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About Jean Pierre Bondurant
JEAN PIERRE BONDURANT dit [called] Cougousset – b. 18 Sept. 1677 in Genolhac. He was first baptized in the Huguenot Temple and then rebaptized a Catholic 13 Feb. 1684. He left Genolhac at age 20; arrived at his Uncle Guillaume Barjon’s church in Aarau Switzerland and professed his sin of conversion and renounced Catholicism 3 Oct. 1697. He moved on to Germany then to England to be part of the 2nd ship of Huguenot refugees sent to Virginia. He married after he’d been in Virginia a time.
from http://lawrencefamhis.com/bondurant-o/p12.htm#i299 and http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~lawrpaul/bondurant-o/p41.htm#i299 : Jean-Pierre Bondurant was born on 18 July 1677 in Génolhac, Gard, France. ( 1 ) Father Jean Pierre Bondurant b. c 1636, d. 24 May 1694 Mother Gabrielle Barjon b. 18 Jan 1643, d. 23 Mar 1695 He married Ann Tanner, daughter of Edward Tanner [Sr.] and Mary Hatcher, circa 1708 in Manakin Town, Virginia. (1,2 )
Jean-Pierre died before 25 January 1734/35 in Manakin Town, Virginia. (1,3,2) (his will 25/1/1734) Jean was also known as John Peter.
Jean-Pierre was first baptised a Huguenot, then at the age of seven rebaptised a Catholic in order to preserve his right to inherit family property. With the Revocation both of his parents, and his grandfather and step-grandmother renounced their Huguenot faith and were "newly converted" Catholics.
He was orphaned and left in the guardianship of his cousin, Andre Bondurant who was an apothecary and also the mayor of Génolhac. In September 1697, with Andre's consent, Jean Pierre's property, the mills at l'Aribal and Calquières inherited from his parents, were sold. Jean Pierre left France and arrived in Aarau, Switzerland in February 1697/98 where he joined his maternal uncle, Guillaume Barjon, Pastor of the Huguenot refugee Church there.
On October 3, 1697, Jean Pierre recanted the Catholic faith and became a Huguenot again. The following is recorded in the congregational record:
The 3rd of October 1697, Seigneur Jean Pierre Bondurant, apothecary, presented himself in front of us, claiming that he was extremely affected by the fault he committed in his youth, which was to attend the worship of the Roman [Catholic] Church; showing his repentance by asking God to forgive this sin and after he claimed that he would live and die in our Holy Religion, he was admitted into the peace of the Church and to participate in the Holy Sacraments.
He signed this present deed along with us: Henry Malbois and Pierre Brochet, both hat makers who took refuge in the town of Aarau, and undersigned by myself:
Barjon refugee Pastor JP Bondurant Henry Malbois Brochet4
Because Jean Pierre had left France with money from the sale of his mills, he did not appear on the Swiss charity records as did the Barjons and most refugee Huguenots. Being financially independent also shielded him from scrutiny and perhaps enabled him to buy his first land when he later went to Virginia.4
He was listed as a "fugitive from the Kingdom because of religion" in 1712. This late date is not significant, as such listings were normallly late; and his father's cousin was Consul General in charge of the listings.
In 1699, in the company of Pastor Barjon and other refugees, he went to Karlshafen, Germany. There is no record of his travel from Karlshafen to England, but he was among Huguenot refugees arriving at the mouth of the James River in Virginia on 20 September 1700 aboard the ship Ye Peter and Anthony which had sailed from England. This was the "second transport" of Huguenots from London.
The immigrants were taken up the James River in smaller boats as far as the shoals (present day Richmond.) They went overland to Manakin Town, where they joined the "first transport" settlers who had occupied a deserted Monacan Indian village near Fine Creek the previous year. Jean stayed with the colony until 1701 and then, as a single man, went elsewhere looking for more opportunity. He practiced medicine in Henrico County (part of which later became Goochland County) for many years.4
Jean Pierre's grandfather was a Doctor of Law and was apparently successful. His father, Jean Pierre Bondurant, Sieur de Cougoussat, Advocate, did not seem to be as successful as he was in debt when he died. At one time, Jean Pierre, the immigrant, was forced to accept public assistance from the Church of Rome. He was apprenticed to his father's cousin, Andre, a Master Apothecary, where he learned enough medicine to be accounted a Doctor in the Colonies in Virginia.
In 1704, the Huguenot men petitioned to become citizens of the colony and by an act passed in 1705, they, including Jean Pierre, were granted citizenship by the Governor and House of Burgesses.4
Jean Pierre obtained 200 acres of land on Old Town Creek, near present Matoaca, across the Appomattox River from Petersburg. He sold that on 29 Dec 1708 to John Wilson Sr., acknowledged in court 1 June 1709. In 1711 he registered a cattle mark with the Virginia governor. On March 24 he purchased, from the King of England, 400 acres on the south side of the James River located on Jones Creek and Matthews Branch in Henrico County, later part of Goochland County. In 1729, sons Peter and John were listed as tithables on this land, but the father does not appear on the tithables lists until 1730. This seems to indicate that the parents were living elsewhere and the sons had come ahead to prepare the new land. This land was divided among his sons in his will in 1734. Jean Peire was elected to the Vestry of King William Parish Church, but died before he could take office.4
It is not known if he was married more than once and, if so, which children belong to each wife. A wife Ann, the mother of his son Peter, is mentioned in his will. Many researchers had thought that his wife was Ann Faure but this appears incorrect. She may have been Ann Tanner. The will of Mrs. Mary Tanner, Albermarle Co., Virginia, in the 1760s, left $1 to her daughter Ann Bondurant. Whether this is the widow of Jean Pierre has not been proven. Also, the marriage date cannot be confirmed. The date shown is given by some researchers but it has never been proven.
