Crispus Richards

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Crispus Richards

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts
Death: Died in Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts
Place of Burial: Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of John Richards and Mary Richards (Brewer)
Husband of Sarah Richards
Father of Esther Richards; John Richards; Mary Richards; Crispus Richards; Joseph Richards and 4 others
Brother of Mary Shaw (Darling); John Richards; Edward Richards; Joseph Richards; Elizabeth Richards and 2 others

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Crispus Richards

Crispus Richards (20 October 1681 Lynn, Essex, Massachusetts - 17 May 1763 Lynn, Essex, Massachusetts), married Sarah Colllins (1678 - c1757), daughter of Joseph Collins and Sarah Silsbee, on 21 December 1702 at Lynn.. She was born 10 August 1678 at Lynn, Essex, Massachusetts; died before 23 June 1757 at Lynn.

Children

  1. Joseph Richards (1703-1748)
  2. Esther Richards (1705-????)
  3. John Richards (1707-1758)
  4. Sarah Richards (1709-????)
  5. Hannah Richards (1711-1740)
  6. Mary Richards (1713-1758)
  7. Deborah Richards (1715-????)

Biographical Sketch

After his marriage in 1702, Crispus and Sarah lived with his parents on their land in Lynn, Massachusetts. Town Minutes indicate Crispus rotated civic responsibilities with other men of the village. In March 1710/11, and in the following two years, Crispus and others were appointed "hawards to take Care all swine be yoaked & Ringed."

In Oct. 1713 Crispus was chosen Town Constable. At the next town meeting in March 1713/14 he "Refused to serve & paid five pounds...and now sd Richards presented Joseph Jacobs to serve in his Roome...& sd Crispus Richards money Returned: sd Jacobs present & accepted." In November 1715, "Crispas" Richards was appointed a fence viewer.

Upon his father's death in the winter of 1712/13, Crispus received, at the age of 32, all his father's land because "he hath born the Burthen of my Work & Taken keare of Mee in all my long and Tedious Sickness & lameness for this Many Yeares past...."

Included is a copy of a diagram showing the tithes and rents paid for pews in the Lynn Church. The Crispus Richards family and others are noticeable. How many in the family had become Quakers is not readily apparent.

Land was becoming scarce. Farm land could not be profitable subdivided. Lynn had divided up most of the common land of fields and woodlands for individual families, and the migration west for those intent on farming had begun. Others moved into town and set up "ten footers" and became part of the movement to make Lynn one of the national centers of shoemaking. In 1733 Crispus' oldest son, instead of trying to inherit the family farm, chose to join the Amsden family, and others, who all migrated together into the wilds of central Massachusetts, to Southboro in Worcester County, to establish a new township.

The will of Crispus Richards is included in Essex County (Massachusetts) Probate Court docket #23,539. It was written on 10 April 1756, and proved by the Court at Salem on 11 July 1763. The will reads (transcribed from Essex County Probate Records, Volume 340, pages 399-400, on FHL Microfilm 0,875,026):

