Cynan Meiriadog ap Caradoc, king of Dumnonia

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Cynan Meiriadog ap Caradoc, king of Dumnonia

Welsh: Conan Meriadoc ap Gereint, king of Dumnonia
Also Known As: "ap Caradog", "King Conan Meriadoc of /Brittany/", "Brenin o Dumnonia", "Conan Meriadek/Cynan Meiriadog/Kynan Meiriadawe."
Birthplace: dumnonia, Great Britain
Death: Died in France
Immediate Family:

Son of Gereint Caradoc ab Einudd, Lord of Meridoc and Thametes Einudd
Husband of St. Ursula FERCH DYNOD; Saint Ursula; Dareca Meriadog and Saint Dareca
Father of Gadeon ap Conan / King of Dumnonia; NN Princess of Dumonia and Brittany Wife of Edern Aeturnus Ap Padarn; Arch (Erich) map Cynan, King of the Bretons; N.N.; Gradlon Mawr "The Great" ap Conan, King of Brittany and 21 others

Occupation: Conan MERIADOG, King of Brittany and Domnoni, Konge i England, King of Dumnonia & Brittany, Roy de Bretagne, Roy de Dumnonia, lieutenant de Maximus
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About Cynan Meiriadog ap Caradoc, king of Dumnonia

Alternate spellings: Welsh-Cynan, Latin-Conanus, English-Conan Conan was the son of Octavius the Old's brother, Gerontius, (or Octavius himself according to the "Dream of Macsen Wledig") and had expected to inherit his uncle's kingdom. Originally, he was considerably put out by the rise to power of his cousin's husband, Magnus Maximus, and he organised a rebellion against him, aided by Picts & Scots. However, being defeated, Conan became great friends with his rival and travelled with Maximus to the continent to help him become Emperor of the West. He was given Brittany as a reward for killing the previous holder of the title. His new Kingdom, was well settled by his men-at-arms, however they lacked wives. Therefore, in order to populate the area, he sent to his uncle's old ally, King Donaut of Dumnonia for numerous Cornish ladies. Conan proposed to cement the alliance of their two peoples by marrying Donaut's daughter, Ursula. Though Dunaut was delighted at the match, Ursula had her heart set on a life devoted only to God. She agreed to the marriage, on the condition that she first be allowed to go on a pilgrimage throughout Europe. Conan appears to have joined her in Rome, where the two must have been married, probably by Pope Cyriacus himself. He apparently did not travel to Cologne where Ursula died. In later years, he inherited Dumnonia from his father-in-law. Brittany & Dumnonia were united for only a short time, for, as his second wife, Conan married St.Patrick's sister, Dareca of Ireland, and he left one each of his Kingdoms to the sons of his two marriages. He probably died about 395.

Cynan was Prince of Albaine and Powys. He is a legendary figure and is reported to have married Dareara, sister of Saint Patrick and daughter of Calphurnius (Calpinn), and Cynan's cousin. Cynan is supposed to have left Britain to form a colony in Armorica, France, in 384 A.D. {per "Royal Ancestors of Magna Charta Barons," Carr P. Collins, Jr., Dallas, 1959, p. 137 - the legend has Cynan's ancestors back to Japhet, Noah's son (23 generations). Cf. "The Age of Arthur," John Morris (Scribner's, 1973, pp.250, 256-7).} He r. Nantes in Brittany.

Conan Meriadoc (modern Breton Konan Meriadeg, Latin Conanus Meridiadocus; died ca. 426) was the legendary 4th century founder of the house of Rohan and legendary leader of the earliest British settlement in Armorica.

According to medieval Welsh sources (including Geoffrey of Monmouth), Conan Meriadoc was the cousin (by marriage) of Macsen Wledig (Magnus Maximus) and nephew of Octavius. After he rebelled against Octavius, Macsen summoned him before departing to establish himself as Roman emperor, and gave Conan Armorica to rule as his own kingdom. Conan then led the settlement of Armorica by Welsh mercenaries and gave it the name of Brittany, or "Little Britain".

In the Cornish miracle play Beunans Meriasek, Conan is a kinsman of St Meriasek who tries (unsuccessfully) to dissuade Meriasek from pursuing a religious life.

J.R.R. Tolkien alludes to the historical Meriadoc in his Lord of the Rings trilogy, where the hobbit Meriadoc ("Merry") becomes the adjutant of the king of the fictional kingdom Rohan.

EBK, online… Robert B. Stewart, "My Theories", Except Siricius was not Pope until 384-399.. History Files, online Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M447.2.

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