David, Earl of Huntingdon

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David Prince mac Eanric

Also Known As: "David Earl of /Huntington/", "David // E of Huntingdon", "David Huntingdon Earl /Of/", "Earl of Huntingdon", "9th Earl of Huntingdon", "Dunkeld"
Birthplace: Scotland
Death: Died in Jedburgh, Roxburghshire, Scotland
Place of Burial: Abbey Of Saltre, Huntingdonshire, UK
Immediate Family:

Son of Henry, Earl of Huntingdon and Ada de Warenne, Countess of Huntingdon
Husband of Maud de Meschines; nn de Huntingdon and Matilda of Chester
Partner of mistress(es) of David, 9th Earl of Huntingdon
Father of <private> Hastings (of Huntington); dau. of Huntingdon; N.N. of Huntingdon; Henry de Brechin, Lord; Henry of Stirling and 14 others
Brother of Máel Coluim IV mac Eanric, King of Scots; William "The Lion", King of Scots; Ada de Huntingdon, Countess of Holland; Marjorie of Huntingdon; Maud (Matilda, Mabel)) Huntingdon, Princess Of Scotland and 3 others

Occupation: 9th Earl of Huntingdon, Earl of Hungtingdon, Earl of Huntingdon, Scottish Prince, Comte, de Huntingdon, Scottish Nobleman, 8thor9th Earl of Huntingdon, Title: Earl of Huntingdon, 8th Earl of Huntington, adn Prince of Scotland, Crusader, Earl of Huntington
Managed by: Sally Gene Cole
Last Updated:

About David, Earl of Huntingdon

David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon

David of Scotland (Medieval Gaelic: Dabíd) (c. 1144 – 17 June 1219) was a Scottish prince and Earl of Huntingdon. He was a claimant to the Scottish throne.

He was the youngest surviving son of Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon and Ada de Warenne, a daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey, and Elizabeth of Vermandois. His paternal grandfather was David I of Scotland. Huntingdon was granted to him after his elder brother William I of Scotland ascended the throne. David's son John succeeded him to the earldom.

In the litigation for succession to the crown of Scotland in 1290–1292, the great-great-grandson Floris V, Count of Holland of David's sister, Ada, claimed that David had renounced his hereditary rights to the throne of Scotland. He therefore declared that his claim to the throne had priority over David's descendants. However, no explanation or firm evidence for the supposed renunciation could be provided.

On 26 August 1190 David married Matilda of Chester (1171 – 6 January 1233), daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester, Viscount d'Avranches, Seigneur de St. Sever & Briquessart and Bertrade de Montfort. He was almost thirty years Matilda's senior. The marriage was recorded by Benedict of Peterborough.[1]

David and Matilda had seven children:

  • Margaret of Huntingdon (c. 1194 – c. 1228), married Alan, Lord of Galloway, by whom she had two daughters, including Dervorguilla of Galloway.
  • Robert of Huntingdon (died young)
  • Ada of Huntingdon, married Sir Henry de Hastings, by whom she had one son, Henry de Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings.
  • Matilda (Maud) of Huntingdon (-aft.1219, unmarried)
  • Isobel of Huntingdon (1199–1251), married Robert Bruce, 4th Lord of Annandale, by whom she had two sons, including Robert de Brus, 5th Lord of Annandale.
  • John of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon (1207 – 6 June 1237), married Elen ferch Llywelyn. He succeeded his uncle Ranulf as Earl of Chester in 1232, but died childless.
  • Henry of Huntingdon (died young)[2][3]

Earl David also had three illegitimate children:[4]

  • Henry of Stirling
  • Henry of Brechin d. bef 30 Aug 1245
  • Ada, married Malise, son of Ferchar, Earl of Strathearn

David, 9th Earl of Huntingdon died on 17 June 1219 at Yardley, Northamptonshire, England; He was buried at Sawtry Abbey, Huntingdonshire.8

After the extinction of the senior line of the Scottish royal house in 1290, when the legitimate line of William the Lion of Scotland ended, David's descendants were the prime candidates for the throne. The two most notable claimants to the throne, Robert Bruce, 5th Lord of Annandale (grandfather of King Robert I of Scotland) and John of Scotland were his descendants through David's daughters Isobel and Margaret, respectively. .... etc.

From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_of_Scotland,_8th_Earl_of_Huntingdon


Descendants under discussion:

  • Legitimate son David
  • husband of Maud, John de Monmouth d. between 1241 - 14 Jun 1243
  • illegitimate son Philip
  • illegitimate daughter Margery, m. David de Lindsay
  • daughter w/o name, m. Galfridus Crawford

----Janet Palo-Jackson (curator, Nov 2014)


1) GENEALOGY: The Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom; Page 358; G929.72; G35p; Denver Public Library; Genealogy

2) GENEALOGY: The Scots Peerage; Vol II; Page 428; G929.72; P291sc; Denver Public Library; Genealogy


David is a possible inspiration figure for the Robin Hood legend because the legend plays at the same time as David lived in the 1190s. Another similarity is the Earl of Huntingdon question, because a historian names Robin Hood as a possible Earl of that area. Also both had taken part in the Third Crusade and by 1194 David had taken part at the siege of Nottingham Castle where the High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire and Derby County was taken captive. His son Robert who died young was also a possible inspiration for Robin Hood.

David of Scotland pictured in Sir Walter Scott's 1832 crusader novel The Talisman. Although emphasising his own story is fiction, Scott's Introduction states that David did go on crusade with Richard the Lionheart "and was the hero of some very romantic adventures on his way home".

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David, Earl of Huntingdon's Timeline

April 1145
Age 1
<Of, Clydesdale, Lanarkshire, Scotland>
Age 18
Age 31
Age 37
Huntington, UK
August 28, 1190
Age 46
Age 47
Huntington, Huntingdonshire, England
Age 49
Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England
Age 49
Northumberland, UK
Age 49
Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire, UK