Eadgifu

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Eadgifu

Also Known As: "Edgiva", "Queen of England /Elfleda/", "Edgiva of /Kent/", "Edgiva /De Sigelline/", "Queen of France"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Kent, England
Death: Died in Canterbury Cathedral,Canterbury,Kent,England
Place of Burial: Canterbury Cathedral, England
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Sigehelm, Ealdorman of Kent and Elfrida Elswitha
Wife of Edward I "The Elder", King of the Anglo-Saxons
Mother of Eadburgha Edburga of Wessex, Nun at Nunnaminster; Elgiva England Sigurdsson; Eadgifu; Edmund I "The Magnificent", King of the English and Eadred, King of the English

Occupation: 3rd Wife of Edward, Queen Consort to England, Queen Consort of the Anglo-Saxons
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Eadgifu

Eadgifu of Kent, also Edgiva, (died August 25, 968) was the third wife of Edward the Elder, King of England. Eadgifu was the daughter of Sigehelm, Ealdorman of Kent (d. 903).

Eadgifu and Edward had four children:

1. Edmund the Magnificent

2. Eadburgha

3. Eadgifu, married Ludwig Graf im Thurgau

4. Eadred

She became the mother of two sons, Edmund, later King Edmund I, and Eadred, later King Eadred, and two daughters, Saint Eadburh of Winchester and Eadgifu. Eadgifu survived Edward by many years, dying in the reign of her grandson Edgar.

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLAND,%20AngloSaxon%20&%20Danish%20Kings.htm#Edwarddied924B

m thirdly (920) EADGIFU, daughter of SIGEHELM Lord of Meopham, Cooling and Lenham in Kent & his wife --- (-26 Aug 968, bur Canterbury Cathedral). "Eadgifu regis mater" subscribed charters of Kings Edmund and Eadred between 940 and 953[1636]. Eadgifu recited her title to land at Cooling by charter dated 959 which names her father Sigelm and records that he was killed in battle[1637]. King Eadred granted land in Berkshire to "Aedgyfu regis mater" in 945[1638]. King Eadred granted land at Felpham, Sussex to "Eadgifu famula dei matri mee" by charter dated 953[1639]. She appears to have supported her grandson Edgar against Eadwig in 957, the latter depriving her of her property. "Eadgifu hil ealdan moder/predicti regis aua" subscribed charters of King Edgar dated [959/63] and 966[1640].

King Edward "the Elder" & his third wife had four children:

13. EADMUND (921-murdered Pucklechurch, Gloucestershire 26 May 946, bur Glastonbury Abbey[1690]). "Eadmundus regis frater" subscribed charters of King Æthelstan dated 931 and 939, under the latter also being the grantee of land at Droxford, Hampshire[1691]. He fought with his half-brother King Æthelstan at Brunanburh in 937[1692]. He succeeded his half-brother in 939 as EDMUND King of Wessex, crowned 29 Nov 939 at Kingston-upon-Thames. Olaf Guthfrithson King of Dublin invaded England in 939 and by the end of that year had occupied York. In raids on northern Mercia the following year, King Olaf took Tamworth and nearby land, and under a treaty agreed with King Edmund took the whole of modern Leicestershire, Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire. King Olaf continued by invading Northumbria over the Tees, but died before the end of 940. King Edmund regained the lost territories from Olaf's successor Olaf Sihtricson in 942. King Edmund brought Northumbria under his control in 944, expelling both Olaf Sihtricson and Rægnald Guthfrithson from York. From that time he may be regarded as king of a united England. He ravaged Strathclyde in 945. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records the death on St Augustine's day 946 of King Edmund[1693]. Simeon of Durham records that King Edmund was killed "VII Kal Jun" in 946 and buried at Glastonbury[1694]. Florence of Worcester records that he was stabbed to death by Leof "a ruffianly thief" while attempting to defend his steward from being robbed[1695]. [m firstly] ([940]) ÆLFGIFU, daughter of --- & his wife Wynflæd --- (-Shaftesbury Abbey after 943). "Alfgifu concubine regis" subscribed a 943 charter of King Edmund[1696]. This reference suggests that Ælfgifu was not married to King Edmund, corroborated by another charter of the same year1700 in which his [second] wife is differentiated by the epithet "regina" and the dating of which (if accurate) suggests that the king's relationship with both "wives" was simultaneous. If this is correct, Ælfgifu's date of death cannot necessarily be assumed to be [944/46]. She was popularly reputed a saint after her death as St Elgiva[1697]. Ælfgifu was probably the daughter of Wynflæd as "Wynflæd aua mea" is named in King Edgar's grant of confirmations to Shaftesbury Abbey dated 966[1698].

