Crínán of Dunkeld

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Crínán 'the Thane' mac Donnchad, Mormaer of Atholl, Lay Abott of Dunkeld, Steward of the Western

Nicknames: "Grimus", "Albanach", "The Thane", "8916"
Birthplace: Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland
Death: Died in Dunkeld, Perthshire, Scotland
Cause of death: killed in battle in 1045 at Dunkeld
Place of Burial: Dunkeld, Perthshire, Scotland
Immediate Family:

Son of Duncan of Atholl, Mormaer of Atholl and Wife of Duncan of Atholl
Husband of Bethóc ingen Maíl Coluim meic Cináeda
Father of Duncan I, King of Scots; NN possible daughter of Crinan & Bethoc of Atholl, Princess of Scotland and Maldred mac Crínán, Earl of Dunbar
Brother of Dunegal "Duncan" Eryvine; Grim, Thane of Strathearn and Niccrinan mac Donnchadh of Atholl

Occupation: Lay abbot of the diocese of Dunkeld, and perhaps the Mormaer of Atholl., Lay abbot of Dunkeld & Governor of the Scots Islands., Abbé laïc, de Dule, Prêtre, Comte, d'Atholl, Abbot of Dunkeld, Clergy; Royalty, Crinán was Lay Abbot of Dunkeld
Managed by: Private User
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About Crínán 'the Thane' mac Donnchad, Mormaer of Atholl, Lay Abott of Dunkeld, Steward of the Western

CRINAN "the Thane", son of --- (-killed in battle 1045). Abthane of Dule. Lay abbot of Dunkeld. Steward of the Western Isles. Mormaer of Atholl. He was killed fighting King Macbeth. m ([1000]) BETHOC, daughter of MALCOLM II King of Scotland & his wife ---.

The "Genealogy of King William the Lyon" dated 1175 names

"Betoch filii Malcolmi" as parent of "Malcolmi filii Dunecani"[131].

The Chronicle of the Scots and Picts dated 1177 names

"Cran Abbatis de Dunkelden et Bethok filia Malcolm mac Kynnet" as parents of King Duncan[132].

The Chronicle of John of Fordun records that King Malcolm II had

"an only daughter…Beatrice who married Crynyne Abthane of Dul and Steward of the Isles…in some annals, by a blunder of the writer…abbot of Dul"[133].

Lady of Atholl. (Cawley's Medlands)

Crinan & Bethoc had two children:

i) DUNCAN ([1001]-killed in battle either Bothganowan/Pitgaveny, near Elgin, or Burghead 14 Aug 1040, bur Isle of Iona). His parentage is confirmed by the Annals of Ulster which record the death of "Donnchad son of Crínán, king of Scotland" in 1040[209]. The Chronicle of John of Fordun names "Duncan" as son of "Crynyne Abthane of Dul and Steward of the Isles" and his wife[210]. He succeeded in 1018 as King of Strathclyde. He succeeded his maternal grandfather in 1034 as DUNCAN I King of Scotland. (Cawley’s Medlands)

ii) MALDRED (-killed in battle [1045]). His parentage is confirmed by Simeon of Durham who records the marriage of "Maldred the son of Crinan"[211]. Lord of Allerdale. Regent of Strathclyde 1034/35. (Cawley’s Medlands)


Crínán of Dunkeld

Crínán of Dunkeld (died 1045) was the lay abbot of the diocese of Dunkeld, and perhaps the Mormaer of Atholl. Crínán was progenitor of the House of Dunkeld, the dynasty which would rule Scotland until the later 13th century. Crinán was married to Bethoc, daughter of King Malcolm II of Scotland (reigned 1005–1034). As Malcolm II had no son, the strongest hereditary claim to the Scottish throne descended through Bethóc, and Crinán's eldest son Donnchad I (reigned 1034–1040), became King of Scots. Some sources indicate that Malcolm II designated Duncan as his successor under the rules of tanistry because there were other possible claimants to the throne. Crinán's second son, Maldred of Allerdale, held the title of Lord of Cumbria. It is said that from him, the Earls of Dunbar, for example Patrick Dunbar, 9th Earl of Dunbar, descend in unbroken male line. Crinán was killed in battle in 1045 at Dunkeld. Sir Iain Moncreiffe argued he belonged to a Scottish sept of the Irish Cenél Conaill royal dynasty.(Sir Iain Moncreiffe of that Ilk, The Highland Clans. Part II. 1982. p. 236)

