Drahomíra ze Heveller (Stodor), księżna czeska

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Drahomíra ze Heveller (Stodor) (Slavic Princess), księżna czeska

Nicknames: "Drahomíra the Arrogant"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Praha, Bohemia
Death: Died in Praha, Bohemia
Immediate Family:

Daughter of NN NN (Lord of Luticz)
Wife of Vratislav I, Duke of Bohemia
Mother of Václav I Duke of Bohemia, Saint; Boleslav I of Bohemia, Duke; Strezislava the Pretty; Pribislava, Princess Of Bohemia, Princess Of Bohemia; Spitihnev, Prince Of Bohemia, Prince Of Bohemia and 2 others
Half sister of Baçlabić - Václav von Heveller

Occupation: Česká kněžna, Tjeckiska Princess
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Drahomíra ze Heveller (Stodor) (Slavic Princess), księżna czeska

The Hevelli or Hevellians were a Slavic tribe who lived around the river Havel in the Havelland area of Brandenburg in eastern Germany from the 8th century onwards.

The Hevelli built fortifications at Brenna (later to become Brandenburg an der Havel) and intermarried with the neighboring Saxons and the Bohemians{cn}. They also built a large outpost at the current site of Spandau Citadel in Berlin.

Together with the Sprevjane, the Hevelli waged war against not only the German feudal states to the west, but also neighboring Slavic tribes. They were gradually assimilated by Germans during the Ostsiedlung.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Havelli -------------------- Drahomíra (died after 935) was a Bohemian duchess, wife of Vratislav I and mother of Saint Wenceslas (it is not sure that she was really his mother) and Boleslaus I of Bohemia

[edit] Life

Drahomíra's homeland was around Brandenburg, a castle near present-day Berlin. She was princess of Havolans.

She married Vratislav I of Bohemia and gave birth to at least three children: Saint Wenceslas, Boleslaus I and Střezislava. She led her husband to cooperation with her vernaculars, which waged war against Saxony. After her husband's untimely death (921), she and her mother-in-law, Saint Ludmila, divided the government of Bohemia.

Popular history depicts Ludmila as a restrained and pious grandmother, but it is likely that the political demands of government called for more energy and worldliness than history records. Wenceslas was one of the main reasons for the eventually fatal discord between Drahomíra and Ludmila. Ludmila had exerted great influence of the eldest son,Wenceslas, leaving Drahomíra to concentrate her efforts on her younger son, Boleslaus.

Despite or perhaps as a result of her political and personal efforts, Ludmila attracted Drahomíra's bitter enmity. Ludmila fled to [1] Tetín castle, where her daughter-in-law's hired assassins, Tunna and Gommmon, murdered her.

When Drahomíra's son, Wenceslas, came to power, he sent his mother into exile, though he later called her back.

References

   * Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis; Line 244-7

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drahom%C3%ADra

-------------------- Name: Princess Drahomira of Stodory Bohemia -------------------- http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drahom%C3%ADra Drahomíra aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie Wechseln zu: Navigation, Suche Das Pariser Fragment der Dalimil-Chronik (1330-1340) illustriert die älteste böhmische Geschichte. Links oben sendet Drahomíra ihre Gefolgsleute Tunna und Gommon zur Ermordung Ludmillas aus

Drahomíra von Stodor (* um 890, nach anderer Angabe 877; † nach 934, andere Angabe: 936) war eine böhmische Fürstin. Sie war die Ehefrau von Vratislav I. und Mutter des Heiligen Wenzel. 921 übernahm sie für einige Jahre die Regentschaft des Přemysliden-Fürstentums in Mittelböhmen. Bekannt wurde Drahomíra als Urheberin des Attentats auf ihre Schwiegermutter, der später heilig gesprochenen Ludmilla von Böhmen. Inhaltsverzeichnis [Verbergen]

   * 1 Leben
   * 2 Literatur
   * 3 Weblinks
   * 4 Anmerkungen

Leben [Bearbeiten]

Drahomíra stammte aus dem westslawischen Stamm der Heveller oder Stodoranen. Sie war wahrscheinlich Schwester oder Tante des Hevellerfürsten Tugumir. 906/907 heiratete sie den böhmischen Herzog Vratislav I.[1] Sie brachte sechs oder sieben Kinder zur Welt. Ihre Söhne waren Wenzel und Boleslav, eine der Wenzelslegenden erwähnt auch einen dritten Sohn namens Spitihněv. Hier handelt es sich aber möglicherweise um eine Verwechslung, denn Spytihněv I. war ein Sohn Ludmillas und Drahomíras Schwager. Von ihren vier Töchtern ist nur Přibislava namentlich bekannt. Sie war nach Wenzels Tod Nonne in Prag.

