Dubh "the Vehement' mac Máel Coluim, King of Scots (935 - 966) MP

‹ Back to mac Máel Coluim surname

Is your surname mac Máel Coluim?

Research the mac Máel Coluim family

Dubh "the Vehement' mac Máel Coluim, King of Scots's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Nicknames: "Dub mac Maíl Coluim", "sometimes anglicised as Duff", "[2] called Dén", ""the Vehement"[3] and Niger", ""the Black""
Birthplace: Scotland
Death: Died in Forres, Morayshire, Scotland
Occupation: King of Scots, King of Scotland (962 - 967)
Managed by: Anne M Berge
Last Updated:

About Dubh "the Vehement' mac Máel Coluim, King of Scots

King Dub Dubh Duff of the Scots ruled Scotland from 962 to 967 He followed Indulphus as King of Scotland.

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTLAND.htm

Malcolm I & his wife had two children:

1. DUBH [Duff] (-killed in battle Forres [19/20 Jul 966], bur Isle of Iona).

The 10th century Pictish Chronicle Cronica de Origine Antiquorum Pictorum records that "Niger filius Maelcolaim" was king after King Indulf and reigned for five years[126]. The 11th century Synchronisms of Flann Mainistreach name (in order) "…Domnall Dasachtach (mac Custantin), Custantin mac Aeda, Maelcolaim mac Domnall, Illolb mac Custantin, Dub mac Maelcolaim, Cuillen mac Illiulb…" as Scottish kings, dated to the 10th century[127]. It is assumed that "Niger" and "Dub" in these two sources refer to the same person, although this is not beyond all doubt.

The 12th century Cronica Regum Scottorum lists "…Duf filius Malcolin iv annis et vi mensibus…" as king[128]. The Chronicle of John of Fordun records that "Duff the son of King Malcolm" succeeded in 961 after Indulf was killed and reigned for four years and six months[129]. He succeeded in 962 as DUFF King of Scotland. The 10th century Pictish Chronicle Cronica de Origine Antiquorum Pictorum records that "Niger filius Maelcolaim" defeated "Caniculum super Dorsum Crup", in which battle "Duchad abbas Duncalden et Dubdon satrapas Athochlach" were killed, after which Niger was expelled and "Caniculus" reigned for a short time[130]. The Annals of Ulster record the death in 967 of "Dub son of Mael Coluim king of Scotland…killed by the Scots themselves"[131]. The Chronicle of the Scots and Picts dated 1177 records that "Duf mac Malcolm" reigned for 4 years and 6 months, was killed "in Fores…absconditus…sub ponte de Kynloss", when the sun did not shine, and was buried "in Iona insula"[132]. The Chronicle of the Picts and Scots dated 1251 includes the same information[133]. The Chronicle of John of Fordun records that Duff was killed by robbers who hid his body, that "no ray of sunlight gleamed within the whole kingdom" until it was found, and that he was buried at Iona[134]. According to Duncan, this eclipse of the sun has been dated to 20 Jul 966[135]. Duncan says that, according to other sources, he was killed "by the men of Moray", in 967[136].

m ---. The name of Dubh's wife is not known. Dubh & his wife had one child:

a) KENNETH (-killed in battle Monzievaird [25 Mar 1005]). The 11th century Synchronisms of Flann Mainistreach name (in order) "…Cuillen mac Illiulb, Cinaet mac Maelcolaim, Custantin mac Cuilen, Cinaet mac Duib, Maelcolaim mac Cinaeta" as Scottish kings, dated to the 10th and 11th centuries[137]. He succeeded in 997 as KENNETH III King of Scotland.

