” Nichols. Hester was the documented daughter of John and Ann Nichols! By 1712 Mary remarried and had 3 Taylor children. Charles MD records: 1680, 1681, 1685, 1686, 1688, 1689, 1692, 1693, 1695, 1697, 1698, and 1704. Benjamin (I)

Bk64 Benjamin MADDOX (I) (169x-1770MD) married 2nd Frances Posey.

  • *1745 Benjamin was a “half-blood” sibling in the estate of Ann Taylor.

1740 received provisional deed of “Posey’s Chance” adjacent “Athey’s Hopewell.” 1770 Benjamin willed “Posey’s Chance” to son Benjamin II. Charles MD records: 1733, 1740, 1743, 1745, 1750, 1755, 1767, and 1770. Benjamin (II)

Bk81 Benjamin MADDOX (II) (1735/9-1819SC) married Mary Woodyard.

  • *1770 Benjamin II was willed “Posey’s Chance” by father Benjamin I.
    • 1783 at “Posey’s Chance” adjacent Humphrey Posey at “Athey’s Hopewell” owned by Janet.
    • 1790 Benjamin and Mary Maddox sold “Posey’s Chance.”

Charles MD records: 1755, 1770, War, 1778, 1782, 1783, 1790. 1790 Abbeville SC Census: Benjamin Maddox II was adjacent Walter Maddox adjacent Ignatius Posey, son of Janet (Luckett) Posey Maddox.

Proven and circumstantial ten sons: Henley (1761MD-1806SC) Walter (176x-) John (-by1810SC) Benjamin III (1770MD-176xGA) David William (1776MD-1857AL) Chandler (1780MD-1872AL) Lawson (1784SC-) Henry (1785-1839SC) Thomas (-1805SC)

Bk99 Henley MADDOX (1761MD-1806SC) married Janet Luckett (1749MD-1814SC), widow of Prior Posey.

  • *1783 widow Janet (Luckett) Posey owned “Athey’s Hopewell” adjacent Benjamin Maddox II.
    • 1790 Henley Maddox of Ben appeared in Charles County MD alphabetic census.
    • 1790 Abbeville SC Census was Ignatius Posey [step-son of Henley] adjacent Walter Maddox adjacent Benjamin II Maddox.
    • 1800 Abbeville SC was Henley Maddox.
    • 1810 Abbeville SC was widow Janet Maddox near Benjamin Maddox II.
    • 1806 and 1813 wills of Henley and Janet named the 4 Maddox children.

About the author: Joyce Odom is a native of Tuscaloosa Alabama and holds advanced degrees in Chemistry and Mathematics from the University of Alabama. Odom began her research over 55 years ago with a unique interest in history and family. It is through this passion that she was able to combine the words of sources born in the 1870s and the intact records of the Tuscaloosa courthouse into “Cornelius Maddox Ancestors and Descendants” the first in a series of 10 books.

I have found not royal ancestors but numerous examples of great character and fortitude

 - Joyce S. Odom about “Cornelius Maddox Ancestors and Descendants” 

________________________________________ Cornelius Maddox: Progenitor of Charles Co Md. Portobacco Hundred

Cornelius Maddox b. ca. 1660, d. ca. 1706 Charles Co Md. He married Mary Smallwood, daughter of James & Hester Evans Smallwood, around 16 March 1685/86. Mary Smallwood was born 2 November 1670, d. c1737. After death of first husband, Cornelius Maddox, Mary mar. (2) Robert Taylor and had three more children. (Ref: "The Smallwood Family of Md. & Va." comp. by Mildred A. McDonnell, 1970, pp. 6-8; "The Emison Families Supplement," comp. by James Wade Emison, Vincennes, Ind. 1962)

Cornelius Maddox was transported 1680 (Liber WC-2 f. 199) in "The Early Settlers of Md" by Skordas.

On May 20, 1688, Cornelius Maddock and wife Mary sold 60 a. to James Tatshall in Charles Co Md.

On March 16, 1685, James Smallwood made a gift of one cow and one mare to his daughter, Mary Maddocks (Lib M-1, f. 27)

Cornelius Maddox died intestate Chas. Co Md. His estate was inventoried March 9, 1705/6 ("Md. Inv. & Act. Bk 25:222)

"The Smallwood Family" gives four children for Cornelius Maddox, and the book by James Emison lists the same four, but adds an elder son, James Madadox, and a younger son, Walter Maddox. As the late Mr. Emison, an attorney, spent considerable time researching courthouse records and Maryland Hall of Records, Roberta Wiley assumes he had proof. It was probably the Md. Tax and Hundred List for Walter and James Maddocke with the Rent Roll location and name of their property which provided circumstantial evidence for the two additional sons, as well as Md. Apprentices Bk. K-2.

