Dr. Thomas Gerrard

Is your surname Gerard?

Research the Gerard family

Dr. Thomas Gerrard's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Thomas Gerard (Gerrard)

Nicknames: "Thomas Gerard"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Newhall,,Lancashire,England
Death: Died in Machodoc, Westmoreland, Virginia
Place of Burial: Longswort Point, St. Mary's, Maryland
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Thomas Gerard, 2nd Baronet Gerard of Bryn; <private> Gerard; Frances Gerard and <private> Snow
Husband of <private> Newton; <private> Gerard; Susannah Gerrard and Rosanna Newton
Father of <private> Gerard; Susannah Elizabeth Ellyson; Justinian Gerard; Anne Broadhurst; Elizabeth Blackstone and 13 others
Brother of Sir William Gerard, 3rd Baronet Gerard of Bryn; Richard Gerard; John Gerard; Frances Gerard; Gilbert Gerard and 1 other
Half brother of Ann Green; John Gerard; Joseph Gerrard; Marye Gerrard; Anne Greene and 2 others

Occupation: Physician; Planter; Lord of /St. Clement's; Councillor in Maryland., Doctor MD, Doctor (Surgeon?), Medical Doctor
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
view all 50

Immediate Family

About Thomas Gerard (Gerrard)

From the book, "The Baronetage of England, printed for John Stockdale, published 1806: Sir Thomas Gerard married Frances, daughter of Sir Richard Molineaux, Baronet. they had six sons and one daughter Frances. 1. William. 2. Richard. 3.Gilbert 4.Peter. 5. Thomas 6. John. The last four sons died unmarried. Sir Thomas was succeeded by his eldest son, Sir William.

**********

The Baronetage of England published in 1806 contains some notable errors. Thomas Gerard, fifth son of Sir Thomas Gerard, 2nd Baronet, and wife Frances Molyneaux, was born before 1608 in Newhall, Lancashire, England. He married Susannah Snow, daughter of Justinian Snow. He married Rose Newton. He followed his brother Richard to Maryland. Thomas Gerard died December 15, 1673 at Machodoc, Westmoreland, Virginia.

Links to additional material:

Thomas Gerrard (Immigrant) , . Sex: M ALIA: "Lord of /St. Clement's"/ Birth: 10 DEC 1608 in Ashton Manor, Makerfield, Lancashire, England Death: 19 OCT 1673 in Mochoticks, Westmoreland Co., VA Baptism: 10 DEC 1608 Winwick, England Reference Number: 6118 Note:

10th Great Grandfather of James Scott

(AFN: 8J3T-S8)

Note:

Among the neighbors of the Washington's, none were more conspicuous than Dr. Thomas Gerrard. His first wife, Susanna, was the daughter of Justinian Snow, one of the founders of Maryland and Lord Baltimore's factor in the Indian trade. Abel Snow, a clerk in the chancery office, London, and Marmaduke Snow were two other brothers. Dr. Gerrard was for a long time councillor, but was finally banished from Maryland for taking part in the resurrection of Josiah Fendall in 1659. Before this he had provided a refuge in Virginia, having obtained on October 18, 1650, a patent for land, and naming among the headrights his wife Susanna Gerrard, and his children Susanna, Temperance, Frances, Justinian, and John Gerrard. The same day Walter Brodhurst patented land next to William Hardwick, on the west side of "Poor Jack" Creek. As Walter Brodhurst had a son Gerrard, it raises the suspicion that his wife, Anna, who afterwards married Col. Washington, was perhaps a daughter of Col. Thomas Gerrard, as well as Washington's third wife Frances.

Note:

IMMIGRATION:

Database: Passenger and Immigration Lists Index (PILI)

Immigrant: Gerrard, Thomas

Location: Virginia

Year: 1650

Accompanying Family Member: Daughter Gerrard, Susa

Page Number: 198

Document Type: Immigrant Record

Source: Passenger and Immigration Lists Index

Publication:

NUGENT, NELL MARION. Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants, 1623-1666. Vol. 1. Richmond VA: Dietz Printing Co., 1934. 767p. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1983.

Record of 20,000 very early immigrants, with much relevant information. Taken from Patent Books 1 through 5. Title page states, 'In 5 volumes,' but up to 1979 only three had appeared. See nos. 6221 and 6223 for second and third volumes, published in 1977 and 1979. Issued originally by Nugent in parts between 1929 and 1931; the parts were then largely incorporated in this work, no. 6220. Stewart, item no. 9025, compiled the article, 'Ancient Planters 1607,' pages xxviii-xxxiv.

Source Information:

Gale Group. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index (PILI). [database on-line] Provo, UT: Ancestry.com, 2001. Original data: Passenger and Immigration Lists IndexEdited by P. William Filby, with Mary K. Meyer. Detroit, MI: Gale Research Company, 1981.

Note:

BACKGROUND:

"Virginia, Prominent Families", Vol. 1-4

Volume IV Chapter III Washington. Col. John Washington.

Dr. Thomas Gerrard was for a long time Councillor in Maryland, but was finally banished for taking part in the insurrection of Isaias Fendall in 1659. Before this he had provided a refuge in Virginia having obtained, October 18, 1650, a patent for land and naming among the head rights his wife, Susanna Gerrard, and his children, Susanna, Temperance, Frances, Justinian, and John Gerrard. The same day, October 18, 1650, Walter Broadhurst patented land next to William Hardwick on the west side of "Poor Jack Creek." As Walter Broadhurst had a son "Gerrard," it might be that Anne, his wife, who afterwards married Col. John Washington, was a daughter of Col. Thomas Gerrard, as well as Washington's third wife, Frances.

Source: Ancestry.com on internet.

LOSS OF CHILD:

Lancashire, England: Parish and Probate Records

Lancashire: Aughton (sp) - Parish Register, 1541-1764

Buryalls. 1631 County: Lancashire Country: England A still borne child of Thomas Gerard, gen. 01 Dec 1631.

Source: Ancestry.com

IMMIGRATION:

Following is the list of "Gentlemen" passengers reported to be aboard the ships, The Ark and The Dove as they sailed from England on November 22, 1633 for what was to become Maryland:

"Ark" and "Dove" Nov. 22nd, 1633 Record Mar. 25th 1634

The twenty Gentlemen with Gov. Leonard CALVERT, and his brother, George CALVERT, Commissioners

Sir Thomas CORNWALLEYS,

Jerome HAWLEY Esq.

Richard GERRARD - Knight Baronet, s/o Sir THOMAS GERRARD,

Lord Baron of Byrne

Lady WINTOUR'S two sons: Edward and Frederick WINTOUR

Sir Thomas WISEMAN'S son, Henry WISEMAN, Esq.

Nicholas FAIRFAX (d. enroute)

Thomas BECKWITH, Esq.

Dr. John BRISCOE- Surgeon, and Henry BRISCOE

Father Andrew WHITE, a priest whose Journal of the Voyage and Colonization is very remarkable

Mrs. Ann COX-(wid. evid sister of Richard GERRARD, K. B. Thomas GREEN. Had issue)

Mr. John SAUNDERS, partner of Sir Thomas CORNWALLEYS, who was to supervise his 12 servants. But he died enroute. (His wife and children. are found in MD, 1644.)

Mr. Henry GREEN, Gent.

Priest-ANTHAM or ALTON

Mr. John BAXTER, Gent.

Mr. Wm. ANDREWS-wife, Anne

Mr. Richard COLE

Mr. Richard DUKE

Source:

Pogue, Robert E.T. 1968. Yesterday in Old St. Mary's County. New York, N.Y.: Carlton Press, Inc.

CHURCH DEVELOPMENT:

All Saints Episcopal Church (1846) Avenue, MD 20609 301-769-2258 The church actually began in 1642 when Dr. Thomas Gerard built a place to worship for his wife and her friends and servants.

