Dr. Bruno Bettelheim (1903 - 1990) MP

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Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Death: Died in Silver Spring, Montgomery, MD, USA
Cause of death: Suicide
Occupation: Child Psychologist
Managed by: Malka Mysels
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Dr. Bruno Bettelheim

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  • Bruno Bettelheim (August 28, 1903 – March 13, 1990) was an Austrian-born American child psychologist and writer. He gained an international reputation for his work on Freud, psychoanalysis, and emotionally disturbed children.
  • Bruno Bettelheim New World Encyclopedia

The genesis of the name Bettelheim:

According to lore, it originated in the middle of the eighteenth century in what is now Bratislava, the Slovak capital on the Danube, about forty miles east of Vienna.


Count Bethlen, one of the most powerful men in the community, so coveted the beautiful wife of a Jewish citizen that he rode into the marketplace and tried to kidnap her by lifting her onto his horse and galloping off. But her husband rushed to her rescue, fighting and vanquishing the count in hand-to-hand combat. That a Jew would confront, much less do battle with, a noble of such rank was so daring the the hero thereafter was known as "Bethlen-Jude.". When a royal decree required that all Jews assume family names, Bethlen-Jude became Bettelheim.

One descendant was Marcus Bettelheim who lived in Budapest, and whose wife, Lewia, gave birth to Jakob Moritz Bettelheim on December 12, 1825. By 1857, Jakob was living in Vienna, and soon married Eleonore Frankel, which whom he had eleven children. The fifth, Anton, was born on April 4, 1869, and would become Bruno Bettelheim's father. Source

Publications

  • Bettelheim, Bruno. 1943. "Individual and Mass Behavior in Extreme Situations." Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 38, 417-452.
  • Bettelheim, Bruno. 1950. Love Is Not Enough: The Treatment of Emotionally Disturbed Children. Avon Books. ISBN 038001405X
  • Bettelheim, Bruno. 1954. Symbolic Wounds: Puberty Rites and the Envious Male. Free Press.
  • Bettelheim, Bruno. [1955] 1964. Truants from Life: The Rehabilitation of Emotionally Disturbed Children. Free Press. ISBN 0029034507
  • Bettelheim, Bruno. 1959. "Joey: A 'Mechanical Boy." Scientific American, 200, 117-126.
  • Bettelheim, Bruno. [1960] 1985. The Informed Heart: Autonomy in a Mass Age. Avon Books. ISBN 0380013029
  • Bettelheim, Bruno. [1962] 1984. Dialogues with Mothers. Avon Books. ISBN 038049874X
  • Bettelheim, Bruno. 1967. The Empty Fortress: Infantile autism and the birth of the self. The Free Press. ISBN 0029031303
  • Bettelheim, Bruno. 1969. The Children of the Dream. Macmillan. ISBN 0025105906
  • Bettelheim, Bruno. 1974. A Home for the Heart. Knopf. ISBN 0394483774
  • Bettelheim, Bruno. 1976. The Uses of Enchantment: The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales. Knopf. ISBN 0394497716
  • Bettelheim, Bruno. 1979. Surviving and Other Essays. Knopf. ISBN 039450402X
  • Bettelheim, Bruno. 1981. On Learning to Read: The Child's Fascination with Meaning. Knopf. ISBN 0394515927
  • Bettelheim, Bruno. 1983. Freud and Man's Soul: An Important Re-Interpretation of Freudian Theory. Vintage. ISBN 0394710363
  • Bettelheim, Bruno. 1987. A Good Enough Parent: A book on Child-Rearing. Vintage. ISBN 0394757769
  • Bettelheim, Bruno. 1989. Freud's Vienna and Other Essays. Knopf. ISBN 0394572092

References

  • Angres, Ronald. 1990. Who, Really, Was Bruno Bettelheim? Commentary, 90(4), 26-30.
  • Dundes, Alan. 1991. Bruno Bettelheim's Uses of Enchantment and Abuses of Scholarship. The Journal of American Folklore, 104(411), 74-83.
  • Eliot, Stephen. 2003. Not the Thing I Was: Thirteen Years at Bruno Bettelheim's Orthogenic School. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0312307497
  • Finn, Molly. 1997. In the Case of Bruno Bettelheim. First Things. Retrieved on February 2, 2007.
  • Frattaroli, Elio. 1994. Bruno Bettelheim's Unrecognized Contribution to Psychoanalytic Thought. Psychoanalytic Review, 81, 379-409.
  • Goldberg, Helene. 1997. Bruno Bettelheim—Blaming the Victim. ControlMastery.org. Retrieved on February 3, 2007.
  • Heisig, James W. 1977. Bruno Bettelheim and the Fairy Tales. Children's Literature, 6, 93-115.
  • Marcus, Paul. 1999. Autonomy in the Extreme Situation. Bruno Bettelheim, the Nazi Concentration Camps and the Mass Society. Praeger Publishers. ISBN 0275947254
  • Pollak, Richard. 1997. The Creation of Dr. B: A Biography of Bruno Bettelheim. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0684809389
  • Raines, Theron. 2002. Rising to the Light: A Portrait of Bruno Bettelheim. Knopf. ISBN 0679401962
  • Sutton, Nina. 1995. Bruno Bettelheim: A Life and a Legacy. London: Duckworth Publishing. ISBN 0715626876
  • Zipes, Jack. 1980. Breaking the Magic Spell: Radical Theories of Folk and Fairy Tales. University of Texas Press. ISBN 0813190304
  • Bruno Bettelheim. Answers.com. Retrieved on February 3, 2007.
  • Bruno Bettelheim. NNDB.com. Retrieved on February 3, 2007.
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Dr. Bruno Bettelheim's Timeline

1903
August 28, 1903
Austria
1930
1930
Age 26
1941
1941
Age 37
1990
March 13, 1990
Age 86
Silver Spring, Montgomery, MD, USA
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