About Daniel Ashcraft
From Hempstead's Diary [Stonington]: "Sunday, June 12, 1720. I was on Jury of inquest upon ye Indian which died last night of ye wound he rec'd of Daniel Ashcraft on Thursday last on his forehead with a stone."
"Fridey, Sept 10. Daniel Ashcraft brought in not guilty."
Daniel found it expedient to leave town, however, because of hard feelings among the population; good relations with the local Indians were necessary to the town's safety.
His wife's maiden name was "Lewis" only by family tradition, which also claimed she was connected to the commander officer at Pleasant Point -- which is wholly untrue.
In January 1734, Daniel's younger brother, Jedediah, had to post bail for an unknown "violent offense," and left town (apparently skipping bail). That March, another brother, Uriah, also stood trial for the murder of "a stranger," Dennis Wilkenson. He, too, was acquitted, and left town. The brothers all ended up together in northwestern Virginia (now West Virginia) and southwestern Pennsylvania.
In 1726, Daniel bought land in Wrightstown, Bucks County, Pennsylvania. In January 1738, he was apparently in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, where he witnessed legal documents. About 1753, he settled on Sleepy Creek, Berkeley County, Virginia, but also bought land in 1755 in Frederick County, Maryland. -------------------- Ashcraft, Daniel m. ?Lewis?, Elizabeth b. c. 1702 Va./WVa. d. before 1791. He d. 9 Oct. 1755 Conococheaque Manor Town Creek Killed by the Indians.
- Ashcraft, Ephraim b. c. 1734; m. ___, Elizabeth; d. 1791 killed by the Indians at Little Bigamon
- Ashcraft, Felix b. c. 1726; d. bef. 1770
- Ashcraft, Jacob b. 18 Feb. 1733; ; m. Johnson, Mary; d. 1756 killed by the Indians
- Ashcraft, Jedidiah b. c. 1735; m. 1765 Friend, Nancy; d. 1793 Clifty Hallow,
- Larue, Ky. Had: Elizabeth, Daniel, Susanna, Mary, John, Infant and Nancy
- Ashcraft, Daniel b. 1736; d. 11 Dec. 1774 Battle of Point Pleasant
- Ashcraft, Ichabod b. c. 1737
- Ashcraft, John b. c. 1739; m. 1763/4 ___, Charity; d. 1832 Shinnston,
- Harrison, W. Va. Had: Uriah.
- Ashcraft, Elizabeth b. c. 1739; m. ?Boyce, David
- Ashcraft, Richard b. c. 1740 Pa.; m. c. 1769 Chambers, Hill, Fayette, Pa.
- Carr, Elizabeth/Betsey d/o John and Elizabetth Carr. He d. Feb 1792 chambers Hill, Fayette, Pa. Had 9 children: Absolum, Elisha, Rachael, Mary B., Elijah D., Elizabeth, Delilah, Abisha B., Abner,
- Ashcraft, Rachel b. c. 1741
- Ashcraft, Margaret b. c. 1743
Martha Ashcraft Neal, Ashcraft Family Descendants of Daniel, The, 1994, Gateway Press Inc. Baltimore, Md., pg. 199-201, , Library of Congress # 94-77682.
22. Daniel Ashcraft (John, John, John, Richard, Richard) was born on 14 Aug 1698 in Stonington, New London County, Connecticut. He died on 9 Oct 1755 in Conococheague Manor, Town Creek, West Virginia. He was Killed By Indians. Daniel married Elizabeth in 1723 in NJ? or PA?. Elizabeth was born in 1702 in West Virginia. She died in 1790 in West Virginia.
Daniel and Elizabeth had the following children:
- + 29 M i. Richard Ashcraft was born in 1746. He died in Feb 1792.
- 30 M ii. Ephriam Ashcraft was born in 1724 in Virginia. He died in 1791 in Killed by Indians at Little Bingaman. Ephriam married Elizabeth . Elizabeth was born in 1724. She died in 1791.
- 31 M iii. Felix Ashcraft was born in 1726. He died before Nov 1770. Apparently unmarried.