WILL:

MARYLAND CALENDAR OF WILLS: Volume 1

Gerrard, Thomas, of Mathotick River, formerly of St. Clement's Manor, St. Mary's Co., 5th Feb., 1672; 15th Dec., 1673. To dau. Mary and hrs., 4 seats of land in St. Mary's Co., including "St. Katharine's Manor" and "Westwood Lodge." In event of death of dau. Mary without hrs., sd. lands to pass to surviving sons and daus. of testator. To eld. son Justinian and hrs., part of "St. Clement's Manor;" also any land or lands in England To wife Rose during life, and male hrs., 1/2 of sd. "St. Clement's Manor;" 1/2 of "Bastfoord Manor,"; and 1/2 of "Gerrard's Reserve,"; Virginia. In event of death of sd. wife without male issue, son Justinian to possess the whole of "St. Clement's Manor." To young son John, 1/2 of "Bastfoord Manor" and 1/2 of "Gerrard's Reserve,"; Va.; to possess the whole of sd. tracts in event of death of said wife without male issue. To other 3 sons and 5 daus., sons-in-law, daus.-in-law grandchild.; viz: Gerrard Paten and Gerrard Tucker at 18 yrs. of age, and to John Wauge, personalty. Exs.: Wife Rose and son Gerrard. Test: John Waugh, Isaac Allerton, John Lee. Testator desires to be buried by deceased wife Susanna. 1. 567.

Editors: Thomas Gerard was the Lord of St. Clements Manor, St. Mary's County, but died in Westmoreland County, Virginia (where his will is also of record). He married first Susan, sister of Abel Snow (Archives of Maryland, Vol. 41, p. 373). See also Combs &c.'s St. Clements Manor.

Source:

The Maryland Calendar of Wills, Volume I Wills from 1635 (Earliest Probated) to 1685 Pages 69-81

Originally Compiled by Jane Baldwin (1904) Edited and Annotated by USGenNet Patrons Rhoda Fone & Carole Hammett (2001)

NOTE:

Thomas Gerrard of the Newhall in Ashton-in-Makerfield came to St. Mary's County, Maryland about 1638 and became a member of the council, dying in 1672-73 in Westmoreland County, Virginia. He had more sons than daughters, but the name died out promptly regardless.

Source:

From: Harvey Lineback <anselm@EAGLE1.EAGLENET.COM> Subject: Re: Sir Thoams Gerrard

Date: 1996/09/09 Message-ID: <9609092021.AA13551@eagle1.eaglenet.com>#1/1 sender: Medieval Genealogy Discussion List <GEN-MEDIEVAL@MAIL.EWORLD.COM> comments: Gated by NETNEWS@AUVM.AMERICAN.EDU content-type: text/plain; charset="US-ASCII" mime-version: 1.0

reply-to: Medieval Genealogy Discussion List <GEN-MEDIEVAL@MAIL.EWORLD.COM>

newsgroups: soc.genealogy.medieval

According to Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists by David Faris, Thomas Gerard, Gent., lord of St. Clement's, Basford, and Westwood Manors in St. Mary's County, MD, who removed to Virginia and died testate in Westmoreland County, VA in 1673, was the son of John Gerard, Gent. and his wife Isabel. The book states that they are named in the marriage settlement of Thomas Gerard and Susanna Snow dated 21 Sept 1629.

Harvey Lineback

anselm@eagle1.eaglenet.com

Note:

St. Clement's Hundred (Manor) of the County of St. Maries (St. Mary's County, Maryland) was erected, and Thomas GERRARD commissioned Lord of the Manor, on 16 Mar 1639 (1640):

Cecilius &c To our trusty Thomas Gerrard Gent

Whereas We have thought fit to erect the Isles called St Clements Isle and Heron Isle, and all the Land over against the Said Islands on the North bank of Patowmeck River between the Creek Commonly called the herring Creek on the East and St Catherines Creek on the West and extending Northwards Into the woods five mile any where from the Said Bank into a hundred by the name of St Clements hundred, Now to the end our peace and rights and the good orders of our Province may be the better maintained and Conserved from time to time within the Said hundred We relyeing much upon your Provident and diligent Circumspection doe hereby appoint and authorise you to be the Conservator of our Peace within the Said hundred, as well upon the Land as upon the water adjoyning to it with all powers and authorities belonging to any two Justices of peace in England by the Law or usage of England, authorise ing you and with all charging and requiring you to use all power and means necessary for the preserving of any our rights within the Said hundred either upon the Land or water, and to punish according to your discession with imprisonment or ffine not exceeding 11 Tobo [hwt. tobacco] with any Corporal Correction not extending to life or member any offendors against our sd rights and Specially Such as Shall destroy or disturb our game of Hernes upon Herne Island, by unlawfull takeing either of the fowl or Eggs or by Shooting upon or near the Said Island, and to take to your own use, the Guns netts or any other Instruments used by any offendors to the disturbance or destruction of any our game as aforesd and to apprehend and Send to St Maries All unlawfull traders with the Indians and Specially Such as Shall give or Sell to any Indian any arms or ammunition, And to See that the Inhabitants of the Said hundred be provided of necessary and Sufficient arms for their defence upon all occasions, and to doe all other things necessary for the Execution of any the powers hereby Comitted unto you Given at St Maries Wittness Leon

(Archives of Maryland, Proceedings of the Council, Vol. 3:89-90)

John ROBINSON was appointed High Constable the same date and on 9 Nov 1640, ROBINSON was advised that he, William BROUGH and John WORTLEY would be required to take the "Oath of Viewers" (oath of office). (ibid.)

The initial St. Clements patent was for only 1,030 acres, but was resurveyed in 1642 and the acreage increased to 6,000. Following GERRARD'S death in 1673, it was again resurveyed, this time for his son and heir, Justinian GERRARD, by which time it totalled over 11,000 acres.

Thomas GERRARD, Lord of St. Clements Manor and son of John and Isabel GERARD, was baptised 10 Dec 1608 at Winwick Parish, New Hall, Lancashire, England, died 19 Oct 1673 in Westmoreland County, Virginia; married (1) Susannah SNOW, daughter of Justinian, and (2) Rose, widow of John TUCKER. His land holdings numbered in the tens of thousands of acres, and court records show that he closely watched and protected his estate very much in the manner of a "Lord of the Manor."

GERRARD was Catholic, a surgeon and planter, and member of the Governor's Council and Provincial Assembly. In 1660, his involvement in Josiah FENDALL'S "rebellion" resulted in banishment, and although his estates were ultimately returned to him, he spent his final years across the Potomac River in Westmoreland County, Virginia.

Those whose names appear in the fragments of St. Clement's manorial records are only a small percentage of the whole (as is attested to by levies, rent rolls and land records). The only Combs to appear, for example, is in 1672, Abraham COMBS who came to St. Mary's County from Old Rappahannock County, Virginia between 1668 and 1670. Not in these records is Phillip COMBES, whom Thomas GERRARD fired, and then sued, in 1664-1665 (see below), and undoubtedly many others.

The manorial records records for St. Clements, even though only fragments, are the only extant Maryland leet and baron records, and they not only provide genealogical "clues" for researchers, but insight into the cultural history of the times. In his Preface to these records, Archives Editor J. Hall

Source:

St. Clement's Manor, St. Mary's County, Maryland Proceedings of the Court Leet and Court Baron, 1659-1672 and Various and Sundry Historical and Genealogical Notes

Note:

LAND GRANT:

Gerrard, Thomas.

Publication 18 October 1650. Virginia State Land Office. Patents 1-42, reels 1-41. Note Location: Northumberland County. Description: 1000 acres on the south side of Potmax River; Beg.g at the mouth of Herring Creek on the north side which issueth out of Nomeny River. Source: Land Office Patents No. 2, 1643-1651, p. 249 (Reel 2). Part of the index to the recorded copies of patents for land issued by the Secretary of the Colony serving as the colonial Land Office. The collection is housed in the Archives at the Library of Virginia. Copy held by James Scott.

Thomas got this grant for bringing in 20 person, including his wife and children.

The owner or proprietor of the manor, sometimes called "Lord of the Manor," was responsible for paying taxes to Lord Baltimore and for maintaining order by holding court. Thomas Gerrard’s first acquisition was 1,030 Acres called St. Clements Manor. It was resurveyed in 1642 growing to 6,000 acres, from property inherited by Capt. Justinian Gerrard (Tom’s oldest son). It was again resurveyed in 1678 growing to 11,400 acres. This Manor system did not last long, however, it did give a boost to the population. The manors eventually evolved into plantations, and disputes or problems were taken to the courthouses.