Crinán as Lay Abbot of Dunkeld

The monastery of Saint Columba was founded on the north bank of the River Tay in the 6th century or early 7th century following the expedition of Columba into the land of the Picts. Probably originally constructed as a simple group of wattle huts, the monastery - or at least its church - was rebuilt in the 9th century by Kenneth I of Scotland (reigned 843–858). Caustantín of the Pictsbrought Scotland's share of the relics of Columba from Iona to Dunkeld at the same time others were taken to Kells in Ireland, to protect them from Viking raids. Dunkeld became the prime bishopric in eastern Scotland until supplanted in importance by St Andrews since the 10th century. While the title of Hereditary Lay Abbot was a feudal position that was often exercised in name only, Crinán does seem to have acted as Abbot in charge of the monastery in his time. He was thus a man of high position in both clerical and secular society. The magnificent semi-ruined Dunkeld Cathedral, built in stages between 1260 and 1501, stands today on the grounds once occupied by the monastery. The Cathedral contains the only surviving remains of the previous monastic society: a course of red stone visible in the east choir wall that may be re-used from an earlier building, and two stone 9th century-10th century cross-slabs in the Cathedral Museum.


Crinan, Mormaer of Atholl

b. circa 975, d. circa 1045

Crinan, Mormaer of Atholl was born circa 975 at Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland.3 He was the son of Duncan, Mormaer of Atholl.2 He married Bethoc of Scotland, daughter of Malcolm II of Alba, King of Scotland, circa 1000 in a Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland marriage.3,4 He died circa 1045 at Dunkeld, Perthshire, Scotland, killed in action against MacBeth.2,3

He gained the title of Mormaer of Atholl. He gained the title of Abthane of Dule.2 He held the office of Steward of the Western Isles.2 He was Lay Abbot of Dunkeld.2

Children of Crinan, Mormaer of Atholl and Bethoc of Scotland

  1. Duncan I 'the Gracious', King of Scotland+3 b. c 1001, d. 14 Aug 1040
  2. Maldred, Lord of Allerdale+5 b. c 1015, d. 1045


  1. [S60] Charles and Hugh Brogan Mosley, editor, American Presidential Families (London, U.K.: Alan Sutton and Morris Genealogical Books, 1994), page 45. Hereinafter cited asAmerican Presidential Families.
  2. [S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 177. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.
  3. [S125] Richard Glanville-Brown, online <e-mail address>, Richard Glanville-Brown (RR 2, Milton, Ontario, Canada), downloaded 17 August 2005.
  4. [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1206. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
  5. [S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family, page 178.


In what was probably a shrewd political move, Malcolm II married his daughter Bethoc to a representative of the other major center of political power in Scotland, the church. Considering the close ties between ruling dynasties and the offices of major abbacies throughout Ireland and Scotland, it is also possible that Crinan was descended from a king of the Scots, which would completely legitimize his son's rule. The only notice of Crinan or Bethoc in the sources is Crinan's death in 1045, which was probably the result of an unsuccessful attempt to oust Macbeth. Children: 1. *Duncan. 2. Maldred, married Aeldgitha, daughter of Earl Ucthred of Northumbria.


Crínán, abb Duine Caillenn b. 978, d. 1045

Father Donnchad, abb Duine Caillenn1 b. 949

Also called Crinan "the Thane". Crínán, abb Duine Caillenn was of the kin of St. Columba, Lord of the Isles, hereditary Lay Abbot of Dunkeld, Governor of Scots Island, Earl of Strathclyde. He was born in 978 at Scotland.2 He was the son of Donnchad, abb Duine Caillenn.1 Crínán, abb Duine Caillenn married Bethoc MacKenneth, daughter of Máel Coluim mac Cináeda, rí Alban, circa 1000.2,3,4 Annals of Ulster 1027: "Dún Caillen in Scotland was totally burned. / Dun Caillenn i n-Albain do uile-loscad."5 Hereditary Abbot of Dunkeld before 1045.3,6 Crínán, abb Duine Caillenn died in 1045 at age 67 years. Killed. "A battle between the Scots themselves, where fell Crinan abbot of Duncaillen." Other sources say he was killed by Vikings.2,1,3 Annals of Ulster 1045: "A battle between the Scots themselves in which Crónán, abbot of Dún Caillen, fell. / Cath eter Albanchu fein i torchair Cronan, ab Duine Caillenn."7 Annals of Tigernach 1045: "Cath etir Albancho ar aen-rían cur' marbad and Crínan ab Duín Calland & sochaidhe maille fris .i. nae .xx. laech."8 Family Bethoc MacKenneth b. 984 Children Donnchad mac Crínán, rí Alban+ b. 1001, d. 14 Aug 10401,3 N. N. ingen Crinan+ b. c 1003 Maldred mac Crínán+ b. 1005, d. 10453,9

