Eberhard (c.805 - 866) MP

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Nicknames: "Évrard", "Marquis", "Eberhard Marchese di Friuli", "Evrard", "Erhard. Also "Everardus" "Eberardus" "Eberard" "Eberhardus" "Eberhard". He wrote his own name "EWRARDUS".", "Eberhard /de Friuli/", "Marquis de Frioul"
Death: Died in Italy
Occupation: Comte, de Sulichgau, 888, Count of FRIULI / Frankish Duke of Friuli, 860 - 939, Graaf van de Sulichgau, Duke of Friuli
Managed by: Margaret, (C)
Last Updated:

About Eberhard

Eberhard was the son of Unruoch and wife Engeltrude. Alternate spellings of his name are: Everard, Evrard, Erhard, Eberhard, or Eberard. He spelled it, "Evvrardus".He was born between 805 and 810 and died in Italy December 16, 866. He was buried at Cysoing, Abbey of St Calixtus. This birth date is estimated on the basis of his marriage in 836. He was a nobleman, a soldier, a scholar and a holy man.

Eberhard is credited with stopping the invasion of the Slavs and for this, he received the March of Friulia from Emperor Lothaire I, becoming Eberhard, Duke of the March of Friulia. He swore allegiance to the emperor Charles the Bald in 864.

He took his education at the Palace School founded by Charlemagne and organized by Alcuin, where he studied from the medieval programs known as the trivium and the quadrivium. There he got a taste of the letters and sciences, at the same time that he developed his famous piety. He kept a large library, commissioned works of Latin literature from Lupus Servatus and Sedulius Scottus, and maintained a correspondence with the noted theologians and church leaders Gottschalk, Rabanus Maurus, and Hincmar.

He married Gisela, daughter of Emperor Louis the Pious and his second wife, Judith of Bavaria. Gisela was born between 819 and 822, and died after July 1, 874, and is buried at Cysoing, Abbey of St Calixtus. Depending on the source cited, they had seven to eleven children. Those best documented are listed below.

As part of her dowry, Gisela brought to the marriage the fisc of Cysoing. A fisc, in that era, meant large, rural properties separate from the royal domains. Cysoing was situated at the center of the country of Pèvele, in what today is the French-Belgian border. In the previous century, Cysoing had been the site of the martyrdom of Saint Arnoul. Arnoul's relics were in the small church there. Eberhard and Gisela established a monastery there, later known as Cysoing Abbey.

Eberhard and Gisela used their wealth to relieve the poor and to found churches, chapels, and later the French abbey of Cysoing. A conscientious father, Eberhard gave much attention to his children’s religious and moral formation. He had a special love for the relics of saints. For Cysoing Abbey, he obtained from Rome the body of Pope Saint Callistus I (+222), which was thereupon carried from Italy to France on the shoulders of several priests. Miraculous healings and reconciliations of enemies occurred along the route of this cortege. In his will, Eberhard bequeathed a large number of religious objects, including vestments, thuribles, candlesticks, liturgical books, and prayer books, one of which was a Psalter bearing his signature that is now in the Vatican Library.

.These are the children of Eberhard and Gisela, as recognized by the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (MedLands):