Thomas patented 1,000 acres on the Nomini River on October 18, 1650 in Westmoreland County,Virginia. He moved there after he lost his Maryland estates in the revolution of 1659 under his friend, Josias Fendall. The Assembly met at Thomas's home, Bromly and Buchwood the home of Robert Slye, his son-in-law. They issued the first declaration of Independence in America and Gov. Fendall proclaimed Maryland a republic. [ Douglas S. Freeman, Geo. Washington, S.R. Hardy, Colonial Families of the Southern States of America, and Side-Lights on Maryland History.]

ORIGINS OF WASHINGTON, DC:

The first proprietors of what is now called Capitol Hill, Washington, D.C. were George Thompson, a lawyer and clerk of the Charles Co. Court and THOMAS GERRARD, who patented the land jointly under several titles in 1663. The largest of these grants were Duddington Manor and Pasture, New Troy, and St. Elizabeth. Thompson and Gerrard were remote kinsmen and jointly named "Duddington".

These tracts were laid out as follows:

Thompson, George / Duddington Manor O-11 / June 4, 1663 / L 6, f 172

Thompson, George / Duddingtons Pasture O-11 / June 4, 1663 L 6, f 173

See: Charles County, Maryland land tracts as laid out prior to April 23 1696

In 1664 Gerrard sold his interest to Thompson and in 1670 he disposed of the entire estate to Thomas Notley, an attorney, who united the three grants into one Manorial holding to be known as Gerne Abbey Manor. Notley willed the land to Notley Rozer, grandson of Jane [Lowe] Sewall Calvert, Landy Baltimore.

In 1727, Anne Rozier, daughter of Notley, married Daniel Carroll, uncle of Charles Carroll of Carrollton. He died in 1734 leaving three children and a year later his widow married Col. Benjamin Young. In 1758, Mrs. Young, again a widow, petitioned the court to permit her elder son, Charles Carroll of Carrollsburgh to divide the property with his half-brother, Notley Young. By this division, Cerne Abbey Manor went back to the original component parts and Carroll was given Duddington Manor with the remainder to Notley Young. Charles died about 1778 leaving, as principal heir, his eldest son, Daniel, who very property called himself "of Duddington Manor" He with his co-heir, Notley Young, negotiated the sale of the property with President Washington's commission. Of the three commissioners, who purchased the land for the Federal Government, Daniel Carroll of Rock Creek was the brother of the Most Rev. John Carroll, first Catholic Bishop in the United States and uncle of David of Duddington's first wife, Anne Brent, whose brother, Robert, was to be the first mayor of Washington D.C. This purchase by the Federal Government took place one hundred and twenty-seven years after George Thompson and Thomas Gerrard acquired the original title. [Margaret Bret Downing, The American Capitoline Hill and it's Early Catholic Proprietors, The Catholic Historical Review, Vol.II, pp. 269-282] Copy of the original Northern Neck Land Grant held by James Scott

Father: John Gerard , . b: ABT. 1585 in New Hall, Ashton-in-Makefield, Lancaster, England

Mother: . Isabel b: ABT. 1586

Father: Thomas Gerard , . b: 1586 in England

Mother: Frances Molyneux , . b: BEF. 1586 in Sefton, Lancashire, England

Marriage 1 Susannah Snowe , . b: ABT. 1610 in Brookehouse, Staffordshire, England

Married: 21 SEP 1629 in St. Clement's Manor, St. Mary's, MD

Children

Rebecca Gerrard 
Elizabeth H. Gerrard b: ABT. 1627 in New Hall, Ashton-in-Makefield, Lancaster, England 
Susanna Elizabeth Gerrard b: 1627 in Ashton Manor, Lancashire, England c: 19 APR 1635 in Lancashire, England 
Capt. Justinian Gerrard b: ABT. 1629 in England 
Anne Gerrard b: ABT. 1632 in St. Clement's Manor, St. Mary's, MD 
Frances Gerrard Brett , . b: 1635 in St. Mary's Co., MD 
Thomas Gerrard b: ABT. 1640 in St. Mary's Co. , MD 
Temperance Gerrard b: ABT. 1642 in New Hall, Ashton Manor, Lancastershire, England 
John Gerrard b: ABT. 1644 
Mary Gerrard b: ABT. 1652 in St. Mary's, MD

Marriage 2 Rose Tucker b: ABT. 1610 in England

Married: 1666 in St. Clement's Manor, St. Mary's, MD

Family of Thomas Gerard

1. DR. THOMAS3 GERARD (JOHN2, THOMAS1) was born December 10, 1608 in New Hall,Lancashire,England, and died Bef. December 1673 in Westmoreland,Virginia. He married (1) ROSE TUCKER. She was born Abt. 1610. He married (2) SUSANNAH SNOWE September 21, 1629 in England, daughter of JOHN SNOWE and UNKNOWN. She was born Abt. 1610, and died 1666 in St. Clement's, Maryland.


Notes for DR. THOMAS GERARD:

BORN: in 1608 at New Hall, Lancashire, England; oldest son.


IMMIGRATED: in 1638 as a free adult; returned to England in 1640, but resettled in the colony with his family soon thereafter. RESIDED: on St. Clement's Manor, St. Mary's County; moved to Virginia, 1664.


FAMILY BACKGROUND. FATHER: John Gerard, of New Hall, England, son of Thomas Gerard and wife Jane, of Garswood, England.

MOTHER: Isabell.

BROTHERS: Marmaduke; William; Francis; and Richard.


MARRIED: 1st, Susannah, dau. of John Snowe, Brookehouse, Chedulton, England. Her brothers were Abel; Justian; and Marmaduke.

MARRIED: 2nd, Rose Tucker.

SONS: Thomas (?-1686), a justice of St. Mary's County from 1676 to 1679, who married Ann (?-1702/3).

DAUGHTERS: Susannah, Frances.


PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCATION: literate; probably well educated.

RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: Catholic, but his wife and children were Protestants.


SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: Gent. with high status on arrival in the colony; brought five servants with him, and by 1648 he had imported over forty servants; became manor lord of St. Clement's in 1639; sold his English holdings and brought his family to Maryland in 1650; involved in a celebrated legal action against his brothers-in-law over control of extensive lands in Maryland.


OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: physician; planter.


PUBLIC CAREER. LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Assembly, St. Mary's County, 1638/39, special writ 1641, special writ 1641/42, special writ 1642A; Upper House, 1658, 1659/60.


OTHER PROVINCIAL OFFICES: Council, 1643-1649, 1651-1660 (suspended from October 1658 to October 1659 for maligning other councilors);

Justice, Provincial Court, 1643-1649, 1650/51-1660. LOCAL OFFICE: conservator of the peace, St. Clement's Hundred, St. Mary's County, 1639/40.


STANDS ON PUBLIC/PRIVATE ISSUES: a very controversial figure in provincial politics and frequently at odds with the propretor's spokesmen, Gerard supported Fendall's Rebellion in 1659/60, for which he was permanently barred from voting or holding office in the colony.


WEALTH DURING LIFETIME. PERSONAL PROPERTY: valued at L299.11.3 in 1664.

LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: 1,030 acres in 1639; 11,000 acres by 1642; 14,000 acres by 1651, plus 3,500 acres in Virginia.

WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED: by October 19, 1673. LAND: ca. 16,000 acres.


Source: William and Mary College Quarterly - Washington and his Neighbors.


The Gerrard Family. - Among the neighbors of the Washington's, none were more conspicuous than Dr. Thomas Gerrard. His first wife, Susanna, was the daughter of Justinian Snow, one of the founders of Maryland and Lord Baltimore's factor in the Indian trade. Abel Snow, a clerk in the chancery office, London, and Marmaduke Snow were two other brothers. Dr. Gerrard was for a long time councillor, but was finally banished from Maryland for taking part in the resurrection of Josiah Fendall in 1659. Before this he had provided a refuge in Virginia, having obtained on October 18, 1650, a patent for land, and naming among the headrights his wife Susanna Gerrard, and his children Susanna, Temperance, Frances, Justinian, and John Gerrard. The same day Walter Brodhurst patented land next to William Hardwick, on the west side of "Poor Jack" Creek. As Walter Brodhurst had a son Gerrard, it raises the suspicion that his wife, Anna, who afterwards married Col. Washington, was perhaps a daughter of Col. Thomas Gerrard, as well as Washington's third wife Frances.


