Henry de Bohun, Fifth Baron, Surety for the Magna Carta

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Henry de Bohun, Earl of Hereford

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Warwick, Warwickshire, England
Death: Died in during pilgrimage to the Holy Land (Palestine)
Place of Burial: chapter-house of Llanthony Abbey, Gloucestershire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Humphrey IV (III) de Bohun, Constable of England, Earl of Hereford and Marjorie of Huntingdon
Husband of Maud fitzGeoffrey de Mandeville, Countess of Essex
Father of Humphrey de Bohun, V,Earl of Hereford & Essex; Ralph (de Bohun) de Bohun; Robert de Bohun and Margery of Hereford
Brother of Margaret de Bohun
Half brother of Constance de Bretagne, Duchess; Alexander De Lindsay; Donnchadh mac Gille Crist, 5th Earl of Angus and Bethóc (Beatrix) nic Gille Crist, Countess of Angus

Occupation: Constable of England, Magna Carta Surety (1215), 1st Earl of Hereford, Among the twenty-five barons who were elected by their, EARL OF HEREFORD (1ST), CONSTABLE OF ENGLAND, SHERIFF OF KENT, MAGNA CARTA SURETY, Surety for Magna Carta
Managed by: Noah Gregory Tutak
Last Updated:

About Henry de Bohun, Fifth Baron, Surety for the Magna Carta

Signed Magna Carta as surety

---------------------------------------------

Henry

Excerpted from Les Seigneurs de Bohon by Jean LeMelletier, Coutances: Arnaud-Bellee, 1978. http://mahan.wonkwang.ac.kr/link/med/society/class/Bohun/bohon.html

Henry de Bohon (1176-1220), earl of Hereford, played an important role in the revolt of the barons against King John. Born in 1176, he succeeded his grandfather honorably.

Henry married Maud (Mathilda, died 1236), daughter of Geoffrey (Geoffrey Fitz Piers de Mandavill), son of Pierre de Mandeville, earl of Essex. She was sister and heiress of William de Mandeville who died childless in 1189 and was appointed the barony of Pleshey (Essex).

The Mandeville family descended from Geoffrey, companion of William the Conqueror. His son was constable of the Tower of London. His grandson, also named Geoffrey, was strong and ambitious. Later he was depossessed of his lands and excommunicated for having pillaged the church lands, so he revolted against Stephen and was mortally wounded in his attack of Burwell castle.

Geoffrey (the grandson) left three sons. The oldest Ernald, shared in his father's revolt and was exiled. The second, Geoffrey, succeeded his father and died in 1166. The third, William, third earl of Essex and earl of Aumale, succeeded his brother. He was grand chamberlain to Henry II and played an important role in the wars between Louis VII of France and Philip Auguste. He accompanied Philip, earl of Flanders, on the crusade. He was also called the grand justicier. William died childless at Rouen on 14 November 1189, leaving his wealth to his sister, Maud.

The reign of King John (1199-1216) started out well for Henry when he was created earl of Hereford on 28 April 1199. Henry was the first of the Bohons to have the title, which included an annual income.

The following year Henry and other nobles summoned his uncle in Scotland, William the Lion, to appear at Lincoln to do homage.

In 1203 Henry witnessed a document where King John confirmed the dowry of Queen Isabelle.

The principal interests of the Bohons were in England. Henry paid taxes of 50 marks and a groom, corresponding to 20 parts of a knight's fee, on the Huntington land he inherited from his mother. In Normandy, Henry kept his more modest holdings (from Humphrey I) at Carentan and Pont D'Ouve.

After the first time France reclaimed Normandy (1204), Henry stayed loyal to John. His lands in Normandy were confiscated by Philip- Auguste. Then King John imposed a heavy tax to maintain the campaign of 1213-1214 to prevent the crushing of a coalition formed at Bouvines on 27 July 1214 by England, Flanders, and the German Empire. The king was discredited and there was general discontent. The forces were dissatisfied that the king awarded certain barons without their having to go through the regular tests and examinations.

Then there was a revolt of barons in which Henry took an active part. The revolt ended with the signing of the Magna Carta at Runnymede (Surrey) on 12 July 1215. The lands that had been confiscated from Henry were returned and the 25 lords took it upon themselves to make sure the charter was enforced.

The Bohons enjoyed being in possession of great lands at the frontier of the Welsh country which was always threatened. The other marcher lords enjoyed it, too, because their military importance and independence was greater than that of other royal lords. Politically they were stronger by being closer to the king.

