Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent

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Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England
Death: Died in Winchester, Hampshire, England
Cause of death: Executed
Place of Burial: Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Edward I "Longshanks", King of England and Marguerite of France, Queen of England
Husband of Margaret, 3rd Baroness Wake of Liddell and Margaret Wake, 3rd Baroness Wake of Liddell
Father of Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet; Edmund Plantagenet, 2nd Earl of Kent; Robert Plantagenet, 2nd Earl of Kent, Baron Woodstock; Margaret Plantagenet, Viscountess of Tartas; Thomas Plantagenet, Prince of England and 1 other
Brother of Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk and Eleanor Plantagenet
Half brother of Stillborn Daughter Plantagenet of England, Princess; Eleanor of England, Countess of Bar; Katherine Plantagenet of England, Princess; Joan Plantagenet; John Plantagenet and 14 others

Occupation: Earl of Kent
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent

"Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent (5 August 1301 – 19 March 1330) was the son of Edward I of England, and a younger half-brother of Edward II. Edward I had intended to make substantial grants of land to Edmund, but when the king died in 1307, Edward II failed to follow through on his father's intentions, much due to his favouritism towards Piers Gaveston. Edmund still remained loyal to his brother, and in 1321 he was created Earl of Kent. He played an important part in Edward's administration, acting both as diplomat and military commander, and in 1321–22 helped suppress a rebellion against the king.

Discontent against the king grew, however, and eventually affected also Edmund. The antagonism was largely caused by Edward's preference for his new favourites, Hugh Despenser the Younger and his father. In 1326, Edmund joined a rebellion led by Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer, whereby Edward II was deposed. Edmund failed to get along with the new administration, and in 1330 he was caught planning a new rebellion, and executed.

Once the new king, Edward III, came of age and assumed personal control of government, he annulled the charges against his uncle. The title and estates of the Earl of Kent descended on Edmund's son, also called Edmund. When this Edmund died, in 1331, his brother John became earl. Though he was officially exonerated, Edmund did not enjoy a great reputation during his life and afterwards, due to his unreliable political dealings."

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Links:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmund_of_Woodstock,_1st_Earl_of_Kent

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8088253

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I444&tree=EuropeRoyalNobleHous

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I1825&tree=Nixon

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I4821&tree=PagetHeraldicBaronag

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I208107&tree=Welsh

http://thepeerage.com/p10193.htm

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Citations / Sources:

[S4] #11232 The Genealogist (1980-), Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, (New York: Organization for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, 1980-), FHL book 929.105 G286n., vol. 24 no. 1 p. 112.

[S7] #44 Histoire de la maison royale de France anciens barons du royaume: et des grands officiers de la couronne (1726, reprint 1967-1968), Saint-Marie, Anselme de, (3rd edition. 9 volumes. 1726. Reprint Paris: Editions du Palais Royal, 1967-1968), FHL book 944 D5a; FHL microfilms 532,231-532,239., vol. 1 p. 453.

[S8] Les Capétiens, 987-1328 (2000), Van Kerrebrouck, Patrick, (Villeneuve-d'Ascq [France]: P. Van Kerrebrouck, 2000), FHL book 929.244 C171v., p. 386.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 87. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.

[S17] Plantagenet Ancestry, 2011 ed., Richardson, Douglas, (Kimball G. Everingham, editor, 2nd edition, 2011.), vol. 2 p. 684.

[S20] Magna Carta Ancestry: A study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Richardson, Douglas, (Kimball G. Everingham, editor. 2nd edition, 2011), vol. 2 p. 480.

[S22] #374 The Lineage and Ancestry of H. R. H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (1977), Paget, Gerald, (2 volumes. Baltimore: Geneal. Pub., 1977), FHL book Q 942 D22pg., vol. 1 p. 19.

[S23] #849 Burke's Guide to the Royal Family (1973), (London: Burke's Peerage, c1973), FHl book 942 D22bgr., p. 198.

[S25] #798 The Wallop Family and Their Ancestry, Watney, Vernon James, (4 volumes. Oxford: John Johnson, 1928), FHL book Q 929.242 W159w; FHL microfilm 1696491 it., vol. 3 p. 809.

