Dirk I van Holland, graaf in Friesland (c.860 - c.922) MP

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Nicknames: "Thidericus Fresonie", "Theoderic", "Diederik I", "Thierry Ier de Frise occidentale", "Theodoricus", "Diederic", "Dietrich", "Theodoricus van Holland"
Place of Burial: Noordwijk-Binnen, Noordwijk, South Holland, The Netherlands
Birthplace: Noordwijk-Binnen, Zuid, Holland
Death: Died in Egmond, The Netherlands
Occupation: Friese graaf, Count of Holland, Graaf van Holland, Dirk of West Frisia, gesneuveld bij Andernach, Comte, de Frise occidentale, de Kennemerland, Sieur, de l'église, Considerado o Primeiro Conde de Holland. Conde de Holland, Kennemerland (916-928) e Ghent
Managed by: George J. Homs
Last Updated:

About Dirk I van Holland, graaf in Friesland

http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dirk_I_van_Holland_(graaf)

Dirk I of Thidericus Fresonie (rond 8?? - rond 923 of 939) was een Friese graaf die vanaf ongeveer 896 het bewind voerde over een aantal grafelijke gebieden in de kuststreek van het latere graafschap Holland.

Dirk erfde van graaf Gerolf het gezag over Kennemerland en Rijnland. Hij steunde de Westfrankische koning Karel de Eenvoudige bij een opstand van zijn vazallen. Als dank hiervoor kreeg Dirk I van Karel op 15 juni 922 de kerk van Egmond met alle daarbij behorende goederen. Egmond lag ten noorden van de bezittingen die hij van Gerolf had gekregen en sloot daar dus uitstekend op aan. Kort hierna stichtte hij er een klooster voor nonnen.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dirk_I,_Count_of_Holland

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Dirk I, Count of Holland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dirk I of Holland

Count in Frisia

Reign uncertain – 928/944

Born ca. 870

Died 928/944

Buried Egmond Abbey

Predecessor Gerolf

Successor Dirk II

Consort Geva

Offspring Dirk II

Father possibly Gerolf or

Radbod, Prince of the Frisians

Dirk I (Theoderic) was Count of Holland, thought to have been in office from ca. 921 to ca. 928 or 939.

'Count in Frisia'

The actual title of count Dirk I was 'count in Friesland'.

Dirk is thought to be a son of Gerulf II, 'count in Frisia', who is named by some sources as one of the counts who assassinated their Viking overlord Godfryth 'the Sea King' at a place named Herespich (modern Spijk) in 885.

Regarding Dirk I, almost nothing is known of his life, a situation further clouded by the present-day hypothesis that he had a son, Dirk (numbered Dirk I bis, to avoid confusion with the already established numbering), who succeeded him instead of the traditional view that he was succeeded by his supposed son Dirk II.

Founding of Egmond Abbey

In 922 Dirk was present at a place called Bladella (present day Bladel, in the extreme south of the Dutch province of Noord Brabant), at which he received certain lands ('at a place called Egmond') from the West Frankish king Charles III the Fat. Dirk subsequently erected a nunnery at the said lands, at which nuns prayed continuously for the well-being of the comital dynasty. This was the origin of the later Egmond Abbey.

Under Dirk II the wooden convent was rebuilt in stone to house the relics of Saint Adalbert. Adalbert was not well known at that time, but he was said to have preached Christianity in the immediate surroundings two centuries earlier. The monastery was also changed to house a community of Benedictine monks from Ghent, replacing the nuns. Count Dirk and many of his descendants were buried in the abbey church.

References/Bibliography

   * Cordfunke, Graven en Gravinnen van het Hollandse Huis (1986).
   * http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/HOLLAND.htm

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NOTE:Hij schijnt zijn vader opgevolgd te zijn in de gouw Kennemerland (= Kinheim), vermeld 916-928.

Hij kreeg op 15 juni 922 van Karel 'de Eenvoudige' zekere goederen (de kerkelijke goederen van Egmond) in het graafschap Texel in leen.