Children of Cornelius Maddox and Mary Smallwood :

1. James Maddox (1686 - 1736). Wife Mary, four children unnamed in Acts. (Ref: Charles Co Act. Bk. 18 p. 133-134;Act. Bk 15 p. 58-59; Inventory Bk 20 p. 446-449; Walter Maddox was apprenticed to his brother James (Appr. Bk. K-2_

2. John Maddox b. ca. 1687-8

3. Edward Maddox b. 1691, d. 1771 Durham Parish m. Jane Speake

4. Benjamin Maddox (1693 0 1770) m. Frances (Wheeler?), d/o Benjamin who d. 1741

5. Phoebe Maddox m. Joseph Clements (His will dated Sept 1, 1767, Chas. Co Md.)

6. Walter Maddox, a minor 15 Mar 1720, apprenticed to brother James Maddox (Appr. Bk. K:2)

Children of Mary Smallwood and (2) Robert Taylor:

1. William Smallwood Taylor b. ca. 1765, m. Mary Sanders, d. 1765, John Maddox Adm. his estate & Acts.

2. Ann Taylor d. ca. 1745. Her inventory dated 10 Aug 1745 source for names of her "half-blood" brothers and sisters of her mother's first marriage if they were alive in 1745. James Maddox, oldest son, was not ment. because he d. 1736.

3. Elizabeth Taylor __________________________________

Payment to Cornelius Maddox

   Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly of Maryland

At a session held at St. Mary's, November 1~12 1681

Charles Calvert Lord Baltimore Propietary His Lordship in Person The Upper House of Assembly Page 248

An Act for paymt & assessmt of the publicke charge of this province

Whereas there hath beene Two hundred Twenty Three Thousand ffour hundred fforty Three pds of Tob laid out & disbursed by the vpper & Lower houses of this prsent Genl Assemnbly

& by severall other the good people of this Province for the Publicke good of the same

& to the intent the same may bee satisfied & paid to those psons to whom the same is due

Bee itt therefore enacted by the Right Honourable the Ld Propry by& with the advice & Consent of the vpper & Lower houses of this Present Genl Assembly & the authority of the same

that the said sume of Two hundred Twenty Three Thousand ffour hundred fforty Three pds of Tob to bee paid in manner & forme as is heereafter expressed

that is to say....

Pg. 249

To Mich Simands to Ja Wheeler to Wm Theobalds to Wm Wells to Geo Groves to Ffra Harrison to Edwd Ffrawnes to Cornel Mattox to John Lambert to Wm Newman to Tho Hussey & to Hen Newcastle

each one Thousand & ffifty pds of Tob _______________________ For a Reward to Corelius Maddox

 Proceedings of the Council of Maryland 1696 ~ 1698

Vol. 23, Pg. 187

A reward of ffive pound Sterl given under my hand at Lib. HD Nanjemy in Charles County this 28th day of July in the Ninth year of his mats Reign &ca Annoq Domini 1697. God Save the King. ffr Nicholson

At Colonell Courts, July the 30th 1697 His Exncys Sr Want for the taking of Esq. THIS IS BY MR. CORNELIUS MADDOX who is de TOM an sign'd to Endeavour to find a Pomunkey Indian &ca call'd ESQ THOM who is accused to be one of them that murdered the Woman and Children in Virginia. Therefore would have you assist him what in you lies toward the discovery and taking of the Indian

....months last past ESQ TOM was at or about the falls of Potomock and there were some Piscattoway Indians & some of those Seniquos that live in the mountains amongst which last was a Susquehanah a greatman whose name is Monges, this Indian had much private Communication then with Esq Tom

noe other Indians knew or notes he prsented him with a large belt of Peak and told him that his Nation was Ruin'd by the English assisted by Piscattoways & tht now they were bringing them back....

[In September 1696, the following letters were entered into the record]

EXnCY and Councill to some of the Military Officers in this County his Honr was pleased to make inquiery into the Matters relating to the Indians upon Complaint of Severall the Inhabitants....they have not seen nor heard of any misdemeanrs or Incivilityes committed by the Indians to any of the Inhabitants of this County this with our thanksfullness to your Exncy for yor great Care of our preservation....

We...have raised some fforces in Arms and with them according to our respective places ranged in Ordr to the diligent Search after the Indians but do not neither can find that nay Insolenciesd of late hath been by any of that Sort cvommitted agt his Mats Liege Subjects.

[In other words, peace with the Indians resumed.]

 
view all

Cornelius Maddox's Timeline

1660
1660
Gloucester, England
1685
March 16, 1685
Age 25
Charles City, Charles, Maryland, USA
1688
1688
Age 28
Charles,,Maryland,USA
1691
1691
Age 31
Charles City, Charles, Virginia, American Colonies
1691
Age 31
Charles, MD, USA
1698
1698
Age 38
Charles County, MD
1706
February 25, 1706
Age 46
Charles City, Charles, Maryland, American Colonies