[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 3, page 4023. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

[S40] Handbook of British Chronology (1986), Fryde, E. B., editor, (Royal Historical Society guides and handbooks, no. 2. London: Offices of the Royal Historical Society, 1986), FHL book 942 C4rg no. 2., p. 39.

[S42] Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-century Colonists: the Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies Before 1701 (2nd ed., 1999), Faris, David, (1st edition. Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing Co, 1996), FHL book 973 D2fp., p. 230.

[S45] Journal of British Studies, (The University of Chicago Press), FHL Book 942 H25j., "Edward III and His Family", vol. 26 no. 4 p. 398.

[S49] Foundations: Journal of the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, (Periodical. Chobham, Surrey, England: Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, 2005- Published twice yearly.), vol. 2 no. 2 July 2006 p. 99.

[S68] #673 The New England Historical and Genealogical Register (1846-), (Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1846-), FHL book 974 B2ne; CD-ROM No 33 Parts 1-9; See FHL., "Royal Bye-Blows II" vol. 121 p. 185.

[S81] #125 The Royal Daughters of England and Their Representatives (1910-1911), Lane, Henry Murray, (2 voulmes. London: Constable and Co., 1910-1911), FHL microfilm 88,003., vol. 1 p. 62 table II pt. 1 p. 217.

[S162] #653 The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Herald's Visitations of 1531, 1564, & 1620 (1895), Vivian, J. L. (John Lambrick), (Exeter: For the author by H.S. Eland, [1895]), FHL book 942.35 D23v; FHL microfilm 873,760., vol. 6 p. 346.

[S163] #687 The Dormant and Extinct Baronage of England, or, an Historical and Genealogical Account of the Lives, Public Employments, and Most Memorable Actions of the English Nobility Who Have Flourished from the Norman Conquest to the Year 1806 (1807-1837), Banks, Thomas Christopher, (4 volumes. London: J. White, 1807-1837), FHL book 942 D22ban., vol. 1 p. 441.

[S332] #609 Northamptonshire Families (1906), Barron, Oswald, (London: A. Constable, 1906), FHL microfilm 990,095 item 1., pedigree of Wake of Liddell, etc..

[S338] Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (2004), Richardson, Douglas, edited by Kamball G. Everingham, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004), FHL book 942 D5rd., p. xxviii.

[S631] An Encyclopedia of World History; Ancient, Medieval, and Modern, Chronologically Arranged (1972), Langer, William L., (5th edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1972), p. 211. Edmund of Kent;

[S650] The Victoria history of the county of Rutland, Page, William, (London : A. Constable, 1908-1975 Folkestone, Kent : William Dawson & Sons), Large Q book 942 H2vr., vol. 2 p. 270.

[S673] #1079 A History of Monmouthshire from the Coming of the Normans into Wales down to the Present Time (1904-1993), Bradney, Sir Joseph Alfred, (Publications of the South Wales Record Society, number 8. Five volumes in 13. London: Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1904-1993), FHL book 942.43 H2b., vol. 1 p. 6.

[S726] #642 The History and Antiquities of the Hundred of Willey, in the County of Bedford (1872-1878), Harvey, William Marsh, (London: Nichols and Sons, 1872-1878), FHL book 942.565 H2h; FHL microfilm 908,369 item 1., Table of Consanguinity.

[S2411] #11915 British Genealogy (filmed 1950), Evans, Alcwyn Caryni, (Books A to H. National Library of Wales MSS 12359-12360D. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2., book 6 p. F88. -------------------- From:

Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent (5 August 1301 – 19 March 1330) was the son of Edward I of England, and a younger half-brother of Edward II. Edward I had intended to make substantial grants of land to Edmund, but when the king died in 1307, Edward II failed to follow through on his father's intentions, much due to his favouritism towards Piers Gaveston. Edmund still remained loyal to his brother, and in 1321 he was created Earl of Kent. He played an important part in Edward's administration, acting both as diplomat and military commander, and in 1321–22 helped suppress a rebellion against the king.

Discontent against the king grew, however, and eventually affected also Edmund. The antagonism was largely caused by Edward's preference for his new favourites, Hugh Despenser the Younger and his father. In 1326, Edmund joined a rebellion led by Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer, whereby Edward II was deposed. Edmund failed to get along with the new administration, and in 1330 he was caught planning a new rebellion, and executed.