  • EBERHARD (837-before 20 Jun 840), died before his third birthday.
  • ENGELTRUDE (837-after 874). Buried at Cysoing. Scholar Eckhardt suggests that Ingeltrudis was the wife of Heinrich dux [alte Babenberger], who died in 886. However, this appears impossible chronologically given that Heinrich's daughter Hedwig gave birth to her third child in 876.
  • UNRUOCH (840-after 1 Jul874). Received the territories of Lombard and Alammian by right of primogeniture. He succeeded his father in 866 as UNRUOCH Marchese di Friulia. According to Europäische Stammtafeln, the wife of Unruoch was the possible daughter of Liutfried, based solely on her name being the same as that of her supposed paternal grandmother. The primary source which confirms the name of Unruoch's wife has not yet been identified.
  • RUDOLF (d. May 892). He was invested as lay Abbot of Cysoing and St Vaast at Arras by Carloman King of the West Franks in 883 and charged with the defence of the counties of Artois and Ternois. After his death, his lands were seized by Baudouin II Count of Flanders
  • BERENGAR (c.840-murdered Verona 7 Apr 924). He succeeded his brother in 874 as BERENGARIO I Marchese di Friulia. He was elected in 888 as BERENGARIO I King of Italy, supported principally by the German faction in Italy. He was defeated by Guido of Spoleto in 889. He re-emerged as sole king in Italy in 898 after the death of Lambert of Spoleto. Louis King of Provence was elected as king of Italy in 900, with support particularly from Anscario Marchese d'Ivrea. Berengario defeated Louis twice, the second time conclusively in 905 when he had his rival blinded. He was crowned Emperor BERENGAR at Rome in 916. He allied himself with the Hungarians to defeat Rudolf II King of Upper Burgundy, who emerged as another rival candidate for the Italian throne, but was later forced back to Verona by Rudolf, and finally defeated by him at Firenzuola 29 Jul 923. Berengario returned to Verona with the intention of calling for further help from the Hungarians, who meanwhile had burned Pavia. He was murdered at Verona soon after. Married (1) BERTILA di Spoleto, daughter of SUPPO II Duke of Spoleto & his wifeShe was executed for alleged adultery. He married (2) ANNA, parentage unknown. Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 920.
  • ADALHARD (died after 1 Jul 874). He was bequeathed property in Cisonio et Cansinium.
  • ALPAIS Died young and was buried at Cysoing. The primary source which confirms her existence has not yet been identified.
  • HEILWIG (-after 895). She married (1) HUCBALD Comte [d'Ostrevant], which is confirmed by the Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines. She married (2) ROGER [I] Comte de Laon. Her second marriage is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln but the primary source on which this is based has not been identified.
  • GISELA (-Apr 863). Nun at San Salvatore at Brescia.
  • JUDITH (-after [874]).

Medlands includes this daughter as speculative

  • [daughter] . Wegener] speculates that the wife of Arnulf Duke of Bavaria was the daughter of Eberhard Duke of the March of Friulia, ostensibly for onomastic reasons on the basis of the transmission of the names Eberhard and Judith into the Luitpoldinger family, used first for Duke Arnulf's children. If this is correct, she must have been the daughter Judith named in her parents´s testament. However, from a chronological point of view, it is unlikely that the wife of Arnulf Duke of Bavaria was the daughter of Duke Eberhard. The latter's children must have been born between 840 and 860, whereas Duke Arnulf's children were probably born between 910 and 930, suggesting that their mother was born between 880-890].

Links to additional material:

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Eberhard var markgreve eller hertug av Friuli.

Han var sønn til en frankisk adelsmann og bror til hertug Berengar av Septimanien som døde i 835. Angivelig var han sønnesønn til Desiderius, longobardenes høvding.

Eberhard kom til Italien ca. 830 og fikk før 836 den orientalske mark. Som Lothars vasall forvaltet han markgrevskapet Friuli og hadde store gods i områdene ved mitre og nedre Maas i Flandern. Han tilhørte rikets mest ansette menn, kjent for sin gjestfrihet. Eberhard holdt hoff i Cividale og i sitt slott Musetre, hvor han samlet sin tids lærde menn. Sedulio Scota var sanger ved hans familiebegivenheter. I (Wiener) Jahrbuch für vaterland Geschichte nevnes «Fünf Gedichte des Sedilius an der Markgraf von Friaul».

Han var tilstede ved riksdagen i Diedenhofen i mai 836 og møtte i 842 i Clamey ved Yonne hos Lothar som utsending. Eberhard var frankernes seierrike fører i kampene mot slavere og sarasenere.

Eberhard stiftet klosteret Cyssoing ved Ryssel i Flandern i 854 som ble hans siste hvilested. 1)

1). Erich Brandenburg: Die Nachkommen Karls des Grossen, Leipzig 1935. Mogens Bugge: Våre forfedre, nr. 123. Bent og Vidar Billing Hansen: Rosensverdslektens forfedre, side 49, 56.

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