Nach dem Tod Vratislavs im Frühjahr 921 übertrug ihr die Stammesversammlung die Regentschaft für ihren minderjährigen Sohn Wenzel. Die Erziehung des Thronfolgers und des jüngeren Boleslav sollte jedoch deren Großmutter Ludmilla übernehmen. Bald kam es zu einem Konflikt beider Frauen. Wenzel sei von Ludmilla und den christlichen Geistlichen verdorben worden, beschwerte sich Drahomira bei den böhmischen Großen. Er solle zu einem Fürsten erzogen werden und gliche stattdessen immer mehr einem Mönch. Sie beauftragte zwei Krieger aus ihrer Gefolgschaft namens Tunna und Gommon, ihre Schwiegermutter zu ermorden. Am 16. September 921 drangen diese in die Burg Tetín ein und erwürgten Ludmilla mit einem Strick. Anschließend verfügte Drahomíra die Vertreibung bayerischer Missionare aus dem Land.

Die Hintergründe für den Mord werden im politischen und im religiösen Bereich gesucht. Möglicherweise ging es um die Anerkennung der Oberhoheit des ostfränkischen Königs Heinrichs I. über Böhmen. Das Land hatte sich seit 895 mit Bayern verbündet, um Schutz vor den Sachsen zu suchen. Der bayerische Herzog Arnulf hatte sich jedoch 921 Heinrich I. unterworfen und fiel deswegen als Verbündeter gegen die sächsische Expansion aus. Ludmilla soll eine Annäherung an Sachsen befürwortet, Drahomíra diese abgelehnt haben. Eine Rolle soll im Zuge der beginnenden Christianisierung auch die Auseinandersetzung zwischen Heidentum, vertreten durch Drahomíra, und Christentum, vertreten durch Ludmilla, gespielt haben. Die Angabe, dass Drahomíra Heidin gewesen sei, findet sich in einigen Legenden, die als einzige historische Quellen für die Ereignisse des Jahres 921 in Böhmen zur Verfügung stehen. Die neuere Forschung zweifelt diese Information an und hält sie für einen hagiographischen Topos.

Ein Jahr später überfiel der bayerische Herzog Arnulf Böhmen, das Ergebnis dieses Feldzuges überliefern die Quellen aber nicht. Fest steht, dass Drahomíra irgendwann zwischen 922 und 925 die Regentschaft abgeben musste, da Wenzel inzwischen volljährig und regierungsfähig geworden war. Dieser ließ zunächst seine Mutter aus Böhmen vertreiben, holte sie jedoch 925 in allen Ehren wieder zurück. Sie lebte in Prag, hatte jedoch keine politische Macht mehr. Nach der Ermordung von Wenzel (929 oder 935) flüchtete sie zu den Charvaten. Literatur [Bearbeiten]

   * Pavla Obrazová, Jan Vlk: Maior Gloria. Svatý kníže Václav, Prag-Paseka-Litomyšl 1994, ISBN 80-85192-94-2
   * Třeštík, Dušan: Počátky Přemyslovců. Vstup Čechů do dějin (530–935). Praha: Nakladatelství Lidové noviny, 1997. 658 S. ISBN 80-7106-138-7.

Weblinks [Bearbeiten]

   *
      Commons: Drahomíra ze Stodor – Sammlung von Bildern, Videos und Audiodateien
   * Leben und Ahnen Drahomíra von Stodors

Anmerkungen [Bearbeiten]

  1. ↑ Jerzy Strzelczyk: Stát Přemyslovců v západoslovanské Evropě. In: Sommer, Petr; Třeštík, Dušan; Žemlička, Josef, et al: Přemyslovci. Budování českého státu. Praha: Nakladatelství Lidové noviny, 2009. ISBN 978-80-7106-352-0, S. 34.

Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 8. Juli 2010 um 00:06 Uhr geändert. -------------------- Drahomira var formynderinne for sin sønn Boleslav I inntil 921, og ble «oppslukt av jorden» i 924. Ifølge «Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europeischen Staaten» av A. Cohn kalles hun «von Stodor», regent til 928 og død etter 935.

Tekst: Tore Nygaard

Kilder: A. Cohn: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europeischen Staaten. Mogens Bugge: Våre forfedre, nr. 31. Bent og Vidar Billing Hansen: Rosensverdslektens forfedre, side 82. -------------------- Drahomíra the Arrogant (died after 935) was a Bohemian princess, wife of Vratislav I.

Drahomíra's homeland was around Brandenburg, a castle near present-day Berlin. She was princess of Havolans.

She married Vratislav I of Bohemia and gave birth to at least three children: Saint Wenceslas, Boleslaus I and Střezislava. She led her husband to cooperation with her vernaculars, which waged war against Saxony. After her husband's untimely death (921), she and her mother-in-law, Saint Ludmila, divided the government of Bohemia.

Popular history depicts Ludmila as a restrained and pious grandmother, but it is likely that the political demands of government called for more energy and worldliness than history records. Wenceslas was one of the main reasons for the eventually fatal discord between Drahomíra and Ludmila. Ludmila had exerted great influence of the eldest son,Wenceslas, leaving Drahomíra to concentrate her efforts on her younger son, Boleslaus.

Despite or perhaps as a result of her political and personal efforts, Ludmila attracted Drahomíra's bitter enmity. Ludmila fled to Tetín castle, where her daughter-in-law's hired assassins, Tunna and Gommmon, murdered her.

When Drahomíra's son, Wenceslas, came to power, he sent his mother into exile, though he later called her back. -------------------- Drahomíra the Arrogant (died after 935) was a Bohemian princess, wife of Vratislav I.

Drahomíra's homeland was around Brandenburg, a castle near present-day Berlin. She was princess of Havolans.

She married Vratislav I of Bohemia and gave birth to at least three children: Saint Wenceslas, Boleslaus I and Střezislava. She led her husband to cooperation with her vernaculars, which waged war against Saxony. After her husband's untimely death (921), she and her mother-in-law, Saint Ludmila, divided the government of Bohemia.

Popular history depicts Ludmila as a restrained and pious grandmother, but it is likely that the political demands of government called for more energy and worldliness than history records. Wenceslas was one of the main reasons for the eventually fatal discord between Drahomíra and Ludmila. Ludmila had exerted great influence of the eldest son,Wenceslas, leaving Drahomíra to concentrate her efforts on her younger son, Boleslaus.

Despite or perhaps as a result of her political and personal efforts, Ludmila attracted Drahomíra's bitter enmity. Ludmila fled to Tetín castle, where her daughter-in-law's hired assassins, Tunna and Gommmon, murdered her.

When Drahomíra's son, Wenceslas, came to power, he sent his mother into exile, though he later called her back. -------------------- Drahomíra (died after 935) was a Bohemian duchess, wife of Vratislav I and mother of Saint Wenceslas (it is not sure that she was really his mother) and Boleslaus I of Bohemia

Life

Drahomíra's homeland was around Brandenburg, a castle near present-day Berlin. She was princess of Havolans.

She married Vratislav I of Bohemia and gave birth to at least three children: Saint Wenceslas, Boleslaus I and Střezislava. She led her husband to cooperation with her vernaculars, which waged war against Saxony. After her husband's untimely death (921), she and her mother-in-law, Saint Ludmila, divided the government of Bohemia.

Popular history depicts Ludmila as a restrained and pious grandmother, but it is likely that the political demands of government called for more energy and worldliness than history records. Wenceslas was one of the main reasons for the eventually fatal discord between Drahomíra and Ludmila. Ludmila had exerted great influence of the eldest son,Wenceslas, leaving Drahomíra to concentrate her efforts on her younger son, Boleslaus.

Despite or perhaps as a result of her political and personal efforts, Ludmila attracted Drahomíra's bitter enmity. Ludmila fled to Tetín castle, where her daughter-in-law's hired assassins, Tunna and Gommmon, murdered her.