The lull was cut short when the war restarted. The following year John had Pope Innocent III excommunicate the earl of Hereford, which only increased the opposition to the king. John joined forces with the army of Prince Louis of France (the future Louis VIII) when barons from the north landed in England.

John died on October 19, 1216, but Henry de Bohon did not ally himself with the new king, Henry III. He was taken prisoner at the Battle of Lincoln on 20 May 1217, where Louis of France was defeated.

Henry gave the churches of Boxe and Wilsford (Lincolnshire) to the priory of Monkton Farley, and gave a pension to St. Nicolas Hospital in Salisbury.

Henry de Bohon died 1 June 1220 while on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. His body was returned to Lanthony abbey.

He had four sons: Humphrey V, who succeeded him; Henry, who died young; Ralph, benefactor of the Abbey of Grendon who married Lora; and Robert, mentioned in the Book of Walden.

-----------------------------------

from tudorplace.com:

Henry "The Surety" De BOHUN (1° E. Hereford)

Born: BEF 1176/7

Died: 1 Jun 1220, Journey to Holy Land

Notes: 5th Earl of Hereford, Sheriff of Kent. Created by John I, dated Apr 28, 1199; but the office of Lord High Constable of England he inherited from his father. He was one of the leaders of the barons who forced King John to sign the Magna Charta, and he was one of the twenty-five sureties, in 1215. He had his lands sequestered, but they were restored at the signing of the Magna Charta, at Runnemede. He was subsequently excommunicated by the Pope, and did not return to his allegiance on the death of King John, but was one of the commanders in the army of Louis le Dauphin, at the battle of Lincoln. He was taken prisoner by William Marshall at the battle of Lincoln, in the 1st year of Henry III. After this defeat he joined Saire De Quincy, and other Magna Charta barons in a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in Jun, 1220. His body was brought home and buried in the chapter-house of Llanthony Abbey, in Gloucestershire. He was also Sheriff of Kent.

Father: Humphrey De BOHUN (Constable of England)

Mother: Margaret of Scotland

Married: Maud FITZGEOFFREY (C. Essex) (b. BEF 1177 - d. 1236) (dau. of Geoffrey Fitz Piers, 4° E. Essex, and Beatrix Say, B. Mandeville)

Children:

1. Humphrey De BOHUN (2° E. Hereford and 1° E. Essex)

2. Henry De BOHUN

3. Ralph De BOHUN

4. Robert De BOHUN

Married 2: Alice De HARCOURT (C. Hereford)

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Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search

Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford (1176 – 1220) was an English Norman nobleman.

He was Earl of Hereford and Hereditary Constable of England from 1199 to 1220.

Lineage

He was the son of Humphrey de Bohun and Margaret of Huntingdon, Princess of Scotland, daughter of Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon, a son of David I of Scotland. His paternal grandmother was Margaret, daughter of Miles de Gloucester, 1st Earl of Hereford and Constable of England. Bohun's half-sister was Constance, Duchess of Brittany.

Earldom

The male line of Miles of Gloucester having failed, on the accession of King John of England, Bohun was created Earl of Hereford and Constable of England (1199).

Henry de Bohun was one of the 25 sureties of the Magna Carta in 1215, and was subsequently excommunicated by the Pope.

Marriage & children

He married Maud de Mandeville of Essex, daughter of Geoffrey Fitzpeter, 1st Earl of Essex. Their children were:

  1. Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford
  2. Maud de Bohun, married Henry d'Oilly of Hook Norton, Oxfordshire.
  3. Ralph de Bohun of Hereford, was father to Sir Franco de Bohun of Midhurst who married Sybil de Ferrers, daughter of William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby. Ralph and Sybil are ancestors to the famous Daniel Boone in a direct unbroken male-line.

Later career

He was also a supporter of King Louis VIII of France and was captured at the Battle of Lincoln in 1217.

He died whilst on pilgrimage to the Holy Land. He was succeeded by his son Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford in 1220. Preceded by Humphrey de Bohun Lord High Constable 1199–1220 Succeeded by The Earl of Hereford Preceded by New Creation Earl of Hereford 1199–1220 Succeeded by Humphrey de Bohun

References

   * Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis; Line 84-26
   * Cokayne, G. (ed. by V. Gibbs). Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom. London:1887-1896, H-457-459

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_de_Bohun,_1st_Earl_of_Hereford

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_de_Bohun,_1st_Earl_of_Hereford

The male line of Miles of Gloucester having failed, on the accession of King John of England, Bohun was created Earl of Hereford and Constable of England (1199).

Henry de Bohun was one of the 25 sureties of the Magna Carta in 1215, and was subsequently excommunicated by the Pope

He was also a supporter of King Louis VIII of France and was captured at the Battle of Lincoln in 1217.

