Daibhidh a Briuis (1324 - 1371) MP

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Place of Burial: Edinburgh, Scotland
Birthplace: Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland
Death: Died in Dundonald, South Ayrshire, Scotland
Occupation: King of Scots, crowned 7 Jun 1329, King, Was King of Scots from 7 June 1329 until his death, King of Scotland, King of Scotland (1329 - 1371), Kings through James VI of Scotland of England were related
Managed by: Margaret, (C)
Last Updated:

About Daibhidh a Briuis

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_II_of_Scotland

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Early Life

David II was the elder and only surviving son of Robert I of Scotland and his second wife, Elizabeth de Burgh. He was born on 5 March 1324 at Dunfermline Palace, Fife. His mother died in 1327. In accordance with the Treaty of Northampton's terms, David was married on 17 July 1328 to Joan of the Tower, daughter of Edward II of England and Isabella of France, at Berwick-upon-Tweed. They had no issue.

Reign

David became king of Scotland upon the death of his father on 7 June 1329, aged 5 years, 3 months, and 3 days. David and his Queen were crowned at Scone on 24 November 1331.

During David's minority, Sir Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray was appointed Guardian of Scotland by the Act of Settlement of 1318. After Moray's death, on 20 July 1332, he was replaced by Donald, Earl of Mar, elected by an assembly of the magnates of Scotland at Perth, 2 August 1332. Only ten days later Mar fell at the Battle of Dupplin Moor. Sir Andrew Moray of Bothwell, who was married to Christian, the sister of King Robert I (her third husband), was chosen as the new Guardian. He was taken prisoner by the English at Roxburgh in April 1333 and was thence replaced as Guardian by Sir Archibald Douglas who fell at Halidon Hill that July.

Meanwhile, on 24 September 1332, following the Scots' defeat at Dupplin, Edward Balliol a protégé of Edward III of England, was crowned King of the Scots at Scone by the English and his Scots adherents. By December, however, Balliol was forced to flee to England but returned the following year as part of an invasion force led by the English king. Following the victory of this force at the Battle of Halidon Hill in July 1333, David and his Queen were sent for safety into France, reaching Boulogne on 14 May 1334, and being received very graciously by the French king, Philip VI. Little is known about the life of the Scottish king in France, except that Château-Gaillard was given to him for a residence, and that he was present at the bloodless meeting of the English and French armies in October 1339 at Vironfosse, now known as Buironfosse, in the Arrondissement of Vervins.

Meanwhile David's representatives had once again obtained the upper hand in Scotland, and the king was able to return to his kingdom, landing at Inverbervie in Kincardineshire on 2 June 1341, when he took the reins of government into his own hands.

In 1346 under the terms of the Auld Alliance, he invaded England in the interests of France, but was defeated and taken prisoner by John Coupeland at the Battle of Neville's Cross on 17 October 1346, and remained in England for eleven years, living principally in London, at Odiham Castle in Hampshire and Windsor Castle in Berkshire. His imprisonment was not a rigorous one, and negotiations for his release were soon begun.

Eventually, on 3 October 1357, after several interruptions, a treaty was signed at Berwick-upon-Tweed by which the Scottish estates undertook to pay 100,000 marks as a ransom for their king. This was ratified by parliament at Scone on 6 November 1357.

David returned at once to Scotland; but owing to the poverty of the kingdom it was found impossible to raise the ransom. A few instalments were paid, but the king sought to get rid of the liability by offering to make Edward III, or one of his sons, his successor in Scotland. In 1364 the Scottish parliament indignantly rejected a proposal to make Lionel, Duke of Clarence, the next king; but David negotiated secretly with Edward III over this matter, after he had suppressed a rising of some of his unruly nobles.

He remarried about 20 February 1364, Margaret Drummond, widow of Sir John Logie, Knt., and daughter of Sir Malcolm Drummond, Knt. He divorced her about 20 March 1370. They had no issue. Margaret, however, travelled to Avignon and made a successful appeal to the Pope to reverse the sentence of divorce which had been pronounced against her in Scotland. She was still alive in January 1375.

Death

David II died unexpectedly and at the height of his power in Edinburgh Castle on 22 February 1371. He was buried in Holyrood Abbey. At the time of his death, he was planning to marry his mistress, Agnes Dunbar (daughter of Agnes Dunbar, 4th Countess of Moray). He left no children and was succeeded by his nephew, Robert II. He was the last male of the House of Bruce.