Hij wordt beschouwd als de eerste graaf van Holland, hoewel Floris II in 1110 voor het eerst met deze titel wordt genoemd. Hij voerde de titel van markgraaf.

Deze Dirk komt in de Latijnse prozakroniek van Egmond niet voor. Ook zijn er geen akten bekend waaruit zijn aanwezigheid blijkt. In een akte, door J. Wagenaar in zijn Vaderlandsche Historie II (Amsterdam 1782) gedateerd op 922/923, zou Dirk I, na een regering van 40 jaar, in 922/923 overleden zijn. Dat zou betekenen dat hij rond 882 Gerolf zou moeten zijn opgevolgd, hetgeen veel te vroeg is. Vast staat dat Gerolf in 889 nog goed in eigendom kreeg. Hij zal in 895 of 896 overleden zijn. Ook staat vast dat Dirk II in 988 is overleden. Zou Dirk II de opvolger zijn van Dirk I, dan zou hij in dat geval niet minder dan 65 jaar hebben geregeerd, hetgeen een veel te lange periode is. Worstelend met de onmogelijkheid van deze lange regeerperiode ontstond de indruk dat men in de beschrijving over de oudste graven, die pas enkele honderden jaren na hun bewind werd opgetekend, gebeurtenissen die eigenlijk bij verschillende Dirken hadden plaatsgevonden aan een en dezelfde persoon had toegedicht.

Dit is best mogelijk, omdat men het in de tijd waarin die gebeurtenissen plaats vonden nooit over een Dirk de zoveelste had, maar gewoon over een Graaf Dirk. G. van Loon heeft in zijn Aloude Hollandsche Historie II ('s-Gravenhage, 1734) voor het eerst dit probleem trachten op te lossen door tussen Dirk I en Dirk II nog een Dirk te plaatsen. Hij plaatste Hildegard van Vlaanderen als de vrouw van de zoon van Dirk I, die na zijn sneuvelen in Andernach opnieuw huwde met een Dirk uit het Vlaamse Huis, die daarmee Dirk II werd. Dit was onjuist, omdat de slag bij Andernach in 939 geplaatst wordt en Hildegard de (2e) dochter is van Graaf Arnulf van Vlaanderen, die in 934 huwde. Dit zou dan betekenen dat Hildegard al op 4-jarige leeftijd gehuwd zou moeten zijn. Verloofd kan nog maar gehuwd niet. In 1981 kwam J.M. Van Winter met een nieuwe hypothese. Zij voegde eveneens tussen Dirk I en Dirk II een nieuwe Dirk, die zij Dirk I bis noemde. Geva zou dan met deze Dirk I bis gehuwd moeten zijn geweest en niet met Dirk I zoals aanvankelijk werd aangenomen. De naam van de bruid van Dirk I is dan onbekend. Ook B.K.S. Dijkstra volgt in 1991 deze hypothese van Van Winter. Hij voegt daar dan nog een andere hypothese aan toe, namelijk dat niet Gerolf de vader was van Dirk I, maar Radboud. Ongetwijfeld zal het laatste woord hier nog niet over zijn gezegd. Of we na al die tijd ooit nog de juiste oplossing zullen vinden is nog maar de vraag.

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Dirk is thought to be a son of Gerulf II, 'count in Frisia', who is named by some sources as one of the counts who assassinated their Viking overlord Godfryth 'the Sea King' at a place named Herespich

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Dietrich (Thierry) II (Count) of WEST FRIESLAND

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dirk_I,_Count_of_Holland

Dirk I (Theoderic) was Count of Holland, thought to have been in office from ca. 921 to ca. 928 or 939. The actual title of count Dirk I was 'count in Friesland'.

Dirk is thought to be a son of Gerulf II, 'count in Frisia', who is named by some sources as one of the counts who assassinated their Viking overlord Godfryth 'the Sea King' at a place named Herespich (modern Spijk) in 885.

