Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer

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Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Charles County, Maryland
Death: Died in Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, MD, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of Dr. Daniel Jenifer and Elizabeth Jenifer
Brother of Mary Jenifer; Elizabeth Stone and Daniel Jenifer
Half brother of Richard Rogers and Rhodham Rogers

Occupation: planter; merchant
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer

Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer[1] (1723 – November 16, 1790) was a politician and a Founding Father of the United States. Born long before conflicts with Great Britain emerged, he was a leader for many years in Maryland's colonial government. However, when conflict arose with Great Britain, he embraced the Patriot cause.

Jenifer, born at Coates Retirement (now Ellerslie), an estate west of Port Tobacco in Charles County, Maryland, was the son of a colonial planter of Swedish and English descent. As a young man, he acted as a receiver-general, the local financial agent for the last two proprietors of Maryland.

Jenifer served as justice of the peace for Charles County and later for the western circuit of Maryland. He sat on a commission that settled a boundary dispute between Pennsylvania and Maryland (1760) and on the Governor's Council, the upper house of the Maryland legislature that also served as the colony's court of appeals and as a board of senior advisers to the governor (1773–76).

Like his old friend Benjamin Franklin, Jenifer enjoyed the status of elder statesman at the Convention, which took place from May 25 to September 17, 1787, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Jenifer, one of Convention's oldest delegates like Franklin, used his prestige (as well as humor and reputation as pleasant company) to work for a strong and permanent union of the states by reconciling opposing views and formulating the compromises that made the Convention a success.

Jenifer took stands on several important issues, although his advanced age restricted his activity in the day-to-day proceedings. Business experience gained while managing a large plantation had convinced him that an active central government was needed to ensure financial and commercial stability. To that end, Jenifer favored a strong and permanent union of the states in which a Congress representing the people had the power to tax. Concerned with continuity in the new government, he favored a three-year term for the United States House of Representatives. Too frequent elections, he concluded, might lead to indifference and would make prominent men unwilling to seek office. Jenifer was outvoted on this point, but his reaction was to marvel at the delegates' ability to come to agreement on a plan of government: "The first month we only came to grips, and the second it seemed as though we would fly apart forever, however we came as close as friends of eighty years in but days."[citation needed] When Maryland's other delegate, Luther Martin, said that he feared being hanged if the people of Maryland approved the Constitution, Jenifer quipped that Martin should stay in Philadelphia, so that he would not hang in his home state.

After the Convention, Jenifer retired to Stepney, his great plantation near Annapolis, where he died in 1790. He may be buried at Ellerslie, the plantation at which he was born, and now on the National Register of Historic Places.[2]

In his will, Jenifer passed his roughly 16,000-acre (65 km2) land holdings to his nephew, Daniel Jenifer, and instructed that all his slaves be freed six years after his death.[3] The following year the younger Jenifer had a son, who was named after his great-uncle, Daniel Jenifer like his uncle also served as magistrate in Charles County, as well as three terms in the U.S. House of Representatives. His family home, Retreat, also located in Charles County, Maryland near one of the largest slave-trading ports of the era Port Tobacco (which exported Maryland slaves once the trans-Atlantic trade became illegal in 1808), was built in the last quarter of the 18th century and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[4]

Jenifer Street in Madison, Wisconsin is named in honor of this elder Jenifer.[5]

from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_of_St._Thomas_Jenifer

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Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer's Timeline

1723
1723
Charles County, Maryland
1787
September 17, 1787
- September 17, 1787
Age 64
Independence Hall, Philadelphia,

The Signers of the U. S. Constitution

New Hampshire
John Langdon
Nicholas Gilman

Massachusetts
Rufus King
Nathaniel Gorham

Connecticut
Roger Sherman
William Samuel Johnson

New York
Alexander Hamilton

New Jersey
William Livingston
David Brearley
William Paterson
Jonathan Dayton

Pennsylvania
Benjamin Franklin
Thomas Mifflin
Robert Morris
George Clymer
Thomas FitzSimons
Jared Ingersoll
Gouverneur Morris
James Wilson

Delaware
George Read
Gunning Bedford, Jr.
John Dickinson
Richard Bassett
Jacob Broom

Maryland
James McHenry
Daniel Carroll
Dan of St. Thomas Jenifer

Virginia
John Blair
James Madison, Jr.
George Washington

North Carolina
William Blount
Richard Dobbs Spaight
Hugh Williamson

South Carolina
John Rutledge
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
Charles Pinckney
Pierce Butler

Georgia
William Few
Abraham Baldwin

Biographies of the Founding Fathers

Colonial Hall now contains 103 biographical sketches of America's founding fathers. At this time we have divided them up into 3 groups:
As you will see there are still many biographies that need to be added to our site, including a new category: Other Founding Fathers.

The biographies on this site are primarily from 1 of the following 2 sources:
Lives of the Signers to the Declaration of Independence, by the Rev. Charles A. Goodrich. Published in 1829.
The United States Manual of Biography and History, by James V. Marshall. Published by James B. Smith & Co., in Philadelphia in the year 1856.
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http://www.usconstitution.net/const.pdf
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_signers_of_the_United_States_C...
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http://www.dar.org/signers-us-constitution
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The U.S. Constitution at the National Archives
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sFAVKJAOWSc

1790
November 16, 1790
Age 67
Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, MD, USA