He died whilst on pilgrimage to the Holy Land. He was succeeded by his son Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford in 1220

-------------------- He was Earl of Hereford. He died on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land and was buried at Llanthony Abbey. -------------------- Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford (1176 – 1220) was an English Norman nobleman. He was Earl of Hereford and Hereditary Constable of England from 1199 to 1220.

Lineage

He was the son of Humphrey de Bohun and Princess Margaret, daughter of Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon, a son of David I of Scotland. His paternal grandmother was Margaret, daughter of Miles de Gloucester, 1st Earl of Hereford and Constable of England. Bohun's half-sister was Constance, Duchess of Brittany. [edit]Earldom

The male line of Miles of Gloucester having failed, on the accession of King John of England, Bohun was created Earl of Hereford and Constable of England (1199). Henry de Bohun was one of the 25 sureties of the Magna Carta in 1215, and was subsequently excommunicated by the Pope. [edit]Marriage & children

He married Maud of Essex, daughter of Geoffrey Fitzpeter, 1st Earl of Essex. Their children were: Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford Maud de Bohun, married Henry d'Oilly of Hook Norton, Oxfordshire. Ralph de Bohun of Hereford, was father to Sir Franco de Bohun of Midhurst who married Sybil de Ferrers, daughter of William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby. Ralph and Sybil are ancestors to the famous Daniel Boone in a direct unbroken male-line. [edit]Later career

He was also a supporter of King Louis VIII of France and was captured at the Battle of Lincoln in 1217. He died whilst on pilgrimage to the Holy Land. He was succeeded by his son Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford in 1220.

Henry de Bohun - was born before 1177 in Warwick, Warwickshire, England and died on 1 Jun 1220 in England . He was the son of Humphrey de Bohun and Princess Margaret of Scotland. Henry married Maud Fitzgeoffrey about 1197 in Essex, England. Maud was born before 1177 in Warwick, Warwickshire, England. She was the daughter of Geoffrey Fitzpiers and Beatrice de Saye. She died on 27 Aug 1236 in England .

Henry - became the first Earl of Hereford of this family, for he was so created by the Charter of King John, dated 28 April 1199. Even though he took the Barons' side against the King, on becoming Earl of Hereford he had promised that he would never make any claim against John or his heirs, on the basis of a Charter given to his great uncle Roger by Henry II. The office of Lord High Constable of England he inherited from his father, but he seems to have played no other active part in John's government.


As he took a prominent part with the Barons against King John, his lands were confiscated, but he received them again at the granting of Magna Charta. Having been excommunicated along with the other Barons, he did not return to his allegiance on the decease of King John, but became one of the commanders in the Army of Louis the Dauphin, at the Battle of Lincoln, and was taken prisoner by William Marshall. After this defeat he joined Saire de Quincey and other Magna Charta Barons in a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in 1220, and died on the passage 1 June 1220. His body was brought home and buried in the chapter-house of Llanthony Abbey in Gloucestershire. Children: (Quick Family Chart) i. Humphrey de Bohun was born before 1208 in Hungerford, Essex, England and died on 24 Sep 1275

  • Henry de Bohun Earl of Hereford

born 1176 Hereford, Herefordshire, England died 1 June 1220 in Palestine on pilgrimage to Holy Land

father:

  • Humphrey IV de Bohun Constable of England Earl of Hereford

born about 1150 Hereford, Herefordshire, England died 1182

mother:

  • Margaret Huntington

born about 1131 Scotland died after 1201

siblings: unknown

spouse:

  • Maud (Mathilda) Fitzgeoffrey

born <1186> Walden, Essex, England died 27 August 1236

children:

  • Humphrey V de Bohun Earl of Hereford

born about 1198/1208 Hereford, Herefordshire, England died 24 September 1275 Essex, England Henry de Bohun died young Ralph de Bohun Robert de Bohun

biographical and/or anecdotal:

notes or source: LDS ancestry.com

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_de_Bohun,_1st_Earl_of_Hereford -------------------- Henry de Bohun - was born before 1177 in Warwick, Warwickshire, England and died on 1 Jun 1220 in England . He was the son of Humphrey de Bohun and Princess Margaret of Scotland. Henry married Maud Fitzgeoffrey about 1197 in Essex, England. Maud was born before 1177 in Warwick, Warwickshire, England. She was the daughter of Geoffrey Fitzpiers and Beatrice de Saye. She died on 27 Aug 1236 in England .

