About Daniel B Ashcraft
In the Ashcraft genealogy is is listed just as "Daniel Ashcraft" no initial or middle name.
Daniel was born in Berkeley county Virginia (now West Virginia) in 1776 and would have been just a boy when his family moved into the monongahela Valley and pioneered a settlement there.
His formative years were spent at Buffalo Pastures, and we first find him listed on the tax rolls in 1785. In 1797 he was listed as single, in 1788 he was still single but owned a horse; three years later he had a horse and a cos; and finally in 1793 he had 2 horses and a cow.
Daniel married a German girl, Elizabeth Shuman daughter of George Shuman about 1784 [Register of mt. Zion Lutheran church Records Carroll co. Md. Ellis & Evans, History of Lancaster co. 1883 NB - Eliizabeth had a brrother Adam, who married Elizabeth kurtz,,,,; this couple had a daughter named ELizabeth Ann in 1793. Adam's father was George Shuman, therefore it was deduced that elizabeth (catherine?) Shuman ashcraft was too.]
It is noted above that daniel was single in 1787 and 1788. Elizabeth was a few years older thand Daniel, and at some point she may have died.
There is an unexplained pag of 5 years between daniel's two oldest children; mary was born 1785 and Rachel in 1790.
this was unusual for the times; were there stillbirths in the interim or did elizabeth die and Daniel remarry?
It is known that Daniel was married to "Catherine" sometime before 1808.
It was assumed that Ichabod was with the militia when they chased the Indianas out into Ohio after the battle of Point pleasant, and he may have been with the exploratory mission in the Coshocton area that toook place earlier. Apparently Ichabod had at some time, explored the Ohio country. This family was noted for pushing the frontier farther west and Daniel was no exception.
After Ichabod's death, his eldest son Daniel sold Buffalo Pastures to Jessee Evans (brother-in-law of Amos Ashcraft0, and moved with his family to the new frontier, the one that his father had told him about.
The traveling vessel, a broadhorn about 20X40 feet, that Daniel and his family constructed was one that was in common usage in those days, and ther route that they chose was one that was not unknown.
As was the custom, the provisioning (a large quantity of cooking untensils, hardware and iron for the use of blacksmiths was loaded) was done at Redstone old fort (where Brownsville now stands). it took about 6 hands to man a broadhorn of this size, and daniel had a good crew in his two grown sons, his son-in-law, Mr. North, the logsmith, and himself. they traveled 306 miles of river and took two moths to complete the trip. because of the size and awkwardness of the big broadhorn, it was abandoned at Marietta. The large amount of wood in a broadhorn allowed them to be sold for cabin building when they were no longer useful for transportation. After disposing of the raft the last leg of the journey was negoootiated in three keelboats and on foot with much of the goods packed on the horses. One of these keelboats reportedly still exists in the Graham barn near Frazeyburg [info on the keelboat from Warren Ashcraft. Warren also gave me a photo of the keelboat, but unfortunately it was not clear enough to reproduce]
Daniel ashcraft was the first settler in the township stetting upon the southwest quarter of section 22 in 1808. He quickly became known as an excellant mechanic and could turn his hand to almost anything [History of coshocton County, Ohio. its Past and Present, 1740-1880]
This Ashcraft, true to frontier tradition, also was a noted trapper and hunter. At a time when wolf pelts were worth five dollars a piece, he devoted much of his time to hunting them. Often he trapped then by building a square pen out of poles, notching them down and leaning all sides to the senter leaving a pole at the top and placing a piece of fresh meat in the center of the trap. daniel was also noted for filling a full grown and troublesome bear. [Taken from an old family history, corroborated by historical fact.]
Daniel's spouse at this time was someone named Catherine. It is generally believed that he originally married Elizabeth Schuman, but Catherine's name was on the deed when he sold Buffalo Pastures, and Catherine signed the deed as Daniel's wife. Catherine was also named as wife of daniel in an affidavit sworn at Coshocton county in connection with the sale of the property in Fayette co., Pa.
Seven of Daniel's children named a child "Catherine'.
The sale of buffalo Pastures was not finalized until 1821, at which time Daniel travelled back to fayette county to take care of it. catherin apparently could not go and in lieu of appearing in person, she had an affidavit sworn to by the justice of peace in Coshocton testifying that "Catherine, wife of daniel Ashcraft" was personally known to him etc.
The number of times that Catherine's name is mentioned in these legal documents leaves little doubt to whom Daniel was married to at the time of the property sale or during the move to Ohio.
when they left in 1808, mary, daniel's oldest and her husband Thomas McKee were on board as well as jonathan 17, Jacob 15, Hannah 12, Jesse 10, ELijah 8, and little Elizabeth at age two. The second daughter, Rachel, chose to stay behind with her husband, John Jones.