--------------------

David II, King of Scotland

Born 5 March 1324

Birthplace Dunfermline

Died February 22, 1371 (aged 46)

Place of death Dundonald 

Buried Holyrood Abbey

Consort i) Joan of England

ii) Margaret Drummond

Father Robert I

Mother Elizabeth de Burgh

David II (5 March 1324 – 22 February 1371), was King of Scotland between 7 June 1329 and 22 February 1371.

David II was the elder and only surviving son of Robert I of Scotland and his second wife, Elizabeth de Burgh. He was born on 5 March 1324 at Dunfermline Palace, Fife. His mother died in 1327.In accordance with the Treaty of Northampton's terms, David was married on 17 July 1328 to Joan of the Tower, daughter of Edward II of England and Isabella of France, at Berwick-upon-Tweed. They had no issue.

David became king of Scotland upon the death of his father on 7 June 1329, aged 5 years, 3 months, and 3 days. David and his Queen were crowned at Scone on November 24, 1331.

Sir Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray, by the Act of Settlement of 1318, became Guardian of Scotland until his death on July 20, 1332. He was replaced as Guardian by Donald, Earl of Mar, by an assemblage of the magnates of Scotland, at Perth, August 2, 1332. However, Mar fell at the Battle of Dupplin Moor ten days later, following which Sir Andrew Moray of Bothwell, who had married (her third husband) Christian, sister of King Robert I, was chosen the new Guardian. He was taken prisoner by the English at Roxburgh in April 1333. He was thence replaced as Guardian by Sir Archibald Douglas, 'Tyneman', who fell at Halidon Hill that July.

Following the Scots' defeat at Dupplin, Edward Balliol was crowned King of the Scots by the English and his adherents, at Scone, September 24, 1332. However, by December he had fled to England.

Owing to the victory of Edward III of England and his protégé, Edward Balliol, at the Battle of Halidon Hill in July 1333, David and his Queen were sent for safety into France, reaching Boulogne on May 14, 1334, and being received very graciously by the French king, Philip VI. Little is known about the life of the Scottish king in France, except that Château-Gaillard was given to him for a residence, and that he was present at the bloodless meeting of the English and French armies in October 1339 at Vironfosse, now known as Buironfosse, in the Arrondissement of Vervins.

Meanwhile his representatives had obtained the upper hand in Scotland, and David was thus enabled to return to his kingdom, landing at Inverbervie in Kincardineshire on June 2, 1341, when he took the reins of government into his own hands.

In 1346 under the terms of the Auld Alliance, he invaded England in the interests of France, but was defeated and taken prisoner by John Coupeland at the Battle of Neville's Cross on October 17, 1346,[9] and remained in England for eleven years, living principally in London, at Odiham Castle in Hampshire and Windsor Castle in Berkshire. His imprisonment was not a rigorous one, and negotiations for his release were soon begun.

Eventually, on October 3, 1357, after several interruptions, a treaty was signed at Berwick-upon-Tweed by which the Scottish estates undertook to pay 100,000 marks as a ransom for their king. This was ratified by parliament at Scone on November 6, 1357.

David returned at once to Scotland; but owing to the poverty of the kingdom it was found impossible to raise the ransom. A few instalments were paid, but the king sought to get rid of the liability by offering to make Edward III, or one of his sons, his successor in Scotland. In 1364 the Scottish parliament indignantly rejected a proposal to make Lionel, Duke of Clarence, the next king; but David negotiated secretly with Edward III over this matter, after he had suppressed a rising of some of his unruly nobles.

He remarried about February 20, 1364, Margaret Drummond, widow of Sir John Logie, Knt., and daughter of Sir Malcolm Drummond, Knt. He divorced her about March 20, 1370. They had no issue. Margaret, however, travelled to Avignon and made a successful appeal to the Pope to reverse the sentence of divorce which had been pronounced against her in Scotland. She was still alive in January 1375.

David II died in Edinburgh Castle on February 22, 1371 and was buried in Holyrood Abbey. At the time of his death, he was planning to marry his mistress, Agnes Dunbar (daughter of Agnes Dunbar, 4th Countess of Moray). He left no children and was succeeded by his nephew, Robert II. He was the last male of the House of Bruce.