Henry - became the first Earl of Hereford of this family, for he was so created by the Charter of King John, dated 28 April 1199. Even though he took the Barons' side against the King, on becoming Earl of Hereford he had promised that he would never make any claim against John or his heirs, on the basis of a Charter given to his great uncle Roger by Henry II. The office of Lord High Constable of England he inherited from his father, but he seems to have played no other active part in John's government.


As he took a prominent part with the Barons against King John, his lands were confiscated, but he received them again at the granting of Magna Charta. Having been excommunicated along with the other Barons, he did not return to his allegiance on the decease of King John, but became one of the commanders in the Army of Louis the Dauphin, at the Battle of Lincoln, and was taken prisoner by William Marshall. After this defeat he joined Saire de Quincey and other Magna Charta Barons in a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in 1220, and died -------------------- Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford, Constable of England1 b. 1176, d. 1 June 1220

Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford, Constable of England|b. 1176\nd. 1 Jun 1220|p387.htm#i7125|Humphrey IV de Bohun|b. c 1150\nd. 1182|p376.htm#i7130|Margaret de Huntingdon|b. 1140\nd. 1201|p381.htm#i7131|Humphrey I. de Bohun of Trowbridge, Constable of England|b. 1109\nd. 6 Apr 1187|p377.htm#i7132|Margaret F. M. de Gloecestria|b. 1127\nd. 1197|p380.htm#i7133|Énric m. D., rí Alban|b. c 1114\nd. 12 Jun 1152|p369.htm#i7800|Ada de Warenne|b. c 1120\nd. 1178|p375.htm#i7801| Father Humphrey IV de Bohun1 b. circa 1150, d. 1182 Mother Margaret de Huntingdon1 b. 1140, d. 1201

     Hereditary Constable of England.1 Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford, Constable of England was the successor of Roger fitz Miles, Earl of Hereford; 4th Earl of Hereford.2 Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford, Constable of England was born in 1176.3 He was the son of Humphrey IV de Bohun and Margaret de Huntingdon.1 Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford, Constable of England married Maud (de Mandeville), Countess of Hereford and Essex, daughter of Geoffrey fitz Piers, 4th Earl of Essex and Beatrice de Sai, before 1200.4,5,3 Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford, Constable of England was created, having inherited through his grandmother, daughter of Miles of Gloucester, the principle estates of the former earls, Earl of Hereford on 28 April 1200.6 5th Earl of Hereford at England between 1200 and 1220.1 The Signing of the Magna Carta on 15 June 1215 at Runnymede, between Windsor and Staines, Surrey, England. He was was a Surety Baron for the Magna Carta, at Runnymede on 15 June 1215. He was taken prisoner at the Battle of Lincoln, where Louis of France was defeated on 20 May 1217.3 He died on 1 June 1220 at age 44 years. He joined Saire de Quincey and other Magna Charta Barons in a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, and died on the passage.4,3 He was the predecessor of Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex, and Constable of England; 6th Earl of Hereford.7 Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford, Constable of England was buried in Llanthony Abbey, Gloucestershire, England. His body was brought home and buried in the chapter-house.4 

Family Maud (de Mandeville), Countess of Hereford and Essex b. circa 1180, d. 27 August 1236 Children Henry II de Bohun b. 1200 Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex, and Constable of England+ b. b 1208, d. 24 Sep 12758 Hawyse de Bohun+ b. c 1210?9


-------------------- Magna Carta Surety 1215

Created Earl of Gloucester and Constable of England 1199

His son Ralph is the direct ancestor of Daniel Boone -------------------- Earl of Hereford -------------------- Henry was Constable of England as well as 5th Earl of Hereford.

He was Surety Baron at the signing of the Magna Carta on 15 June 1215 at Runnymede, between Windsor and Staines, Surrey, England.

He was taken prisoner at the Battle of Lincoln, where Louis of France was defeated on 20 May 1217

He joined Saire de Quincey and other Magna Charta Barons in a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, and died on the passage, 1 June 1220, at the age of 44..His body was brought home and buried in the chapter-house; he was buried in Llanthony Abbey, Gloucestershire, England.

See "My Lines" ( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/p387.htm#i7125 ) from Compiler: R. B. Stewart, Evans, GA ( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/index.htm ) -------------------- Sheriff of Kent & Magna Carta Surety 1215 -------------------- 1st Earl of Hereford and Lord High Constable of England. Signer of the Magna Carta. -------------------- "Henry de Bohun was a member of the Essex-based family grouping brought to the rebel cause by kinship with Geoffrey de Mandeville and Robert FitzWalter. His family also held important blocks of lands in the west of England.

