Cymburgis of Masovia

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Cymbarka Mazowiecka

Also Known As: "Cymburgis", "Cimburka", "Zimburg", "Zimburgis", "of Masovia", "of Mazovia", "von Masowien"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Sochaczew,Warszawa,,Poland
Death: Died in Türnitz, Lower Austria, Austria
Place of Burial: Lilienfeld,Niederösterreich,Austria
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Siemowit IV Mazowiecki, książę and Aleksandra Olgierdówna
Wife of Ernst, Herzog von Österreich
Mother of Friedrich III, Holy Roman Emperor; Margarete of Austria; Albrecht VI, Herzog von Österreich; Alexandra of Austria; Ernst II von Österreich-Habsburg and 4 others
Sister of Siemowit V Aleksander, książę; Jadwiga Garay / Garai / Gorjanska; Aleksander mazowiecki; Eufemia Mazowiecka; Amalia of Czersk, Princess and 7 others
Half sister of Mikłusz

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About Cymburgis of Masovia

Cymbarkaksiężniczka mazowiecka z dynastii Piastów. http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cymbarka_mazowiecka

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cymburgis_of_Masovia

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http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cymburgis_von_Masowien

Cimburgis von Masowien

aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie

(Weitergeleitet von Cymburgis von Masowien)

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Cimburgis von Masowien

Cimburgis (Cymburgis, Cimburga oder Cymbarka von Masowien; * 1394 oder 1397 in Warschau, Herzogtum Masowien; † 28. September 1429 in Türnitz, Niederösterreich) stammte aus der polnisch-masowischen Linie der Piasten und war durch Heirat mit Ernst dem Eisernen aus der steirisch-innerösterreichischen Linie Herzogin von Österreich. Ihre Mutter Alexandra war eine Schwester des polnischen Königs Władysław II. Jagiełło, mütterlicherseits eine Enkelin des Großfürsten von Wladimir, Alexander Michailowitsch.

Sie ist die Mutter Kaiser Friedrichs III. und als solche die Stammmutter aller späteren Habsburger, da diese Linie alle anderen überlebte. Man vermutet auch, dass von ihr die berühmte Habsburgerlippe eingeerbt wurde, die ein hervorstechendes Kennzeichen der Dynastie bis ins 18. Jahrhundert war und auch heute, obwohl nicht so markant, bei ihren späten Nachkommen, wie König Juan Carlos I. von Spanien hervortritt. Außerdem war sie zu ihrer Zeit berühmt wegen außergewöhnlicher Körperkraft. Sie soll mit der bloßen Hand Eisennägel aus der Wand gezogen und Heufuder gestemmt haben. Diese Eigenschaft soll bei ihrem Nachfahren August dem Starken wieder hervorgetreten sein.

Nachkommen [Bearbeiten]

   * Friedrich III. (1415–1493), Kaiser
   * Margarete (1416–1486) – verheiratet mit Friedrich II., Herzog von Sachsen
   * Albrecht VI. (1418–1463)
   * Alexandra († 1420)
   * Rudolf († vor 1424)
   * Leopold († vor 1424)
   * Katharina (1420–1493) – verheiratet mit Karl I. Markgraf von Baden
   * Anna († vor 1429)
   * Ernst († vor 1432)

Literatur [Bearbeiten]

   * Eintrag im Biographischen Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich
   * Franz von Krones: Ernst der Eiserne. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Band 6. Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1877, S. 294–297. (Nebenerwähnung)

Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 13. Mai 2010 um 15:19 Uhr geändert.

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Cymburgis of Masovia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cymburgis, also Cimburgis, Zimburgis, Cimburga, or Cymbarka of the independent Duchy of Masovia (born in 1394 or 1397 in Warsaw; died on September 28, 1429 in Türnitz, Lower Austria) distantly related to Piast and Gediminaiciai dynasty, in January 1412 became the second wife of Ernest the Iron, a Duke (since 1414 Archduke) and thus a Duchess/Archduchess of Austria from of the Styrian–Inner Austrian line.

