Domitia Lepida Minor (c.-10 - c.54) MP

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Birthplace: Rome, Roma, Lazio, Italy
Death: Died in Rome, Roma, Lazio, Italy
Managed by: Jocelynn Oakes
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About Domitia Lepida Minor

Domitia Lepida the Younger

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Domitia Lepida (PIR2 D 180), also known as Domitia Lepida the Younger, Domitia Lepida Minor, (Minor Latin for the younger) or simply known as Lepida (c. 10 BC-54), was the younger daughter of Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus (consul 16 BC) and Antonia Major. Her elder siblings were Domitia (with whom she's sometimes confused) and Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus (father of the emperor Nero). She was a great niece of Emperor Augustus, granddaughter of Octavia Minor and Mark Antony, sister-in-law and second cousin to the Emperor Caligula, second cousin and mother-in-law to the Emperor Claudius, and paternal aunt of the Emperor Nero. Lepida was a beautiful and influential figure (Tacitus, Annals, 12.64). Like her sister, she was also very wealthy. She had holdings in Calabria and owned the praedia Lepidiana (Raepsaet-Charlier, p.286).

Lepida was married three times. Her first husband was her cousin, the consul Marcus Valerius Messalla Barbatus (PIR1 V 88; Suetonius, Vita Claudii, 26.29). Lepida married Barbatus probably around 15 (Barrett, Agrippina, p. 287 n. 154). They had a son Marcus Valerius Messala Corvinus (consul 58) and a daughter Valeria Messalina (c. 17/20-48) who became Empress and third wife to the Emperor Claudius. Barbatus died most likely around AD 20 or AD 21, shortly after Messalina was born. Lepida's second husband was Faustus (II) Cornelius Sulla (PIR2 C 1459, see also Faustus Cornelius Sulla Lucullus III), cos. suff. in 31, a descendant of the dictator Lucius Cornelius Sulla. Their son Faustus Cornelius Sulla Felix, born in 22, married Claudia Antonia, the daughter of Claudius through his second marriage to Aelia Paetina. (PIR2 C 1464; Dio 60.30.6a) Faustus Cornelius Sulla died in AD 62.

At the beginning of the reign of her son-in-law, Claudius, Lepida was given in marriage to Appius Junius Silanus, consul in A.D. 28. In the following year, A.D. 42, Silanus was put to death by Claudius, apparently because he had resisted the advances of Messalina, who subsequently accused him of plotting to assassinate Claudius.

Lepida was the maternal grandmother to Messalina's children Claudia Octavia (stepsister and first wife of the Emperor Nero) and Britannicus. In 48, Messalina, was executed on the orders of Claudius due to Messalina's mock marriage with her lover Gaius Silius which later became a foiled political coup d'etat. During the most part of Messalina's influence and prosperity at the imperial court, Lepida had argued with Messalina and they had become estranged (this might have followed Appius Silanus' murder). In Messalina's last hour in the Gardens of Lucullus, Lepida was at her side and encouraged her to end her own life (Tacitus, Annals 11.37). After Messalina was stabbed with a dagger by an officer, her body was given up to Lepida.

Lepida's former sister-in-law, Agrippina the Younger, became Claudius' new wife in 49. Out of jealousy, Agrippina arranged the execution of Lepida sometime before the poisoning of Claudius, after which Nero became the new emperor. Agrippina charged Lepida with attempting her life by magic, disturbing Italian peace and failing to control her Calabrian slave-gangs. Agrippina thought that Lepida would use her 'kind' influence on Nero, to turn him against his mother.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domitia_Lepida