Regarding Dirk I, almost nothing is known of his life, a situation further clouded by the present-day hypothesis that he had a son, Dirk (numbered Dirk I bis, to avoid confusion with the already established numbering), who succeeded him instead of the traditional view that he was succeeded by his supposed son Dirk II.

In 922 Dirk was present at a place called Bladella (present day Bladel, in the extreme south of the Dutch province of Noord Brabant), at which he received certain lands ('at a place called Egmond') from the West Frankish king Charles III the Fat. Dirk subsequently erected a nunnery at the said lands, at which nuns prayed continuously for the well-being of the comital dynasty.

Under Dirk II however, this wooden convent was rebuilt in stone to house the relics of Saint Adalbert. Adalbert was not well known at that time, but he was said to have preached Christianity in the immediate surroundings two centuries earlier. The convent was also to be for a community of Benedictine monks from Ghent, replacing the nuns. Count Dirk and many of his descendants were buried at Egmond.

--------------------

Dirk I (Theoderic) was Count of Holland, thought to have been in office from ca. 921 to ca. 928 or 939.

The actual title of count Dirk I was 'count in Friesland'.

Dirk is thought to be a son of Gerulf II, 'count in Frisia', who is named by some sources as one of the counts who assassinated their Viking overlord Godfryth 'the Sea King' at a place named Herespich (modern Spijk) in 885.

Regarding Dirk I, almost nothing is known of his life, a situation further clouded by the present-day hypothesis that he had a son, Dirk (numbered Dirk I bis, to avoid confusion with the already established numbering), who succeeded him instead of the traditional view that he was succeeded by his supposed son Dirk II.

In 922 Dirk was present at a place called Bladella (present day Bladel, in the extreme south of the Dutch province of Noord Brabant), at which he received certain lands ('at a place called Egmond') from the West Frankish king Charles III the Fat. Dirk subsequently erected a nunnery at the said lands, at which nuns prayed continuously for the well-being of the comital dynasty. This was the origin of the later Egmond Abbey.

Under Dirk II the wooden convent was rebuilt in stone to house the relics of Saint Adalbert. Adalbert was not well known at that time, but he was said to have preached Christianity in the immediate surroundings two centuries earlier. The monastery was also changed to house a community of Benedictine monks from Ghent, replacing the nuns. Count Dirk and many of his descendants were buried in the abbey church.

source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dirk_I,_Count_of_Holland

--------------------

Dirk I (Theoderic) was Count of Holland, thought to have been in office from ca. 896 to ca. 928 or 939.

'Count in Frisia'

The actual title of count Dirk I was 'count in Friesland'.

Dirk is thought to be a son of Gerulf II, 'count in Frisia', who is named by some sources as one of the counts who assassinated their Viking overlord Godfryth 'the Sea King' at a place named Herespich (modern Spijk) in 885.

Regarding Dirk I, almost nothing is known of his life, a situation further clouded by the present-day hypothesis that he had a son, Dirk (numbered Dirk I bis, to avoid confusion with the already established numbering), who succeeded him instead of the traditional view that he was succeeded by his supposed son Dirk II.

Founding of Egmond Abbey

In 922 Dirk was present at a place called Bladella (present day Bladel, in the extreme south of the Dutch province of Noord Brabant), at which he received certain lands ('at a place called Egmond') from the West Frankish king Charles the Simple. Dirk subsequently erected a nunnery at the said lands, at which nuns prayed continuously for the well-being of the comital dynasty. This was the origin of the later Egmond Abbey.