Dr. Gerrard's wife, Susannah, died before 1672-'73, whereupon he married Rose, the widow of John Tucker, whose children were John, Gerrard, Sarah and Rose, to which children Gerrard (then married to his second wife) made a gift. Dr. Garrard had five daughters and three sons: 1, Susanna (?) Gerrard married Robert Slye, Esq., of the Maryland Council; 2, ...



More About THOMAS GERARD and SUSANNAH SNOWE:

Marriage: September 21, 1629, England

    

Children of THOMAS GERARD and SUSANNAH SNOWE are:

             i.   SUSANNAH GERARD, b. Abt. 1627, Lancashire Co, England; d. 1716; m. (1) ROBERT SLYE; b. July 08, 1625, Lapworth, Warwickshire, Eng; m. (2) DR. ROBERT ELLYSON 1,2,3,4, Abt. 1650, Virginia; b. Bet. 1615 - 1620, England; d. Bef. September 28, 1671, James City County, VA.
             ii.   JUSTINIAN GERARD, b. Abt. 1634, England.
            iii.   TEMPERANCE GERARD.
            iv.   ELIZABETH GERARD, b. Abt. 1636, England; m. NEHEMIAH BLACKISTONE, May 06, 1659, Maryland; d. 16935.

More About NEHEMIAH BLACKISTONE and ELIZABETH GERARD:

Marriage: May 06, 1659, Maryland


            v.   THOMAS GERARD, b. Abt. 1638.
            vi.   FRANCES GERARD, b. Abt. 1640, England.
           vii.   ANNE GERARD, b. Abt. 1642.
          viii.   JOHN GERARD, b. Abt. 1644.
            ix.   PATIENCE GERARD, b. Abt. 1646.
            x.   JANETTE GERARD, b. Abt. 1648.
            xi.   JUDITH GERARD, b. Abt. 1650.
           xii.   MARY GERARD, b. Abt. 1652.
          xiii.   REBECCA GERARD, b. Abt. 1654.

Family of Thomas Gerard



1. THOMAS1 GERARD1 was born Abt. 1540, and died January 11, 1628/29 in Winwick,, England. He married JANE UNKNOWN Bef. 1586. She was born Abt. 1542 in Garswood,,England, and died Aft. 1628.


Notes for THOMAS GERARD:


The following text was provided by Patricia L. M. Stanley, 10505 N. Fores Ave., Kansas City, MO 64155, in January, 1994:

Gerrard- Ellyson

The surname Gerrard is also spelt Gerard and Girard and was originally FitzGerald. The arms of the principal branch of the family are : Argent, a salties, glues, and the crest: A lion, rampant ermins crowned or, and the motto: En Dieu Est Mon Esperance. The linage of the family of Bryn County,England based on Burk's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage is as follows:

William FitzGerald of Carrun Castle, county Pembroke, eldest son of Gerald FitzWalter, constable of Penbroke castle and brother of Maurice FitzGerald, Lor of Maynooth. He went to Ireland with Strongbow in 1171, but died in England in 1173;

Leaving with other issue, Otho, ancestor of the Carew family and: William FitzWilliam FitzGerald, his youngest son, who was Justice in Eyre, for the county of Chester, and had: William, Lord of a Moiety of Kingsley, county Chester, in right of his wife, Emma, second daughter and co-heir of Richard de Kingsley, Chief Forester of Delamere. He died before 1259,leaving a son:

William Gerrard of Kingsley, died before 1316 having by his wife, Margaret, his son and heir:

William Garrard of Kingsley and Cantenhall living in 1330, who married Matilda, daughter of Henry de Glasshowse of Kingsley and died before 1352. They had:

William Gerrard of Kingsley, born about 1322, who married Joan, the daughter of heir of Peter de Bryn and had:

Sir Peter Gerard of Kingsley and Byrn, who died before 1380, having had:

Thomas of whom presently, and John the ancestor of Gerard of Ince and Macclesfield. His eldest son was:

Sir Thomas Gerard of Kingsley and Bryn, Knight, who died March 27th 1415-16, leaving issue:

John Gerard of Kingsley [d.April 10th 1431] who married Alice, daughter of Sir John le Boteler, and had:

Sir Peter Gerard of Kingsley and Bryn, who married Isabella Strangeways, and had:

Sir Thomas Gerard of Kingsley and Bryn, who married Douce, eldest daughter of Sir Thomas Assheton of Ashton-under-Lyne,and had:

Peter Gerard, who married [1481] Margaret, daughter of Sir Thomas Stanley of Hooton, Cheshire. He died June 19th 1485. They had:

Sir Thomas Gerard, of Kingsley and Bryn, who married Margaret, the daughter of Sir Edmund Trafford of Trafford, and widow of Nicholas Longfored and Sir John Port, and had:

Sir Thomas Gerard, of Kingsley and Bryn, who married Jane, the daughter of Sir Peter Legh of Haydock and had:

Sir Thomas Gerard of Kingsley and Bryn, who being accused of a design to deliver Mary, Queen of Scots, out of her confinement, was committed to the tower, and was forced to give his estate of Bromley to his kinsman, Sir Gilbert Gerrard, Attorney General and mortgage many others before he could obtain his liberty. He married Elizabeth, daughter and co-heiress of Sir John Port, Knight of Etwall, co. Derby. He died in September 1601. He was survived by his son:

Sir Thomas Gerard, born 1560, was created a Baronet on the first day of the institution of the order, May 22, 1611, and received back the fee which he had given for the dignity in consideration of the sufferings of his father on behalf of Queen Mary. He married first, Cecily, daughter of Sir Walter Maney, Knight, and had:

Sir Thomas Gerard, Second Baronet of Bryn, who married Frances, daughter of Sir Richard Molyneux, First Baronet of Sefton, and sister of 1st Viscount Molyneux, and had:

John, Peter and Gilbert, who are said to have died unmarried [see William Playfair], Frances,who became a Nun. William, the 3rd Baronet, who married Elizabeth,daughter of Sir Cuthbert Clifton, Knight, Thomas (below), Richard [1612-1686], Anne,who married 1st Cox and 2nd Thomas Green, who came on the Ark and Dove to Maryland in 1634 and was governor of the province. He was married three times, first to Elizabeth, sister of Leonard Calvert, 2nd to Anne, and 3rd to the widow, Winifred Seyborne.


Gen.I---Thomas Gerrard, The Immigrant [died 1673]


The last quarter of the 16th century witnessed the beginning of a Catholic exile movement to America. As early as 1574 Sir Humphrey Gilbert, half-brother of Sir Walter Raleigh, conceived a plan of colonization which was to have the support of two Catholic gentlemen, Sir George Peckham and Sir Thomas Gerard. A state paper hinted that he was hand in glove with "the Papists" in looking for relief to a new world. Sir Humphrey was not a Catholic, but he was glad of support from this quarter. It was not until four years later that he was able to obtain a grant to discover and colonize any land in North America then unsettled. At the time of this venture there was in force a statue called "An Act against Fugitives over the Sea", which was designed to prevent the migration of Catholic recusants. Notwithstanding this opposition the English Catholics, led by Peckham and Gerard, continued their efforts to plant a Catholic colony under the Gilbert grant. In 1582 they renewed their efforts with Sir Humphrey. At this time an informer submitted to Walsingham the following report.: "There is a muttering among the Papists that Sir Humphrey Gilbert goeth to see a new found land; Sir George Pickham and Sir Thomas Gerrard goeth with him. I have heard it said among the Papists that they hope it will prove the best journey for England that was made in forty years". Walsingham still adhered, however, to his policy of allowing Catholic recusants to accompany the expedition provided they made provision for the payment of their fines. [J.Moss Ives The Ark And The Dove]


On June 11th 1583, Sir Humphrey's fleet of five ships and some two hundred men, including Catholic recusants, sailed from Plymonth and reached Maine on August 20th. On their return trip at midnight on September 9th, during a heavy storm, Sir Humphrey's ship with all on board went down.