------------------------

King Dubh, son of Malcolm, is somewhat a mystery. All we know is that Indulf's son Culen, twice fought for the right to be the king, the first time without success in the town of Atholl, and the second time with success in the town of Forres. So in 967 at Forres in Moray, Dubh was killed and Culen took over. The name of DUFFUS (pronounced DUFF'-US) derives from the lands of DUFFUS in Morayshire, Scotland. What is presently known as DUFFUS PARISH encompasses the lands of the ancient BARONY OF DUFFUS and comprises 9,565 acres. The DUFFUS name has undergone a variety of spelling changes through the years; in 1290, "DUFHUS", and in 1512, "DUFFOUS". The name is probably a compilation of two Gaelic words, dubh and uisg, meaning "darkwater" or "blackwater".At one time, the region was below sea-level and the Loch of Spynie and stagnant pools of water were a conspicuous feature of the area. In 961 DUFFUS, the son of King Malcolm the First, began his short four and one half year reign as the 78th King of Scots. He was the subject of witches' plots and later slain by "one Donald', with his body being hidden under the bridge which spanned the Kinlosse. The histories state that the sun failed to shine until the King's body was discovered and received a proper burial. In a book entitled "Illustrated Guide to Britain", the author writes, "Forres, a Royal Burgh, the site of King Duncan's Court, Dunsinane, where a stone marks the place where three witches accused of causing the death of King Duffus were burned in A.D. 965".

Died in 967 in battle.

--------------------

Dub mac Maíl Coluim (Modern Gaelic: Dubh mac Mhaoil Chaluim), sometimes anglicised as Duff MacMalcolm, called Dén, "the Vehement" and Niger, "the Black" (died 967) was king of Alba. He was son of Malcolm I (Máel Coluim mac Domnaill) and succeeded to the throne when Indulf (Ildulb mac Causantín) was killed in 962.

--------------------

Dub of Scotland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dub mac Maíl Coluim (Modern Gaelic: Dubh mac Mhaoil Chaluim)[1], sometimes anglicised as Duff, [2] called Dén, "the Vehement"[3] and Niger, "the Black"[4] (died 967) was king of Alba. He was son of Malcolm I (Máel Coluim mac Domnaill) and succeeded to the throne when Indulf (Ildulb mac Causantín) was killed in 962.

While later chroniclers such as John of Fordun supplied a great deal of information on Dub's life and reign, including tales of witchcraft and treason, almost all of this is rejected by modern historians. There are very few sources for the reign of Dub, of which the Chronicle of the Kings of Alba and a single entry in the Annals of Ulster are the closest to contemporary.

The Chronicle records that during Dub's reign bishop Fothach, most likely bishop of St Andrews or of Dunkeld, died. The remaining report is of a battle between Dub and Cuilén, son of king Ildulb. Dub won the battle, fought "upon the ridge of Crup", in which Duchad, abbot of Dunkeld, sometimes supposed to be an ancestor of Crínán of Dunkeld, and Dubdon, the mormaer of Atholl, died.

The various accounts differ on what happened afterwards. The Chronicle claims that Dub was driven out of the kingdom. The Latin material interpolated in Andrew of Wyntoun's Orygynale Cronykl states that he was murdered at Forres, and links this to an eclipse of the sun which can be dated to 20 July 966. The Annals of Ulster report only: "Dub mac Maíl Coluim, king of Alba, was killed by the Scots themselves"; the usual way of reporting a death in internal strife, and place the death in 967. It has been suggested that Sueno's Stone, near Forres, may be a monument to Dub, erected by his brother Kenneth II (Cináed mac Maíl Coluim). It is presumed that Dub was killed or driven out by Cuilén, who became king after Dub's death, or by his supporters.

Dub left at least one son, Kenneth III (Cináed mac Dub). Although his descendants did not compete successfully for the kingship of Alba after Cináed was killed in 1005, they did hold the mormaerdom of Fife. The MacDuib (or MacDuff) held the mormaerdom, and later earldom, until 1371.

References

Duncan, A.A.M., The Kingship of the Scots 842–1292: Succession and Independence. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2002. ISBN 0-7486-1626-8

Smyth, Alfred P., Warlords and Holy Men: Scotland AD 80–1000. Edinburgh UP, Edinburgh, 1984. ISBN 0-7486-0100-7

--------------------

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dubh_of_Scotland

view all 15

Dubh "the Vehement' mac Máel Coluim, King of Scots's Timeline

931
931
Scotland
935
935
Scotland
962
962
Age 27
Scotland
966
966
Age 31
Forres, Morayshire, Scotland
966
Age 31
Isle of Iona, Scotland
1893
November 7, 1893
Age 31
November 7, 1893
Age 31
November 7, 1893
Age 31
1925
December 8, 1925
Age 31
December 8, 1925
Age 31