- 32 M iv. Jacob Ashcraft was born on 18 Feb 1733 probably in Pennsylvania. He died in 1756 in Pennsylvania. He was Killed by Indians. Married Mary Johnson, daughter of Peter Johnson, c1750 (her 1st husband); died c1756 probably in Berkeley County, Virginia [now West Virginia].
- 33 M v. Jediah Ashcraft was born in 1735 in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. He died in 1793 in Clifty Hollow, LaRue County, Kentucky. Jediah married Nancy Ann Friend in 1765.
- 34 M vi. Daniel Ashcraft was born in 1736 in Pennsylvania. He died on 11 Oct 1774 in Battle of Point Pleasant, Virginia. (According to family tradition, he supposedly died 11 Oct 1774 in the Battle of Point Pleasant, Virginia, but there is no evidence whatever to support this....)
- 35 M vii. Ichabod Ashcraft was born in 1737 in Point Pleasant, West Virginia. He died in 1804 in Fayette County, Pennsylvania.
- 36 M viii. John Ashcraft was born in 1737/9 in Pennsylvania. He died in 1832 in Shinnston, Harrison County, West Virginia. Married Charity Evans, daughter of John Evans and Sarah Denny, 1763-1764? probably in Chester County, Pennsylvania; died 1832 at Shinntown, Harrison County, Virginia [now West Virginia]. John received Revolutionary War Pension #S-6537.
- 37 F ix. Elizabeth Ashcraft was born in 1739. Elizabeth married Robert Boyce .
- 38 F x. Rachel Ashcraft was born in 1741.
- 39 F xi. Margaret Ashcraft was born in 1743.
minute book i pg. 745 - not other ID given
Daniel Aschraft of Wrights town, requests the grant of a tract of land in or near that township, where edw'd milner is settled on presumption if milner does not purchase the same.
Homicides of Adults in Connecticut, 1711-1750
- 1720, June 9
- New London, NL CT
- Class: certain
- Crime: HOM MANSL
- Rela: NONDOM
- Motive: UNK
- Day of week:
- Time of day:
- Days to death: 3
- HOM: Daniel Ashcraft m. Pas-ka-hant, aka young Wampaneagan (an Indian)
- Weapon: with a common stone, 2 lbs., "did cruelly etc. throw it at the head" of young W, "struck him on the forehead giving him a mortal wound, fracturing and breaking his skull into his brains by 3 inches."
- d. at New London on 6/12
- Indictment? yes, murder.
- Term?: 9/1720, New London
- Court proceedings: pNG. fNG. to pay costs: 12.12.6. Capt. James Avery of Groton, interpreter.
- Source: Conn. Superior Court records, 2: 263-4
- Accused: Daniel Ashcraft
- Ethnicity: [English]
- Race: w
- Gender: m
- Age: adult
- Marital Status:
- Occupation: cordwainer
- Town: Stonington
- Victim: Pas-ka-hant, aka young Wampaneag Ethnicity: Mohegan
- Race: Ind
- Gender: m
- Age: adult
- Marital Status:
- Town: New London
- Rel igion:
According to documented family geneology, Daniel Ashcraft born August 14, 1698 in Stonington, CT., son of John Ashcraft and Mary Burrows, moved to Berkley County, VA sometime before 1735(then known as Orange County, VA, circa. 1734.)
.He relocated as a young man, presumably to obtain land and a different way of life. At that time Virginia was mostly goverened by the Headright-Land Patent(Grant)System. However, it was becoming possible to purchase land directly from the Royal Treasury.
He left behind a small but thriving shipping and ship building town on the Atlantic Seacoast. In Berkley County, Virginia he married Elizabeth Lewis, 1735. She was born in England, 1702.
They had a son, Ichabod Ashcraft born in 1737, Point Pleasant, Virginia Territory. Daniel died in 1755, Conocheague Manor, Town Creek, VA. Elizabeth died about 1790 in Virginia. Ichabod moved to Pennsylvania. He died in Fayette County, VA. in 1804. Daniel in the great-grandfather to Jesse Ashcraft born April 3, 1799 in Fayette County, PA.
