Domnall mac Ailpín, Rí na Dál Riata (812 - 862) MP

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Birthplace: Scotland
Death: Died in Isle Of Iona, Argyllshire, UK
Cause of death: suspicious death murdered as were 10 Kings
Occupation: King of Scotland from 858 to 862, King of Picts 858-862, King of Scotland, King of Scotland (859 - 863), King of Alba, Roi d'Ecosse de 858 à 862, established an ancient corpus of laws and rights (Aed/Aedh), King of Argylshire
Managed by: Hanne Caulk
Last Updated:

About Domnall mac Ailpín, Rí na Dál Riata

Domnall mac Ailpín (Modern Gaelic: Dòmhnall mac Ailpein), [1] anglicised sometimes as Donald MacAlpin, and known in most modern regnal lists as Donald I (died 13 April 862), was king of the Picts from 858 to 862. He followed his brother Kenneth MacAlpin (Cináed mac Ailpín) to the Pictish throne.

The Chronicle of the Kings of Alba says that Domnall reigned for four years, matching the notices in the Annals of Ulster of his brother's death in February 858 and his own in April 862.[2] The Chronicle notes:

“ In his time the Gaels with their king made the rights and laws of the kingdom, [that are called the laws] of Áed, Eochaid's son in Forteviot.[3] ”

The laws of Áed Find are entirely lost, but it has been assumed that, like the laws attributed to Giric and Constantine II (Causantín mac Áeda), these related to the church and in particular to granting the privileges and immunities common elsewhere.[4] The significance of Forteviot as the site of this law-making, along with Kenneth's death there and Constantine's later gathering at nearby Scone, may point to this as being the heartland of the sons of Alpín's support.

The Chronicle of Melrose says of Domnall, "in war he was a vigorous soldier ... he is said to have been assassinated at Scone."[5] No other source reports Domnall's death by violence.

The Prophecy of Berchán may refer to Domnall in stanzas 123–124:

“ Evil will be Scotland's lot because of [the death of Kenneth MacAlpin]; long will it be until his like will come. Long until the king takes [sovereignty], the wanton son of the foreign wife. He will be three years in the kingdom and three months (although thou countest them). His tombstone will be above Loch Awe. He dies of disease.[6] ”

Although Domnall is generally been supposed to have been childless, it has been suggested that Giric was a son of Domnall, reading his patronym as mac Domnaill rather than the commonly supposed mac Dúngail.[7] This, however, is not widely accepted.[8]

Domnall died, either at the palace of Cinnbelachoir (location unknown), or at Rathinveralmond (also unknown, and may be the same place, presumed to be near the junction of the Almond and the Tay, near Scone).[9] He was buried on Iona. -------------------- Donald suceeded his brother, Kenneth, as king. He reigned for three years and was suceeded by Kenneth's son, Constantine. -------------------- Donald I (Donald mac Alpin, død 863) var konge av Skottland fra 858 til sin død. Han var sønn av Alpin II av Dalriada, og etterfulgte sin eldre bror Kenneth, som var den første konge av et samlet Skottland.

Han ble av samtiden beskrevet som en «vellystig sønn av en utenlandsk kvinne». Ettersom Kenneth Is mor skal ha vært en skotsk prinsesse må de ha vært halvbrødre. En teori som har vært fremmet er at moren var av norrøn opprinnelse. Han skal ha opprettet en lovsamling, kjent som Aedhs lover, som blant annet omfattet tanisteri, en ordning for tronfølge hvor kongen selv valgte sin etterfølger, normalt blant sin familie. Han valgte selv sin nevø Konstantin som etterfølger. Denne ordningen var i bruk inntil Malcolm IIs tid.

Det er uklarhet omkring omstendighetene for hans død. Han døde enten i et slag ved Scone eller i Perthshire, eller fredelig i sitt slott ved Kinn Belachoir. Han var ikke gift, og hadde ikke barn. Det er ikke kjent hvor han ble gravlagt.