m [secondly] (943 or before) ÆTHELFLÆD, daughter of ÆLFGAR Ealdorman of the Wilsaetas & his wife --- (Damerham, Wiltshire ----Shaftesbury Abbey [after 975/92], bur Shaftesbury Abbey). The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle names "Æthelflæd of Damerham, daughter of ealdorman Ælfgar" as queen of King Edmund in 946[1699]. "Eadmundus rex" granted "Æthelflæd regina sua" lands in Hampshire and Dorset by charter dated 943[1700]. She became a nun at Shaftesbury Abbey.

King Edmund & his first [wife] had two children:

a) EADWIG ([940]-1 Oct 959, bur Winchester Cathedral). "Eaduuius filius regis" subscribed a charter of King Edmund dated 941[1701]. As an infant, he was passed over for the succession in 946 in favour of his uncle. "Eadwig rex" subscribed a charter of King Edmund dated 946 and "Eadwig cliton" one of King Eadred dated 956[1702]. He succeeded his uncle in 955 as EADWIG King of England, crowned [26] Jan 956 at Kingston-upon-Thames. The people of Mercia and Northumbria rebelled against him in 957 and elected his brother Edgar king, after which the River Thames formed the boundary between the two kingdoms[1703]. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records the death 1 Oct 959 of King Eadwig[1704].

m ([955], separated 958) ÆLFGIFU, daughter of [EADRIC & his wife Æthelgifu] (-Gloucester [Sep 959][1705]). There is no direct proof that Ælfgifu whose will is dated to [966/75] was the same person as the wife of King Eadwig but this looks likely. Ælfgifu and her husband were separated on grounds of consanguinity by Oda Archbishop of Canterbury[1706], but the precise relationship has not been found. Weir dates the death of Ælfgifu to [Sep 959][1707] but the source on which this is based is not known and the date is inconsistent with the dating of the will. The will of "Ælfgifu" dated to [966/75] devises estates at Mongewell and Berkhampstead to "Ælfweard and Æthelweard and Ælfwaru", grants to "my sister Ælfwaru…all that I have lent her", and "to my brother's wife Æthelflæd the headband which I have lent her"[1708].

b) EDGAR ([943]-Winchester 8 Jul 975, bur Glastonbury Abbey). Florence of Worcester records the birth of "filium…Eadgarum" to "regi Eadmundo…sua regina sancta Ælfgiva", undated but dateable to [943] from the context[1709]. Reuniting the kingdom on his brother's death, he succeeded in 959 as EDGAR "the Peaceable" King of England.

- see below.

14. EADBURGA (-15 Jun 960, bur Nunnaminster Abbey, transferred to Pershore Abbey, Worcestershire). Roger of Hoveden names her as the daughter of King Edward by "regina Edgiva", although he also attributes the king's son Eadwin and three other daughters to the king's third marriage[1710]. The Book of Hyde names "sanctam Edburgam Deo dictam...[et] Edgivam" as the two daughters of King Eadweard by his second wife "Edgiva", specifying that the former was buried "in monasterio monialium Wyntoniæ"[1711]. A nun at Nunnaminster Abbey, Winchester. She was canonised as St Edburga of Winchester, feast day 15 June[1712].

15. EADGIFU ([921/23]-). The Book of Hyde names "sanctam Edburgam Deo dictam...[et] Edgivam" as the two daughters of King Eadweard by his second wife "Edgiva", specifying that the latter married "Aquitanorum principi Lodowyco"[1713]. According to William of Malmesbury, Eadgifu married "Louis Prince of Aquitaine", in a later passage specifying that he was a descendant of Charlemagne[1714]. Her husband has not been identified. According to Europäische Stammtafeln[1715], "Edgifa, daughter of Edward I King of England" was the wife of Ludwig Graf im Thurgau, son of Rudolf I King of Upper Burgundy & his wife Willa. This seems chronologically implausible as King Rudolf's children were probably born between 880 and 900. If Graf Ludwig married a daughter of King Eadweard, it is more likely that she was Eadgifu's older half-sister Ælfgifu (see above).

m ---.