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Links:

Thepeerage: http://www.thepeerage.com/p10210.htm#i102093

Predecessor Robert I: http://www.geni.com/profile/index/6000000002459929662

Successor Robert II:

Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_II_of_Scotland

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David II of Scotland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

David II, King of Scots (5 March 1324 – 22 February 1371) King of Scots, son of King Robert the Bruce by his second wife, Elizabeth de Burgh (d. 1327), was born at Dunfermline Palace, Fife.[1]

In accordance with the terms of the Treaty of Northampton he was married on 17 July 1328 to (as his first wife) Joan of the Tower (d. 1362), daughter of Edward II of England and Isabella of France, at Berwick-upon-Tweed. They had no issue.[2]

David became king of Scotland upon the death of his father on 7 June 1329, aged 5 years, 3 months, and 3 days. David and his Queen were crowned at Scone on November 24, 1331.[3]

Sir Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray, by the Act of Settlement of 1318, became Guardian of Scotland until his death on July 20, 1332. He was replaced as Guardian by Donald, Earl of Mar, by an assemblage of the magnates of Scotland, at Perth, August 2, 1332. However, Mar fell at the Battle of Dupplin Moor ten days later, following which Sir Andrew Moray of Bothwell, who had married (her third husband) Christian, sister of King Robert I, was chosen the new Guardian. He was taken prisoner by the English at Roxburgh in April 1333. He was thence replaced as Guardian by Sir Archibald Douglas, 'Tyneman', who fell at Halidon Hill that July.[4]

Following the Scots' defeat at Dupplin, Edward Balliol was crowned King of the Scots by the English and his adherents, at Scone, September 24, 1332. However, by December he had fled to England.[5]

Owing to the victory of Edward III of England and his protégé, Edward Balliol, at the Battle of Halidon Hill in July 1333, David and his Queen were sent for safety into France, reaching Boulogne on May 14, 1334,[6] and being received very graciously by the French king, Philip VI. Little is known about the life of the Scottish king in France, except that Château-Gaillard was given to him for a residence, and that he was present at the bloodless meeting of the English and French armies in October 1339 at Vironfosse, now known as Buironfosse, in the Arrondissement of Vervins.

Meanwhile his representatives had obtained the upper hand in Scotland, and David was thus enabled to return to his kingdom, landing at Inverbervie in Kincardineshire on June 2, 1341, when he took the reins of government into his own hands.

In 1346 under the terms of the Auld Alliance, he invaded England in the interests of France, but was defeated and taken prisoner by John Coupeland at the Battle of Neville's Cross on October 17, 1346,[7] and remained in England for eleven years, living principally in London, at Odiham Castle in Hampshire and Windsor Castle in Berkshire. His imprisonment was not a rigorous one, and negotiations for his release were soon begun.

Eventually, on October 3, 1357, after several interruptions, a treaty was signed at Berwick-upon-Tweed by which the Scottish estates undertook to pay 100,000 marks as a ransom for their king. This was ratified by parliament at Scone on November 6, 1357.

David returned at once to Scotland; but owing to the poverty of the kingdom it was found impossible to raise the ransom. A few instalments were paid, but the king sought to get rid of the liability by offering to make Edward III, or one of his sons, his successor in Scotland. In 1364 the Scottish parliament indignantly rejected a proposal to make Lionel, Duke of Clarence, the next king; but David negotiated secretly with Edward III over this matter, after he had suppressed a rising of some of his unruly nobles.

The king died in Edinburgh Castle on February 22, 1371 and was buried in Holyrood Abbey.[8][9]

He remarried about February 20, 1364, Margaret Drummond, widow of Sir John Logie, Knt., and daughter of Sir Malcolm Drummond, Knt. He divorced her about March 20, 1370. They had no issue.[10][11] Margaret, however, travelled to Avignon and made a successful appeal to the Pope to reverse the sentence of divorce which had been pronounced against her in Scotland. She was still alive in January 1375.[12]

At the time of his death he was planning to marry his mistress Agnes Dunbar, daughter of Agnes Dunbar, 4th Countess of Moray. He left no children and was succeeded by his nephew, Robert II. He was the last male of the whole House of Bruce.

[edit]

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Info from http://bayanne.info/Shetland/getperson.php?personID=I279112&tree=bayanne_1

DAVID II King of Scotland 1329 - 1371 Only surviving son, he succeeded his father, Robert I, the Bruce, in 1329. After becoming Scotland's first annointed monarch (Scone, 24th. November, 1331), he was forced into French exile by John Balliol's pro-English son Edward Balliol. David returned in June 1341. In 1346, David II attempted to invade England whilst Edward III was preoccupied with France and Phillip IV. Following a battle and rout at Neville's Cross near Durham, David was captured by the English on 17th Oct 1346. He was held captive until the Treaty of Berwick was signed in October, 1357. David died childless and was succeeded by Robert II The Steward, his nephew

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_II_King_of_Scots

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He was the last Scottish monarch from the House of Bruce. With the title now bestowed upon Robert II (Stewart) the monarchy was now in the House of Stewart. -------------------- David II (Medieval Gaelic: Daibhidh a Briuis, Modern Gaelic: Dàibhidh Bruis) (5 March 1324 – 22 February 1371) was King of Scotland from 7 June 1329 until his death.

