|Birthplace:||Charlestown (within present Boston), Suffolk County, Massachusetts Bay Colony, (Present USA)|
|Death:||Died in Basking Ridge, Somerset County, Province of New Jersey, (Present USA)|
|Cause of death:||Hanged for killing friendly Indians.|
|Managed by:||Maria Edmonds-Zediker, Volunteer Curator|
About Daniel Goble, Sr.
DANIEL2 GOBLE (THOMAS1) was born July 18, 1641 in Charlestown, Suffolk, Massachusetts, and died September 26, 1676 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts. He married HANNAH BREWER February 25, 1663/64 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts. She was born January 18, 1644/45 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts, and died September 11, 1697 in Lancaster, Worcester, Massachusetts.
Notes for HANNAH BREWER:
Killed By Indians With 2ND Husband And Daughter
Children of DANIEL GOBLE and HANNAH BREWER are:
3. i. II DANIEL3 GOBLE, b. May 21, 1669, Concord, Middlesex, Massachusetts; d. Abt. 1733, Morristown, Morris, New Jersey.
ii. ALICE GOBLE, b. September 11, 1673, Concord, Middlesex, Massachusetts; d. Unknown.
The Execution of Two Goble Men
By Evelyn Goble Steen
Daniel (2) Goble was the sixth and youngest child of Thomas (1) Goble and his wife Alice. He was born July 18, 1641 and baptized in Charlestown, Massachusetts. On February 25, 1663/64 at Sudbury, Massachusetts, he married Hanna (Anna) Brewer. Daniel and Hanna lived in Concord south of Walden Woods, where their four children (Hanna, Daniel, John, and Alice/Elsey) were born.
Daniel (2), his brother Thomas (2) and his nephew Stephen (3) Goble (son of Thomas (2)), were in King Philip's War, which began in 1671. This was the first and only major Indian war in the 17th century and it decided the fate of New England's Indians.
Narragansetts Indian brothers Metacomet and Wamsutta shared the power of the tribe after their father, the chief, died. They were considered to be peaceful sachem and were renamed King Philip and Alexander by the English. As tensions began to grow between the colonists and Indians a new peace treaty was signed. Rumors and small incidents continued to cause distrust; and uncontrolled skirmishes of horrific proportions broke out. All out war between Indian tribes and the English volunteers spread rapidly. On August 30, 1675 the Concord Council passed an order "That any Indians found more than a mile from the center of their villages, except in the company of English or on service, the English are at liberty to shoot them down or arrest them."
Daniel (2) Goble fought against the Indians in Captain Manning's company; Thomas (2) Goble fought in Captain Prentice's company; and Stephen (3) Goble fought in Captain Wheeler's company. Captain Manning commanded a contingent in the Battle of Great Swamp Fort on December 19, 1675. It was the most massive military action initiated by the colonists during the war.
Villages were burned and many people were captured or scalped. As the battles continued, great losses were accounted for by the English and the Indians. There was dissension among the different tribes of Indians and by August 1676 Philip had only a few loyal followers left. King Philip was killed on August 12, 1676, by one of his own men who had turned against him. Philip's death brought the termination of the war. His body was mutilated and his head, mounted on a gibbet, was used in Plymouth as a warning to restive chiefs for over 20 years. King Philip's War cost the lives of 600 Englishmen and perhaps 3000 Indians. Some 1200 homes were burned and 80,000 head of cattle killed. Surviving Indians were sold as slaves for 30 shillings each.
After the war ended, the colonists feared the killing of Indians would throw them back into fierce fighting. The court records of 1676 state: Daniel (2) Goble, Stephen (3) Goble, Nathaniel Wilde, and Daniel Hoare were indicted, tried and found guilty for the "wanton" murders of three Indian women and three Indian children. The killings took place on or about August 7, 1676. This was just five days before King Philip's war ended. (Daniel pleaded not guilty to the charge.)
The Goble men were yeomen (farmers) and both received the prescribed punishment. Daniel Hoare and Nathaniel Wilde being from more affluent families and having connections with the clergy, presented a petition to the court begging pardon for their lives, which the court granted. The court fined them and they were discharged.
* Soldiers in King Philip's War, by George M. Bodge.
