Diogo Álvares Correia, o Caramuru (c.1475 - 1557) MP

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Birthplace: Viana do Castelo, Portugal
Death: Died in Bahia, Brazil
Managed by: Jorge Alberto P. Vasconcellos
Last Updated:

About Diogo Álvares Correia, o Caramuru

Diogo Alvares Correia Cabral da Silva Sousa, fidalgo da Casa Real , nascido em Viana do Castelo,Portugal,em 1475 e falecido em Tatuapara,Bahia,em 5 de outubro de 1557, naufrago de um navio de bandeira francesa nas proximidades do rio vermelho,na Baía de todos os Santos,foi o primeiro europeu a viver no Brasil no meio dos indios iniciando o longo processo de miscigenação que caracterizou a colonização portuguesa da América.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caramuru

Diogo Álvares Correia (1475? - 1557), called Caramuru by the Tupinambá, was a Portuguese settler born in Viana do Castelo. He departed for the Portuguese colony of Brazil in 1509, and his ship wrecked in the coast of Bahia, Diogo Álvares found himself among the Tupinambá Indians. The Tupinamba called him "Caramuru" ("Moray Eel" or "Creator of Fire") because of the fire of his weapon.


Later, Diogo Álvares founded a settlement called Vila Velha and married Paraguaçu (or Paraguassu), the daughter of Tupinamba's chief Morubixava Taparica. During the following twenty years, Diogo Álvares kept contact with European ships and used his influence on local Indians to help the Portuguese Crown and missionaries during the early years of Brazilian colonization.


In 1526, he traveled to France with his wife. Paraguaçu was baptized by Mary Catherine des Granches, wife of Jacques Cartier, under the name Catarina.


A couple of years later, he returned to Bahia and aided Tomé de Sousa in founding Salvador and creating the first General-Government of the Brazilian colony, by the request of King João III of Portugal .


He died in October 1557, was buried in the Church of Jesus, and left half of his wealth to the Jesuits. His wife, Catarina Paraguaçu died in 1582.


His sons, Gaspar, Gabriel and Jorge were declared knights by Governor Tomé de Sousa.

The historical episode was the central theme of a Portuguese poem by Santa Rita Durão (18th century, Minas Gerais), titled Caramuru.
Caramuru appears briefly in Mário de Andrade's Macunaíma. He is also the main character in the film comedy Caramuru - A Invenção do Brasil.
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Diogo Álvares Correia, o Caramuru's Timeline

1475
1475
Viana do Castelo, Portugal
1520
1520
Age 45
Bahia, Brazil
1557
October 5, 1557
Age 82
Bahia, Brazil
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