In 1632 Charles I granted a charter to Cecil Calvert, 2nd Lord Baltimore, making him the proprietor of the largest tract of land granted to a single person up to that time. His father, George, the first Baron Baltimore, had been the promoter of the charter. He had previously received a land grant in Newfoundland, but found the climate unsuitable. Before returning to England he had sailed up the Chesapeake Bay and found Maryland more to his liking and petitioned the King for the grant. He died, however, shortly before the charter was issued and his son, Cecil, succeeded him to both his title and the land. [Ives]


After much preparation the Ark and the Dove spread their sails in the early morning of November 22nd, 1633. The departure was from Cowes on the Isle of Wight. The number of voyagers and the proportion of Catholics and Protestants have been questioned. On September 8th 1635, A Relation of Maryland was printed to attract adventurers to settled in the new province. On page 56 we find seventeen names "of the gentlemen adventurers that are gone in person to this plantation". Among them we find "Richard Garard, son to Sir Thomas Gerard, Knight and Baronet." [Savin's Reprints [No.II] It is also said that Anne Cox, a widow, his sister, came with him. She was to become the 2nd wife of Gov. Thomas Green and to die in Maryland. Richard, who had been the cup-bearer to King James was to return to England, where he was to become a distinguished soldier and to die on September 5th 1686. [Ives, Burk's Peerage, Alice Norris Parran, Register of Maryland's Heraldic Families,Series I and II.]


The First stop for the Ark and the Dove was made at the Fortunate, now Canary Islands. Then after sailing two hundred miles on a southerly course, the Ark changed her course to the westward and sailed across the Atlantic headed for the West Indies. Barbados was reached January 3, 1634, where the Ark joined the Dove. On February 24th, 1634 they dropped anchor at Point Comfort, Virginia. They were there several days and then entered the Chesapeake and reached the Potomac. On St. Clement Island these Maryland colonists made their first landing on March 25th 1634.


According to the Book of Early Settlers in the Land Office, Annapolis, Dr. Thomas Gerrard emigrated to the province in 1638, four years after his brother, Richard, and sister, Anne. Some historians identify this Dr. Thomas Gerrard with the Second Baronet, but according to Burke's Peerage the Second Baronet died on May 15th, 1630. [Parran]


On October 29th, 1639, Thomas Gerrard requested a land grant for transporting himself and five able men into the province. On March 30th, 1640 a survey of 1,000 acres of land lying to the north of St. Clement's Manor where the town of Matapania now stands and including the island of St. Catherine's Creek called St. Catherine's Island was made for Thomas. The warrant is signed by Leonard Calvert on November 3, 1639. The original was in the Maryland Historical Society. Among other of his land possessions taken from the rent rolls of St. Marys County from 1639 to 1724 are: St. Clement's Manor, St. Clement's Island, 11,400 acres granted to him by Lord Baltimore in 1638-9 and re surveyed for Justinian Gerrard, his eldest son in 1678, Gerard's Freehold, 243 acres in St.Mary's

Hundred, surveyed April 21 1640, St. Winefreides Freehold surveyed March 28, 1651, in Charles County, Wiccocomico, 550 acres surveyed for him in 1666, Westwood Manor, surveyed in 1651. In all there are 32,343 acres. Some of the place names were: Bromley, Chaptico, River View, Bushwood, Hackley, Little Hackley, Waterloo, Dukehard, Branton, Longworth Point, and Chancellor Point. [ Parran] Bromley Manor was purchased in 1719 by Charles Carroll of Carrollton. [ibi]


The first proprietors of what is now called Capitol Hill, Washington, D.C. were George Thompson and Thomas Gerrard, who patented the land jointly under several titles in 1663. The largest of these grants were Duddington Manor and Pasture, New Troy, and St. Elizabeth. Thompson and Gerrard were remote kinsmen and jointly named "Duddington". In 1664 Gerrard sold his interest to Thompson and in 1670 he disposed of the entire estate to Thomas Notley, who united the three grants into one Manorial holding to

be known as Gerne Abbey Manor. Notley willed the land to Notley Rozer, grandson of Jane [Lowe] Sewall Calvert, Landy Baltimore.


In 1727, Anne Rozier, daughter of Notley, married Daniel Carroll, uncle of Charles Carroll of Carrollton. He died in 1734 leaving three children and a year later his widow married Col. Benjamin Young. In 1758, Mrs. Young, again a widow, petitioned the court to permit her elder son, Charles Carroll of Carrollsburgh to divide the property with his half-brother, Notley Young. By this division, Cerne Abbey Manor went back to the original component parts and Carroll was given Duddington Manor with the remainder to Notley Young. Charles died about 1778 leaving, as principal heir, his eldest son, Daniel, who very property called himself "of Duddington Manor" He with his co-heir, Notley Young, negotiated the sale of the property with President Washington's commission. Of the three commissioners, who purchased the land for the Federal Government, Daniel Carroll of Rock Creek was the brother of the Most Rev. John Carroll, first Catholic Bishop in the United States and uncle of David of Duddington's first wife, Anne Brent, whose brother, Robert, was to be the first mayor of Washington D.C. This purchase by the Federal Government took place one hundred and twenty-seven years after George Thompson and Thomas Gerrard acquired the original title. [Margaret Bret Downing, The American Capitoline Hill and it's Early Catholic Proprietors, The Catholic Historical Review, Vol.II, pp. 269-282]


That Thomas Gerrard was a Catholic is universally admitted and it is but necessary to recall that he, as Lord of St. Clement's Manor, is the historical personage always cited to prove the broad toleration of Maryland's charter. He was fined 500 pounds of tobacco, no light penalty, for locking a Protestant chapel and refusing to open if for service located on his property. He is also brought forth to prove the Court Leet and Court Baron held on his manor from 1659 to 1672. Thomas was one of the first doctors or "chirurgeons" in the province. A list of his patients may be found in the administration Accounts of the colonial courts. As early as 1639, Richard Lee and his wife of Virginia died at his home having come to him f...........(sic)


Thomas patented 1,000 acres on the Nomini River on October 18, 1650 in Westmoreland County,Virginia. He moved there after he lost his Maryland estates in the revolution of 1659 under his friend, Josias Fendall. The Assembly met at Thomas's home, Bromly and Buchwood the home of Robert Slye, his son-in-law. They issued the first declaration of Independence in America and Gov. Fendall proclaimed Maryland a republic. [ Douglas S. Freeman, Geo. Washington, S.R. Hardy, Colonial Families of the Southern States of America, and Side-Lights on Maryland History.]


Thomas married Susannah, dau. of Justinian Snow who also immigrated from England as his first wife. He had the following children;


1.Justianian Gerrard..the eldest married Sarah, widow of Wilkes Manunders.,but left no issue.


2.Elizabeth Garrad, who m. 1st, Nehemiah Blackistone, 2nd, Ralph Rymer, and 3rd, Joshua Guilbert.


3.Susannah [Hannah] Gerrard, who m. 1st, Robert Slye, and was given Bushwood by her father, which was built in 1667 and became the sire of the first mint in the colony, and m. 2nd, Robert Ellyson [below].


4.Thomas Gerrad, who married a widow Curtis, but died without issue.


5.Frances Garrard, who married 1st, Thomas Specke, and second Dr. Valentine Peyton, and 3rd, Capt. John Appleton, and 4th, John Washington, great grand-father of George Washington, after her sister's death in 1676.


6.Anne Gerrard, who married 1st, Walter Broadhurst, and 2nd, Henry Brett, and 3rd, John Washington,above, who had no children by the two Gerrard sister's.


7.John Garrard, who married Elizabeth, who married 2nd, James Johnson after his death in 1678.


8.Patience Garrard, who married Daniel Hutt, and second John Crabbe.


9. Janette Garrard, who married Richard Eltonhead.


10. Judith Gerrard, who married John Goldsmith.


11.Mary Garrard, who married Kenelm Cheseldyne III.


12. Rebecca Gerrard, who married Hon. Charles Calvert, Governor of Maryland, 1720-1728, uncle of Lord Baltimore. [Parren, Freeman, Wm.& Mary College Quarterly,Vol.4 and 5.]