* North American Indian Wars, by Richard H. Dillon - 1983.
* Records of the Massachusetts Court of Assistants, County of Suffolk Clerks Office, Boston 1676.
* An Historical Account of the Doings and Sufferings of the Christian Indians of New England, 1678 by Daniel Gookin.
* Transactions & Collections of the American Antiquarian Society, Vol. 2, 1836.
* King Philip's War, by George W. Ellis & John E. Morris, 1906
* A History of the Town of Concord, by Lemuel Shattuck.
* Records of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, Vol. 5 1674-1686
* MASSACHUSETTS Executions-Before the Needles.
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RETURN TO GOBLE GENEALOGY HOME PAGE Copyright © 1997 by Evelyn Goble Steen, All Rights Reserved
This page last updated on November 11, 1997
Fought in King Phillip's War.
Daniel Goble (son of Thomas Goble and Alice Mousall)1346, 1347, 1348, 1349, 1350 was born 1641 in Massachusetts1351, 1352, 1353, and died September 26, 16761354, 1355, 1356. He married Hanna Brewer on February 25, 1663/64 in Sudbury, Middlesex, MA1356, daughter of John Brewer and Anne Unknown.
Notes for Daniel Goble:
Served in King Philips War under Capt. Manning. Executed for killing Indians at the end of the war.
More About Daniel Goble:
Military 1: Bef. 1676, Served in King Phillips War under Capt Manning.1357, 1358
Military 2: September 26, 1676, Executed for killing Indians at the end of the war.1359, 1360
More About Daniel Goble and Hanna Brewer:
Marriage 1: February 25, 1663/64, Sudbury, Middlesex, MA.1360
Marriage 2: February 25, 1663/64, Sudbury, Middlesex County, Massachusetts.1361, 1362, 1363
Children of Daniel Goble and Hanna Brewer are:
+Daniel Goble, b. May 25, 1669, Concord, Middlesex, MA1363, d. 1733, Morristown, Morris, NJ1363.
KING PHILIP’S WAR : THE CONFLICT
"[Philip was] the most powerful enemy that was ever encountered ... [and] came near exterminating the whole English race in New England."
Francis Baylies, 1830
King Philip's War lasted little more than a year. Beginning in Plymouth Colony in June of 1675, the war spread throughout New England. Boston itself was threatened. Colonial resources and manpower ultimately prevailed.
King Philip's warriors attacked the town of Swansea in western Plymouth Colony in June of 1675. Encouraged by success, they carried the war to neighboring Plymouth Colony towns. In August of 1675, hostilities expanded to the Connecticut River Valley; many settlements were burned. In December, Philip's winter quarters in Rhode Island's Great Swamp were destroyed in a crucial colonial victory. In February of 1676, Native forces swept east; Boston seemed threatened. War returned to Plymouth Colony, with a raid in Plymouth itself. Colonists considered abandoning the frontier, but time was on their side. By June of 1676, the tide of war had turned. Native forces, lacking food, manpower and arms, retreated. King Philip's death at Mount Hope in August 1676 effectively ended the war.
Not all Native Peoples sided with King Philip. Native soldiers joining with the colonists helped turned the tide of war. Those Natives who fought alongside the English or remained neutral were, however, not always trusted by the English. Many Native neutrals were interned on outlying islands under inhumane conditions.
The war ended in 1676 when Philip was killed by a Wampanoag soldier in Captain Benjamin Church's force.
-------------------- Parents: unknown
Spouse: Hannah Brewer
- 'Historic homes and places and genealogical and personal memoirs ..., Volume 2 edited by William Richard Cutter
- Pg. 623
- John Brewer, the immigrant ancestor, was born in England about 1620. He settled in Cambridge, Massachusetts, where he was a proprietor as early as 1644-45. Very little is known about him. He married Ann __. He removed to Sudbury, Massachusetts, about 1646. His first two children were born in Cambridge, the other three in Sudbury. There was another John Brewer among the early settlers at Ipswich, Massachusetts. Thomas Brewer, very likely his brother, was also a pioneer at Ipswich. The only other early settler in Massachusetts was Daniel Brewer, of Roxbury, who may have been related to John Brewer, of this pedigree. Children of John and Ann Brewer: 1. 'John born October 10, 1642, mentioned below'. 2. Hannah, born January 18, 1645, married, at Sudbury, February 25, 1664, Daniel Goble. 3. Mary, born September 23, 1648. 4. William, born October 6, 1653. 5. Sarah, born March 27, 1658.
