João Maria José Francisco Xavier de Paula Luis António Domingos Rafael de Bragança, Rei de Portugal e Imperador do Brasil (1767 - 1826) MP

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Birthplace: Real Paco Ajuda, Lisbon, Portugal
Death: Died in Pacorealbemposta, Lisbon, Portugal
Occupation: Prince of Brazil (1788-1816), Regent of Portugal from 10.2.1792, Prince Regent 12.7.1799, King of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves (1816-26), proclaimed Brazil a kingdom 16.12.1815, acclaimed King at Rio de Janeiro 6.2.1818, recogni
Managed by: Stein Djupmork
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About João Maria José Francisco Xavier de Paula Luis António Domingos Rafael de Bragança, Rei de Portugal e Imperador do Brasil

Golden Fleece - Knights: Spanish Branch

  • João Maria José Francisco Xavier de Paula Luís António Domingos Rafael de Bragança
  • King(Rei) de Portugal
  • Wikipedia:
  • English...., Português....
  • Dom João VI de Bragança, Rei de Portugal e Brasil
  • M, #105860, b. 13 May 1767, d. 10 March 1826
  • Dom João VI de Bragança, Rei de Portugal e Brasil was born on 13 May 1767 at Lisbon, Portugal. (4) He was the son of Dom Pedro III de Bragança, Rei de Portugal and Dona Maria I de Bragança, Rainha de Portugal. (3) He married Carlota Joaquina de Borbón, Infanta de España, daughter of Carlos IV, Rey de España and Maria Luisa di Borbone, Principessa di Parma, on 9 June 1785 at Lisbon, Portugal. (4)
  • He died on 10 March 1826 at age 58 at Lisbon, Portugal. He was buried at São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Portugal. (4)
  • Dom João VI de Bragança, Rei de Portugal e Brasil was baptised with the name of João Maria José Francisco Xavier de Paula Luis António Domingos Rafael.4 He gained the title of Principe João de Brasil between 1788 and 1816.4 He held the office of Regent of Portugal on 10 February 1792. (4) He gained the title of Rei João IV de Brasil on 16 December 1815. (5), (4) He succeeded to the title of Rei João VI de Portugal in 1818. (5)
  • Children of Dom João VI de Bragança, Rei de Portugal e Brasil and Carlota Joaquina de Borbón, Infanta de España

-1. Maria Teresa de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal+ (3) b. 29 Apr 1793, d. 17 Jan 1874

-2. Maria Isabel de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal+3 b. 19 May 1797, d. 26 Dec 1818

-3. Dom Pedro IV de Bragança, Rei de Portugal+4 b. 12 Oct 1798, d. 24 Sep 1834

-4. Maria Francesca de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal+3 b. 22 Apr 1800, d. 4 Sep 1834

-5. Isabella de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal4 b. 1801, d. 1876

-6. Miguel I de Bragança, Rei de Portugal+ b. 26 Oct 1802, d. 14 Nov 1866

-7. Anne de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal4 b. 1806, d. 1857

Forrás / Source:

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John VI, born Don John Mary Joseph Francis Javier of Paula Louis Anthony Dominic Raphael of Braganza (in Portuguese:Dom João Maria José Francisco Xavier de Paula Luís António Domingos Rafael de Bragança ;13 May 1767 – 10 March 1826) (Portuguese João Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒʊˈɐ̃ũ]), the Clement (Port. o Clemente), King of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves (later changed to just King of Portugal and the Algarves, after Brazil was recognized independent in 1825) was born in Lisbon in 1767. John was the 27th (or 28th according to some historians) Portuguese monarch.

Early life and regency

John was the second son of Maria Francisca of Portugal, the then Princess of Brazil and her husband (and uncle), Infante Pedro, her prince consort. His mother ascended the throne of Portugal in 1777. John's elder brother Joseph died in 1788, so John became the heir apparent and received the title of prince of Brazil.

In 1799 John assumed the reins of government as prince regent in the name of his widowed mother, who had declined into mental illness (perhaps due to porphyria). He retained this position until his mother's death in 1816. John had been brought up in an ecclesiastical atmosphere and, being naturally of a somewhat weak and helpless character, was ill adapted for the responsibilities he was called on to undertake. His wife, Charlotte of Spain, dominated him. In 1807, Portugal was invaded by France. At the urging of Britain, the whole Portuguese royal family fled to Brazil, accompanied by an escort of British ships. His court in exile was established in Rio de Janeiro.

[edit]King of Portugal

In 1816 John was recognized as king of Portugal after his mother's death but he continued to reside in Brazil, which he had raised to the status of a kingdom on 16 December 1815. The consequent spread of dissatisfaction in Portugal resulted in the peaceful Revolution of 24 August 1820, and the proclamation of a constitutional government, to which John swore fidelity on his return to Portugal in 1821. In the same year, and again in 1823, he had to suppress a rebellion led by his younger son Miguel, whom he was ultimately compelled to banish in 1824.