"In the Name of God Amen, The tenth day of April anno Domini 1756 I Crispus Richards of Lynn in the County of Essex in the Province of ye Massachusetts Bay in New England yeoman, being decaying in body but of sound mind calling to Mind ye Mortality of body knowing it is appointed for all men once to die, do make & Ordain in this my last Will and Testament, that is to say principally and first of all I recommend my Soul into the hands of God that gave it, and my body I recommend to ye Earth to be buried in christian and decent Manner at the discretion of my Execetutor hereafter named and as touching my worldly Estate I give demise and dispose of as follows: And my will is that all my just Debts and funeral Charges be duly and honestly paid by my Executor out of my Estate. "Imprimis I give and bequeath to my beloved Wife Sarah all my indoor moveable estate to be at her own Disposal and also the Improvement of the one half of my real estate during. "Item I give and bequeath to yt several Children of my Son Joseph Richards dec-d (Viz) to William Richards, Joseph Richard, Mary Richards, Ebenezer Richards, Hannah Richards, Esther Richards, John Richards & Martha Richards to each of them the Sum of one Shilling lawfull Money to be paid by my Executor within two years after my decease & wifes and that to be their Portion out of my Estate having given their father his portion in his life Time. "Item I give and bequeath to my daughter Esther Estess one pound six shillings and eight pence to be paid by my Executor out of my Estate within one year after my decease and wifes & that with what I have heretofore done for her to be her portion out of my Estate. "Item I give to my daughter Sarah Ingulls one pound six shillings & eight pence to be paid by my Executor out of my Estate within two years after I & my Wife shall decease & that with what I have already done for her to be her Portion out of my Estate. "Item I give & bequeath to my grand Daughter Thankfull Stocker one pound six shillings and eight pence to be paid by my Executor out of my Estate within two years after my & wifes decease & that to be her portion Out of my Estate. "Item I give & bequeath to my daughter Mary Richards ye Sum of four Pounds per year annually each and every year so long as she shall remain unmarried & in Case she marries then to have one Pound six shillings & eight pence to be paid by my Executor out of my Estate. "Item I give to my daughter Deborah Richards ten pounds to be paid by my Executor within one year after my decease & Wife's & that to be her portion out of my Estate with ye Priviledge of my west Chamber till married & no longer. "Item I give devise & bequeath to my son John Richards (whom I likewise constitute make and ordain sole Executor of this my last Will & Testament) all & singular my Housing & Lands Messuages & Tenements in Lynn and elsewhere to him my sd son his heirs and Assigns forever & also all my outdoor moveable Estate of what Name & Nature soever to be to them & his Heirs forever and I do hereby ratify & Confirm this & no other to be my last Will & Testament. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & seal, "Signed, sealed, published, pronounced & declared by the sd his Crispus Richards as his last Will & Testament in Crispus x Richards Presence of we ye Subscribers Mark William Collins, Theophilus Burrill & William Watts."

The will was presented to the Court at Salem on 11 July 1763, with Theophilus Burrill and William Watts making oath that they were present when Crispus Richards late of Lynn deceased signed, sealed, heard him publish and declare this to be his last will and testament, and that he was of sound disposing mind and memory to the best of their discerning and that they, together with William Collins, affixed their hands at the same time in his presence as witnesses. The Executor appeared and accepted that trust. The will was proved, approved and allowed by the Judge of Probate, the Honorable John Choate Esquire.

Sources

  • Vital Records of Lynn, Massachusetts to the end of the Year 1849 (Salem, Mass: The Essex Institute, 1906), 2 Volumes
  • New England Historic Genealogical Society (99-101 Newbury Street, Boston, MA 02116, USA)
  • Randy Seaver's Surname Saturday - RICHARDS (England to Lynn Massachusetts) dated 9 January 2011
  • Winifred Lovering Holman, "Edward Richards of Lynn", The Essex Genealogist, Volume 13, Number 1, February 1993, pp 29-33.
  • Richards Family History Website has a five-generation descendants report
  • New England Historic Genealogical Society. Massachusetts Town Birth Records. Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 1999.Original data - Vital Records of Bellingham Massachusetts to the Year 1850. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1904. Vital Records of Granville Massachusetts to the Yea...
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Crispus Richards's Timeline

1681
October 20, 1681
Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts
1702
December 21, 1702
Age 21
Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts
1703
1703
Age 21
Lynn, Essex, Massachusetts, United States
1705
July 7, 1705
Age 23
Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts
1707
1707
Age 25
Boston, Mass.
1708
1708
Age 26
Lynn, Essex, Mass.
1711
1711
Age 29
Lynn, Essex, Mass.
1713
1713
Age 31
Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts
1717
1717
Age 35
Lynn, Essex, Massachusetts
1718
1718
Age 36
Lynn, Essex, Mass.