WHY WERE DANIEL AND STEPHEN GOBLE HANGED?
I know I have written many times about the hanging of Daniel and Stephen Goble but experiencing the history in Concord and Boston encourages me to explain a bit more about this atrocity.
King Phillip's War began on June 24, 1675 in Swansea when the Indians attacked, burning houses, steeling cattle and killing settlers. Thomas Goble and Daniel Dean were among the first troops called up to counter the Indian threat. Captain Thomas Wheeler of Concord was sent to escort Captain Hutchinson to treaty with the sachems of the Nipmuck tribe. Only the most prosperous farmers joined the horse troop. Among these were the big proprietors in the southeast part of town, the Gobles, Deans, Prouts, Bulkeleys and Billings. While Thomas Goble Sr. was on this expedition his son, Stephen, took his place on the Brookfield expedition. They met with some Indians who agreed to a parley but when the troop of men arrived there were no Indians. They headed toward Wickaboag Pond and were suddenly ambushed. Eight soldiers were killed and 5 were wounded, including Captain Wheeler and his son. The soldiers were able to retreat to a tavern in Brookfield where the Indians attacked again. Finally Ephraim Curtis of Sudbury got away during the night and sought help at Marlborough. During the siege the Indians used several ingenious methods to set the garrison house on fire, creeping up to place hay against the walls, shooting arrows tipped with flaming tow, and pushing a flaming barrel on wheels along from a distance with poles. Rain was the only salvation for the besieged troopers. Outside, the Indians howled and paraded the mutilated bodies of their dead victims.
Major Willard took 46 soldiers and 5 friendly Indian guides into Brookfield to rescue the remaining men. When the Indians saw the soldiers they burned every vacant house and disappeared into the forest. Brookfield was abandoned. Captain Wheeler and his son later died of their wounds.
An attempt was made to separate the friendly Christian Indians from the others. Some were brought to Boston Harbor and others were taken to Concord and entrusted to John Hoar who built a stockade for them next to his own house. This caused a furor in Concord. Most people considered the Christian Indians spies.
After Swansea, 6 were killed at Mendon in July, while at work in the fields. In Lancaster, one Sunday in August, 8 men were picked off one by one by Indians, who immediately disappeared.
The council passed an order on August 30 1675 "That any Indians found more than a mile from the center of their villages, except in the company of the English or on service, the English are at liberty to shoot them down or arrest them.:"
During the autumn of 1675 the Connecticut Valley Indians joined Philip. On September 1, Deerfield was attached; on September 2, Northfield burned, on September 3 Captain Beers was ambushed near Northfield and the Captain and 20 men were killed. On September 12, the teamsters who were evacuating Deerfield were ambushed at Bloody Brook, where 80 were killed. Captain Moseley retreated to Springfield with his company, which had been recruited, from the jails and waterfront of Boston. On September 26 West Springfield was destroyed and on October 5, Hadley was burned.
By December the authorities decided to raise a large number of soldiers to attack the Narragansett Indians in their winter quarters near Wickford, Rhode Island. On December 19, the English troops surrounded the fort, set it on fire and slaughtered all the Indians left there - including old men, women, and children. Daniel Dean, Thomas Goble and Nathaniel Billings of Concord took part in this engagement and Billings was wounded.
The foot soldiers came north through the forest, driving the war parties of Indians ahead of them. The troops on horseback took the direct road back to Boston. The winter march was harsh with no supplies and storms left 2 or 3 feet of snow on the ground.
As the Indians came north there were more victims. In Framingham, near Sudbury, Thomas Eames's house was burned and his wife and children slain. The Indians attacked the Shepard family near Lake Nagog, killing Isaac Shepard and taking his sister Mary, prisoner. She stole a horse during the night and escaped to Concord where her mother's family, the Smedleys, lived. Isaac's brother-in-law, John Smedley, had been killed in Brookfield. (Isaac's mother was Sarah Goble, sister of Daniel and Mary Goble. Mary Goble was wife of Daniel Dean.)