In 1990 the Bondurant Family Association erected a fence and placed a commemorative plaque at the posited graves of Jean Pierre and Ann Bondurant. The graveyard is located on Birdsong Lane (Road No. 1217) near Powhatan, in Powhatan County, Virginia. The plaque reads:
To the glory of God and in memory of Jean Pierre Bondurant and his wife Ann. Born in Génolhac, France 18 July 1677, Jean Pierre (John Peter) Bondurant escaped to Switzerland in 1697, and reached Jamestown with other Huguenots in 1700. Trained as an apothecary, he practiced medicine in Virginia where he married Ann. Members of King William Parish. He died near Manakin 1734/35. Their five children were John, Peter, Joseph, Ann and Frances. Erected 1990 by descendants.
Jean made a will on 25 September 1734. The will of John Peter Bondurant, Gouchland County, Virginia:
In the name of God Amen, I John Peter Bondurant, being sick and weak by of good sound disposition mind and memory, all praise be given to God for it, and now minding to settle my worldly estate which it has please God to bestow upon me before I depart this life: I do make and appoint this my last will and testament in manner and form following:
First: I give my soul to God who gave it, and my body to the earth from which it was taken, to be decently buried according to the discretion of my Executors hereafter named.
Item: I give and bequeth unto my son John Bundurant, one hundred and forty acres of land which he now dwelleth on and one horse and one hog and blanket and rug and sheet and hide and bed cord and frou pot, and dish and basin and three plates and one cow and calf that he is now possessed of him and to his heirs forever.
Item:I give and bequeath unto my son Peter Bondurant one hundred and fifty acres of land on Age Creek and up along creek Goos, and a horse named Smoker and one cow and calf and two sows and four shoats and one pewter dish and one basin and one porringer and six pewter spoons and one frou pot and one rug and blanket and sheet and brown lining to make him a bed, to him and his heirs lawfully begotten forever, but if one or all of my sons die without issue, then to the survivor and his heirs lawfully begotten forever.
Item: I give and bequeath to my son Joseph Bondurant one hundred and fifty acres of land with the purtenances belonging thereto, where he now dwelleth, and one cow and calf in the possession of James Ford and two sows and four shoats and one ram sheep, and one mair with the hors colts the she has and the mair fols to return to me and two dishes, one large and one small, one basin and six plates and one Porringer and one paint pot and one sow and four shoats, to him and his heirs forever.
Item: I give and bequeath to my daughter Ann Ford one heifer eighteen months old, and one sow and pigs to her and her heirs forever.
Item: I give to my daughter Frances Salle one heifer at the age of eighteen months and one sow and pigs to her and her heirs forever.
And I do give unto my son Peter Bondurant all my wearing clothes and it is my desire that my wife keep them and let him have them as she sees fit and my carpenter tools and shoemakers tools and croscut saw and wagons I lend for the use of my wife and two sons and their heirs be no hinderance or molestation of any persons or persons whatsoever.
Item: I give to my loving wife Ann Bondurant after all my just debts and funeral charges and legacies are paid, all the remainder of my estate real and personal in this place or also wherever to her and her heirs forever, and I do allow my loving wife Ann Bondurant whole and sole Executor of this my last will and testament, revoking all other wills by me made heretofore.
As witness my hand and fixt my seal, this 25th day of September 1734.
J. P. Bondurant (Seal)
Test: John Cook, James Ford, John Bondurant
It is my desire that my son Peter Bondurant heirs his share of land on the S. & E. of Age Branch and my son John Bondurant and my son Joseph Bondurant to have their share on the S. & W. of my branch to be equally divided between them according as the lines go and to have the liberty of cutting any pine or pine trees upon my son Peter Bondurant's land for their house.3
His will was proved on 25 January 1734/35. At the court held for Goochland County January 25th, 1734, this will was proved by the oaths of John Cook and James Ford, two of the witnesses hereto and was admitted to probate.
H. Wood, County Court Clerk.3
Ann Tanner b. circa 1695
- Ann Bondurant b. 1710, d. a 8 Mar 1758
- John Peter Bondurant [Sr.] b. c 1710, d. c 1774
- Peter Jacob Bondurant b. c 1711, d. c 1735
- Frances Jane Bondurant b. c 1712, d. c 1777
- Joseph Augustine Bondurant b. c 1720, d. 11 Aug 1806
1. [S4] The Huguenot Society. The Huguenot 1981-1983. Midlothian, Virginia: The Huguenot Society, the Founders of Manakin in the Colony of Virginia, Inc.).
2. [S511] The Bondurant Family, compiled by Wiley B. Grinnell, Sr.. 1979. Private Printing, Copy in researcher's file, Fairfield Glade, Tennessee.
3. [S116] The Huguenot Society. The Huguenot 1979-1981. Midlothian, Virginia: The Huguenot Society, Founders of Manakin in the Colony of Virginia, Inc., 1984).
4. [S476] Warren, Mary Bondurant. The Bondurants of Génolhac, France. Athens, Georgia 30606: Heritage Papers, 2000.
Dr. Jean Pierre Bondurant's Timeline
July 18, 1677
Génolhac, Gard, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
September 20, 1700
on ship,"Peter & Anthony"
Manakin Town, Goochland Co., VA.
Manakin Town, Goochland Co., VA.
Manakin Town, Henrico, VA, USA
Manakin Town, Goochland, Virginia
Manakin, Goochland, Virginia
January 11, 1984