Contents [hide]

1 Early life

2 Reign

3 Death

4 Ancestry

5 Notes

6 References

7 Further reading


[edit] Early life


Dunfermline Palace, just visible to the right, birthplace of David Bruce.David II was the elder and only surviving son of Robert I of Scotland and his second wife, Elizabeth de Burgh. He was born on 5 March 1324 at Dunfermline Palace, Fife. His mother died in 1327.[2] In accordance with the Treaty of Northampton's terms, David was married on 17 July 1328 to Joan of the Tower, daughter of Edward II of England and Isabella of France, at Berwick-upon-Tweed. They had no issue.[3]

[edit] Reign

David became king of Scotland upon the death of his father on 7 June 1329, aged 5 years, 3 months, and 3 days. David and his Queen were crowned at Scone on 24 November 1331.[4]

During David's minority, Sir Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray was appointed Guardian of Scotland by the Act of Settlement of 1318. After Moray's death, on 20 July 1332, he was replaced by Donald, Earl of Mar, elected by an assembly of the magnates of Scotland at Perth, 2 August 1332. Only ten days later Mar fell at the Battle of Dupplin Moor. Sir Andrew Murray of Bothwell, who was married to Christian (or Christina), the sister of King Robert I, was chosen as the new Guardian. He was taken prisoner by the English at Roxburgh in April 1333 and was thence replaced as Guardian by Archibald Douglas (the Tyneman) who fell at Halidon Hill that July.[5]


Joan & David II with Philip VI of France.Meanwhile, on 24 September 1332, following the Scots' defeat at Dupplin, Edward Balliol a protégé of Edward III of England, was as a pretender to the throne of Scotland by the English and his Scots adherents. By December, however, Balliol was forced to flee to England but returned the following year as part of an invasion force led by the English king.[6] Following the victory of this force at the Battle of Halidon Hill in July 1333, David and his Queen were sent for safety into France, reaching Boulogne on 14 May 1334,[7] and being received very graciously by King Philip VI of France. Little is known about the life of the Scottish king in France, except that Château-Gaillard was given to him for a residence, and that he was present at the bloodless meeting of the English and French armies in October 1339 at Vironfosse, now known as Buironfosse, in the Arrondissement of Vervins.

Meanwhile David's representatives had once again obtained the upper hand in Scotland, and the king was able to return to his kingdom, landing at Inverbervie in Kincardineshire on 2 June 1341, when he took the reins of government into his own hands.


David Bruce, king of Scotland, acknowledges Edward III as his feudal lord.In 1346 under the terms of the Auld Alliance, he invaded England in the interests of France, but was defeated and taken prisoner by John Coupeland at the Battle of Neville's Cross on 17 October 1346,[8] and taken to London. He was then transferred to Windsor Castle in Berkshire before he and his household were moved to Odiham Castle in Hampshire. His imprisonment was not a rigorous one, although he remained in England for eleven years.

On 3 October 1357, after several protracted negotiations, a treaty was signed at Berwick-upon-Tweed under which Scotland's nobility agreed to pay 100,000 marks as a ransom for their king. This was ratified by the Scottish Parliament at Scone on 6 November 1357.

David returned at once to Scotland; but owing to the poverty of the kingdom it was found impossible to raise the ransom. A few instalments were paid, but the king sought to get rid of the liability by offering to make Edward III, or one of his sons, his successor in Scotland with the awareness that the Scots would never accept such an arrangement. In 1364 the Scottish parliament indignantly rejected a proposal to make Lionel, Duke of Clarence, the next king; but David strung out secret negotiations with Edward III over this matter.

He remarried about 20 February 1364, Margaret Drummond, widow of Sir John Logie, and daughter of Sir Malcolm Drummond. He divorced her about 20 March 1370. They had no issue.[3][9] Margaret, however, travelled to Avignon and made a successful appeal to the Pope to reverse the sentence of divorce which had been pronounced against her in Scotland. She was still alive in January 1375.[10]

[edit] Death

David II died unexpectedly and at the height of his power in Edinburgh Castle on 22 February 1371. He was buried in Holyrood Abbey.[3][9] At the time of his death, he was planning to marry his mistress, Agnes Dunbar (niece of Agnes Randolph, also known as "Black Agnes of Dunbar"). He left no children and was succeeded by his nephew, Robert II. He was the last male of the House of Bruce.