Upon reaching Zanesvile he disposed of the greatest of his cargo reserving some at immense profit. his father had often told him of the country and there he intendedto locate. the season was growing late and he concluded to stay at the falls of licking until the next fall or Spring and planted five acres in corn. that fall while hunting her fell in with a man who lived there where irville now stands who told him of a man who lived about one mile SOuthwest of where frazeysburg now stands who belonged to a surveying party, and he ahd spoke of a fine location still further North. Ashcraft hunted up this man's cabin and stayed all night with him.
the man the next day took him north about 5 miles and there in a Valley showed him about 10 acres desture 9sic) of bruch and saplings in which was a fine spring, evidently a desereted indian camp. this camp took the pioneer's eye. Ashcraft and his family had the ague that fall and the reports from the west were that the county was aguish. He then resolved to get off the river bottoms and not go West. they were delayed at the Falls of licking because of sickness, but after a while the journey was begun to the North to the new home to the indians camp. The entire family travelled on foot. the horses being heavily laden with goods. they rested and partook of the noon day weal where irville now stands. Then all pushed eagerly on thorugh thickest forest, eager to get to their new home. As the sun was sinking behind the western hills on the evening of june the 9th 1808 this little insignificant but now famous party of Pioneers arrived at camp. They were highly pleased with their new home, the pack horses were soon unloaded. Supper hstily prepared and eaten. Soon there were all asleep with nothing to disturb them but a bear who persisted in trying to find out something about his new neighbors. At break of day JOnathan with his pack horses was on his way to the Falls for another load while the rest of the family was busily engaged in building their new house. a rude structure made of poless and covered with peeled bark to be supplanted by a more substantial one as soon as the corn was planted for Ashcraft had the money at his command and could afford a better one.
Long before sunrsie the Valley of Old Brushy FOrk had become familiar with the sound of the white man's ax and on the evening of that day the family had the home ready for occupancy when Jonathan came home that night. He was greatly pleased to see the new structure completedm occupied by the family and supper awaiting him. He had often told the writer that is this house was the most conovenient house he ever occupied. Kitchen, dining room, sitting room, parlor and bed rook all in one and you could see out with out going to door or window.
NB From a paper called "His Land" (sic). This issue was published at frazeysburg Ohio. Feb. 8, 1894. Except for a few corrections in puncuation make reading easier, it was copied verbatim and presented here in its entirety because of its informative nature.
The deed shows the land was paid for "in full on the 24th day of April the year of out lord one thousand eight hundred and nine and of the untied States the thirty third.' james Mdison, President and R. Smith, secretary of State signed the deed. ohio had been a state since 1803.
When the National ROad to the monongahela river opened in 1817. daniel prospered as more and more emigrants came into the state. he provided goods, services, lodging, neals and sold tools. Daniel charged 12 1/2 cents for a meal and 6 1/4 cents for lodging. At this roadside accommmodation, Daniel also entertained with his storytelling that became legendary. As well as blacksmithing, Dabienl carried on a cooper shop and soon had a tannery started. Later he built a larger log house which was considered a "veritable palace' in that wilderness.
The last child "Litte Dan" was born in Ohio in 1811.
In 1824 "Mrs. Ahscraft" (Catherine) burned to death whe the yarn caught fire while she was spinning wool.
A year later, on November 29, 1825, Daniel was married to Mary Sewar Goodwin in Coshocton county. Mary was the daughter of deacon ENos Seward and the widow of George Goodwin.
Mary had two sons James and ELijah Goodwin, and the only child Daniel still had at home at the time of the marriage was "Little Dan" at age 14. Elijah, too, must have been underage because Daniel was appointed his guardian.
on 30 novemebr 1836 james married a granddaughter of daniel, catherine McKee, the daughter of Thomas McKee and May Ashcraft. Later ELijah married Jemima hall and they eventually moved to michigan.
daniel's bawdy was fianlly proved too much for the widow he married.
A story purported ly told by Robert Ashcraft (b. 1832) related how Daniel lost his temper. using his flint and tinder one cold mmorning, he was hving great trouble getting the fire going. mary, still in her warm bed, complained about his offensice language. Whe she reiterated the complaint, Daniel grabbed his rifle and fired a shot over her bed. Mary was so frightened that she leaped out of bed, and in her nightgown and barefooted, ran across a field to jonathan's house. when jonathan checked on his father, daniel told him he had fired at a wolf that was after the chickens. Mary never returned home.