It seems that Susannah, Thomas's first wife, died in Maryland. He then married second in Virginia Rose Tucker. She already had a daughter Sarah, who married the prosperous immigrant, William Fitzhugh. After Thomas's death, his widow, Rose, contracted a third marriage with John Newton, who had himself been married twice previously and had several sons. We know only that Thomas's eldest son and his daughters, Elizabeth, Susannah, Frances, and Patience were born in England and by his first wife. In his will he mentions his three sons, two, Justinian and John by name, and five daughters, one Mary by name. He only refers to the possibility of children by his second wife, Rose. He wills his "title" to his son Justinian. His son, John, had one son, John Jr., but he died without issue, so there are no descendants of Thomas by the name Gerrard.


In Westmoreland County where relationship was general and the dominant class nearly unified, Thomas Gerrard, John Lee, Henry Corbin, and Isaac Allerton symbolized even more than they executed in an interesting documents to which they set their hand on March 30th 1670 at a time when boundaries were often uncertain and the law required a periodic "processioning" of each parish to mark property lines. To simplify this these neighbors convenanted not only to set their boundaries clearly,but

to provide a meeting for the friendly celebration. At the junction of Allerton's land with Gerrard's the four friends agreed to construct a

Banqueting House to met with wives, heirs, and friends yearly. All neighbors were, however, not so friendly. Two, Richard and his wife, Anna Cole, were of a type not frequent in Virginia. In 1664 Mrs. Cole had been committed to the custody of the sheriff "upon suspicion of the murder of Rose Parker". Of this charge she must have been acquitted, but she did not bridle her tongue and evidently the Coles looked upon Thomas Gerrard and his two daughters, Anne and Frances, as enemies and in due time the Garrard's had to bring charges of libel against Mrs. Cole. It appears the Gerrards won the case. John Washington was one of the Justices of the Court and subsequently married Anne after the death of her second husband and Frances, after Anne's death. [Freeman,Vol.1.p.2; 18ff]


Thomas Gerrard died between Feb.5th, 1672, when he made his will and Dec.15th 1673, when it was proved. According to it he was to be buried as close as possible to his first wife, Susannah [Hall of Records,Annapolis,MD, Wills 1, ff. 567-73;Testamentary Proceedings 6, ff. 23, 48-55, 163-64.]


Gen.I- Captain Robert Ellyson, The Emigrant:


Capt. Robert Ellyson came from Maryland with Thomas Garrard and patented 577 acres in New Kent County, Virginia. It is likely that he came from England under the sponsorship of Gerrard and that they may have been distant relatives, since an ancestor of Thomas had married a daughter of Cutbert Ellyson. He married Susannah [Hannah], Thomas' daughter and the widow of Robert Slye. Capt. Robert Ellyson, also called Doctor, formerly resided in St. Mary's Parish,Maryland. Part of his Virginia land was in James City County and he served as High Sheriff of both counties, and as Sergeant at Arms of the House of Burgesses, 1657-58. He was a Burgess from 1656 to 1663. He had two children by Thomas Gerrard's daughter: Hannah who married Capt. Anthony Armistead, who served as a Burgess from 1693 to 1699, and a member of the Court Martial, under Sir William Berkeley in 1676 to try the Bacon insurgents, and Gerrard, below. Capt. Robert Ellyson died about 1688.


Anthony and Hannah [ Ellyson] Armistead had among other children, Robert [d.1742], who married first the daughter of Robert and Anne [Bray] Booth, whose daughter, Mary [1761-1792] married Hon. John Tyler, a descendant of John Page, and they were the parents of John Tyler, the tenth president of the United States.


Gen.II- Gerrard Ellyson:


After his father's death Gerrard Ellyson patented his land as his "son and heir". He married Anne, the daughter of John Myhill of Elizabeth City and their children were:


1.John Ellyson, baptized in 1668 in St.Peter's Parish, New Kent, VA.

2.Gerrard Ellyson.

3.Robert Ellyson, who died in Chesterfield about 1761.

4.Elizabeth Ellyson, who married John Johnson Jr. on 6th Aug.1725.

5.Hannah Ellyson who married Andrew Crew in 1720.

6.William Ellyson, who married Agnes, also a daughter of John Johnson of Hanover County in 1772.

7.Judith Ellyson, who married in 1726 James Ladd.

8.Cecelia Ellyson, who married Thomas Ellyson, her cousin in 1729.

9.Ursula Ellyson,who married William Ladd in 1730.


Anne [Mayhill] Ellyson died in Elizabeth City County and her will is dated January 7th 1727. [ Based on Ellyson Family, Tyler's Quarterly Magazine,Vol.10.p.32.,Lorand V.Johnson, The Ancestry of William and John Johnson. p.151 and Hardy pp. 25 and 518.]


Note by RCL: This account differs slightly from the genealogy I have recorded in this Personal Ancestry File. That account is based on The Founders of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789, Vol 1, p348.


More About THOMAS GERARD and JANE UNKNOWN:

Marriage: Bef. 1586

    

Child of THOMAS GERARD and JANE UNKNOWN is:

             i.   JOHN GERARD 2, b. New Hall,,England; m. ISABELL UNKNOWN.

Name: Thomas Gerrard Sex: M Birth: 1608 Death: 1673 Note:

   ID: I4396
   Name: Thomas Gerard
   Sex: M
   Birth: 10 DEC 1608 in New Hall,Lancashire,England
   Death: Bef DEC 1673 in ,Westmoreland,Virginia
   Note:
   Source: The Founders of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789, Vol 1, p348.
   Gerard, Thomas (1608-1673). BORN: in 1608 at New Hall, Lancashire,
   England; oldest son. IMMIGRATED: in 1638 as a free adult; returned to
   England in 1640, but resettled in the colony with his family soon
   thereafter. RESIDED: on St. Clement's Manor, St. Mary's County; moved to
   Virginia, 1664. FAMILY BACKGROUND. FATHER: John Gerard, of New Hall,
   England, son of Thomas Gerard and wife Jane, of Garswood, England.
   MOTHER: Isabell. BROTHERS: Marmaduke; William; Francis; and Richard.
   MARRIED: first, Susannah, daughter of John Snowe, of Brookehouse,
   Chedulton, England. Her brothers were Abel; Justian; and Marmaduke.
   MARRIED second, Rose Tucker. CHILDREN. SONS: Thomas (?-1686), a justice
   of St. Mary's County from 1676 to 1679, who married Ann (?-1702/3).
   DAUGHTERS: Susannah, Frances. PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCATION: literate;
   probably well educated. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: Catholic, but his wife
   and children were Protestants. SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: Gent. with
   high status on arrival in the colony; brought five servants with him, and
   by 1648 he had imported over forty servants; became manor lord of St.
   Clement's in 1639; sold his English holdings and brought his family to
   Maryland in 1650; involved in a celebrated legal action against his
   brothers-in-law over control of extensive lands in Maryland.
   OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: physician; planter. PUBLIC CAREER. LEGISLATIVE
   SERVICE: Assembly, St. Mary's County, 1638/39, special writ 1641,
   special writ 1641/42, special writ 1642A; Upper House, 1658, 1659/60.
   OTHER PROVINCIAL OFFICES: Council, 1643-1649, 1651-1660 (suspended from
   Octover 1658 to October 1659 for maligning other councilors); justice,
   Provincial Court, 1643-1649, 1650/51-1660. LOCAL OFFICE: conservator of
   the peace, St. Clement's Hundred, St. Mary's County, 1639/40. STANDS ON
   PUBLIC/PRIVATE ISSUES: a very controversial figure in provincial
   politics and frequently at odds with the propretor's spokesmen, Gerard
   supported Fendall's Rebellion in 1659/60, for which he was permanently
   barred from voting or holding office in the colony. WEALTH DURING
   LIFETIME. PERSONAL PROPERTY: valued at L299.11.3 in 1664. LAND AT
   FIRST ELECTION: 1,030 acres in 1639; 11,000 acres by 1642; 14,000 acres
   by 1651, plus 3,500 acres in Virginia. WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED: by
   October 19, 1673. LAND: ca. 16,000 acres.
   Source: William and Mary College Quarterly - Washington and his
   Neighbors.
   The Gerrard Family. - Among the neighbors of the Washingtons non were
   more conspicuous than Dr. Thomas Gerrard. His first wife, Susanna, was
   the daughter of Justinian Snow, one of the founders of Maryland and Lord
   Baltimore's factor in the Indian trade. Abel Snow, a clerk in the
   chancery office, London, and Marmaduke Snow were two other brothers. Dr.
   Gerrard was for a long time councillor, but was finally banished from
   Maryland for taking part in the resurrection of Josiah Fendall in 1659.
   before this he had provided a refuge in Virginia, having obtained on
   October 18, 1650, a patent for land, and naming among the headrights his
   wife Susanna Gerrard, and his children susanna, Temperance, Frances,
   Justinian, and John Gerrard. The same day Walter Brodhurst patented land
   next to William Hardwick, on the west side of "Poor Jack" Creek. As
   Walter Brodhurst had a son Gerrard, it raises the suspician that his
   wife, Anna, who afterwards married Col. Washington, was prehaps a
   daughter of Col. Thomas gerrard, as well as Washington's third wife
   Frances.
   Dr. Gerrard's wife, Susannah, died before 1672-'73, whereupon he married
   Rose, the widow of John Tucker, whose children were John, Gerrard, Sarah
   and Rose, to which children Gerrard (then married to his second wife)
   made a gift. Dr. Garrard had five daughters and three sons: 1, Susanna
   (?) Gerrard married Robert Slye, Esq., of the Maryland Council; 2, ...
   Father: John Gerard b: in of New Hall,,England
   Mother: Isabell
   Marriage 1 Susannah Snowe b: Abt 1610
   Children
   Susannah (Hannah) Gerard b: Abt 1627 in of Maryland,and,Virginia,Eng
   Justinian Gerard b: Abt 1634 in ,,,Eng
   Temperance Gerard
   Elizabeth Gerard b: Abt 1636 in ,,,Eng
   Thomas Gerard b: Abt 1638
   Frances Gerard b: Abt 1640 in ,,,Eng
   Anne Gerard b: Abt 1642
   John Gerard b: Abt 1644
   Patience Gerard b: Abt 1646
   Janette Gerard b: Abt 1648
   Judith Gerard b: Abt 1650
   Mary Gerard b: Abt 1652
   Rebecca Gerard b: Abt 1654
   Marriage 2 Rose Tucker b: Abt 1610
   Thomas Gerard was a physician; Lord of St. Clement's Manor, St. Mary's County, Maryland. He was a Catholic. In England, Thomas resided at New Hall, also called Garswood, Lancashrire, Manor of Ashton. He immigrated to America, coming to Maryland in 1638.
   Early a member of Lord Baltimore's Council and represented St. Mary's Hundred in the Provincial Assembly of 1641. Later was associated with the opposing faction. After political troubles as a result of the revolution against Lord Baltimore, Dr. Gerard moved across the Potomac to Virginia, later married the widow, Rose Tucker and continued to live in Virginia until his death. His Manor of St. Clements was left in possession of his son Justinian, when he left Maryland. However, when he died he was buried next to his first wife, Susannah Snow Gerard, on St. Clements Manor. The old manor house, Bromley, was named for the family estate in England. Bromley has since burned down and there is no longer any trace of Bushwood.
   In 1642, Dr. Gerard built a place of worship for his Anglican wife, Susannah at Tomakoken Creek in St. Mary's County. In 1824 the name of the church was changed to All Saints Chapel.
   In 1710, the principal part of the St. Clement's Manor, with the manor house called Bromley, was purchased by Charles Carroll.

This is continued from the submitter of info in the previous email: Bob Langdon miatatwins@eatel.net

Father: John Gerrard b: 1585

Mother: Isabell

Marriage 1 Susanna Snow

Children

  1. Has Children Elizabeth or Hannah Gerrard

--------------------

Thomas Gerard of the Newhall in Ashton-in-Makerfield, baptized at Winwick 10 December 1608. To St. Mary's County, Maryland circa 1637. Member of the Coucil, Lord of St. Clements, Basford and Westwood Manors. Died between February 1672 and October 1673 at Matholicks, Westmoreland County, Virginia. Buried at Longworth Point. Married first (1st) Susannah Snowe, covenant dated 21 September 1629, who died 1666 at St. Clement's Manor (daughter of Johne Snowe, county Stafford, died 1631 and Elizabeth, living 1649). Married second (2nd) Rose who he names in his will, along with an as-of-then unborn child.

[Sources: Will of Thos Gerrard 1672; indenture of Robt Slye 1654; will of Robt Slye 1670; will of Daniel Hutt 1673; MHM, XLVI (1951), 189-206; Will of Elizabeth Gerard 1715; St Mary's County MD, Proceedings of the Court Leet and Court Baron, 1659-1672; Archives MD, Proceedings of the Provincial Court 1679-1680/1, Volume 69; Liber ABH, p 193, Hall of Records, Annapolis]

--------------------

  1. ID: I168872
  2. Name: Thomas [MD @] Gerard
  3. Sex: M
  4. Birth: 10 DEC 1608 in Ashton Inn, Makersfield, Lancashire, England
  5. Death: 15 DEC 1673 in Machodoc, Westmoreland Co., Virginia
  6. Burial: Longsworth Point, St. Mary's, Maryland

Father: John [@] Gerard b: ABT 1585 in New Hall, Lancashire, England

Mother: Isabel b: 1586

Marriage 1 Susannah Snow b: 1610 in Brookehouse, Staffordshire, Englan

   * Married: 1629 in St. Clement's Manor, St. Mary's Co., Maryland

Children

  1. Has Children Susannah Elizabeth [@] Gerrard b: 1627 in Lancashire, England
  2. Has No Children Anne [@] Gerard b: AFT 1635
  3. Has No Children Frances [@] Gerard b: AFT 1635

--------------------

Family of Thomas Gerard

(This person can be viewed within the Melton/Sharp Ancestry Chart by clicking here)

1. DR. THOMAS GERARD was born December 10, 1608 in New Hall, Lancashire, England, and died Bef. December 1673 in Westmoreland,Virginia. He married (2) ROSE TUCKER. She was born Abt. 1610. He married (1) SUSANNAH SNOWE September 21, 1629 in England, daughter of JOHN SNOWE and UNKNOWN. She was born Abt. 1610, and died 1666 in St. Clement's, Maryland.

Notes for DR. THOMAS GERARD:

BORN: in 1608 at New Hall, Lancashire, England; oldest son.

IMMIGRATED: in 1638 as a free adult; returned to England in 1640, but resettled in the colony with his family soon thereafter. RESIDED: on St. Clement's Manor, St. Mary's County; moved to Virginia, 1664.

FAMILY BACKGROUND. FATHER: John Gerard, of New Hall, England, son of Thomas Gerard and wife Jane, of Garswood, England.

MOTHER: Isabell.

BROTHERS: Marmaduke; William; Francis; and Richard.

MARRIED: 1st, Susannah, dau. of John Snowe, Brookehouse, Chedulton, England. Her brothers were Abel; Justian; and Marmaduke.

MARRIED: 2nd, Rose Tucker.

SONS: Thomas (?-1686), a justice of St. Mary's County from 1676 to 1679, who married Ann (?-1702/3).

DAUGHTERS: Susannah, Frances.

PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCATION: literate; probably well educated.

RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: Catholic, but his wife and children were Protestants.

SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: Gent. with high status on arrival in the colony; brought five servants with him, and by 1648 he had imported over forty servants; became manor lord of St. Clement's in 1639; sold his English holdings and brought his family to Maryland in 1650; involved in a celebrated legal action against his brothers-in-law over control of extensive lands in Maryland.

OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: physician; planter.

PUBLIC CAREER. LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Assembly, St. Mary's County, 1638/39, special writ 1641, special writ 1641/42, special writ 1642A; Upper House, 1658, 1659/60.

OTHER PROVINCIAL OFFICES: Council, 1643-1649, 1651-1660 (suspended from October 1658 to October 1659 for maligning other councilors);

Justice, Provincial Court, 1643-1649, 1650/51-1660. LOCAL OFFICE: conservator of the peace, St. Clement's Hundred, St. Mary's County, 1639/40.

STANDS ON PUBLIC/PRIVATE ISSUES: a very controversial figure in provincial politics and frequently at odds with the propretor's spokesmen, Gerard supported Fendall's Rebellion in 1659/60, for which he was permanently barred from voting or holding office in the colony.