Once the new king, Edward III, came of age and assumed personal control of government, he annulled the charges against his uncle. The title and estates of the Earl of Kent descended on Edmund's son, also called Edmund. When this Edmund died, in 1331, his brother John became earl. Though he was officially exonerated, Edmund did not enjoy a great reputation during his life and afterwards, due to his unreliable political dealings.

....

After participating in the planned rebellion, Edmund became less popular at court. He was still allowed to accompany the king's wife Philippa to her coronation in January 1330, but his appearances at court became less frequent.[2] At this point he became involved in another plot against the court, when he was convinced by rumours that his brother was still alive.[34][g] It later emerged that Roger Mortimer himself was responsible for leading Edmund into this belief, in a form of entrapment.[35] The plot was revealed, and in the parliament of March 1330 Edmund was indicted and condemned to death as a traitor.[34] Upon hearing that the verdict was death, the condemned earl pleaded with Edward III for his life, offering to walk from Winchester to London with a rope around his neck as a sign of atonement. Edward III however knew that leniency was not an option for the aforementioned entrapment utilized by Mortimer could extend to him and potentially be subversive to his own kingship if his father, Edward II truly was alive. Thus Edward III sanctioned the killing of his uncle. It was almost impossible to find anyone willing to perform the execution of a man of royal blood, until a convicted murderer eventually beheaded Edmund in exchange for a pardon.[2] Edmund's body was initially buried in a Franciscan church in Winchester, but it was removed to Westminster Abbey in 1331.[36]

The execution of a royal prince was a great provocation to the seventeen-year-old Edward III, who had not been informed about the decision, and it probably contributed to the king's decision to rise up against his protector.[37] In 1330, Edward III carried out a coup installing himself in personal control of government, and Mortimer was executed.[38] Among the charges against Mortimer was that of procuring Edmund's death, and the charges against the late earl of Kent were annulled.[39] In late 1325, Edmund had married Margaret Wake, sister of Thomas Wake, Baron Wake of Liddell, and the couple had several children.[2] His lands and titles descended on his oldest son by the same name, but this Edmund himself died in October 1331. The earldom then passed to the younger son John.[40]

Edmund was not particularly popular while he was alive, nor did he enjoy a good reputation after his death. His unreliability in political issues, and repeated shifts in allegiance, might have contributed to this. His household was also said to behave in a way that caused popular resentment, taking provisions as they passed through the countryside while offering little compensation.[2] At the same time, it has been pointed out that Edmund showed a great deal of loyalty to Edward II, in spite of receiving relatively little rewards and recognition from his brother.[41] -------------------- Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmund_of_Woodstock,_1st_Earl_of_Kent

Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent (5 August 1301 – 19 March 1330) was the son of Edward I of England, and a younger half-brother of Edward II. Edward I had intended to make substantial grants of land to Edmund, but when the king died in 1307, Edward II failed to follow through on his father's intentions, much due to his favouritism towards Piers Gaveston. Edmund still remained loyal to his brother, and in 1321 he was created Earl of Kent. He played an important part in Edward's administration, acting both as diplomat and military commander, and in 1321–22 helped suppress a rebellion against the king.

Discontent against the king grew, however, and eventually affected also Edmund. The antagonism was largely caused by Edward's preference for his new favourites, Hugh Despenser the Younger and his father. In 1326, Edmund joined a rebellion led by Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer, whereby Edward II was deposed. Edmund failed to get along with the new administration, and in 1330 he was caught planning a new rebellion, and executed.

Once the new king, Edward III, came of age and assumed personal control of government, he annulled the charges against his uncle. The title and estates of the Earl of Kent descended on Edmund's son, also called Edmund. When this Edmund died, in 1331, his brother John became earl. Though he was officially exonerated, Edmund did not enjoy a great reputation during his life and afterwards, due to his unreliable political dealings.

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Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent's Timeline

1301
August 5, 1301
Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England
1325
October 6, 1325
Age 24
1326
1326
Age 24
West, Sussex, , England
1327
1327
Age 25
Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England
1327
Age 25
Woodstock, Kent, England
1327
Age 25
1328
September 29, 1328
Age 27
Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England
1329
1329
Age 27
Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England
1330
March 19, 1330
Age 28
Winchester, Hampshire, England
March 31, 1330
Age 28
Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England