Daniel Ashcraft fled to eastern Pennsylvania after killing an Indian.
From Joshua Hempstead's Diary:
Sunday, June 12, 1720. I was on Jry of inquest upon ye Indian which died last night of ye wound he rec'd of Daniel Ashcraft on Thursday last on his forehead with a stone.
Fridey [sic], Sept 10. Daniel Ashcraft brought in not guilty.
Diary of Joshua Hempstead of New London, Connecticut by New London Historical Society, 1901.
Apparently, even though he was acquitted, Daniel felt the approbation of a community that relied on good relations with the Indians, and he left town, traveling first to New Jersey and then to Pennsylvania and Maryland.
Daniel's brothers Jedediah and Uriah, according to Hempstead's Diary, also had brushes with the law. On Jan 19, 1733-4, it was related that he had to go to town to make bail for Jedediah Ashcraft, and on March 15, 1733-4 he was in court all day with Uriah Ashcraft was being tried for his life for murdering a stranger, Dennis Wilkenson. Uriah was acquitted.
Accused of killing an Indian, the son of Wampaneag, he had been jailed in June of 1720. Indians had come forward with various complaints of injustices and Daniel Ashcraft was used as an example of how the laws of King George applied to both Indian and Englishmen alike. Joshua Hempstead noted in his diary that he had been on the Jury of inquest (Diary of Joshua Hempstead of New London, Connecticut by New London Historical Society, 1901).
In September, Daniel was tried for his life for killing the Indian with a stone. An Indian squaw testified at his trial that she saw the Indian load a pistol and threaten to kill Daniel. The poor squaw was later whipped by the Indians for informing. Daniel was acquitted but hard feelings remained. Shortly after, he left Connecticut.
In one account, Daniel went to sea and never returned. Indeed there is no further record of him in Connecticut. In 1726, we find him in Wrightstown Pennsylvania requesting a land transaction. His father mentioned him in his will leaving him 20 pounds or bills of credit. On the 10th day of May, 1732, Daniel was in Wrightstown in Bucks County, Pennsylvania near the Delaware River selling 220 acres of land to William Allen for 200 pounds lawful money of Penn. This act would indicate that Daniel had been there for some time. On 14 June 1734 he sold another 120 acres for 160 pounds to William Allen of Philadelphia. This tract was said to have contained houses, barns, buildings, gardens, orchards on the Neshaminy Creek adjoining Richard Mitchell and Jonathan Cooper. This land was located in Wrightstown near Philadelphia.
Family tradition states that Daniel married Elizabeth Lewis C. 1723 with no evidence being found, but he was married to an Elizabeth.
The family then moved to the Sleepy creek area of present day West Virginia. This land was open to settlement about 1750 with the Lewis family residing there in 1753 and 1756 (David and Henry Lewis).
Daniel was killed by Indian on October 9, 1755.
The "Maryland Gazette" of Thursday, 9 Oct 1755 reports:
"Daniel Ashloff, who lived near Town creek, a few miles this side of Col Thomas cresap's, says that he and his father and others were attacked by indians, who killed all but Daniel. Mr Stoddart wanted to go in persuit but the others would not. He has applied to Major Prather for a detachment of militia.
Less than a year later the "Maryland Gazette" reports the death of more family members, "A letter from Col Cresap mentions Indians killing Abraham Johnson, Jacob Ashcraft, and James Lowrey a peddler, Daniel Ashcraft is missing."
There is evidence that Daniel had 8 sons and 3 daughters. The boys lived together, worked together, migrated together, and fought together.
Notes for Elizabeth Lewis: Her surname is Lewis only by family tradition. Her given name was certainly Elizabeth
Daniel Ashcraft's Timeline
August 14, 1698
Province of Pennsylvania
February 18, 1732
Bucks, Pennsylvania, United States
Mt. Pleasant Virginia
Point Pleasant, WV, USA