About Donatien-Alphonse François de Sade, Marquis de Sade
Donatien Alphonse François, Marquis de Sade (2 June 1740 – 2 December 1814) (French pronunciation: [maʁki də sad] Audio) was a French aristocrat, revolutionary, politician and writer famous for his libertine sexuality and lifestyle. His works include novels, short stories, plays, dialogues, and political tracts; in his lifetime some were published under his own name, while others appeared anonymously and Sade denied being their author.
He is best known for his erotic works, which combined philosophical discourse with pornography, depicting bizarre sexual fantasies with an emphasis on violence, criminality, and blasphemy against the Catholic Church. He was a proponent of extreme freedom, unrestrained by morality, religion or law.
Sade lived a scandalous libertine existence and repeatedly procured young prostitutes as well as employees of both sexes in his castle in Lacoste. He was also accused of blasphemy, a serious offense at that time. His behavior included an affair with his wife's sister, Anne-Prospère, who had come to live at the castle.
Sade was incarcerated in various prisons and in an insane asylum for about 32 years of his life; eleven years in Paris (10 of which were spent in the Bastille) a month in Conciergerie, two years in a fortress, a year in Madelonnettes, three years in Bicêtre, a year in Sainte-Pélagie, and 13 years in the Charenton asylum. During the French Revolution he was an elected delegate to the National Convention. Many of his works were written in prison. The term "sadism" (/ˈseɪdɪzəm/) is derived from his name.
Sade's works have to this day been kept alive by artists and intellectuals because they espouse a philosophy of extreme individualism that became reality in the economic liberalism of the following centuries.
In the late twentieth century, there was a resurgence of interest in Sade; leading French intellectuals like Roland Barthes, Jacques Derrida and Michel Foucault published studies of the philosopher, and interest in Sade among scholars and artists continued.
Subtitled “Heroic and Tragic Tales”, Sade combines romance and horror, employing several Gothic tropes for dramatic purposes. There is blood, banditti, corpses, and, of course, insatiable lust.
(1) Louis Marie de Sade, b.AUG 27 1767 & d.JUN 9 1809.
(2) Donatien-Claude, Comte de Sade, b.27 JUN 1769 & d.10 MAY 1847. He m.15 SEP 1808 Louise-Gabrielle-Laure de Sade & had issue:
(2.1) Laure-Emilie de Sade, b.16 NOV 1810 & d.25 APR 1875. She m.13 OCT 1840 Gaston de Graindorge d'Orgeville, Baron du Mesnil-Durand.
(2.2) Alphonse-Ignace de Sade m.Anne-Henriette de Cholet & had issue:
(2.2.1) Hugues-Louis-Charles, Marquis de Sade, b.2 AUG 1845. He m.25 AUG 1877 Marie-Augustine Janson de Couet & had issue:
(188.8.131.52) Bernard, Marquis de Sade, b.7 APR 1891 at Ollainville & d.23 OCT 1933. He m.22 OCT 1917 Jeanne de Sarrazin & had issue:
(184.108.40.206.1) Xavier de Sade, Comte de Sade m.Rose-Marie Meslay (living).
(2.3) Marie-Antoine-Auguste de Sade, b.9 OCT 1819. He m.8 JUN 1844 Charlotte-Germaine de Maussion & had issue:
(2.3.1) Laure-Marie-Charlotte, b.1859 & d.1936. She m.6 FEB 1879 Adhéaume, Comte de Chévigné & had issue:
(220.127.116.11) Marie-Thérèse de Chévigné m.Maurice Bischoffsheim & had issue:
(18.104.22.168.1) Marie-Laure Bischoffeim, b.31 OCT 1902 & d.29 JAN 1970. She m.Charles, Vicomte de Noailles
(3) Madeleine Laure de Sade, b.APR 7 1771.
Donatien-Alphonse de Sade's Timeline
June 2, 1740
December 2, 1814