[edit] Ancestry

[show]v • d • eAncestors of David II of Scotland

                                 

 16. Robert de Brus 
 
         

 8. Robert de Brus   
 
               

 17. Isobel of Huntingdon 
 
         

 4. Robert de Brus   
 
                     

 18. Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford and Gloucester 
 
         

 9. Isabella of Gloucester and Hertford   
 
               

 19. Isabel Marshal 
 
         

 2. Robert I of Scotland   
 
                           

 20. Donnchadh, Earl of Carrick 
 
         

 10. Níall of Carrick   
 
               





 5. Marjorie of Carrick   
 
                     

 22. Walter Steward of Dundonald 
 
         

 11. Margaret Stewart   
 
               

 23. Bethóc of Angus 
 
         

 1. David II of Scotland   
 
                                 

 24. Richard Mor de Burgh 
 
         

 12. Walter de Burgh, 1st Earl of Ulster   
 
               

 25. Egidia de Lacy 
 
         

 6. Richard Óg de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster   
 
                     

 26. John Fitzgeoffrey 
 
         

 13. Isabel FitzJohn   
 
               

 27. Isabel Bigod 
 
         

 3. Elizabeth de Burgh   
 
                           

 28. Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent 
 
         

 14. John de Burgh   
 
               

 29. Beatrice de Warrenne 
 
         

 7. Margarite de Burgh   
 
                     

 30. William III de Lanvaley 
 
         

 15. Hawise de Lanvaley   
 
               

 31. Maud Peche 
 
         


[edit] Notes

1.^ http://www.npg.org.uk/live/search/portrait.asp?mkey=mw123890

2.^ Richardson, Douglas, Plantagenet Ancestry, Baltimore, Md., 2004, p. 23, ISBN 0-8063-1750-7

3.^ a b c Richardson (2004) p. 23

4.^ Dunbar, Sir Archibald H., Scottish Kings — A Revised Chronology of Scottish History 1005 – 1625, Edinburgh, 1899, pp. 146–7

5.^ Dunbar (1899) pp. 147–9

6.^ Dunbar (1899) pp. 148–9

7.^ Dunbar (1899) p. 150

8.^ Dunbar (1899) p. 152

9.^ a b Dunbar (1899) p. 154

10.^ Dunbar (1899) p. 156.

[edit] References

David Nash Ford (2004). Royal Berkshire History: David II, King of Scots (1324-1371).

John of Fordun (1871–72). Chronica gentis Scotorum, edited by W. F. Skene. Edinburgh.

John Hill Burton. (1905). History of Scotland, vol. ii. Edinburgh.

Andrew Lang. (1900). History of Scotland, vol. i. Edinburgh.

Andrew of Wyntoun. (1872–79). The orygynale cronykil of Scotland, edited by D. Laing Edinburgh.

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

[edit] Further reading

Michael Brown. (2004). The Wars of Scotland, 1214–1371. The New Edinburgh History of Scotland, volume 4. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Ranald Nicholson. (1975)., Scotland. The Later Middle Ages. Edinburgh: Mercat Press.

Michael Penman. (2003). David II, 1329–71: The Bruce Dynasty in Scotland. East Linton: Tuckwell Press.

David II of Scotland

House of Bruce

Born: 1324 Died: 1371

Regnal titles

Preceded by

Robert King of Scots

7 June 1329–22 February 1371 Succeeded by

Robert II

Scottish royalty

Preceded by

Robert Stewart Heir of Scotland

as heir apparent

5 March 1324–7 June 1329 Succeeded by

Robert Stewart

[show]v • d • ePictish and Scottish Monarchs



      
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David II, King of Scots's Timeline

1324
March 5, 1324
Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland
1328
July 17, 1328
Age 4
Berwick-on-Tweed
1329
June 7, 1329
- 1371
Age 5
Became King in June of 1329, crowned at Scone in November of 1331
1332
1332
- present
Age 7
1332
- present
Age 7
1369
1369
Age 44
1371
February 22, 1371
Age 46
Dundonald, South Ayrshire, Scotland
February, 1371
Age 46
Holyrood, Edinburgh, Mid-Lothian, Scotland
1371
- present
Age 46
1994
December 1, 1994
Age 46