Under Dirk II the wooden convent was rebuilt in stone to house the relics of Saint Adalbert. Adalbert was not well known at that time, but he was said to have preached Christianity in the immediate surroundings two centuries earlier. The monastery was also changed to house a community of Benedictine monks from Ghent, replacing the nuns. Count Dirk and many of his descendants were buried in the abbey church. -------------------- http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~greenefamily/lape/pafg253.htm#27580 -------------------- Dirk I, Count of Holland Dirk I of Holland Count in Frisia Reign uncertain – 928/944 Born ca. 870 Died 928/944 Buried Egmond Predecessor Gerolf Successor Dirk II Consort Geva Offspring Dirk II Father possibly Gerolf or Radbod, Prince of the Frisians Dirk I (Theoderic) was Count of Holland, thought to have been in office from ca. 921 to ca. 928 or 939. 'Count in Frisia' The actual title of count Dirk I was 'count in Friesland'. Dirk is thought to be a son of Gerulf II, 'count in Frisia', who is named by some sources as one of the counts who assassinated their Viking overlord Godfryth 'the Sea King' at a place named Herespich (modern Spijk) in 885. Regarding Dirk I, almost nothing is known of his life, a situation further clouded by the present-day hypothesis that he had a son, Dirk (numbered Dirk I bis, to avoid confusion with the already established numbering), who succeeded him instead of the traditional view that he was succeeded by his supposed son Dirk II. Founding of the abbey at Egmond In 922 Dirk was present at a place called Bladella (present day Bladel, in the extreme south of the Dutch province of Noord Brabant), at which he received certain lands ('at a place called Egmond') from the West Frankish king Charles III the Fat. Dirk subsequently erected a nunnery at the said lands, at which nuns prayed continuously for the well-being of the comital dynasty. Under Dirk II however, this wooden convent was rebuilt in stone to house the relics of Saint Adalbert. Adalbert was not well known at that time, but he was said to have preached Christianity in the immediate surroundings two centuries earlier. The convent was also to be for a community of Benedictine monks from Ghent, replacing the nuns. Count Dirk and many of his descendants were buried at Egmond. References/Bibliography Cordfunke, Graven en Gravinnen van het Hollandse Huis (1986). http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/HOLLAND.htm

De geschiedenis rond de eerste graven van Holland is pas rond 1290 voor het eerst door Melis Stoke opgeschreven. De schrijver gebruikte hiervoor teksten die door de monniken van de abdij van Egmond waren bewaard. Omdat de monniken pas tijdens het bewind van Dirk II de nonnen vervingen, moet men er van uitgaan dat de informatie op deze (inmiddels vergane) documenten, door overlevering is verkregen.

Het kan zijn dat er verschillende graven met de naam Dirk zijn samengevoegd tot Dirk I. Dit is goed mogelijk, omdat men het in die tijd nooit over een Dirk de zoveelste sprak, maar gewoon over Graaf Dirk.

Bekend is dat graaf Dirk getrouwd was met Gerberga van Hamaland (die ongeveer 912 zal zijn geboren) en dat hij betrokken was bij de Lotharingse opstand van 939 tegen de Duitse Koning Otto de Grote en op 2 oktober 939 is gesneuveld in de slag bij Andernach

Dirk trouwde (928?) met Gerberga, dochter van Meginhard IV van Hamaland, zoon van Everhard Saxo, en opvolger van zijn vader als graaf van Hamaland en hertog van Friesland. Meginhard was lid van de delegatie van Hendrik de Vogelaar bij diens ontmoeting met Karel de Eenvoudige in 921. Dirk en Geva hadden een zoon: Dirk II van Holland, opvolger van zijn vader als graaf van het westen van Friesland

Dirk en Gerberga (Geva) zijn beiden in de abdij van Egmond begraven -------------------- Geboren in 900 te Egmond - Binnen, N-Holland, Nld. In 930 gehuwd met Gerberga van Hamaland geboren 912 te Vermandois, Normandy, France, in 932 werd Dirk II geboren en op 11 Jan.933 overleed Gerberga van Holland op 21 jarige leeftijd

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Dirk I, graaf in Holland's Timeline

860
860
Noordwijk-Binnen, Zuid, Holland
922
922
Age 62
Egmond, The Netherlands
935
935
Age 62
Egmond-Binnen, Noord Holland, Netherlands
1986
September 17, 1986
Age 62
OGDEN - Ogden Utah
November 19, 1986
Age 62
OGDEN - Ogden Utah
2009
October 31, 2009
Age 62
Ierland

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