On February 10, Lancaster was attacked and many were killed or taken prisoner. Among the prisoners was Mrs. Rowlandson. Twenty-four people were captured and 12 killed during this attack. After this incident Concord raised 15 foot soldiers, including Daniel Goble and his nephew Stephen Goble for scouting duty. They arrived at Lancaster in time to bury the mutilated bodies of the men, women and children. Mrs. Rowlandson's brother buried his own wife without recognizing her body. The inhabitants of Lancaster went back to Concord for safety. The Wilders went to live east of the river with the Dean, Goble or Billings families. While Mrs. Rowlandson was still in captivity a group of men from Concord went to Marlborough to reinforce the garrison there. In March 1676 Groton was plundered and all but 4 garrison houses were burned. On March 26th 16 houses were burned
In Concord dissatisfaction with the Christian Indians living at John Hoar's house mounted until Captain Moseley loaded them up and moved them to Boston where the Council put them on Deer Island. Although Captain Moseley acted contrary to official orders, public opinion was so heated that the Council did not dare to criticize his action.
On April 20th a large group of Indians was seen west of Concord headed for Sudbury. The next day 10 men went from Concord to help Sudbury. They saw some Indian women engaged in a powwow in the meadows. As they tried to approach without notice it soon became apparent that they had been lured into a trap and all 10 men were killed. All the unprotected houses west of the river were looted and burned, including John Brewers', Daniel Goble's wife's father. Daniel and Stephen Goble were both in active service during this period of Concord's greatest danger. The next day reinforcements buried the dead, 36 bodies were buried in one grave.
On May 12th cattle were destroyed at Hatfield. On June 3rd Indian women who were not supposed to be out of custody were captured near Concord and locked up in the town jail. Only very old and very young men were left in town. They feared that if they released the women they would report how lightly Concord was defended. Ten days later they escaped. At this point the Constable wrote this letter to the Governor.
June 13, 1676 "Inasmuch as there has been a sad accident befallen us through the occasion of negligent persons that had trust imposed to them to keep sentry over three old squaws and one papoose; these watchmen fell all asleep and in the meantime the squaws made their escape, which may produce a great deal of damage to us that are resident in Concord, because we are afraid that they are acquainted with the condition of our town and what quantity of men are gone out. I hope your Honor will send us more strength to support us from our enemies, for we are in daily fear that they will make an assault upon the town."
This was the background of fear and vengeance in the hearts of Daniel Goble, his nephew Stephen, Daniel Hoar and Nathaniel Wilder as they scouted through the Concord woods on August 7, 1676. The presence of Indian women on Hurtleberry hill might have been to lure them into ambush as their friends had been lured three months earlier just a couple of miles up the river in Sudbury. These women could have been spying to see if any outlying houses were unprotected. According to the last year's law they could be arrested or shot on sight. Arrest just meant more trouble as had been proven in June. There were dead relatives to avenge. The Indians were killed.
It still isn't clear to me why Daniel Hoar and Nathaniel Wilder were pardoned for this act while Stephen Goble and Daniel Goble were hanged. It's suggested in some writings that Hoar and Wilder had closer ties to the church. Other accountings suggest that the Goble men did the killing while the others watched. No one knows for sure.
Media: Electronic Abbrev: Goble Internet Page (GOB-7) Title: The Goble Genealogy Home Page Author: Evelyn Goble Steen Publication: Internet address Page: Sept 1999 Newletter Quality: 3
Daniel Goble, Sr.'s Timeline
Barnstaple, Devonshire, England, United Kingdom
Devonshire, England, United Kingdom
May 18, 1641
Charlestown (within present Boston), Suffolk County, Massachusetts Bay Colony, (Present USA)
May 18, 1641
Charlestown, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States
July 18, 1641
Charlestown (within present Boston), Suffolk County, Massachusetts Bay Colony, (Present USA)
February 25, 1663
Sudbury, Middlesex Co, Massachusetts
November 13, 1666
May 21, 1669
Concord, Middlesex, Massachusetts
July 20, 1671
November 11, 1673