"Henry (c. 1175–1220) was the son of Humphrey de Bohun (d. 1181) and Margaret (d. 1201), daughter of Henry, earl of Northumberland, and widow of Conan IV, duke of Brittany. His grandmother was Margaret de Bohun, the daughter of Miles of Gloucester, earl of Hereford, one of the earliest and most consistent supporters of the Empress Matilda in the civil war of King Stephen’s reign. Margaret brought to the de Bohuns her family’s claims to the royal constableship and to the earldom of Hereford. The constable’s office had been granted to her son – Henry’s father – by 1174 and was therefore inherited by Henry himself, who used the style ‘Henry the Constable’ in a number of his early charters. Despite his youth he occasionally attested charters of Richard I and was one of the king’s sureties in negotiations with the count of Flanders in 1197.

"John bestowed the title earl of Hereford on Henry in 1200, albeit prohibiting him from staking any claim to the generous grants which Henry II had made in a charter to his ancestor Earl Roger of Hereford. His grandmother’s keen advocacy had been a factor in this success, but equally significant was the fact that his mother was a granddaughter of David I, king of Scotland, and his uncle William the Lion, a later king of the same. Between 1204 and 1211 he was engaged in a lengthy dispute to establish his claim to a part of his mother’s dower lands, the valuable lordship of Ryhall in Rutland. No sooner had this dispute been settled than he found himself dragged into further litigation, countering a claim by the king’s half-brother, William Longespée, earl of Salisbury, to his lordship of Trowbridge (Wilts.) on the pretext of descent from an earlier owner, Edward of Salisbury. This long drawn-out dispute was to lead to a sharp deterioration in his relations with King John. Longespée initiated the action in1212 and Earl Henry responded by resort to the time-wasting tactics characteristic of the time, pleading illness as an excuse for absence from hearings. As such an excuse was inadmissible in this sort of case, the king took the lordship into his own hands, while allowing Longespée to levy scutage (money in lieu of military service) from its tenants. The sense of hurt which the earl felt was a major factor in his support for the rebels in 1215, as John’s seizure of the lordship constituted a disseisin made ‘unjustly and without judgement’, in the wording of clause 39 of the Charter. A further claim on his allegiance was made by the ties of kinship: his wife was Maud, daughter of Geoffrey FitzPeter and therefore aunt of Geoffrey de Mandeville. By virtue of his involvement on the rebel side in 1215 he secured the restoration of the lordship, although not of the castle, of Trowbridge. Letters ordering the estate’s restitution to him were among the first to be issued in execution of the Charter. The dispute dragged on, however, and a final settlement was not reached until 1229, when Edward of Salisbury’s honour was divided equally between the claimants, Trowbridge itself going to the Countess Ela, Longespée’s widow.

"On the death of King John he remained loyal to the rebel cause and he was taken prisoner with the other rebel leaders at the battle of Lincoln in May 1217. As part of the general settlement in September he made his peace with the Minority government, subsequently attending the young Henry III’s court, receiving the earl’s third penny of Herefordshire and accounting for scutage. He died on pilgrimage to the Holy Land on 1 June 1220, leaving a son and heir, Humphrey. His widow took as her second husband, sometime between 1221 and 1226, one Sir Roger de Dauntsey and succeeded in her own right to the earldom of Essex, which on her death was inherited by her son.

"Earl Henry was buried in the chapter house of Llanthony priory, near Gloucester, the traditional burial place of the Bohuns. He was succeeded in the title by his son and heir, Humphrey, who was to live until 1275.

"Earl Henry was a notable figure in the development of modern Trowbridge, as it was he who secured the grant of a market and annual fair from the Crown in 1200. From this privilege flowed the laying out of the market place along the curved line of the castle ditch, the removal of the church from the castle’s inner bailey and the construction of the present church of St James in the heart of the town. It is likely that the earl’s considerable investment in Trowbridge helps to explain his keenness to retain possession of the town in the face of William Longespée’s persistent claims."

Above text courtesy of Professor Nigel Saul and the Magna Carta 800th Anniversary Committee

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Henry de Bohun, Fifth Baron, Surety for the Magna Carta's Timeline

1176
1176
Warwick, Warwickshire, England
1202
1202
Age 26
Of, Warwick, Warwickshire, England
1204
1204
Age 28
1208
1208
Age 32
Hungerford, Essex, England
1208
Age 32
United Kingdom
1220
June 1, 1220
Age 44
during pilgrimage to the Holy Land (Palestine)
June 1, 1220
Age 44
chapter-house of Llanthony Abbey, Gloucestershire, England
1930
November 1, 1930
Age 44
November 1, 1930
Age 44
November 1, 1930
Age 44