About David Grandison Fairchild
David Grandison Fairchild (April 7, 1869 - August 6, 1954) was an American botanist and plant explorer. Fairchild was responsible for the introduction of more than 200,000 exotic plants and varieties of established crops into the United States, including soybeans, pistachios, mangos, nectarines, dates, bamboos, and flowering cherries. Certain varieties of wheat, cotton, and rice became especially economically important.
Fairchild was born in Lansing, Michigan, and was raised in Manhattan, Kansas. He was a member of the Fairchild family, descendants of Thomas Fairchild of Stratford, Connecticut. He graduated from Kansas State College of Agriculture (B.A. 1888, M.S. 1889) where his father, George Fairchild, was president. He continued his studies at Iowa State and at Rutgers with his uncle, Byron Halsted, a noted biologist. He received an honorary D.Sc. degree from Oberlin College in 1915.
Barbour Lathrop, a wealthy world traveler, persuaded Fairchild to become a plant explorer for the US Department of Agriculture. Lathrop and another wealthy patron, Allison Armour, financed some of Fairchild's many explorations for new plants to be introduced into the U.S. Fairchild was the author of a number of popular books on his plant collecting expeditions. Of those early travels, Fairchild wrote, "I am glad that I saw a few of the quiet places of the world before the coming of automobiles ...".
For many years Fairchild managed the Department of Plant Introduction program of the U.S. Department of Agriculture in Washington, D.C., where among other accomplishments, he brought the cherry trees from Japan to Washington. In 1898 he established the introduction garden for tropical plants in Miami, Florida. In 1905 he married Marian, younger daughter of Alexander Graham Bell. Fairchild was a member of the board of trustees of the National Geographic Society and an officer in what is now called the Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing.
In 1926, the Fairchilds built a home on an 8-acre (32,000 m2) parcel on Biscayne Bay in Coconut Grove, Florida. They named it "The Kampong", after similar family compounds in Java, Indonesia, where Fairchild had spent so many happy days collecting plants. He covered this property with an extraordinary collection of rare tropical trees and plants and eventually wrote a book about the place, entitled "The World Grows Round my Door". In 1986, The Kampong became part of the National Tropical Botanical Garden. In 1938, he was honored by having the Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden in Coral Gables named after him.
Fairchild was a member of the board of regents of the University of Miami from 1929 to 1933. For three of those years he was chairman of the board. In 1933 he was awarded the Public Welfare Medal from the National Academy of Sciences.
His son, Alexander Graham Bell Fairchild lived and worked as a research entomologist for 33 years at the Gorgas Memorial Laboratory in the Republic of Panama. A daughter, Nancy Bell, married another entomologist, Marston Bates, author of many books on natural history. She herself wrote a book about living in rural Colombia during the 1940s: "East of the Andes and West of Nowhere".
Fairchild wrote four books that describe his extensive world travels and activities in introducing new plant species to the United States. In addition to sharing some of his legendary tropical botanical expertise, Fairchild provided graphic accounts of long-gone native cultures he was able to see before being "modernized". Fairchild was an accomplished photographer and illustrated these books himself.
Those books include:
The World Was my Garden: Travels of a Plant Explorer. (New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1938)
Garden Islands of the Great East: Collecting Seeds from the Philippines and Netherlands India in the Junk 'Chêng ho. (New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1943)
The World Grows Round My Door; The Story of The Kampong, a Home on The Edge of the Tropics. (New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1947)
Exploring for Plants. (New York: Macmillan, 1930).
In addition Fairchild and his wife, Marian, wrote an early work on macro photography of insects titled Book of Monsters(Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society, 1914). Fairchild also wrote many monographs about plants, plant exploring, and the transportation and cultivation of new plants in the United States.
The standard author abbreviation D.Fairchild is used to indicate this individual as the author when citing a botanical name.
David Fairchild's Timeline
April 7, 1869
EAST LANSING, MI
April 20, 1905
HUBBARD ESTATE, WASHINGTON, DC
Washington, District of Columbia, DC, USA