WEALTH DURING LIFETIME. PERSONAL PROPERTY: valued at L299.11.3 in 1664.

LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: 1,030 acres in 1639; 11,000 acres by 1642; 14,000 acres by 1651, plus 3,500 acres in Virginia.

WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED: by October 19, 1673. LAND: ca. 16,000 acres.

Source: William and Mary College Quarterly - Washington and his Neighbors.

The Gerrard Family. - Among the neighbors of the Washington's, none were more conspicuous than Dr. Thomas Gerrard. His first wife, Susanna, was the daughter of Justinian Snow, one of the founders of Maryland and Lord Baltimore's factor in the Indian trade. Abel Snowe, a clerk in the chancery office, London, and Marmaduke Snowe were two other brothers. Dr. Gerrard was for a long time councillor, but was finally banished from Maryland for taking part in the resurrection of Josiah Fendall in 1659. Before this he had provided a refuge in Virginia, having obtained on October 18, 1650, a patent for land, and naming among the headrights his wife Susanna Gerrard, and his children Susanna, Temperance, Frances, Justinian, and John Gerrard. The same day Walter Brodhurst patented land next to William Hardwick, on the west side of "Poor Jack" Creek. As Walter Brodhurst had a son Gerrard, it raises the suspicion that his wife, Anna, who afterwards married Col. Washington, was perhaps a daughter of Col. Thomas Gerrard, as well as Washington's third wife Frances.

Dr. Gerrard's wife, Susannah, died before 1672-'73, whereupon he married Rose, the widow of John Tucker, whose children were John, Gerrard, Sarah and Rose, to which children Gerrard (then married to his second wife) made a gift. Dr. Garrard had five daughters and three sons: 1, Susanna (?) Gerrard married Robert Slye, Esq., of the Maryland Council; 2, ...

More About THOMAS GERARD and SUSANNAH SNOWE:

Marriage: September 21, 1629, England

     

Children of THOMAS GERARD and SUSANNAH SNOWE are:

             i.   SUSANNAH GERARD, b. Abt. 1627, Lancashire Co, England; d. 1716; m. (1) ROBERT SLYE; b. July 08, 1625, Lapworth, Warwickshire, Eng; m. (2) DR. ROBERT ELLYSON 1,2,3,4, Abt. 1650, Virginia; b. Bet. 1615 - 1620, England; d. Bef. September 28, 1671, James City County, VA.
             ii.   JUSTINIAN GERARD, b. Abt. 1634, England.
            iii.   TEMPERANCE GERARD.
            iv.   ELIZABETH GERARD, b. Abt. 1636, England; m. NEHEMIAH BLACKISTONE, May 06, 1659, Maryland; d. 16935.
            v.   THOMAS GERARD, b. Abt. 1638.
            vi.   FRANCES GERARD, b. Abt. 1640, England.
           vii.   ANNE GERARD, b. Abt. 1642.
          viii.   JOHN GERARD, b. Abt. 1644.
            ix.   PATIENCE GERARD, b. Abt. 1646.
            x.   JANETTE GERARD, b. Abt. 1648.
            xi.   JUDITH GERARD, b. Abt. 1650.
           xii.   MARY GERARD, b. Abt. 1652.
          xiii.   REBECCA GERARD, b. Abt. 1654.

-------------------- Dr. Thomas Gerard was a council member of Maryland's first governor, Lord Baltimore's.

Owned 20,000 acres in Saint Mary's County.

Indicted for sedition on 24 August, 1660 and subsequently found guilty, banished from the province, and suffered confiscation of his estate and manor.

Petitioned the council for a pardon, which was granted in 1661 with the stipulation that he could no longer hold any public office.

-------------------- From: Magna Carta ancestry: a study in colonial and medieval families

By Douglas Richardson, Kimball G. Everingham

Thomas Gerard, Gent, of the New Hall (in Ashton-in-Makerfield), Lancashire, surgeon and planter, son and heir, baptized at Winwick, Lancashire 10 December 1608, son and heir. He married (1st) 21 Sept 1629 (date of marriage covenant) Susanna Snow, daughter of John Snow, of Brookhouse (in Chedulton), Staffordshire,yeoman, by his wife Eydreth. They had three sons, Justinian, Thomas, and John, and six daughters, Elizabeth, Sussana (wife of Robert Slye, John Coode, and John Washington) Frances (wife of Col Thomas Speke, Col Valentine Petyon, Capt John Appleton, Col John Washington, and William Hardwick), Temperance (wife of Daniel Hurt, John Crabb, Benjamin Blancheflower), Patience (wife of Daniel Hutt), and Mary. He immigrated to Maryland 1638, brought family in 1650, lord of St Clement's, Basford, and Westwood Manors, St Mary's County. He married (2nd) Rose ___ widow of _____Tucker. They had no issue. He was a controversial figure in provincial politics and frequently at odds with the proprietor's spokesman. He served as a member of Provincial Assembly and Upper House, the Provincial Council, and a justice of the Provincial Court. He supported Fendall's Rebellion in 1659/60, from which he was permanently barred from voting or holding office in the colony. He removed to Virginia in 1664 where he died testate in Westmoreland County, VA, 1673. He was buried at St Clement's in Maryland.

[Chronicles of St Mary's 7 (1959): 100-102. Maryland history magazine 68 (1973): 443-450, Dickinsons Reg. of Winwick Parish Church 1 (Lancashire Parish Reg Soc 109 ): 77, Papenfuse Biog Dict of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 (1979): 348-349, Christou and Wright Colonial Fams of the Eastern Shore of Maryland 4 (1998): 111-114, Barnes British Roots of Maryland Fams 1 (1999): 206-209. Lancashire Record Office: Gerard family of Garswood, Ashton-in-Makerfield, Reference: DDGE(M) 127, deeds of land in lease dated 3 April 1632 from Thomas Gerard to Richard Ashton and William Whitfield. Reference: DDGE(M) 128, final concord dated 20 Aug 1632 lands in Ashton: Richard Ashton, William Whitfield, and others against Thomas Gerard and others. Reference: DDGE(M) 129, copy of recovery of lands in Ashton dated 20 Aug 1632 between Jameson demandant; Ashton and others, teneants; Gerard and others, vouchers; Reference DDGE(M) 148 John Gerard of the New Hall in Ashton in Makerfield in the County of Lancaster, gentleman to John Snow of the Brookehouse in the parish of Chedulton in the county of Stafford yeoman and others; deed of covenant dated 21 Sept 1629 made at the marriage of Thomas Gerard his son with Susanna Snow daughter of said John Snow -------------------- Dr. Thomas Gerrard (Gerard) MD was son of Sir Thomas Gerard, the oldest son of John Gerard of New Hall, who was son of Thomas and Jane Gerard of Garswood, Eng. Dr.Gerard's mother was named Isabell and his brothers were Marmaduke, William, Francis, and Richard Gerard. Dr Gerard was the oldest of John Gerard's children. Dr. Thomas married twice. First, to Susannah Snow, daughter of John Snowe of Brookehouse, Chedulton Eng. Her brothers were Abel, Justinian and Marmeduke Snowe. His second wife was Rose (unkn last name), d. 1712, widow of John Tucker (? - 1671. Rose subsequently married John Newton of Westmoreland Co VA, 1677 ---------- Thomas Gerard, gentleman, bapt Dec 10, 1608 of New Hall, Lancaster Co. England. He was a Surgeon and planter. He immigrated to Maryland in 1638, and brought his family in 1650. He lived St. Mary Co.Md and in 1664 removed to Virginia with Giles Brent. He died in Westmoreland Co. VA in 1673.

view all 30

Dr. Thomas Gerrard's Timeline

1608
December 10, 1608
Newhall,,Lancashire,England
December 10, 1608
Winwick Parish, New Hall, Lancashire, England
1627
1627
Age 18
Newhall, Lancashire, England
1628
1628
Age 19
Newhall, Lancashire, , England
1629
September 21, 1629
Age 20
St Clements Manor, St Mary's, Maryland, USA
1630
1630
Age 21
Newhall,,Lancashire,England
1630
Age 21
1634
1634
Age 25
England
1634
Age 25
Maryland
1638
1638
Age 29
St Mary's, Maryland, USA