16. EADRED ([924]-Frome 23 Nov 955, bur Winchester Cathedral). "Ædred/Eadredus frater regis" subscribed charters of Kings Æthelstan and Edmund dated between 931 and 944[1716]. "Eadredus rex" subscribed a charter of King Edmund dated 946[1717], which suggests that he ruled jointly with his brother before the latter's death. He succeeded his brother in 946 as EADRED King of England, crowned 16 Aug 946 at Kingston-upon-Thames. The Northumbrians swore fealty to King Eadred in 949, rebelled later that year and elected Erik "Blodøks/Blood-axe" King of Norway as their king. Eadred laid waste the whole of Northumbria, during the course of which the monastery of Ripon was burnt to the ground[1718]. He brought Northumbria back under his lordship in 954, installing Oswulf as under-King. King Alfred, under his will probably dated [951/55], made a bequest to "my mother land at Amesbury, Wantage and Basing"[1719]. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records the death on St Clement's day in 955 of King Eadred at Frome, and his burial in Winchester Old Minster[1720].

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Edgiva of Kent, or also Eadgifu (died August 25, 968) was the third wife of Edward the Elder, King of England. Edgiva was the daughter of Sigehelm, Ealdorman of Kent. She became the mother of two sons, Edmund, later King Edmund I, and Edred, later King Edred, and two daughters, Saint Edburga of Winchester and Edgiva. Edgiva survived Edward by many years, dying in the reign of her grandson Edgar.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edgiva_of_Kent

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Edgiva of Kent, or also Eadgifu (died August 25, 968) was the third wife of Edward the Elder, King of England. Edgiva was the daughter of Sigehelm, Ealdorman of Kent. She became the mother of two sons, Edmund, later King Edmund I, and Edred, later King Edred, and two daughters, Saint Edburga of Winchester and Edgiva. Edgiva survived Edward by many years, dying in the reign of her grandson Edgar.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eadgifu_of_Kent

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Also called Edgiva, Eadgifu of Kent was the third wife of Edward the Elder. She lived to see her grandson Edgar reign.

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From http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps05/ps05_477.htm

{Carr P. Collins, Jr., "Royal Ancestors of Magna Charta Barons," Dallas, 1959, p. 89, states that her name is Lady Edgina Meapham, his third wife, and that she died on 08-24-968 = mother of Edmund I, Thyru and Eadgifu.}

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Edgiva of Kent

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Edgiva of Kent, or also Eadgifu (d. August 25, 968) was the third wife of Edward the Elder, King of England. Edgiva was the daughter of Sigehelm, Ealdorman of Kent. She became the mother of two sons, Edmund, later King Edmund I, and Edred, later King Edred, and two daughters, Saint Edburga and Edgiva. Edgiva survived Edward by many years, dying in the reign of her grandson Edgar.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eadgifu_of_Kent

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Also known as Edgiva of Kent or Eadgifu.

946-55 Politically Influential Dowager Queen Edgiva of England.

Also known as Eadgifu, she was a dominant force during the reign of her son Edred (924-46-46), who came on the throne when his older brother, Edmund the Magnificent was murdered in 946. She was the third wife of King Edward of Wessex (Ca. 871-88-924).

She was daughter of Sigehelm, Ealdrman of Kent, mother of 4 children, and lived (905-68). [http://www.guide2womenleaders.com/womeninpower/Womeninpowe-chronological1.htm]. -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eadgifu_of_Kent

Eadgifu of Kent (also Edgiva or Ediva) (died August 25, 968) was the third wife of Edward the Elder, King of England.

Eadgifu was the daughter of Sigehelm, Ealdorman of Kent (died 903). She became the mother of two sons, Edmund I of England, later King Edmund I, and Eadred of England, later King Eadred, and a daughter, Saint Eadburh of Winchester. Eadgifu survived Edward by many years, dying in the reign of her grandson Edgar. As queen dowager, her position seem to have been higher than that of her daughter-in-law; In a Kentish charter datable between 942 and 944, her daughter-in-law Ælfgifu of Shaftesbury subscribes herself as the king's concubine (concubina regis), with a place assigned to her between the bishops and ealdormen. By comparison, Eadgifu subscribes higher up in the witness list as mater regis, after her sons Edmund and Eadred but before the archbishops and bishops

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Eadgifu's Timeline

896
896
Kent, England
897
897
Age 1
Wessex, England
912
912
Age 16
Wessex, England
919
919
Age 23
Wessex,,,England
920
920
Age 24
Wessex, England
923
923
Age 27
Wessex, England
924
924
Age 28
Wessex, England
968
August 24, 968
Age 72
Canterbury Cathedral,Canterbury,Kent,England
August 25, 968
Age 72
Canterbury Cathedral, England
1911
June 20, 1911
Age 72