When Drahomíra's son, Wenceslas, came to power, he sent his mother into exile, though he later called her back.

-------------------- Drahomíra From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Drahomíra the Arrogant (died after 935) was a Bohemian princess, wife of Vratislav I. Drahomíra's homeland was around Brandenburg, a castle near present-day Berlin. She was princess of Havolans. She married Vratislav I of Bohemia and gave birth to at least three children: Saint Wenceslas, Boleslaus I and Střezislava. She led her husband to cooperation with her vernaculars, which waged war against Saxony. After her husband's untimely death (921), she and her mother-in-law, Saint Ludmila, divided the government of Bohemia. Popular history depicts Ludmila as a restrained and pious grandmother, but it is likely that the political demands of government called for more energy and worldliness than history records. Wenceslas was one of the main reasons for the eventually fatal discord between Drahomíra and Ludmila. Ludmila had exerted great influence of the eldest son,Wenceslas, leaving Drahomíra to concentrate her efforts on her younger son, Boleslaus. Despite or perhaps as a result of her political and personal efforts, Ludmila attracted Drahomíra's bitter enmity. Ludmila fled to [1] Tetín castle, where her daughter-in-law's hired assassins, Tunna and Gommmon, murdered her. When Drahomíra's son, Wenceslas, came to power, he sent his mother into exile, though he later called her back. Busta Drahomíry, matky sv. Václava author: Ivo Durec (foto) [edit]References

Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis; Line 244-7

-------------------- Według Wikipedii. : " Drahomira (ur. 890, zm. 934 r. lub według innych źródeł ur. 877, zm. 936 r.) – księżniczka stodorańska, księżna czeska, żona Wratysława I, matka Wacława I Świętego i Bolesława I. Przewodziła (wraz ze swym synem Bolesławem, po śmierci swego męża) rebelii pogańskiej w Czechach[1].

Po śmierci męża w 921 roku, wspierana przez młodszego z synów (który powrócił do niej, opierając się próbom zaszczepienia mu chrześcijańskich wartości przez babkę) objęła władzę w imieniu nieletniego Wacława. Wraz z Drahomirą i Bolesławem do głosu doszło stronnictwo wrogie niemieckim wpływom oraz wspierające tradycje pogańskie. Zgodnie z czeską tradycją historiograficzną rozpoczęto z inicjatywy Drahomiry niszczenie kościołów oraz prześladowania duchowieństwa chrześcijańskiego. Ofiarą pogańskiego przewrotu padła m.in. matka Wratysława I – św. Ludmiła (według tradycji, zanotowanej w Żywocie św. Ludmiły i Kronice Kosmasa, została uduszona 15 września 921 r. na zamku w Tetinie przez siepaczy nasłanych przez synową)[2].

Po śmierci Ludmiły Drahomira doprowadziła do wygnania księży. Choć niewątpliwie była zwolenniczką pogaństwa (na co wskazuje nie tylko jej pochodzenie lecz choćby preferowany przez nią sposób wychowania synów), spotkać się można z opinią, że istotnym powodem tych wydarzeń był przede wszystkim sprzeciw Drahomiry wobec polityczno-kościelnemu zwierzchnictwu Bawarii[3]. Przypisy

   Mały słownik kultury dawnych Słowian - red. Lech Leciejewicz, Wiedza Powszechna, 1972 Warszawa
   Kronika Słowian - Wielkie Morawy, Kraj Wiślan i Czechy 805-955 r. - Witold Chrzanowski, Libron, 2006 Kraków.
   Pogląd m.in. Dušana Třeštíka, zob. J. A. Sobiesiak, Bolesław II Przemyślida (+999), s. 146.

Zobacz też

   Drogomira - znaczenie imienia.
   Czeska rebelia pogańska"
view all 12

Drahomíra ze Heveller (Stodor), księżna czeska's Timeline

890
890
Praha, Bohemia
900
900
Age 10
Prag, Tjeckien
902
902
Age 12
Of Praha, Praha, Czechoslovakia
903
903
Age 13
904
904
Age 14
Praha, Praha, Czechoslovakia
907
907
Age 17
907
Age 17
Prague, Bohemia
915
915
Age 25
Prague,Praha,,Czech Republic
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935
Age 45
Praha, Bohemia
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(Bohemia), Czech Republic