Citations [S298] HRH Prince Michael of Albany, Albany, pg. 23. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 252-34. [S484] Peter Townend, B:P, 105th, Kings of Scotland, pgs. lxx-lxxv. [S310] John O'Hart, Irish Pedigrees, Vol 1, pg. 38. [S897] [unknown], AU, U1027.7. [S215] Revised by others later George Edward Cokayne CP, X:App. A:12. [S897] [unknown], AU, U1045.6. [S297] Unknown, AT, T1045.10. [S215] Revised by others later George Edward Cokayne CP, IX:704



Lord of the Isles, Governor of Scots Island, Earl of Strathclyde, hereditary Abbot of Dunkeld, Mormaer of Athole, Abthane of Dule; kin of St. Columba.

Crinan or Grimus is also known as Albanach. He was Lay Abbot of Dunkeld and Governor of the Hebrides Islands of Scotland. His parents are not known, but he appears to be of Viking ancestry. Sir Anthony R. Wagner, Garter King of Arms ("English Ancestry," Oxford Un. Press, 1961, p.16) states: "Though there is no genealogy of Crinan's ancestors, his hereditary abbacy of Dunkeld makes it likely that he was of the blood of St. Columba (d. 597), the apostle of Scotland, who was a great-grandson of the Irish high king Niall of the Nine Hostages." "The Plantagenet Ancestry," W.H.Turton (Balt.: Gen.Pub.Co., 1968) gives Crinan's parents as Duncan and ____ "of the Isles."

References: [CP],[Moncreiffe],[PRES.GED],[MRL],[AR7],[Paget1], [RFC]


Crínán av Dunkeld (død 1045) var lekmannsabbed av bispedømmet Dunkeld, var kanskje også mormaer av Atholl. Crínán var stamfar til Huset Dunkeld, dynastiet eller kongeslekten som skulle styre Skottland fram til slutten av 1200-tallet.

Crínán var gift med Bethoc, datter av kong Malcolm II av Skottland, som regjerte fra 1005 til 1034. Da Malcolm II ikke hadde en sønn var den sterkeste arvelige krav til den skotske tronen etterkommere via Bethóc, og Crináns eldste sønn Donnchad I eller Duncan I ble skottenes konge, regjerte fra 1034 til 1040. Noen kilder indikerer at Malcolm II utpekte Duncan som sin etterfølger under reglene om tanisteri (skotsk-gælisk tana, herredømme) ettersom det ikke var noen annen mulig fordringshavere til tronen. Crináns andre sønn, Maldred av Allerdale, holdt tittelen herre av Cumbria. Det er sagt at fra ham er det jarlene av Dunbar nedstammer fra i en ubrutt mannlig linje, eksempelvis Patrick Dunbar, 9. jarl av Dunbar. Crinán ble drept i et slag i 1045 ved Dunkeld. Crinán som lekmannsabbed av Dunkeld

Klosteret til Sankt Columba av Iona ble grunnlagt på den nordlige bredden av elven Tay på 500-tallet eller tidlig på 600-tallet etter at Columba gikk i land og møtte pikterne. Sannsynligvis ble klosteret først reist som en enkel gruppe med hus av kvistflettverk, men kirken ble ombygd på 800-tallet av Kenneth I mac Alpin (regjerte 843-858). Kenneth brakte relikvier fra Irland for beskytte dem fra angrep av vikinger fra Norge. Dunkeld ble det fremste bispedømmet i østlige Skottland inntil St Andrews fikk betydning fra 900-tallet.