On 10 Mar. 1837, James Goodwin, on behalf of his mother, filed an article of aprggement of daniel and Mary's intent to live separate and apart. After the settlement, james moved his family to a place near sullivan, Indiana and Mary Goodwin Ascraft went with them.
foram an old family account we learn that Daniel prided himself on paying his debts, being charitable and neighborly to the poor, and on his reputation for truth.
Ten year later Daniel died, leaving us a legacy of pioneering courage and entrepreneurship, as well as a hugh family, many of them carrying and passing on the same genes.
29 Ashcraft, Daniel m. 1784 Shuman, Elizabeth Catherine of Fayette co., Pa. b. 1756 d. 1824 Mt. Vernon, Knox co., Oh. buried Broomstick Cemetery Coshocton co., Oh. d/o George Shuman; m 2) 29 Nov. 1825 Goodwin, Mary (Steward) d/o Enos Seward. He d. 1846 Coshocton co., Oh. buried Broomstick Cemetery Pike Twp. Coshocton co., Oh. Their children:
- Ashcraft, Mary b. 1785 Fayette co., Pa.; m. 1807 McKee Thomas James b. 177_Dongel, Ireland d. 7 Jul. 1868 m 2) Martinia Campbell s/o James McKee; d. 15 Apr. 1824 Coshocton co., Oh. Both buried there McKee Cemetery
- Ashcraft, Rachel b. 6 Oct. 1790 Fayette co., Pa.; m. 1807 Jones, John James d. 16 Sep. 1812 s/o Robert Jones; m 2) 1813 Downs, William b. Sep. 1793 Pa. d. 14 Aug. 1873 Oh. s/o Jesse and Naomi (Taunt) Downs; d. 16 Sep. 1873
- + Ashcraft, Jonathan b. 6 Oct. 1792 Fayette co., Pa.; m. Dec. 1813 Knox co., Oh. McKee, Catherine b. 20 May 1796 d. 1846 d/o Charles and Margaert (Lockhart) McKee. He d. 5 Mar. 1884 Coshocton co., Oh. buried Mt. Zion Cemetery Muskingham co., Oh
- Ashcraft, Jacob b. 30 Mar. 1794 Fayette co., Pa.; m. 16 Sep.1817 Md. Fairall, Martha/Patsy; d. 1862 Pike Twp., Coshocton co., Oh. buried there Broomstick Cemetery
- Ashcraft, Hannah b. 4 Feb. 1796 Fayette co., Pa.; m. 4 Feb.1813 Muskingham co., Oh. Smith, Archibald b. 1 Sep.1795d. 29 Sep. 1857 buried Mo. She d. 9 Sep. 1869 Mo. buried Goshen Cemetery Princeton, Mercer, Mo.
- + Ashcraft, Jesse b. 3 Apr. 1799 Fayette co., Pa.; m. 16 Sep. 1824 Knox co, Oh. Chaney, Mary Ann b. 30 Mar. 1805 near Baltimore, Anne Arundel, Md. d. 1864 d/o Joseph and Elizabeth (O'Conner) Chaney. He d. 12 Jul. 1871 Blandenburg, Knox, Oh
- +Ashcraft, Elijah b. 27 Oct. 1800 George Twp., Fayette co., Pa. a.; m. Hardesty, Elizabeth (See #3); m 2) Edington, Margaret (Hardesty) (See #4)
- Ashcraft, Elizabeth b. 1805 Fayette co., Pa.; m. 15 Oct., 1821 Coshocton co., Oh. McKee, Patrick; d. 30 Mar. 1865 buried Ashcraft McKee Cemetery Pike Twp., Coshocton co., Oh.
- Infant dau.
- +Ashcraft, Daniel A. Jr. b. 15 Jan. 1811 Pike twp., Coshocton co., Oh. Chaney, Aletha/Lethy d/o Jesse and Elizabeth (O'Conner) Chaney. He d. 29 Dec. 1879 Muskingham co., Oh. buried there Frazyburg.
Martha Ashcraft Neal, Ashcraft Family Descendants of Daniel, The, 1994, Gateway Press Inc. Baltimore, Md., pg. 199-201, , Library of Congress # 94-77682.
Daniel Ashcraft's Timeline
Berkley, VA, United States
Berkley, Virginia, United States
June 10, 1790
October 6, 1792
Fayette co., Pa
October 6, 1794
February 4, 1796
April 3, 1799
Fayette, Pennsylvania, United States
August 27, 1800
Georges Twp., Fayette, Pennsylvania