Meanwhile his elder son and heir, Pedro, declared Brazilian independence from Portugal on 7 September 1822, and subsequently declared himself Emperor Pedro I. John refused to recognize Brazilian independence until 29 August 1825, when he restored Pedro to the succession in the belief that Brazil and Portugal would be reunited in a dual monarchy federation after his own death. John died at Lisbon on 26 March 1826, and was briefly succeeded by Pedro (as King Pedro IV). Recent tests made to John's intestines, which had been kept buried on a vase, demonstrated that he may have died due to arsenic poisoning. His nemesis, Napoleon, may have also suffered a similar fate.[citation needed]

A fictionalized version of much of his life is depicted in the Brazilian movie Carlota Joaquina - Princesa do Brasil.

Marriages and descendants

John married Charlotte of Spain (25 April 1775-7 December 1830 in 1785 and had several children:

Issue

Maria Teresa, Princess of Beira

Maria Isabel, Queen of Spain

Peter IV

Infanta Maria Francisca

Infanta Isabel Maria

Michael

Infanta Maria da Assunção

Infanta Ana de Jesus Maria, Duchess of Loulé -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_VI_of_Portugal -------------------- John VI; King of Portugal.


Reign 20 March 1816 – 10 March 1826

Consort Charlotte of Spain

Father Peter III

Mother Maria I

Born 13 May 1767

Lisbon

Died 10 March 1826 (aged 58)

Lisbon

John VI (13 May 1767 – 10 March 1826) King of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves (later changed to just King of Portugal and the Algarves, after Brazil was recognized independent in 1825) was born in Lisbon in 1767. John was the 27th (or 28th according to some historians) Portuguese monarch.


John was the second son of Maria Francisca of Portugal, the then Princess of Brazil and her husband (and uncle), Infante Pedro, her prince consort. His mother ascended the throne of Portugal in 1777. John's elder brother Joseph died in 1788, so John became the heir apparent and received the title of prince of Brazil.

In 1799 John assumed the reins of government as prince regent in the name of his widowed mother, who had declined into mental illness (perhaps due to porphyria). He retained this position until his mother's death in 1816. John had been brought up in an ecclesiastical atmosphere and, being naturally of a somewhat weak and helpless character, was ill adapted for the responsibilities he was called on to undertake. His wife, Charlotte of Spain, dominated him. In 1807, Portugal was invaded by France. At the urging of Britain, the whole Portuguese royal family fled to Brazil, accompanied by an escort of British ships. His court in exile was established in Rio de Janeiro.

In 1816 John was recognized as king of Portugal after his mother's death but he continued to reside in Brazil, which he had raised to the status of a kingdom on 16 December 1815. The consequent spread of dissatisfaction in Portugal resulted in the peaceful revolution of 24 August 1820, and the proclamation of a constitutional government, to which John swore fidelity on his return to Portugal in 1821. In the same year, and again in 1823, he had to suppress a rebellion led by his younger son Miguel, whom he was ultimately compelled to banish in 1824.

Meanwhile his elder son and heir, Pedro, declared Brazilian independence from Portugal on 7 September 1822, and subsequently declared himself Emperor Pedro I. John refused to recognize Brazilian independence until 29 August 1825, when he restored Pedro to the succession in the belief that Brazil and Portugal would be reunited in a dual monarchy federation after his own death. John died at Lisbon on 26 March 1826, and was briefly succeeded by Pedro (as King Pedro IV). Recent tests made to John's intestines, which had been kept buried on a vase, demonstrated that he may have died due to arsenic poisoning. His nemesis, Napoleon, may have also suffered a similar fate.

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D. João VI, Rei de Portugal e Imperador do Brasil's Timeline

1767
May 13, 1767
Real Paco Ajuda, Lisbon, Portugal
1785
June 9, 1785
Age 18
Lisbon, Portugal
1793
April 29, 1793
Age 25
Lisboa, Portugal
1795
March 21, 1795
Age 27
Paco Real Quinta, Quolez, Lisbon, Portugal
1797
May 19, 1797
Age 30
Sintra, Lisbon, Portugal
1798
October 12, 1798
Age 31
Lisboa, Portugal
1800
April 22, 1800
Age 32
Capelo Real, Queluz, Lisbon, Portugal
1801
July 4, 1801
Age 34
Sintra, Lisboa, Portugal
1802
October 26, 1802
Age 35
Queluz, Sintra, Portugal
1805
June 25, 1805
Age 38
Sintra, Lisboa, Portugal