Mens tittelen arvelig lekmannsabbed var en føydal posisjon som ofte ble utført i kun navnet synes det som om Crinán faktisk opptrådte som abbed for klosteret i sin tid. Han var således en mann av høy posisjon både i kirkelig og i det verdslige samfunnet. Den praktfullt katedralen i Dunkeld, som nå ligger delvis i ruiner, ble bygget i stadier mellom 1260 og 1501, og står i dag på det stedet som klosteret i sin tid lå. Katedralen inneholder de eneste bevarte levningene fra det tidligere klostersamfunnet; en bane i rød stein som er synlig i østkorets vegg som kan ha blitt gjenbrukt fra en tidligere bygning, og to steinkors fra en gang rundt 800-900-tallet som nå står i katedralmuseet.

-------------------- Crinan av Atholl

Född : 978 , Atholl , Perth , Skottland Äktenskap : Bethoc av Skottland innan 1008 i Atholl , Perth , Skottland Död : 1045, Dunkeld , Tayside , Skottland i åldern 67 Orsaken till hans död dödades i strid.

Allmänna hänvisningar: 

Mormaer , även stavat Mormaor ( från gaeliska mor , "stor" , Maer , eller Maor , " fogden "eller" fogde " ) , härskare av någon av sju provinser där Celtic Skottland ( dvs den del av landet norr om Forth och Clyde ) delades . Detta keltiska titel har meddelats jarl av nordmännen och efter 12-talet, under anglo- normandiska inflytandet , "Earl ". De sju mormaerships eller original " earldömen , " of Scotland var Angus, Atholl med Gowrie , Caithness med Sutherland , Fife , Mar med Buchan , Moray med Ross , och Strath Tjäna med Menteith .

Crinan haft en lång rad titlar, bland vilka var av anhöriga av St Columba , Sagan om öarna , guvernör i skotska ön , earl of Strathclyde, och ärftliga Lay abbot i Dunkeld .

Han dödades i aktion mot Macbeth.

Noterade händelser i hans liv var:

• Han var en Mormaer av Atholl och låg Abbott i Dunkeld .

• Han var en Abthane av Dulé .

• Han var en förvaltare av de västra öarna .

Crinan gift Bethoc av Skottland , dotter till Malcolm II av Skottland och okända, före 1008 i Atholl , Perth, Skottland. ( Bethoc av Skottland född 984 i Atholl , Perth, Skottland. )


May have been the Karl Hundi ('Chief of the Dogs') of the Orkneying Saga - as hisarms consisted of st Columba enthroned on two wolves. Thane of the Isles and Abthane of Dull


Sources and Resources

-------------------- Wikipedia: -------------------- The eldest brother, Erinus, who ranked second to the king, inherited his family's titles as Seneschal of King's Rents, Athbane of Dule and Abbot of Dunkeld. He married the eldest daughter of King Malcolm II. He stood second in rank only to the King.

-------------------- Hereditary lay Abbot of Dunkeld & Dull and Steward of the Western Isles. Archpriest of the Celtic Church of the Sacred Kindred of St Columba, AKA: Crinan, The Thane Crinan, AKA Albanoch of Grimus. Killed in battle at Dunkeld, Tayside, Scoltand.

-------------------- Notes Ancestor of later Kings and Queens of Scotland. Leader of the Celtic Church, educated at the Abbacy of Dull instituted by Adamnan, a successor of St Columba's at Iona. Supposedly killed along with his son Maldred , in battle against MacBeth

Sources [S265] Colquoun_Cunningham.ged, Jamie Vans

[S260] Burke's Landed Gentry of Great Britain 2001, Peter Beauclerk Dewar,, (2001.)

[S370] Kings & Queens, Neil Grant, (pub 2003 by HarperCollinsPublishers Hammersmith London W6 8JB), p10 (Reliability: 3)

[S327] Lakey - Genealogy, Gilbert Marlow Lakey, (

[S289] Betty and Dick Field's Family History, Richard Field

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Crínán of Dunkeld's Timeline

Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland
August 15, 1001
Age 25
Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland
Age 27
Of, Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland
Age 39
E. Lothian, Scotland
Age 69
Dunkeld, Perthshire, Scotland
Age 69
Dunkeld, Perthshire, Scotland
Age 69
April 1, 1933
Age 69
April 1, 1933
Age 69
April 1, 1933
Age 69