As the mother of Emperor Frederick III she became the ancestor of all later Habsburgs, as only his line of the family survived in male line. Although unlikely, it has been claimed that she brought the famous Habsburg lip into the family, a particular physical characteristic of most members of the family for many generations until the 18th century. It can even be recognized in some of her distant descendants today (though not as markedly), e.g. in King Juan Carlos I of Spain. Cimburgis statue in Hofkirche church (Innsbruck), doesn't show this feature.[1]

She was also known for her exceptional strength, which she showed by e.g. pulling iron nails from walls with bare hands.[citation needed] Strength also distinguished one of her descendants, August the Strong.

[edit]Parents

Father – Siemowit IV, Duke of Masovia

Mother – Alexandra of Lithuania

[edit]Descendants

5 children died at young age

Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor (1415–1493)

Margaretha II of Austria (1416–1486), wife of Frederick II, Elector of Saxony, Duke of Saxony

Albrecht VI of Austria (1418–1463)

Katharina of Austria (1420–1493), wife of Charles I, Margrave of Baden-Baden

-------------------- Cymburgis (also Cimburgis, Zimburgis or Cimburga) of Masovia (Polish: Cymbarka mazowiecka) (1394 or 1397 – September 28, 1429) in January 1412 became the second wife of the Habsburg Duke Ernest the Iron of Austria (since 1414 Archduke) and thus a Duchess/Archduchess of the Inner Austrian line in Styria, Carinthia and Carniola.

Cimburgis was born at Warsaw in the Duchy of Masovia to Duke Siemovit IV of the Masovian Piast dynasty and his wife Alexandra of Lithuania, daughter of Grand Duke Algirdas, a scion of the Gediminid dynasty, and sister of Władysław II Jagiełło, King of Poland.

Though his elder brother William's engagement with the Polish princess Jadwiga had mortifyingly failed, Ernest after the death of his first wife Margaret of Pomerania proceeded to Kraków to court Cymburgis. Though not approved by the Habsburg family, the marriage turned out to be a happy one. As the mother of the later Emperor Frederick III, Cymburgis, after Gertrude of Hohenburg, became the second female ancestor of all later Habsburgs, as only his branch of the family survived in the male line. Although controversial, it has been claimed (since at least by Robert Burton in 1621[1]) that she brought the distinctive protruding lower lip (progenism) into the family, a particular physical characteristic of most members of the family for many generations until the 18th century.[2] It can even be recognized in some of her distant descendants today (though not as markedly). Cymburgis' statue in the Innsbruck Hofkirche church however does not show this feature.[3]

Tradition has it that she was also known for her exceptional strength, which, for example, she showed by driving nails into the wall with her bare hands and cracking nuts between her fingers.[4] Strength also distinguished one of her descendants, Augustus II the Strong, who allegedly broke a horseshoe bare fisted. Cymburgis outlived her husband and died at Türnitz in present-day Lower Austria. She is buried at Lilienfeld Abbey.

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Cymburgis of Masovia's Timeline

1393
1393
Sochaczew,Warszawa,,Poland
1412
February 17, 1412
Age 19
Krakow,Krakow,,Poland
1415
September 21, 1415
Age 22
Innsbruck, Österreich, Deutschland (HRR)
1416
August 21, 1416
Age 23
Wiener Neustadt,, Österreich, Deutschland(HRR)
1418
December 18, 1418
Age 25
Wien, Wien, Austria
1419
1419
Age 26
Wien, Österreich, Deutschland(HRR)
1420
1420
Age 27
Wien,Wien,Austria
1420
Age 27
Wien, Österreich, Deutschland (HRR)
1422
1422
Age 29
Wien, Österreich, Deutschland(HRR)
1423
1423
Age 30
Wien, Österreich, Deutschland(HRR)